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Noiselessly as the spring-time
Her crown of verdure weaves,
Open their thousand leaves
So, without sound of music,
Or voice of them that wepi,
The great procession swept.
Rock to thy rest;
Once has the changing moona
Waned in the skies
Opened her eyes.
Once has the crescent moon
Shone in the west
Taking her rest.
Time has reference to Quantity, Rate, and Pause.
Quantity is the amount of time given to a word. It may be Natural, Long, or Short.
Natural Quantity is that usually given to words in unemotional language.
EXAMPLE. There is one accomplishment, in particular, which I would earnestly recommend to you. Cultivate assiduously the ability to read well. Where one person is really interested by music, twenty are pleased by good reading. Where one person is capable of becoming a skillful musician, twenty may become good readers. Where there is one occasion suitable for the exercise of musical talent, there are twenty for that of good reading.
Long Quantity is used in expressing that which is grand, sublime, gloomy or horrible.
O thou Eternal One! whose presence bright
I had a dream which was not all a dream,
Short Quantity is used to express sentiment light, joyous, gay and brisk. It also expresses haste, fear, command, indignation, etc.
A hurry of hoofs in a village street,
Ring out the old, ring in the new,
Ring, happy bells, across the snow;
The year is going, let him go;
Ráte is the degree of rapidity or slowness with which several successive words are uttered. It may be Natural, Slow or Fast.
Natural Rate is that which a person naturally uses in reading or speaking.
O good painter, tell me true,
Has your hand the cunning to draw
Shapes of things that you never saw ?
The picture must not be over-bright,
2. What a fascination there is in really good reading! In the hospital, in the chamber of the invalid, in the nursery, in the domestic and in the social circle, among chosen friends and companions, how it enables you to minister to the amusement, the comfort, the pleasure of dear ones, as no other art or accomplishment can. No instrument of man's devising can reach the heart as does that most wonderful instrument, the human voice. It is God's special gift and endowment to his chosen creatures. Fold it not away in a napkin.
Slow Rate may denote horror and awe; it should be used in language serious, sublime, and pathetic.
By the flow of the inland river
Whence the fleets of iron have fled,
Waiting the judgment day;
Under the other, the Grey.
Meanwhile the shapeless iron mass
Came moving o'er the wave,
As silent as the grave.
Fast Rate is used to express sentiment, lively, joyous, impassioned and vehement.
And see! she stirs !
Hurrah ! the foes are moving! Hark to the mingled din
Pause is the suspension of the voice. Poetic and Oratorical Pauses express emotion, Rhetorical Pauses are those demanded by the sense and structure of a sentence, Grammatical Pauses are those indicated by the usual marks of punctuation, and Prosodial Pauses are those used only in verse. But in this connection it is thought bes to make three divisions, viz. : Natural Pause, Long Pause, and Short Pause.
Natural Pause is used in unimpassioned language and ordinary description.
Have you heard the tale of the Aloe plant,
Away in the sunny clime?
It reaches its blooming time;
Breaks into a thousand flowers;
Is the pride of the tropical bowers.
Long Pause usually accompanies slow rate or a change of sentiment, and marks a suspension of the sense.
Pause a moment. I heard a footstep. Listen now. I heard it again. But it is going from us. It sounds fainter-still fainter. It is gone.
Short Pause accompanies fast rate, and is characteristic of haste, fear, etc.
EXAMPLE. John, be quick! Get some water! Throw the powder overboard ! It cannot be reached ! Jump into the boat, then! Shove off! There goes the powder—thank Heaven, we are safe!
STRESS. Stress has much to do with the power, beauty and general effect of a sentence. It is that finishing, polishing touch which causes the thought to stand out in reliefthrowing it vividly upon the background, with its profile well defined, its lights and shadows harmoniously blended -rendering it complete, beautiful and symmetrical.
There are six distinct kinds of Stress, viz. : Initial, Final, Median, Compound, Thorough and Tremulous.
Initial Stress (>) is an explosive force on the first part of a syllable or word. It is characteristic of lively, joyous description.
There's a titter of winds in that beechen tree;
And a laugh from the brook that runs to the sea.
I come from haunts of coot and hern;
I make a sudden sally,
To bicker down a valley.