Obs. In sentence 6, a, the connective also connects this sentence to some sentence preceding.

EXERCISE 40. Mention the copulative co-ordinate sentences :1. The squire departed with a profound reverence, and in a few minutes returned, marshalling in Isaac of York. 2. I went to the broker's, where I bought these clothes. 3. 'Twas first a green tree, then a broken hull. 4. Their land also is full of silver and gold, neither is there any end of their treasures. 5. The yellow gorse withers and dies on the hill. 6. They both were servants, they both princes were. 7. She touched him with her harp, and raised him from the ground. 8. They regard not the work of the Lord, neither consider the operation of His hands. 9. There ended was his quest, there ceased his care. 10. Perceiving this, I cried out; whereupon she merrily called on me to follow her. 11. I looked to heaven and tried to pray. 12. Thy ears were deaf and feeble were thy knees. 13. Prudence as well as glory might have justified a war on the side of Artaxerxes. 14. Both spear she took and shield which hung by it. 15. He threw his burden down and fast away did fly. 16. The queen and her attendants were now on foot, and the other guests withdrew from the royal tent. 17. She wrapped herself closely in her veil, and sat down at a distance from the couch of the wounded knight, with her back towards it. 18. He covered up his face and bowed himself a moment on his child. 19. He rose up calmly and composed the pall firmly and decently. 20. Thou shalt not bow down to them nor worship them. 21. They follow an adventurer whom they fear, and obey a power which they hate. 22. I looked up and saw the sun sinking behind the thick firwood beside us. 23. Suddenly came a dead silence and on the balcony above stood Rienzi. 24. Maria looked wistfully for some time at me, and then at her goat, and then at me, and then at her goat again, and so on alternately. 25. With one hand he smote the house of Bourbon, and wielded in the other the democracy of England. 26. They turned their faces again, and beheld the head of a large serpent looking out of the window. 27. All crimes shall cease and ancient fraud shall fail.

28. No more his heavenly voice was heard to sing,
His hand no more awaked the silver string.

Dames of ancient days
Have led their children through the mirthful maze
And the grey grandsire, skill'd in gestic lore,

Has frisk'd beneath the burden of threescore.
30. Kind hearts are more than coronets,

And simple faith than Norman blood.


EXERCISE 41. Analyse :1. The rainbow comes and goes. 2. He turned and left the spot. 3. The race is not to the swift, nor the battle to the strong. 4. The savages danced round their prisoner, who then gave up all hope of escape. 5. The hungry sheep look up and are not fed. 6. On the green bank I sat and listened long. 7. Thy soul was like a star, and dwelt apart. 8. His nights were untroubled and his days joyous. 9. The

temple stands in an immense tank of holy water, and a narrow marble
bridge leads to it. 10. Dumb was the wind, the waters silent were.
11. I did consent, and often did beguile her of her tears. 12. Learn to
be wise and practise how to thrive. 13. The civil wars of modern society
have been distinguished, not only by the fierce animosity, but likewise
by the obstinate perseverance, of the contending factions. 14. The seas
shall cease, the skies shall melt away. 15. He looked upon his people
and a tear was in his eye. 16. He fell to ground; wherewith a whole
rout came of soldiers stern. 17. The townsmen mutinied and sent to
Essex, whereupon he came thither. 18. The ring I do accept most
thankfully, and so I pray you tell him : furthermore, I pray you, show
my youth old Shylock's house. 19. My dungeon, as well as the con-
demned cells at Toledo, had stone floors. 20. He watched, and wept,
and prayed, and felt for all.
21. Each turned his face with a ghastly pang

And cursed me with his eye.
22. She looked into Lord Ronald's eyes,

And told him all her nurse's tale.
23. I do but sing because I must,

And pipe but as the linnets sing.
24. Thy dress was like the lilies,

And thy heart as pure as they.
25. She only said, “My life is dreary;"

“He cometh not,” she said ;
She said, “I am aweary, aweary,

I would that I were dead !”
26. Night wanes—the vapours round the mountains curl'd

Melt into morn, and Light awakes the world.
27. Experience is by industry achieved,

And perfected by the swift course of time.
28. The birds chant melody on every bush ;

The snake lies rolled in the cheerful sun.
29. Hedge-crickets sing; and now, with treble soft,

The redbreast whistles from a garden croft,

And gathering swallows twitter in the skies.
30. Through all those folds the steel-head passage wrought,

And through his shoulder pierc'd ; wherewith to ground

He grovelling fell, all gored in his gushing wound.
31. The gales their gentle sighs withheld,

No leaf was seen to move,
The hovering songsters round were mute,

And wonder hushed the grove.
32. The Saxon prince in horror fed,

From altars stained with human gore,
And Liberty his routed legions led

In safety to the bleak Norwegian shore. 33. Then the lily no longer is white,

Then the rose is deprived of its bloom,
Then the violets die of despite,

And the woodbines give up their perfume. 34. Turning his hand with sovereign sweep,

He drowns all Egypt in the deep :

Then guides the tribes, a glorious band,

Through deserts to the promised land.
35. Thy bounty shines in Autumn unconfined,
And spreads a common feast for all that lives.

As forth she went at early dawn,
To taste the dew-besprinkled lawn,
Behind she hears the hunter's cries,

And from the deep-mouthed thunder flies.
37. We oft by lightning read in darkest nights ;

And by your passions I read all your natures,
Though you at other times can keep them dark.

II. Disjunctive. 84. Disjunctive or Alternative co-ordinate sentences are those which are disconnected in meaning by a conjunction implying exclusion : as, He will neither come nor send an apology.

Obs. They are called alternative because a choice is offered or denied between two


85. The Connectives of Tsjunctive Co-ordinate Sentences are : in affirmative statements, Either, or ; in negative, Neither, nor.

Obs. 1. When else and otherwise mean or, they join disjunctive co-ordinate sentences, as, You must pay my wages, else (=or) I will not work: Do your duty, otherwise (=or) you will not be honoured.

Obs. 2. The phrase in other words is sometimes a connective of disjunctive co-ordi. nate sentences. It may stand alone or be preceded by or : as, He is a liar, in other words, he is a man whom no one can trust; He has gained the throne, or, in other words, he has purchased for himself a bed of thorns.

Obs. 3. When nor means and not, it joins copulative sentences. The same is the case with neither (81, Obs. 1).

Obs. 4. In poetry we sometimes find nor ... nor for neither ... nor, and or ... or for either .. or.


NINETEENTH ANALYSIS MODEL. 1. Our brother spares neither friend nor foe. 2. He was either burnt alive, or torn in pieces by wild beasts in the

amphitheatre. 3. Let life be short; else, shame will be too long. 4. Noblemen are apt to change, otherwise they would be too amiable. 5. He is a patriot, in other words [he is] a lover of his country. 6. The females withdrew, or rather hurried from the tent. 7. Be sure to meddle in his concerns, or enter into his pleasures ;

otherwise you will lose your time. 8. Nor wife, nor children, more shall he behold! Obs. 1. In sentence 1 (a), neither simply introduces. The same is the case with either in sentence 2 (a), and nor, in sentence 8 (a).

Obs. 2. In sentence 5 (b), in other words may be put as the connective: and in sen. tence 6 (6), or rather may be put as the connective.




Kind of Sentence. Connective. a. | Our brother spares neither | Prin, sent. neither


Subject. Our brother

Object. friend

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(was) torn

or [he was] torn in pieces by Prin. sent., Co-or

wild beasts in the amphi- ord. (disjunc.) theatre.

to a.

in pieces
by wild beasts
in the amphi-


a. [You] Let life be short,

Prin, sent.



life (Dir. Obj.) [to] be short (Indir. Obj.)

6. else, shame will be too long.



will be too long

Prin, sent., co

ord. (disjunc.) to a.

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otherwise they

Prin. sent., co ord. (disjunc.) to a.

would be too amiable

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