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EXERCISE 39.
COMPLEX SENTENCES FOR ANALYSIS.

A. 1. The oldest mariners of the place assured Columbus that they had never known such a tempestuous winter. 2. The child who went to the door answered very innocently that he did not lodge there. 3. “Mock not, lest your bonds be made strong,” said the Hermit, stepping forward. 4. The natives of the islands, when they saw the ships, supposed them to be mountains, which had come up out of the deep during night. 5. I no longer hesitated what (I ought] to do. 6. She turned her head from the lattice as if unable longer to endure a sight so terrible. 7. Just as he had got half-way through the hollow, the girths of the saddle gave way. 8. The peasant grows pale when he sees them come. 9. When we had settled Africa, I would call out a crew of picked heroes. 10. Men are more curious what they put into a new vessel than a vessel seasoned. 11. If the object be so totally lost that there is no chance of enjoying it again, a passion arises in the mind, which is called grief. 12. I rue that thus thy better days are drowned in sad despair. 13. Though the instruction I communicate may not mend them, yet it will assuredly mend myself. 14. Within this ample circumference of the world, the glorious lights that are hung on high, the meteors in the middle region, the various livery of the earth, and the profusion of the good things that distinguish the seasons, yield a prospect which annihilates all human grandeur. 15. Flowers have time before they come to seed. 16. A race-horse runs the faster, the lesser weight it carries. 17. There is no doubt but Homer composed other poems besides his Iliad and Odyssey. 18. Whoso would avoid falsehood which is the essence of all sin, will perhaps see good to take a different course. 19. Many, sir, add to it the epithet of “eluggard,” whereby I am in no way ambitious to be distinguished. 20. This duty done, both resumed their seats at the table, whereon stood the trencher of pease placed between them. 21. She shed no tears as her face bent low. 22. I have not even wherewithal (I might be able) to feed a few partridges. 23. They were fit for government, whenever it should devolve upon them. 24. We cannot deny but that a great share of the blame rests with the spectators. 25. We learned from his discourse that he was the eldest son of a wealthy gentleman in the neighbourhood to whom we were no strangers ; that he had been to visit an acquaintance in the country from whose house he was returning home, when my shrieks brought him to my rescue. 26. He is gone ere ceased the inhuman shout which hailed the wretch who won. 27. There are those who ask not if thine eye be on them. 28. Time ne'er forgot his journey, though his steps we numbered not. 29. Whosoever of the rivals prevailed in Syria must reign over the empire. 30. Immediately after the most violent clap of thunder, we heard a sudden cry, that the emperor was dead.

1. Stir at nothing, till the axe of death

Hang over thee, as, sure, it shortly will.

2. Honest merit stands on slippery ground,

Where covert guile and artifice abound. 3. He knew by the streamers that shot so bright,

That spirits were riding the northern light. -4. Come to this cave again, where I will be,

If that my guardian so much favour me.
5. A time there was ere England's grief began,
When every rood of ground maintained its man.

I know
When thou didst hate him worst, thou lovedst him better

Than ever thou lovedst Cassius.
7. He thought on the days that were long since gone by,

When his limbs were strong and his courage was high. 8. Perhaps he's climbed into an oak,

Where he will stay till he is dead. 9. With others I commune, who tell me whence

The torrent doth of foreign discord flow.
10. Though death in every shape appear,
The wretched have no more to fear.

We will sit upon the rocks,
Seeing the shepherds feed their flocks,
By shallow rivers, to whose falls

Melodious birds sing madrigals.
12. Here has the salt Medway his source,

Wherein the nymphs do bathe. 13. Where may the wearied eye repose

When gazing on the Great ?
14. Then to the vulture let each corse remain,

Albeit unworthy of the prey-bird's maw.
Admire their patience through each sacrifice,

Till taught to feel the lesson of their pride. 16. Through hills and dales, through bushes and through breres *

Long thus she fled, till that at last she thought

Herself now past the peril of her fears. 17. How many a doubtful day shall sink in night,

Ere the Frank robber turn him from his spoil. 18. It was not long till that the Prince arrived

Within the land where dwelt that lady sad ;

Whereof that tyrant had her now deprived. 19. I sat and watch'd her many a day,

When her eye grew dim, and her locks were grey. 20. Out spoke the victor then,

As he hail'd them o'er the wave;
“ Ye are brothers ! ye are men !

And we conquer but to save.”
21. A lady young and beautiful, I dreamed,

Was passing o'er a lea. 22. Shrine of the mighty ! can it be

That this is all remains of thee ! 23. He seemed the only creature in the wild

On whom the elements their rage might wreak.

* Briars.

28.

24. Shine out, fair sun, till I have bought a glass, That I may see my shadow as I pass.

The world is grown so bad, That wrens may prey where eagles dare not perca, 26. To me the meanest flower that blows can give

Thoughts that do often lie too deep for tears. 27. This news was brought to Edinburgh,

Where Scotland's king did reign,
That brave Earl Douglas suddenly,

Was with an arrow slain.

While on deck he whistled loud,
He heard a fierce mermaiden cry,
“ Boy, though thou art young and proud,
I see the place where thou wilt lie."
At length I hailed him, seeing that his hat
Was moist with water-drops, as if the brim

Had newly scooped a running stream.
30. The king, that with his life a kingdom buys,

Than life or crown doth nothing higher prize. 31. He went complaining all the morn

That he was cold and very chill. 32. By this th' eternal lamps, wherewith high Jove:

Doth light the lower world, were half yspent.
33. Now my sweet fawn is vanished to
Whither the swans and turtles go.

He enclosed
Knowledge of good and evil in this tree,
That whoso eats thereof, forthwith attains

Wisdom.
35. No wonder then, if that to win the same

So many ladies sought, as shall appear. 36. No sooner did the knight perceive her,

But straight he fell into a fever.
37. Ages have rolled since foeman's march

Press'd o'er that old firm sod.
I will go to Greenwich,

So (=if) you will have me with you.
39. He now is gone, the whiles the fox is crept

Into the hole, the which the badger swept. 40. Whate'er I beg, thou like a dotard speakest

More than is requisite.
This water was perhaps the first he drank

When he had wandered from his mother's side. 42. Two summers since I saw, at Lamma's fair,

The sweetest flower that ever blossomed there. 43. Theirs is yon house that holds the parish poor,

Whose walls of mud scarce hold the broken door, 44. At Timon's villa let us pass a day;

Where all cry out, “What sums are thrown away !" 45. 'Tis blithe at eve to tell the tale,

How we succeed, and how we fail.

41.

COAPTER VII.—THE COMPOUND SENTENCE.

80. Co-ordinate sentences are divided into four classes, Copulative, Disjunctive, Adversative, and Illative or Causative.

I. Copulative. 81. Copulative co-ordinate sentences are those which are simply coupled by a conjunction implying addition : as, The Indians are completely deceived and not a shot is fired.

82. The Connectives of Copulative Co-ordinate Sentences aro And, also, besides, likewise, moreover, but also, but likewise, as well as, both-and, not merely-but, not only-but, further, furthermore.

Obs. 1. When nor (=and not) is not preceded by neither, it is copulative : as, Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard = Eye hath not seen, and ear hath not heard. Neither is used in the same way when not followed by nor: as, They toil not, neither do they spin = They toil not and they do not spin.

Ovs. 2. The relative, when equivalent to a co-ordinative cunjunction and a personal pronoun, joins copulative co-ordinate sentences : as, I met your brother who (=and he told me that you were here.

Obs. 3. When which relates to an entire sentence, it joins copulative co-ordinate sentences : as, They sometimes see the radiant column sideways, which gives them some weak glimpse of it.

Obs. 4. The pronominal words when, where, &c., when equivalent to a co-ordinative conjunction and an adverb, join copulative co-ordinate sentences : as, I walked with him to the bridge where (=and there) we parted.

Obs. 5. Copulative co-ordinate sentences are often put together without any conneoSive : as, The knot had been securely bound; the victim sank without effort.

83. EIGHTEENTH ANALYSIS MODEL. 1. I awoke one morning and found myself famous. 2. In private life he was an amiable as well as a good man. 3. The noise I made alarmed not only the servant but the company

also. 4. The king of Babylon slew the sons of Zedekiah in Riblah before

his eyes : also the king of Babylon slew all the nobles of Judah. 5. Stone walls do not a prison make,

Nor iron bars a cage. 6. Their land also is full of horses, neither is there any end of their

chariots. 7. The Duke of Lauderdale gave on his own part a nod to the execu

tioner whose mallet instantly descended on the wedge. 8. Her pet lamb died last night, which has caused her much grief. 9. Her golden cup to them for drink she raught,

Whereof, full glad for thirst, each drunk an hearty draught. 10. His locks were bleached white with time,

His boary cheek was wet wi' tears.

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