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540. I will, my lord, so execute this charge,

As if that Lacy were in love with her = I will, my lord, so execute this charge, as [I would execute it] if sit were the case] that Lacy were in love with her.

541. Thou art the celestial alimony of intellect, of which whosoever eateth shall yet hunger, and whoso drinketh shall yet thirst.

a. Thou art the celestial alimony of intellect Priv. sent. b. [and] he shall yet hunger

Prin. sent., co-ord. (cop.) to a. c. who eateth of which

Adj. sent. to he in b. d. and he shall yet thirst

Prin. sent., co-ord. (cop. e. who drinketh (of which]

Adj. sent. to he in d. Or thus: a. Thou art the celestial alimony of intellect Prin. sent. b. of which whosoever eateth

Noun sent., subj. to c, and form

ing part of adj. sent. to alimony

in a. c. ...shall yet hunger .

Part of adj. sent. to alimony in a. d. and whoso drinketh .

Noun sent., subj. to e, and form

ing part of adj. sent. to alimony

in a, co-ord. to b. e ...shall yet thirst

Part of adj. sent. to alimony in a,

co-ord. to c.

542. The unsightly plain lies a brown deluge. A brown deluge is the complement, the full predicate being lies a brown deluge.

543. Sesostris overcame a great part of the world and that by archers.

The second sent. in full is : and she accomplished] that by archers. 544. With these doings I cannot away. (1) Away has a verbal force and may be put as the pred. (away

with = bear). (2) Some verb like go may be inserted, with the idea of “going away satisfied.”

545. Thou shalt dear aby this blow. Dear (=dearly) is an extension. Shalt aby (=shalt pay for, shalt

cuffer) is the pred. 546. Mercy on me, poor sinner that I am!= [you have] mercy on me [being the] poor sinner which I am. 547. She might want who knows what. Who knows what is a noun sent., object to might want. What may

be taken as the object of knows, or an ellipsis supplied, thus, who knows what (she might want].

548. Decide who can= (you let him] decide who can [decide].

549. Out with it, sir !=(1) [you speak] out with it, sir ; or (2) [you] out-with it, sir.

In (2), out-with is taken as a verbal expression, equivalent to utter. 550. Maybe you would follow us to the centre of the globe. Maybe may be put as an extension, equivalent to perhaps. Or, it

may be divided and the sent. analysed thus : a. [It] may be (the case] . - - - Prin. sent. b. [that] you would follow us to the centre of Noun sent., in apposition with

the globe • - - - - - . [it] in a. 551. Like as the roaring waves the sunken ship surround,

Great heaps of care did swallow me, and I no succour

found. Some consider like as a connective introducing an adv. sent. of

manner : it is better to treat like as an extension of did swallow.

552. Better to reign in Hell than serve in Heaven = to reign in Hell [is] better than to serve in Heaven [is good).

553. The little company housed themselves as best they could = the little company housed themselves as they could [house themselves] best.

554. What hath night to do with sleep? Subj.

night Pred.

hath Obj.

what Enlargement of obj. - ..

to do with sleep. 555. But ere he alighted at Netherby gate,

The bride had consented, the gallant came late :
For a laggard in love, and a dastard in war,

Was to wed the fair Ellen of brave Lochinvar.
For introduces a causative co-ord. sent. : the sense is made clearer
by supplying the ellipsis before the connective for—[these things
happened in accordance with the decrees of fate]-for, &c.

556. So stately his form, and so lovely her face,

That never a hall such a galliard did grace;
While her mother did fret, and her father did fume.
And the bridegroom stood dangling his bonnet and

plume.

In analysing, it is better to supply a prin. sent. before while, the

idea being suggested by the adv. sent. contained in the second line. The ellipsis is : [The dance (galliard) of the stately youth and the lovely maiden graced the hall ;] while, &c.

557. One touch to her hand, and one word in her ear,

When they reach'd the hall-door, and the charger stood.

near. The first line is elliptical : the full form would be :-[He gave) one

touch to her hand, and [he whispered] one word in her ear.

CHAPTER XI.—OTHER METHODS OF ANALYSING.

558. Besides the two methods of analysis, viz., Tabular and Detailed, which have been adopted in this work, there are others which have been more or less accepted by writers on analysis. The most important of these are illustrated below in analysing the following passage :

The owner of the cottage was called up, and as soon as he knew one of them, he easily concluded in what condition they both were, and presently carried them into a little barn full of hay, which was a better lodging than he had for himself.

559. THIRD METHOD.

General Analysis.
Sentence.

Kind of Sentence.
a. The owner of the cottage was called up . Prin. sent.
b. and he easily concluded - -

Prin. sent., co-ord. (cop.) to a. c. as soon as he knew one of them

Adv. sent. (time) to b. d. in what condition they both were

Noun sent., obj. to b. e. and presently he carried them into a little ]

Prin. sent., co-ord. (cop.) to a, b. barn full of hay - - - - f. which was a better lodging

Adj. sent to barn in e. 9. than [the lodging was good)

Adv. sent. (manner) to f. h. (which) he had for himself

Adj. sent. to lodging in g.

560. Fourth METHOD.

(Sulj. (The owner of the cottage) Enlarg. of Subj. a. Prin. sent. * was called up

Pred. Extens.

Connec. Prin. sent.

Subj. co-ord. (cop) and he easily concluded

Pred. to a.

| Esctens.

owner The, of the cottage was called up and he cor cluded easily

ied them

of hay

Extens.

good)

Pred.

he had

(Connec.

as soon as c. Adv. sent.

Subj.

he as soon as he knew one Pred.

knew (time) to b. } of them

Obj.

one
(Enlarg. of olj. of them

they both
d. Noun sent., ļ in what condition they | Sub.
obj. of b.
both were

were in what conPred.

dition Connec.

and Subj.

[he] e. Prin. sent.,) and he) presently Pred.

carried co-ord. (cop.) } carried them into a { obj.

them to a, 6. 1 little barn full of hay

presently
into a little barn full

of hay
Connec.

Rel pron. f. Adj. sent. to which was a better barn in e.

Subj.

which 5 lodging

| Pred.

was a better lodging Connec.

than 9. Adv. sent. than [the lodging was ) Subj.

(lodging] (manner)

Enlarg. of sub. (the) to f.

[was good) (Connec.

Rel. pron. h. Adj. sent. to (which) he had for him

Subj.

Pred. [lodging] in g.) self

Obj. (dir.)

(which)
(Obj. (indir.) (for himself)
561. FIFTH METHOD.
Subordinate sentences.

noee Analysis of prin. Analysis of subord.
sent.

sent. 1. The

Enlarg. of 2. 2. owner

Subj. to 4. 3. of the cottage

Enlarg. of 2. 4. was called

Pred. to 2. 5. up

Extens, of 4. 6. and he

Subj. to 8. 7. easily

Extens. of 8. 8. concluded

Pred. to 6. 9. as soon as he

Subj. to 10. 70. knew Adv. sent. (time) to 8.

Pred. to 9. 11. one

Obj. to 10. 12. of them

Enlarg. of 11. 13. they

Subj. to 14. 14. were in what con- (Noun sent. obj. to 8.

Pred. to 13. dition 15, and [he]

Subj. to 16. 16. carried

Pred. to 15. 17. them

Obj. to 16. 18. presently

Extens. of 16. 9. into a little barn

Extens. of 16. full of hay 20. which

Subj. to 21. 21. was a better Adj. sent. to barn in 19.

Pred. to 20. lodging 22. than the lodg- ) Adv. sent. (manner)

Subj. to 23. 23. (was good) to 21.

Pred. to 22. 24. (which]

Dir. obj. to 26. 25. he (adj. sent. to [lodging]

Subj. to 26. 26. had i in 22.

Pred. to 25. 27. for himself

Indir. obj. to 26.

22.

ing.cod]

562. Sixth METHOD. The owner of the cottage was called up, || and )) as soon as he knew

one of them, | he easily concluded )) in what condition they both were,

| and presently carried them into a little barn full of hay, I which was a better lodging | than*] he had for himself. |

* than (the lodging was good which] he had for himself. Obs. In this method, which is very incomplete, the following marks are used : Il to denote a prin. sent.

I to denote a subord. sent. » » prin. sent. divided.

» » subord. sent. divided. , prin. sent. contracted.

subord. sent. contracted. prin. sent. contracted and }} ” divided."

subord. sent. contracted

{ "and"divided. 563. SEVENTH METHOD.

1

2

The owner of the cottage | was called | up, | and as soon as he | křew | one of them, | he | easily I concluded | in what condition | they both | were, i and* presently | carried | them into a little barn full of hay, | which was a better lodging I thant he hadi | for himself. I

4

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* he understood.

than the lodging I was good.

which understood.

013. In this method, which shows the analysis of cach detached sentence, without indicating the connection of one sentence with another, the figures are used thus: 1 denotes subj. ; 2, pred.; 3, dir. obj.; 3a, indir, obj.; and 4, extens,

564. EIGHTH METHOD. A. The owner of the cottage was called up B. And he easily concluded lb'. as soon as he knew one of them 2b'. in 'what condition they both were C. and he presently carried them into a little barn full of hay

which was a better lodging

than [the lodging was good] C""'. [which] he had for himself.

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019. In this system of notation, capital letters are used to denote principal sentences and their corresponding small letters to denote subordinate sentences. Coordinate relation of subordinate sentences is marked by the figures 1, 2, &c. placed before the letters, and dependent relation by dashes, thus, a', a", a", &c.

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