Ols. In sentence 7, 6, the conjunction but may be supplied as connective.

EXERCISE 44. Mention the adversative co-ordinate sentences :1. Take each man's censure, but reserve thy judgment. 2. I will speak daggers to her, but use none. 3. A king may confer titles, but it is personal merit alone that insures respect. 4. He loved plotting, yet neglected self-interest. 5. You look around the dim horizon, but there is no bird. 6. It was but a young moon, but the exceeding rarity of the air lent strength to its radiance. 7. Few paces have we taken, yet are weary. 8. He chid their wanderings, but relieved their pain. 9. It came and we are glad, yet tears were shed. 10. Rulers can bestow treasures, but virtue only can bestow esteem. 11. The night was cold and stormy; however, the stranger was obliged to seek another lodging. 12. He is eager, still he betrays not any excitement. 13. He can insult, but you can flatter. 14. With a little more address, perhaps he might have persuaded me; but his freedom had a contrary effect. 15. He saw the strong bow curved to shoot, yet never moved. 16. Saladin bent his head gracefully, but declined the invitation, 17. Slavery of the body might have been pitied, but that of the soul is only to be despised. 18. They all turned their faces towards the house, but saw nothing. 19. Thy voice is silent, but my heart hath joined thee. 20. Sorrow kills not, but it blights. 21. Be thou familiar, but by no means vulgar. 22. He ask'd, but all the heavenly choir stood mute. 23. His words here ended, but his meek aspect silent yet spake. 24. There were difficulties ; but they were not invincible. 25. He hath not misplaced his confidence; nevertheless, he is not in the right track. 26. This was very discouraging ; however, I started for the farmhouse. 27. My lords, I did not intend to encroach so much on your attention ; but I cannot repress my indignation.

28. Man tramples on his brother man,

But God is ever near.
29. She listens, but she cannot hear,

The foot of horse, the voice of man.
30. Swiftly, swiftly flew the ship,

Yet she sailed softly too.

EXERCISE 45. Analyse :1. Give every man thine ear, but few thy voice. 2. They were dismissed, but could not be disgraced. 3. On the one hand, we behold poverty and wretchedness ; on the other, we see prosperity and happiness. 4. I am a young man with very old pensions ; he is an old man with very young pensions. 5. Those statutes have not given us our liberties; our liberties have produced them. 6. Poor houseless creatures ! the world will give you reproaches, but will not give you relief. 7. Life has no new enjoyment for us, still we love it. 8. Every mountain he comes to he thinks will be the last : he finds, however, an unexpected hill rise before him. 9. Some, indeed, must perish in the successful field, but they die upon the bed of honour. 10. In this season, I rise—not at four in the morning, but-a little before eight. 11. By their rapine, cruelty, and discord, the petty tyrants of Persia might afflict their subjects ; but whole nations were crushed under the foot. steps of the reformer. 12. The time of the siege was indeed fulfilled in forty days, but they were forty days of calamity and anguish. 13. The soil seemed to be rich, but bore few marks of cultivation. 14. We would have explored the cave, only we had no torches. 15. Go in peace; nevertheless, venture not to return hither. 16. By day he mingles with the crowd, yet finds his soul to fears a prey. 17. Now, Spring returns : but not to me returns the vernal joy my better years have known. 18. The page sullenly murmured some indistinct reply ; nevertheless, he obeyed the mandate. 19. The one was a struggle of the laity against the clergy for intellectual liberty ; the other was a struggle of the people against princes and nobles for political liberty. 20. Perhaps she did not listen ; but I did not care for that.

21. There was racing and chasing on Cannobie Lea,

But the lost bride of Netherby ne'er did they see !
22. The wedding guest he beat his breast,

Yet he cannot choose but hear.
Then sigh not so, but let them go,
And be you blithe and bonny.

He won the day,
But for the conquest thou didst pay.
25. The loud wind never reached the ship,

Yet now the ship moved on.
26. Cowards fear to die ; but courage stout,

Rather than live in snuff, will be put out.
27. By fountain or by shady rivulet

He sought them both, but wish'd his hap might find

Eve separate.
28. Some ne'er advance a judgment of their own,

But catch the spreading notion of the Town.
29. Hard is the task their fatherland to quit,

But harder still to perish or submit.
30. The tree before him fell,

Which we cherish'd many a year,
But its deep root yet shall swell

And heave against his bier.
31. The hunters scatter; but the boy, o'erthrown

In a dark part of the wood, complains alone.
32. I would have been content if he would play,

In that one strain, to pass the night away ;
But, fearing much to do his patience wrong,

Unwillingly have asked some other song.
33. He sleeps i' the aisle,--but not a stone records

His name or fame, his actions or his words.
34. Beasts may convey, and tuneful birds may sing,

Their mutual feelings, in the opening spring;
But man alone has skill and power to send

The heart's warm dictates to the distant friend.
35. Sore sigh'd the charm'd sword, for its virtue was o'er,

It sprung from his grasp, and was never seen more ;
But true men have said, that the lightning's red wing
Did waft back the brand to the dread Fire-King.

36. The moon looks through the drifting storm,
But the troubled lake reflects not her form.

IV. Illative. 90. Illative co-ordinate sentences are those which are joined by conjunctions implying reason and inference. They are of two kinds :i. Illative, when the first denotes the reason, and the second the

inference, logical deduction, or consequence : as, The smoke

falls, therefore it will rain. ii. Causative, when the first denotes the inference, logical de

duction, or consequence : as, It will rain, for the smoke falls. Obs. 1. Causative sentences must be distinguished from adverbial sentences of cause. Thus, in the sentence, “I returned home, because I was tired," because introduces the reason for the previously mentioned action. Why did I return home? Because I was tire 1 (adverbial sentence of cause). In the sentence, “It will rain, for the smoke falls," for introduces the reason for the inference that it will rain. How do I know that it will rain ? By the falling of the smoke, which is not the cause of the rain, but merely the ground of the inference. Hence “ It will rain” and “the smoke falls" are illative or causative co-ordinate sentences.

Obs. 2. Causative sentences transposed become illative and vice versa: as, It will rain, for the smoke falls (Causative); The smoke falls, therefore it will rain (illative).

91. The Connectives of Illative Co-ordinate Sentences are : (a) Illative, Accordingly, consequently, hence, whence, thence, so, and so, therefore, and therefore, wherefore, thereupon, thus, and for, on this account, for this reason ; (6) Causative, For.

Obs. 1. When the connective consists of the conjunction and and a second word (and hence, and so, and therefore, and consequently), the second word is an adverb.

Obs. 2. The connective is sometimes omitted : as, I am spent: (therefore) give me a seat.

Obs. 3. Illative or causative co-ordinate sentences are, by some writers, called Collateral Sentences; and the same name is given to sentences placed together without any connective.


TWENTY-FIRST ANALYSIS MODEL. 1. The old slave scarce had time to advertise us of his arrival ; con.

sequently, I had no leisure to conceal myself. 2. He rose from the sky; hence the sky was his father. 3. He was not very rich, so he put his children out to trades. 4. You are a man of peace, therefore we must give way. 5. Glamis hath murdered sleep : and therefore Cawdor shall sleep no

more. 6. They told me he had taken care to fetch them away that very

evening : wherefore I strolled about the streets in a melancholy

manner. 7. The consequences of the encounter were not instantly seen, for

the dust raised by the trampling of so many steeds darkened

the air. 8. She clad herself in a russet gown ;

She was no longer Lady Clare.

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