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us, “He that speaketh, let him speak as the words of God.” There is need not only of our diligence, but also of prudency and fidelity : wherefore what
we are able by nature, whatsoever by counsel, whatsoever by wit and cunning, let us bestow it all to serve the church of God. We are the stewards of the house of God: let us not dissipate and scatter the household of God. If we be the apostles of God, let us shew apostolic minds. If we be the brethren of Christ, let us hear Christ, let us feed his lambs, let us feed his sheep, let us go, let us preach, let us teach. The universal world seemeth a good while since to travail of Christ: let us cast about our eyes, brethren. How great is the harvest every where, how few be the reapers ! And this I speak unto them of whom there is some good hope, If there be any that laugh at these things, or mock them, why should I hope that they will hear me, who will not hear Christ himself? Let the calamity of our brethren move us, let the curse of God move us (namely), “Cursed is he that doth the work of the Lord negligently:" let that most grievous threatening move us (namely), “Their blood will I require at thy hand.” Let us prepare ourselves to that most sweet voice and speech of Christ (namely), “Well done, servant: go in." Let us speak in season and out of season, let us speak the word of the Lord, let us speak
as the words of the Lord, that
Dei.” Opus est non tantum sedulitate nostra, sed etiam prudentia et fide. Quare quicquid a natura, quicquid a consilio, quicquid ab ingenio possumus, id omne ad Christi ecclesiam conferamus. Nos sumus dispensatores domus Dei: ne Domini familiam dissipemus. Si apostoli Dei sumus, præstemus animos apostolicos. Si fratres Christi sumus, Christum audiamus, pascamus agnos, pascamus oves, eamus, prædicemus, doceamus. Mundus universus Christum videtur jamdudum parturire. Circumferamus oculos, fratres. Quanta ubique messis est, messores quam pauci! Hæc autem ad eos dico, in quibus aliquid est bonæ spei. Si qui autem sunt qui ista rideant, quid eos me sperem audituros, qui Christum ipsum non audiunt? Moveat nos fratrum nostrorum calamitas, moveat nos Dei execratio: “Maledictus qui procurat opus Domini negligenter.” Moveat nos gravissima interminatio: “Sanguinem illorum de manu tua requiram.” Paremus nos ad suavissimam illam Christi vocem, “Euge, serve! ingredere.” Loquamur opportune, importune, loquamur verbum Domini, loquamur tanquam sermones Dei, ut in omnibus celebretur Deus per Jesum Christum, cui sit gloria et imperium in secula seculorum.
CERTA I NE S E R M O N D P R E A C H E D BEFORE THE QVEENS Maiestie, at Pauls Crosse, and elsewhere?: By the Reuerend Father Ioan IEVVEL late Bishop
Whereunto is added a short
out of other his Sermons, made
Church at Sarisbury.
[' And at Paul's Cross, 1583; omitting and elsewhere.]
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE SIR WILLIAM CECIL, KNIGHT,
LORD HIGH TREASURER OF ENGLAND;
THE RIGHT HONOURABLE L. ROBERT DUDLEY,
EARL OF LEICESTER;
TWO OF HER MAJESTY'S MOST HONOURABLE PRIVY COUNCIL, AND MOST WORTHY CHANCELLORS OF BOTH OF THE UNIVERSITIES
OXFORD AND CAMBRIDGE'.
UNTRUE reports and slanders can neither give falsehood any credit among the wise, nor disgrace the due estimation of the truth. Howbeit, it seemeth there are some which hope it will turn them to no small advantage, if to other their secret and wicked practices they join a sleight of ill-speaking and of slandering the writings, the godly sayings, the life and the death of those whom it hath pleased God to use to the setting forth of his gospel, and thereby to the great comfort of his people.
Among others upon whom this hath been practised, they have made some especial choice of the late bishop of Salisbury, a man of famous memory; whose life and death is truly and sincerely written by M. Doctor Humfrey. Howsoever they dealt uncharitably with him in his life, christian and godly discretion would they should spare to reproach the dead. Or if not so, yet in wisdom they might foresee that, when matters are called to trial, such things cannot pass for current and lawful, whereof some due proof hath not been yielded.
Yet, as though the discredit of that one man (who in great humility did acknowledge himself inferior to many godly fathers then living in this church of England) were enough for them to overthrow all that whole work, which the Almighty God hath by his right hand and strong arm established, they deliver by tradition certain false observations, of his either simple, or negligent, or wilful and malicious gathering, and abusing the holy scriptures of God, and the ancient writings of the fathers.
It is a hard thing for him that speaketh much to speak nothing worthy just reprehension. But it is much harder to escape the reprehension of corrupt judges, even when he shall speak most uprightly. His defence is abroad, published by himself. And, notwithstanding the endeavour of a learned adversary was to impeach it, yet by his last and a moderate answer he avouched it good, and approved his plain and sincere dealing to the consciences of all men.
Whom it may please to understand after what sort he prepared himself to the accomplishment of those two notable books, of the Defence of the Apology, and the Reply, which are as two double cannons prepared for the battery of error and superstition, must needs confess his diligence and reverent proceeding in such cause to have been such, as for which he may well be compared with any whomsoever the former or this present age hath thought therefore worthy commendation. For, besides his advised observation of all such things, as in the adversary's books deserved answer; and besides that he disposed a summary and full collection of such matter as he would use for the disproof of the same, the which he conceived in short notes; this may be a notable testimony that he had purpose to set down the authorities out of the fathers and the quotations truly and plainly: whereas in times before he had gathered sundry books of common-places out of the Greek and Latin and later writers, he did peruse afresh the authors themselves, and made every where in them special marks, for the difference of such places whereof he made choice. Those were all drawn forth and laid to their themes by certain scholars, who wrote them out by such direction as he had given unto them. So reverent regard had he to do the work of the Lord and to defend the truth faithfully.
[* This dedication is here given from the first edition of the Sermons, 1583. It does not appear in the reprint of 1603, or in the folios.
With like reverence also did he, in all places where he was occasioned to preach, handle the word of God. Albeit his gifts of reading and understanding and memory were great, yet it appeareth he did seldom or never deliver any exposition upon any piece of scripture before any congregation in the meanest parish of the country, but upon diligent study, and whereof he drew his notes. In this his care God's providence wrought mercifully for his church, that so there might be some way to deliver in common unto all the fruits of those godly travails, which he gave forth to some one especial part of the church. Hereby it is that these his sermons, preached before her majesty and at Paul's Cross, come now to the reading of all such before whom they were once spoken; to seek that of them in true practice of christian religion, for which they were in their times uttered. Why I make choice of these among so many so excellent his sermons pronounced in those places, if any be curious to ask; let him advisedly consider the state of God's church amongst us in these days, and bestow his pains to read these which are offered to his christian judgment, and then make to himself a charitable answer.
And if at such several times as that reverend father, in the fear of God, moved his petitions before the conscience either of her highness, or of your honours, or of any others, the good children and servants of God, he were so well acquitted, that he was thought to speak uprightly in true zeal, for the advancement of God's glory, and like a wise builder of the house of God; no doubt, in this rehearsal of them all together, they shall work that wholesome effect, if through the assistance of God's holy Spirit they be considered now with as great diligence as he was then heard with good attention.
Your honours have well declared, that you measured not your loving affection to him by the short term of his life; which giveth great hope that his humble requests, so many as are to crave aid and furtherance of authority, shall in good time be preferred. They are such as shew how desirous he was to see the peace and prosperity of Jerusalem, and that the kingdom of God might never again be taken away from us. He sheweth what things they are by which this may be brought to pass; that among all the means which man's wisdom can provide, next to the high means of princely authority, the chiefest is that all particular churches may be furnished with sufficient, learned, and godly ministers; and therefore that tender and due care be had to increase the number of them. Their service is most needful in the overthrow of Jericho, the city which God will have destroyed, and in the building up unto God his temple at Jerusalem. The care which magistrates take hereof, and that labourers may be sent into the Lord's harvest, which may defend the cause of Christ against those which charge the gospel to be heresy, and that the things which he hath done for us are wrought by the power of Beelzebub; and which, as good watchmen attending their ward, may stir up the people to know the season, that the night is passed, and the day is come, that it is time to cast away the works of darkness and to put on the armour of light; shall witness for them what zeal they bear to the house of God. If the ministers be mindful to perform their duty; if the Lord's harvest be not neglected; if the defence for the gospel find upright judges; if all that give outward shew of zeal be indeed zealous, and work the fruits of zeal, what hope may they of Jericho have that their cursed dwellings shall stand? or why shall Israel mistrust that the temple of God shall not receive again the former and perfect beauty ?
Now, because every where in these sermons he commendeth the necessary use of godly learning, and is an humble suitor for patronage thereof, I cannot but present them unto your honours, our patrons, and fathers, and right honourable chancellors of both the universities; that, seeing the benefit of this your gracious protection hath and doth and shall reach itself so far, to do so much good to the whole church of God, you may at home and with yourselves rejoice in the comfort of a good conscience for the manifold fruits of your favour bestowed in such sort, and all that have the love of the truth may earnestly pray unto God for your honours, that he will continue his goodness towards you, and give you long and prosperous days in this life, and, after, a joyful entrance into his glory. Your honours' most humble to command,
CERTAIN SERMONS OF BISHOP JEWEL.
Now? Hiericho was shut up and closed, because of the children of Israel;
1 Sam. iii.
In divers manners God spake and opened himself to our fathers; by visions and dreams, by sacraments, by angels, by plain express words, by allegories, by secret and mystical understanding, where one thing is covered under another. And all this did he that he might condescend to our capacity; that we might be converted and saved; that we might be guided in the right way, and not go aside neither to the right hand nor to the left. By vision God spake to Ezechiel, as appeareth in the first chapter of his prophecy : The wheels which he saw were horrible to behold, they were full of rings; "and the rings were full of eyes:” the four beasts were also terrible, they had faces like a man, like a lion, like a bullock, and like an eagle. In dream God spake to Samuel, saying: “Behold, I will do a thing in Israel, whereof whosoever shall hear, his two ears shall tingle,” &c. Touching sacraments God himself saith : “ Thou shalt shew thy son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which the Lord did unto me when I came out of Egypt.” “ Thou shalt set apart unto the Lord all that first openeth the womb, &c. And when thy son shall ask thee to-morrow, saying, What is this ? thou shalt then say unto him, With a mighty hand the Lord brought us out of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. For when Pharao was hard-hearted against our departure, the Lord then slew all the first-born in the land of Egypt, from the first-born of man even to the first-born of beast : therefore I sacrifice unto the Lord all the males that first open the womb, but all the first-born of my sons I redeem.” Sometimes he spake by angels, as by sundry examples it may appear. Sometimes by himself in his own person, as he spake to Moses face to face. Sometimes by plain express words : “ Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.” And again : “ Thou shalt have none other gods before my face; thou shalt make thee no graven image,” &c. These are plain words; these are the words which our Lord God hath spoken. Sometimes he expressed his holy will, not in words, visions, or in such sort as I have shewed, but only by some mystical or secret allegory, by some deed which the people saw done before their eyes; of which kind is this which we have now to consider. Therefore hath God said by the prophet: “What could I have done any more to my vineyard that I have not done unto it ?” What should I do, but it hath been done? What should I say, but it hath been said ? What warning should I give, but it hath been given? I have been careful for my people, that they should repent and turn to me, that all Israel should be saved. If they perish, I am free from their destruction; they perish in their own wilfulness, they have none excuse.
Now touching an allegory, whereof we are at this present to say: God opened his mind sometimes not by words, but by some notable kind of deed; and the people heard God speak unto them, not with their ears, but with their eyes
. The people of Israel, as they were passing through the wilderness, lacked water to
[' And, 1583.)
[* And ye shall compass all the city, &c., 1883.)