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to adopt such other rules amongst themselves to secure a more uniform and satisfactory method of receiving cotton.
A resolution reformatory of the method of weighing cotton now in practice was also introduced, but having been carried by a small majority only, it is here omitted, leaving the question open for further action to be taken as soon as practicable.
The rate of drayages charged by the presses has not been touched upon, as by the established city ordinance every buyer has the remedy in his own hands.
The standing committee of fifteen brokers to be appointed in pursuance of the above resolution has been named and will shortly organize.
A document embracing the above resolutions is deposited for signature at the parlor of the Crescent City Bank, and will be left there until Saturday the 19th instant, it being understood that the proposed arrangement shall be binding only if a sufficient number of signatures be obtained. A list of those who will bave signed up to the 19th instant will then be made public, and the present arrangement be declared fipal or left open for further action as the case may be.
AUGUST BOHN, of J. Lecesne & Co.
J. KRUTTSCHNITT, of Richardson & Co. NEW ORLEANS, November 4th, 1859.
CLOSING OF THE PORT OF CARTHAGENA, NEW GRANADA,
DEPARTMENT OF STATE, WASHINGTON, November 12, 1859. The following translation of a resolution closing the port of Carthagena, New Granada, received from the United States Consul at that place, is published for the information of those whom it may concern. The copsul states that the port of Savanilla has also been closed, though the fact has not been officially communicated to him :
GRANADIAN CONFEDERATION.-COMMISSION OF TREASURY. In view of the resolution of the executive power of the confederation of the 12th of September last, by which the ports of this city and Savanilla are ordered to be closed on the 20th of October, in case neither of the two conditions of paragraph second should have taken place; and considering
Ist. That constitutional order bas not been re-established in this city.
2d. That the arms and other property of the copfederation which were seized by the insurgents of the 15th of August have pot been given up, they having been taken from officers of the customs guard and abstracted from the National Arsenal, and the insurgents pot having submitted themselves for trial, it is resolved
Only article. The port of Carthagena is from this date closed to importation and exportation ; consequently the officers of the Custon-house and of the customs guard will have to comply with this order in the terms in which it has been notified to them. Let it be printed, communicated, published, and reported to the Intendant.
MANUEL DEL RIO.
FELIPE DE PENARREDONDA, Auditino Clerk. CARTHAGENA, October 20th, 1859.
PASSPORTS TO PRUSSIA AND GERMANY.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE, WASHINGTON, November 10, 1859. Information has been received at this Department, from an official source, that “ certificates from notaries in the United States, issued to naturalized or upnaturalized inhabitants, do not confer the right of entrance into Prussia, nor through Prussia into Germany, nor, even with the visa of ministers or consuls, would they have any validity as passports. Furthermore, the only passports in the United States wbich are of any validity are those issued by the General Government at Washingtou."
PORT REGULATIONS OF HAVANA.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE, WASHINGTON, November 9, 1859. Information has been received at this department from Thomas Savage, Esq., the United States Vice-Consul-General at Havana, of the publication on the 26th ultimo of a decree, of which the following is a translation :
In compliance with the fifty-first article of the Custom-house regulations, the commercial community are advised for their information and government, that in future, and from and after the lst day of November, proximo, the clearance register will not be issued to any vessel until the captain or bis consignee shall have paid not only the register dues, but also those upon the tonnage. The mail steamers only are excepted, because the rapidity with which they enter and leave allows not time enough for that purpose ; but with the necessary condition that the consignees must settle those liquidations during the days intervening until the return of the steamer, the officers dispatching such registers, as well as the agents of the captains, being held strictly responsible for the exact fulfillment of this regulation.
TOBACCO AND CORN AT CANARY ISLANDS.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, November 15, 1859. Information has been received at this Department from BERNARD FORSTALL, Esq., the United States Vice-Consul at Teneriffe, Canary Islands, that, “ although the ports in the Canary Islands have been declared free since the year 1851 by the Spanish Government, for all sorts of merchandise imported from foreign countries, yet there are two articles which have been, and still are, subject to a beavy duty-namely, tobacco and corn; the former paying a fixed duty of five Spanish dollars per one hundred pounds weight from foreign nations ; the latter being regulated by a sliding scale, according to prices in the market of these islands, and generally ranges from seventy-five to one hundred cents per fadega (Spanish measure) of eighty pounds weight of maize, and one hundred pounds (one Spanish quintal) in wheat; flour in the same proportion in foreign bottoms."
FREE IMPORTATION OF RYE INTO PORTUGAL.
DEPARTMENT OF STATE, WASHINGTON, October 26, 1859. The following translation of a decree issued by the Portuguese government for the free importation of rye till the 15th of November next, has been received from the United States Consulate at Oporto, viz:GENERAL DIRECTION OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY, AGRICULTURAL DEPARTMENT.
Considering the representations that have been addressed to me, and the information about the great scarcity and the high price of rye, which in some districts of the kingdom composes the habitual food of the laboring classes, I, therefore, making use of the authorization conceded to the government by the law of the 3d of June of this year, and having consulted the general council of commerce, agriculture, and manufactures, do decree the free admission of rye by all the ports and ways in the kingdom till the 15th November next.
The minister and secretary of the public works, commerce, and industry, will so understand and make it executed. Palace, 25th August, 1859.
THE KING. ANTIDE SUPA PIMENTET.
DEPARTMENT OF State, WASHINGTON, November 4. Information has been received at this department from THOMAS SAVAGE, Esq., the United States Vice-Consul-General at Havana, of the publication on the 8th of October, of a decree of which the following is a translation :
1st. The exemptions granted by decree of this government superintendency of the 7th April of the current year, and approved by Her Majesty in the royal or
der of the 4th of May following—to live cattle of all kinds, as well as to fowls and eggs, that may be imported into the island, are hereby continued for an indefinite time.
2d. The opening of the port of Batabano', resolved by decree of the 10th of said month of May, solely for the commerce in those articles, and likewise approved by royal order of the 7th July last, is continued in the same manner.
3d. The term of four months is designated as the minimum time for terminating the effects of the continuations granted in the foregoing orders, whenever by a change of circumstances, or other measures of a normal and stable character, it may be necessary to order their termination.
These measures will be reported to Her Majesty's government for the definitive resolution that the same may deem proper to adopt.
SPANISH TONNAGE DUTIES. This Department has been officially advised by the Secretary of State, that by an order of the Spanish Government, vessels of the United States arriving in ports of Spain and adjacent islands, are placed on the footing of national vessels, as regards the duties of port and pavigation. In consideration of this exemption, and to prevent any misapprehension with respect to the subject, Spanish vessels arriving in ports of the United States, from Spanish or other foreign ports, (those of Cuba and Porto Rico excepted,) will be permitted to enter on the same footing with vessels of the United States, as regards tonnage duties, light money, and all other dues to the United States, so far as respects the vessels. Spanish vessels arriving in ports of the United States from Cuba or Porto Rico, not being embraced in the foregoing regulation, are specially provided for by the acts of July 13, 1832, and June 30, 1834, and the instructions of the Department in pursuance thereof, which will continue to be enforced as heretofore.
FRENCH TARIFF. One of the Havre journals calls attention to one of the many absurdities of the French tariff—that on indigo. The import duty on that article is not less than 60 francs the 100 kilogs. when brought in French ships direct from India or other countries in which it is produced, and 480 francs (!) when brought in foreign ships. Moreover, the duty on indigo brought from non-producing countries say, for example, the United States, Holland, or England, is so exorbitant, that scarcely any importer ever thinks of purchasing it there, however cheap it may be obtained. What makes these excessive duties the more vexatious is, that in the benighted times of Louis XIV., when tariff questions were not at all understood, the great Minister COLBERT contented himself with imposing a duty, equal in present money and present measures, of only about 20 francs the 100 kilogs.
COTTON SEED. The quantity and value of cotton seed when the oil has been expressed from it, has been computed as follows :- A crop of 3,000,000 bales of cotton as 500 pounds to the bale is 1,800,000,000 pounds of fiber, the cotton seed of which would be 3,960,000,000 pounds, or 1,980,000 tons ; 3,960,000,000 pounds is equal to 1,980,000,000 pounds of kernel, which will give 87,120,000 gallons of oil, and 762,800 tons of oil cake. Value 87,120,000 gallons of oil at $1 per gallon, $87,120,000 ; 762,800 tons of oil cake at $25 per ton, $19.057,000. Total, $106,177,000.
HARBOR ENCROACHMENTS. A special meeting of the Chamber of Commerce was held in October, to take into consideration the subject of Harbor Deposits and Encroachments. PELATIAH Perit, Esq., President, presided. The president having called attention to the evil complained of, Mr. Geo. W. Blunt, one of the Pilot Commissioners, rose and stated that the washing out of mud and rubbish had become more serious than the Harbor Commissioners had any idea of. The deposits had extended in some places nearly 200 feet. Southwest of the Battery a flat of over 200 yards was forming ; another serious flat was forming north of Governor's Island, and the channel between the wharves and Governor's Island had narrowed several hundred feet. Much of this was attributed to the slow progress of the Battery enlargement. He presented the following paper on the subject, being the official report of Lieut.-Com. CRAVEN, U. S. N., to whom had been confided, by Professor BACHE, of the coast survey, the preparation of a chart to illustrate the past and present condition of the harbor.
New York, September 20. Sie :- In compliance with your directions in July last, I made an examination of the shoal off the Battery, New York, for the purpose of ascertaining what changes had taken place in that locality, and I herewith submit to you a map of the survey, scale 1-5000, on which I have also bad the soundings placed, from the surveys of 1855 and 1856, for comparison.
The soundings of 1855 and 1856 are in red figures, and the curves are also distinctly drawn.
In order to make this discussion as explicit as possible, I divide the shoal into sections, and call your attention to each portion separately; you will be much interested in observing the rapidity with which the shoal is accumulating, and with what regularity the deposits are being made.
Sec. 1. From Pier No. 1 North River to Castle Garden. In the angle formed by the line of the Battery and the pier, there has been a very rapid filling up; the three fathom curve has been pushed outward eighty yards beyond the line of 1856; the seventeen feet spot in the outer part of this section is extending towards pier No. 1, and there is an average decrease of THREE FEET in depth chroughout this section.
Sec. 2. Extends to the three fathom curve of 1856. In this portion of the shoal the change has been not less considerable than in the angle of pier No. 1. The three fathom curve was, in 1856, about seventy-five yards south of the castle. It will be seen that it has extended towards the castle wharf, and embraces a considerable area, where formerly we had five fathoms. Outside of this curve we find in this section a general decrease of five feet in the depth.
Sec. 3. Embraces the general shoal to the southeastern portion of the curve of three fathoms. Excepting in the part already indicated, there has been no material change in the general contour of the shoal, but in following the curve to the southernmost point, it will be seen that it has extended about one hundred feet to the southward.
Sec. 4. Extends from last section to East River Piers. In calling your attention to this section, I will merely refer to the knoll lying about W. Ś. W. from pier No. 1, East River. This knoll has eighteen feet water upon it, is very small, and has deep water outside, and close to it. There is no change in depth on the knoll, but it is extending itself towards the north, and it will be seen that in that direction there is a decrease of two feet in the depth near the shoal.
East of the knoll there is no apparent change. Drawing a waved line from the last mentioned knoll to Castle Garden, you mark out the eddy waters of this part of the river ; the current of the two rivers meeting here at ebb, and dividing at flood; this portion of the stream being too sluggish to carry off matters held in suspension, they are rapidly and constantly deposited.
Althongh from natural causes there must always bave been a shoal off this point of the island, its accumulation has been evidently added, to a startling de gree, by the extension of the Battery. The currents which formerly flowed between the Castle Garden and the shore, made the greater portion of their deposit so near the shores as to cause no great injury to the operations of commerce and the process of deposit was so gradual that it would have required an interval of many years ere the shoal would have seriously encroached on the waters of the bay. But the Battery extension has already accomplished that which would have required a half century of the operations of nature, having pushed the shoal out as the shore line was changed.
In illustration of this assertion, we have but to look at the extraordinary heaping up of the earth in the angle formed by the Battery wall and pier No. 1-a heaping up made by the ebb current of the North River, which, as it comes around the pier is now turned back and forward into eddies by the Battery walls. This current formerly ran through the space now covered by the filling in, and poured the suspended matter into the East River, off Whitehall, from whence it was carried away and distributed in the deep waters of the bay. But now a large portion of the sediment brought down by the ebb is doubtless filling in the space here with great rapidity. Its effects are still more strongly visible in the section off the castle, where we see changes of six AND EIGHT FEET IN THE SPACE OF THREE YARDS. This is due to the united efforts of the ebbs from the two rivers, and the time cannot be far distant when, unless dredging is resorted to, the entire space from the castle to the head of pier No. 1 will be quite filled in.
In addition to the material damage done by thus forcing out into the stream a shoal which was heretofore of little consequence, it may safely be presumed that, in filling in for the Battery extension, very liberal supplies have been contributed to the shoals from the dirt carts, as without the security of a regular sea wall, immense quantities of the loose earth must, from time to time, be washed away and added to the shoal ; and it is probable that when the slowly progressing en. largement is completed and the walls finished, the changes will be less rapid. The injury is now without other remedy than that of hastening to its completion a work which has proved so seriously disastrous to this already crowded part of the harbor, and, by legislation, preventing any extensions beyond the lines of the city as defined by the Harbor Commissioners. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
T. AUGS. CRAVEN, Lieut.-Commanding. Prof. A. D. Bache, Sup. United States Coast Survey.
Letter from Professor Bacue to the President of the New York Chamber of Commerce.
Lane's Beook, Washington County, Maine, Sept. 27. DEAR SIR :- The report that one or more vessels had struck upon the shoal off the Battery, wbere it was generally supposed there was deep water, induced one of the Pilot Commissioners, GEORGE W. Blunt, Esq., to call my attention to the desirableness of a re-survey of the shoal. It was assigned to Lieut.-Commanding T. A. CRAVEN, U. S. N., the assistant in the coast survey, who, having been charged with the hydrography of the New York barbor for the commissioners on harbor encroachment, was familiar with every part of the shoal. His report, recently presented to me, gives in detail the changes which have occurred, and shows prospectively those which may be expected. It is important, and