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vision over details necessary to secure efficiency. While the provision and distribution of necessary supplies constitutes one of the responsibilities of a commanding general, who will issue orders and instructions of a general nature on the subject, the means and methods of obtaining and distributing such supplies are looked after by the chiefs of the several administrative services, whose duties are performed in conformity with prescribed regulations.
Chiefs of the administrative services will render reports, through military channels, to their bureaus in the War Department, furnishing prompt and full information as to the present and prospective needs of the army, with such suggestions for the improvement of the efficiency of their service as may require the action of higher authority,
16. In time of war there will be attached to the headquarters of each army or army corps a mustering officer, and to each division or separate brigade an assistant mustering officer, whose duty it shall be to make all musters into and out of the military service, to give any information upon the subject of musters that may be needed by officers serving in the command to which he is attached, and to exercise such supervision over the preparation of the regular muster and pay rolls as will secure their uniformity, accuracy, and completeness. He will conduct the business of his office and will render reports and returns thereof in accordance with such instructions as may be prescribed from time to time in orders from the War Department.
17. A provost-marshal-general will be attached to the headquarters of an army. He will have under his command the force necessary to preserve proper police throughout the army and on the lines of communications. He will protect the inhabitants of the country from pillage and violence; keep a list and description of all nonmilitary persons and camp followers and watch their conduct; follow the column on the march and bring up stragglers, arrest skulkers and fugitives from the battlefield, and take charge of all prisoners of war and deserters from the enemy. He will receive his orders through the chief of staff, and make such written reports as may be required.
18. In time of war provost-marshals will be assigned to headquarters of army corps and divisions and to the line of communications, with such assistants and troops as may be necessary. Their duties are similar to those of the provost-marshal-general, and they receive their orders from the corps or division commanders or from the commanding general of the base and line of communications.
19. The engineer troops attached to an army, a corps, a division, or a detachment shall be under command of the senior engineer
officer on duty with such engineer troops. This officer shall keep the chief of staff fully informed as to the state of the work on which they may be engaged, and as to the condition of the engineer troops and their equipment, and shall have charge of all the engineer transportation connected with the unit to which his command is attached.
20. Officers of artillery and engineers are prohibited from communicating any information as to the state of material and stores under their charge, or as to plans of positions, or works executed or to be executed under their direction, except to the commanding general and the general under whose immediate orders they are serving, their chiefs of staff, and the senior officers of engineers or artillery serving on the staffs of these generals.
21. The chief engineer of an army or army corps and the engineer officers of divisions are staff officers; they exercise general supervision over engineer operations in the body to which they are attached but shall not exercise direct command of engineer troops; they will make such inspections as may be ordered by their commanding generals and will submit their recommendations and suggestions to their chiefs of staff.
22. The duties of the chief engineer of an army are, in general, as follows: He shall furnish all engineering information desired by his commanding general; he may be called upon to assist in the selection of lines of attack or of positions for defense; he supervises the location and design of the more important fieldworks and may be charged with their construction; ħe is in general charge of the engineering features of all siege operations unless another officer is specially designated for that purpose; he is responsible for the construction or repair of military roads and bridges, and for the construction, repair and operation of railroads in the theater of operations; he will execute the demolitions required by the general instructions or specific orders of the commanding general; to him may be assigned the selection and preparation of permanent camps, and any other duties requiring expert knowledge of an engineering nature. To carry out his duties he should have a sufficient force of military assistants, ample funds in his charge, and authority to employ necessary civilian labor and assistance.
The duties of engineer officers on the staffs of corps and division commanders are similar in all respects to those of the chief engineer of an army, differing only in scope and degree.
Requisitions for funds, disbursements, and care and disposal of property pertaining to work in charge of engineer or acting engineer
officers shall be subject to the regulations prescribed for the government of the Engineer Department.
23. The chief engineer of an army, and engineer officers on the staffs of corps or division commanders, will at the close of a campaign report through their commanding generals their operations, with all that concerns their specialty, to the headquarters of their corps in Washington. These reports will embrace plans of military works erected, and in case of siege operations will embrace the journals of attack or defense. Officers having command of engineer troops will in addition submit copies of the reports of battles, etc., rendered to the general under whom they serve, together with such special reports as may be necessary or useful for the records of the Engineer Corps.
BASES AND LINES OF COMMUNICATIONS.
24. For each territorial army or important expeditionary force about to take the field a base will be selected and equipped and a service of the line of communications organized, both to be under control of the commanding general of the field army or expedition, except when otherwise ordered by the War Department.
An officer of appropriate rank will be designated to the immediate command of the base and line of communications and the necessary troops and personnel will be placed under his orders. He will be aided by a suitable staff and by such of the following subordinate chiefs as may be required:
(a) A commander at the base.
DETAILS OF ORGANIZATION.
25. The Regular Army of the United States consists of general officers, the General Staff Corps, an Adjutant-General's Department, an Inspector-General's Department, a Judge-Advocate-General's Department, a Quartermaster's Department, a Subsistence Department, a Medical Department, a Pay Department, a Corps of Engineers, an Ordnance Department, a Signal Corps, chaplains, regiments of cavalry, field artillery, and infantry, a Coast Artillery Corps, and such other officers and enlisted men as are provided for by law.
Regimental organization of cavalry, field artillery, and infantry:
A troop. a 1 captain.
1 captain. 1 first lieutenant.
1 first lieutenant. 1 second lieutenant.
1 second lieutenant. 1 first sergeant.
1 first sergeant. 1 quartermaster-sergeant.
1 quartermaster-sergeant. 6 sergeants,
6 sergeants. 10 corporals.
8 corporals. 2 cooks.
2 cooks. 2 musicians.
2 farriers and blacksmiths. 1 artificer.
1 saddler. 105 privates.
2 trumpeters. 128 total enlisted.
100 total enlisted. A battalion.
A squadron. 1 major.
1 major. 1 adjutant (first lieutenant).
1 adjutant (first iieutenant). 1 quartermaster and commissary 1 quartermaster and commissary (second lieutenant).
(second lieutenant). 1 sergeant-major.
1 sergeant-major, 4 companies.
4 troops. 513 total enlisted.
401 total enlisted. A regiment.
A regiment. 1 colonel.
1 colonel. 1 lieutenant-colonel.
1 lieuteuant-colonel. 1 adjutant (captain).
1 adjutant (captain). 1 quartermaster (captain).
1 quartermaster (captain). 1 commissary (captain).
1 commissary (captain). 1 sergeant-major.
2 veterinarians. 1 quartermaster-sergeant.
1 sergeant-major. 1 commissary-sergeant.
1 quartermaster-sergeant. 2 color sergeants.
1 commissary-sergeant. 20 mounted orderlies.
2 color sergeants. 1 chief musician.
1 chief musician. 1 principal musician.
1 chief trumpeter. i drum major.
1 principal musician. 4 sergeants.
Band. 8 corporals.
4 sergeants. 1 cook.
8 corporals. 12 privates.
1 cook. 3 battalions.
3 squadrons. 1,592 total enlisted. Total commissioned, 50.
1,236 total enlisted.
Total commissioned, 50. a NOTE.—The organization of the enlisted strength of companies of infantry, troops of cavalry, and batteries of light, siege, mountain, and horse artillery is announced in War Department orders from time to time.
1 captain. 2 first lieutenants. 2 second lieutenants. 1 first sergeant. 1 quartermaster-sergeant. » 1 stable sergeant. 8 sergeants. 16 corporals. 3 cooks. 1 chief mechanic. 7 mechanics.
3 musicians, 149 privates. 190 total enlisted.
1,186 total enlisted.
Total commissioned, 41.
572 total enlisted.
a NotE.-The organization of the enlisted strength of companies of infantry, troops of cavalry, and batteries of light, siege, mountain, and horse artillery is announced in War Department orders from time to time.
THE COAST ARTILLERY CORPS.
The coast artillery constitutes a corps and consists of a Chief of Coast Artillery; the authorized number of colonels, lieutenant-colonels, majors, captains, first lieutenants, and second lieutenants to provide officers for the tactical units of the Coast Artillery Corps, viz: The artillery district, the battle command, the fire command, the mine command, and the battery; the Coast Artillery Corps noncommissioned staff officers, and the authorized number of Coast Artillery Corps companies.