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they* will need in the winrer. That foresight is thf effect of a wisdom which certainly they do not possess; Whence then do they derive it? The answer is easy: They have it from the author & nature, the giver of every good and perfect gift.
The diversity of their tastes which leads them td prefer certain aliments to others is likewise an effect of the infinite wisdom of God. If all fed on the same thing there would not be enough in the world for their sustenance, and they would die of famine j their species could not be preserved, and man would not be able to make any use of that which was not. destined for their food. But, by the wife dispensation of the Creator, all insects have abundance of nutrimtnt,and enough remains for other animals.
The things which they feed on would have been created in vain, h^d they not been endowed with the organs necessary to convert them to their own use. Whence do they acquire that sagacity which makes them discover at a distance the things that are proper for them? How have they procured that acuteness of sight, or that delicacy of smell and taste which prevents them from erring in the choice of their food? Of whom have they learnt those stratagems and artifices which they put in practice in order to seize their prey, and devour it ?. What artist hath executed with so much precision, and in a manner adapted so much so their destination, the organs which serve them for eating and drinking? How happens it that they do not all require the fame quantity of food? What wife being hath regulated the difference between them' in this respect, so that they shall eat or drink more or less in proportion to the facility with which they arer able to procure the things they want? The man musts be infatuated who could attribute all these circumstances to blind chance. Such marks of design anda plan so wise, are so evidently discernible, that one ;nu(t (hut one's eyes against the light not to acknowledge in the whole the hand of a God all wile, aud 'almighty.
If we consult the Scriptures they will fully confirm this truth. "The Lord fays the Psalmist, cau"feth grass to grow for the cattle, and herbs for the "service of man. All creatures wait upon thee, *' that thou mayest give them their meat in due sea"son. What thou givest them they gather: thou *' openest thine hard, and they are silled with good. '* Thou hidest thy face ; they are troubled; thou ta■** keft away their breath, they die and return to "their dust. Thou sendest forth thy spirit, they are "created, and thou renewest the face of the earth." Ps. civ. 14,27,30. And in another place," The ■" eyes of all wait upon thee, and thou givest them •*' their food in due season. Thou openest thine *' hand, and sati&fiest the desire of everything thing." Ps. Cx.lv. 15,46.
The care which God takes of infects carries with it so many distinct marks of paternal solicitude as ought to induce mankind to place their confidence in his bounty. If we have hot always every thing - that it is necessary for us,-and if even common resources fail us, we ought not to loie all hops. The wife ruler of the. world, who feeds with such abundance all those animals, will not forseke us his rational offspring. This sovereign monarch of the univerfe? who provides fer the necessities of the meanest of his creatures, who leaves not destitute the smallest worm, will he allow to perish wi'h hunger, the beings he hath designed to call his children ? This reasoning is not mine, it is that of the Saviour of he world himself. " Behold'the fowls of heaven, said lie :o his disciples, they sow not, neither do they reap, nor t O "gather
^ gather into barns, and yet your heavenly father "ieedeth them. Are ye not much better than they?" Mat. vi. 26.—It is our duty then, that our trust in him may not be vain, to conduct: ourselves so that we imy ^ain the favour aad protection of the supreme being. His blessings will then be renewed to us every morning; for the Lord will never for? fake those who put their trust in him.
Of The Arms With Which Insects Defend Themselves Against Their Enemies; And Of The Means They Employ For Avoidinq
In this Chapter I propose to treat not only of the sagacity of insects in. guarding aginst danger; but of the organs with which divine Providence hath furnissied them, both fpr securing themselves against the inclemency of the seasons, and for escaping tha pursuits of their enemies. Galen, Jong ago, made she following judicious remarks upon this subject: "The body of all animals, fays that great man, is always proportioned to the faculties and inclinations pf the mind. The horse, that active, fierce, and poble animal has the hcofs pf his feet hard and strong, and his neck is adorned with a roane, which
contributesi contributes not a little to give him that majestic air which we so much admire in him. The teeth and claws of the Lion correspond exactly to his natural disposition, which is daring and sanguinary. The same mav be said of the horns of the bulk and the tusks of the boar. Timid animals such as the stag and the hare, have only for their defence the swiftness of their feet."
This reflection may be justly applied to Infects* God has not been at less pains to provide for their safety, than for that of other animals. Some are endowed with such velocity as to escape danger by the suddenness of their flight* Some creep with a good deal of speed, but others fly most rapidly; others allow themselves to drop from the place of their ordinary abode upon being disturbed. Those which cannot move with the fame facility, make use of address; Some not being able to change their colour like the Camelion, choose for their abode, places of the fame colour as their bodies, that their enemies may not be able easily to discover them. Others wrap themselves up like a hedge-hog to put in safety their heads* and the more delicate parts of of their body. Some seem willing to intimidate their enemies by an appearance of anger which they testify by a violent motion of the head: and lastly, some wheji they are touched, discharge a fetid liquor which disgusts their enemy, and forces him to retire^
But the goodness of the Creator does not^rest, here. Many of them, have arms for their defence. The skin of sortie is hard enough to secure them from ordinary injuries; the tetth of others are' exceedingly formidable, borne are invested with fine and sharp hairs which oblige their enemies to quit them, , from the piercing pain these darts occasion. Others
O 2 have have horns with which thry seize arid crush their ig-greslbss. Some have stings that pierce the hardest iubitar.ecs; an;! others putting the anterior part of their body into holes, leave the other exposed which serves to defend them by the sharp points or pincers, with which it is armed.
AH these are so many visible marks of the wife and provident care, which God hath had of these despised animals. It appeared so great to some philosophers, that they imagined nature had been more kind to them than to man, and that she acted as a step-mother to him, by denying him those weapons oi defence she hath bestowed on other animals. The' consequence however does not follow from the premises. Reason, Which God hath given to man, is of more use to his preservation, than all the means of defence he hath given to other creatures. He is capable cf fabricating arms to himself for resisting the most ferocious and best armed animal?: he can ,invent the means of taming the most savage, and those that seem the most ungovernable. But without enlarging iurther oil this circumstance let us state the answer which. Galen gave to the same objection. "Na'ure, fays he, hath given hattds to-' iC mao. Directed by his sagacity they are .the m"strument by which he executes whatever he finds "necessary either for pence or war. He therefore "had no use for horns; his hands can form 4 "sword or a h-nce which are weapons much longer "and more destructive than horns. The feet, the "claws and horns are of no the at a distance; but "the arms of man's invention can annoy at a dis"tance as well as near. Would the horns of a bull "be as useful to a man, as bows arid arrows? We ** can net only procure arms for ourselves by our "own industry, but we can wrap ourselves up in a "coat of mail, which renders us mere invulnerable: