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they will need in the winier. That joresight is the effect of a wisdom which certainly they do not possessi Whence then do they derive it? The answer is ea. sy : They have it from ihe author of nature, the gi. ver of every good and perfect gift.
The diversity of their tastes which leads them to prefer certain aliments to others is likewise an eifect of the infinite wisdom of God. If all fed on the same thing there would not be enough in the world. for their sustenance, and they would die of famine; their species could not be preserved, and man would not be able to make any use of that which was not, destined for their food. But, by the wise dispensation of the Creator, all insects have abundance of nutriment; and enough remains for other animais.
. The things which they feed on would have beert created in vain, had they not been endowed with the organs necessary to convert them to their own use: Whence do they acquire that fagacity which makes them discover at a distance the things that are proper for them ? How have they procured that acuteness of fight, or that delicacy of smell and taste which prevents them from erring in the choice of their food? Of whom have they learnt those stratagems and arti. fices which they put in practice in order to seize their prey, and devour it?. What artist hath executed with fo much precision, and in a manner adapted so much to their destination, the organs which ferve them for eating and drinking? How happens it that they do not all require the fame quantity of food? What wise being hath regulated the difference between them in this respect, so that they shall eat or drink more or less in proportion to the facility with which they are able to procure the things they want? The man must be infatuated who could attribute all these circum. stances to blind chance. Such marks of design and
a plan so wise, are so evidently discernible, that one must shut one's eyes againít the light not to acknow. ledge in the whole the hand of a God all wise, and almighty.
If we consult the Scriptures they will fuily con. firm this truth. - The Lord says the Pialmist, cau. “ feth grass to grow ior the cattle, and herbs for the :66 service of man. All creatures wait upon thee, 66 that thou mayest give then their meat in due sea“ son. What thou givet them they gather : thou " openest thine hand, and they are filled with good, « Thou hidest thy face; they are troubled ; thou ta66 keft away their breath, ihey die and return to .65 their dut. Thou sendest forıh thy spirit, they are 66 created, and thou renewest the face of the earth.” Ps. civ. 14,27,30. And in another place, 6 The 56 eyes of all wait upon thee, and thou giveit them 6 their food in due feason. Thou opereit thine « hand, and fatisfies the desire of every living thing." Ps. CXLV. 15,16. .
The care which God takes of infects carries with it so many diftin&i marks of paternal folicitude as . ought to induce mankind to place their confidence ; . in his bounty. If we have not always every thing that it is necessary for us, and if even common resources fail us, we ought not to leie all bope. The wise ruler of the world, who focds with such abundance all those animals, will not forsake us his rational offspring. This sovereign monarch of the universe, , who provides for the necessities of he meanest of his creatures, whó leaves not deititute the smallelt worm, will he allow to perish with hunger, the beings he hath designed to call his children? This reasoning is not mint, it is that of the Saviour of the worl.l himself. “ Behold the fowls of heaven, said lie to his disciples, they fow not, neither do they reap, nor
« gather into barns, and yet your heavenly father
CH A P. XII.
OF THE ARMS WITH WHICH INSECTS DEFEND
THEMSELVES AGAINST THEIR ENEMIES ; AND
In this Chapter 1 propose to treat not only of the fagacity of infects in guarding aginst danger ; but of the organs with which divine Providence hath furnished them, both for securing themselves against the inclemency of the seasons, and for escaping the pursuits of their enemies. Galen, long ago, madę įhe following judicious remarks upon this subject ; © The body of all animals, says that great man, is always proportioned to the faculties and inclinations of the mind. The horse, that active, fierce, and poble animal has the hoofs of his feet hard and strong, and his neck is adorned with a mene, which
contributes not a little to give him that majestic air which we so much admire in him. The teeth and claws of the Lion correspond exactly to his natural disposition, which is daring and sanguinary. The same may be faid of the horns of the bull, and the tusks of the boar. Timid animals such as the stag and the hare, have only for their defence the swift ness of their feet.”
This reflection may be justly applied to infects. God has not been at less pains to provide for their safety, than for that of other animals. Some are endowed with such velocity as to escape danger by the suddenness of their flight. Some creep with a good deal of speed, but others fly most rapidly ; 0thers allow themselves to drop from the place of their ordinary abode upon being disturbed. Those which cannot move with the same facility, make use of address. Some not being able to change their co. lour like the Camelion, choose for their abode, places of the same colour as their bodies, that their enemies may not be able easily to discover them. Others wrap themselves up like a hedge-hog to put in safety their heads, and the more delicate parts of of their body. Some feem willing to intimidate their enemies by an appearance of anger which they testify by a violent motion of the head : and lastly, some when they are touched, discharge a fetid liquor which disgusts their enemy, and forces him to retire.
· But the goodness of the Creator does not rest here. Many of them, have arms for their defence. The skin of some is hard enough to secure them from ordinary injuries; the teeth of others are exceedingly formidable. Some are invested with fine and Tharp hairs which oblige their enemies to quit them, from the piercing pain these darts occasion. Others have horns with which they seize and cruh their age grefiots. Some have itings that pierce the hardest fubitarces, and others puiting the anterior part of their body into boles, leave the other exposed which serves to defend them by the sharp points or pincers, with which it is armed.
All these are so many visible marks of the wise and provident care, which God hath had of these despised animals. It appeared fo great to fome phi. losophers, that they imagined nature had been more kind to them than to mani, and that the acted as a step-mother to him, by denying him those weapons of defence he hath bestowed on other animals. The consequence however does not follow from the premises. Reafon, which God hath given to man, is of more use to his preservation, than all the means of delence he hath given to oiher creaiures. He is capable of fabricaring arins to himself for resisting the most ferocious and best armed animals : he can invent the means of taming the most favage, and those that feem the most ungovernable. But without enlarging further on ihis circumstance let us ftate the answer which. Galen gave to the same cb. jection. "Na-ure, says he, hath given hands to To man. Directed by his fagacity they are the in"6 strument by which he executes whatever he finds “ necefiary either for peace or war. He therefore " had no use for horns; his hands can form á " (word or a luce which are weapons much longer " and more destructive than horns. The feet, the os claws and horns are of no use at a distance ; but " the arms of man's invention can annoy at a dis" tance as well as near. Would the horns of a bull - be as useful to a man, as bows and arrows? We 66 can not only procure arms for ourselves by cur " own industry, but we can wrap ourselves up in a 6 coat of mail, which renders is more invulnerable