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He was born in 1836. He was one of ten children. There were eight boys, six of whom, we are informed, achieved distinction. We know that he did. I was talking with him one evening about the able supreme court that the State of Maine nearly always had, and alluded to some particular opinion, which, as I remember, I had used in a debate in Congress, and asked him if he knew the Judge Powers of that court who wrote the opinion, and in a modest way, but with a loyal pride, with sunshine beaming in his face, he told me he was his brother.

If he had a weakness, it was his extreme modesty at all times.

He was educated in the common schools, in the academies, and attended a university, which afterwards honored him. He then graduated in law from the Albany Law School, and came to the bar in 1860. He soon demonstrated his legal ability and his affability, and won the people, for in a short while they elected him as attorney for the State in his county. He was reelected, serving three terms, from 1864 to 1871. He was then appointed customs officer and served four years. In the trying year of 1873 he was elected to the legislature. He was reelected, serving three terms. He was then elected to the Forty-fifth Congress, thirty years ago. He served in the House one term, and retired to take up his private affairs.

He again served in the legislature, a rather unusual thing to do, Mr. Speaker, after serving in Congress; but that showed that he loved his neighbors, and wanted to build up his State.

Again, in 1892, he was sent to the legislature. He served three terms. He was unanimously elected speaker the last term. Thus honors were heaped upon him. Then he was elected governor in the noted campaign of 1896. He was reelected governor, and must have made—and I am informed did make-one of the best executives that great State ever had, and Maine has always been noted for her great public servants, many of whom I have personally known, of whom we frequently speak and from whom we often quote. I shall not stop to recite their names.

When the Spanish war began, I believe he was governor; and the question of equipping, so as to send promptly to the front, the patriotic volunteers of Maine was a question of dollars and cents, with the legislature not in session and no public funds available.

Being a man of large means, which he had accumulated by the sweat of his own face; being patriotic, as I think he always was, he opened his own purse and promptly equipped the troops. The legislature, appreciating his patriotic act, promptly indorsed his public-spirited act by refunding the money.

He was next elected to the Fifty-seventh Congress, succeeding Mr. Boutelle, a distinguished Member of this body for many years. He was elected to the Fifty-eighth, the Fiftyninth, and the Sixtieth Congresses, declined a renomination, and died in July, 1908. I personally know that he did not wish to come back even to the Sixtieth Congress, but he said to me: “If my people want me to serve them, I shall obey their will."

We often "paired," but he never broke faith, through pressure, to change the pair in a trying struggle and vote. “They pressed me mightily, my boy, but I kept my word with you." How heroic, how honorable, that.

Here is about thirty-seven years of actual, official service, and I have not seen, even in the partisan press, at any time, a single uncomplimentary criticism of any of his public acts.

That, Mr. Speaker, speaks well of the man as a man and of his high sense of duty, thoroughly believing, as he did, that a “public office is a trust,” as the Supreme Court of the United States said many years ago.

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He was a man of deep convictions. He did his own thinking and he decided for himself, always having a keen sense of justice and feeling for the masses. I remember an instance here on the floor of this House, showing the strength of the man's character and his power to discriminate; and for the purpose of showing you his keen sense of justice and “where his heart was,” I shall quote his words from the Record.

There was a bill pending in this House for reimbursing persons for customs duties paid under a rather lax protest on some building material-steel products.

His questions were serious and searching:

Mr. Powers. I want to ask the gentleman two or three questions, so that I may be better able to vote intelligently on the bill.





Mr. Powers. How many years does it show they were paying this extrą duty of 15 per cent?

Answer. Four years.
Mr. POWERS. And these men paid the duty?
Answer. Yes, sir.
Mr. Powers. The duty was added to the cost ?
Answer. I can not tell you that.

Mr. POWERS. And they used the steel and manufactured it, and we poor fellows paid the price, and so did the people all over the country?






I think we may fairly presume that they (the claimants, or importers) charged their customers the additional duty, and that the consumers, rather than the importers, are the persons out of the pockets of whom the additional duty has to come.

Then he was asked by a Member-Republican-whom he had been questioning all this time, this embarassing question: “You (Mr. POWERS] think, as a protectionist, that the consumer always pays the duty?

Mr. Powers. I think that when you import an article and add 45 per cent duty, that you sell it for 45 per cent more than you would if you did not pay the duty.

He was again interrupted by his Republican friend, and Mr. Powers in reply said:

I do not know if the gentleman gets my idea. If the importer adds the price of duty to the article, the consumer has to pay that additional price, and so the consumer pays the duty, and not the importer.

Then, another Republican Member exclaimed:
That is good Democratic doctrine.

Now, here is the point of my reference. Mr. Powers, not the least disconcerted, instantly replied:

It is a pretty fair doctrine. I say that the consumer pays the additional duty if he can not buy it at a less rate in the market.

He was known at that time on both sides of the House as a "standpatter,” Mr. Speaker; but I say he had a keen sense of justice, and with both heart and head decided matters, particularly when they reached down to the fireside of the masses and home building in this country.

He was as loyal to his party and to party creed in a purely partisan contest as any man, I think, in Congress, but fostered his own judgment and individuality.

If you will recur to the hearings of the Banking and Currency Committee, you will discover, though rich in years and a sick man, that he was almost regularly present and took an active and inquisitive part in the grave and great consideration that was given the currency question by that committee during the last past session of Congress.

He was an indulgent husband. It was always a sunny day and starry night to him when his wife and children adorned his presence here in Washington. I have seen him meet them with tenderness and pride. I have seen him pained to part with the little ones as they returned to school. These scenes were noticeable, beautiful, and refining. It is well that he lived. He fought life's battle well.

. LLEWELLYN G. POWERS was most useful to home, to State, and to the Republic.

Mr. Speaker, his motto must have been, as ours should be, “Country, God, and truth."

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Mr. SPEAKER: I am grateful indeed for the opportunity of paying tribute to the memory of Governor POWERS. good fortune to serve with him on the Territories Committee, and I early formed a high opinion of his ability and character. His consideration for the rights of new Members soon won for him a permanent place in their esteem.

Governor POWERS was a product of the State of Maine, and is truly typical of the manhood of that great Commonwealth. Maine's contribution to the grandeur of this Republic is universally recognized. Her citizens have ever fought for the triumph of right. Her statesmen had championed with commanding power the cause of human freedom. The patriotism of her people is an imposing fact in the Nation's history. In the judgment of her sister States, Maine stands for manhoodpure, noble, and exalted.

Governor POWERS, in both private and public life, has been true to the best traditions of his native State.

Nature bequeathed to him rare endowments of heart and mind. These were his sole reliance in life's contest. Fortunate is he so richly endowed of resources so royal. He carved out his own career unassisted. He conquered by his courage, and through years of toil succeeded. Emerson says:

Sculpture in its truest sense is history; and the sculptor chisels character from marble. Every trait recorded by the artist is first seen in real life.

The master hand of an unseen Sculptor carves character in the human form and face. With strict fidelity, true to each trait

. the lines are drawn. We have noted the potency of that truth in him whose memory we honor. The very form and expression of his face, deep furrowed with thought and care, displays great

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