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agitations of the cabinet have intro- it necessary that the physicians should duced confusion in our government: be examined on the nature of the the wheels may have been a little king' sdisorders; and Dr. Willis reclogged, but the machine has conti- ferred it to that species of insanity, nued its course. Every one must feel which consists in a confusion of ideas for the calamity that has befallen his crowding on each other, burdening King, and see the necessity of provid- the mind of the patient, and rendering for the defects in the kingly of- ing him incapable of attending to any fice : but there is nothing in the case thing which requires thought and reto call for the exaggerations of alarm, flection. A more common form of nor any difficulty, that may not be insanity is, when the patient dwella overcome by wisdom, integrity, and too long on a single idea, and reasonpatriotism.

ing often justly from an error of his The bulletins continued their un. imagination, acts, what we call, the part meaning routine, from which nothing of a madman. From the nature of satisfactory or conclusive couid be de- his Majesty's complaint any particular rived. The nature of the complaint lurry has a tendency to bring it on, admits of but little explanation, and is and hence we may account for his confined to but very few words. The having suffered under it in various dáy of the patient is marked by lucid periods of his reign; and the concluintervals, or the absence of them; by sion to be drawn from such a sitaacoercion or the absence of it; and it tion is the propriety of easing bis may be justly doubted, whether any mind from those cares, which are so possible good could be derived to the liable to bring on so dreadfui a calapeople, by informing them of such mity. particulars. All that could be wished With this state of his Majesty's mind for was, that our sovereign should be the ministers must be presumed to bare under such bands as were well ac- been acquainted long before it was laid quainted with the nature of this dis- before the public; and it might have order: and the experience and skill of justified them in proceeding to reDr. Willis were a sufficient guarantee medy the defect in the regal authority on such an occasion. As to the other without any delay. The question naphysicians, they could be of no use, turally recurs, in what manner, and except when any particular bodily by whom is it to be remedied? A recomplaint might require their inter- gency was obviously necessary; in ference; and their presence was more whom is this to be confided The likely to retard than to promote the public would naturally look up to cure of the principal disorder. It is ihe Prince of Wales upon such an of use to private families, that this occasion; and it seemned to be the subject should be clearly understood; general opinion both in and out of that, if a similar calamity should be the Convention, that an application fal them, they may know that pru- should be made to him to take upon dence dictates to apply at once to himself this office. An interview, it those persons who are accustomed to was said, had been requested by the the disorder, and not to waste their minister, but this was declined by the time and their money on medical men, Prince; and the purport of it was who, however great may be their ge- conveyed in a letter of which the neral skill and experience, have been papers gave with confidence the sublittle conversant with a malady that stance, and added, that the princes requires attentions pointed out only of the blood bad united in á remonby long experience and practice. strance against his Royal Highness be

The public could not remain long ing fettered by any conditions on ignorant of the nature of the con coming into the office. To this the plaint. The confinement of a sove. míuisters made a respectful reply, urreign must have a cause; and if deli- ging their duty to the crown, which cacy forbad the use of the word, it was caused them to see things in a dif. sufficiently understood from circum- ferent light; and in fact, if the ocstances. However, time produced the currences took place as represented, developemeut of the whole. After there seems something preposterous a long delay, the two houses thought in the proceeding. The interfereuce of

he Princes was not called for, nor lic justice: the pistrinum or enclosure could they claim any peculiar pri- of the bar does not afford sufficient vilege on ihis occasion above that of scope for an enlarged mind, and a iny other subject. The Prince de- techmcal education inay be improved. clined with great dignity to make anv by the common sense of the unreply as to the main question, till learned. ne proposition come fairly before A curious cause was tried, which him from the two Honses.

under the old French government A difference of opinion prevailed would have been distinguished by very in the Houses on the mode of filliug elegant pleadings. Abeaful taie urup the vacancy, whether by bill order the name of Beavin and the Beast by address, but it was determined to has been long in circulation throughbe by bill, and to follow as much as out all Curone. The power of benepossible the procedent of 1788 The volence and kindness under every disa whole of this proceeding depends on advantage of personal appearance is a fiction. It supposes, that an act of shewn in this Tale, by a man of a bi. the two Houses, sanctioned by the deous form, gaining the affections of King's seal, affixed by a person acting a most beautiful wom:10. A French under their authority, shall bave the artist of great celebrity seized this as weight of an act of parliament. To the subject of a painting, which with argue upon such a point seems su other works of his art, formed an experfluous. It is an expedient not hibition very much frequented by sanctioned by law; and, as the law people of taste and fashion. A clergyhas not provided for the case, all inan one day entered the room, and that can be done is to act in the cut the painting to pie es. The ar' ist bes, manner the state of things will brought his action för damages, which acmit

. This second warning will, it the jury gianted to the amount of tive is hoped, in proper time introduce a grintas, being the supposed value of law, which shall settle all difficulties ine canvas and paint upon it. This in the case of idiotcv, lunacy, insa- verdiet was given under the direction nity, or minority of the Crown. It of the judge, and the propriety of it is certain that the mode of filling up may exercise the judgment of the the vacancy by bill prolongs the reader. In the picture, the two fipower of the ministers; but one could gures of the Beauty and the Beast were hardly imagine, that so slight a gra- exact resemblances of a married tification could be an object, and couple in this town, the husband a they must have the credit of de- gentleman of great taste, who had pae laying with a view only of giving tronised the artist; but from some every chance possible of the King's pique the latter is supposed to have recovery, that inight be allowed with taken this mode of revenging himself out material injury to public af- for the affiont, real or imaginary. The fairs.

clergyman is brother of the lady. The The attention of the nation was judge conceived it to be a libel on absorbed in the malady of the King, the gentleman ; that the chancellor the means of supplying the defect it would have, on application, issued an occasioved, and the discoveries of some injunction against the exhibition, and transactions that had taken place in that this circumstance vitiated tise va. der a similar calainitv some years be- lue of the painting, and brought it fore. The state of the army in Por- down to the level we have mentioned. tugal, the multitude of bankruptcies, The case is doubtless complicated. the question of paper inoney agitated Supposing the fact of the libel; we in various painpblets, low ach of have two delinquents contra bonos their importance. But the law courts mores, the prosecutor in exhibising attracted considerable attention. And an improper picture, the clergyinan in it is some advantage to the kingdom, takin, ibe law into bis own hands. But that in absence of other matter, the the action brought by the artist was publicis entertained with judicial de- for a civil injury, for the destruction cisions. The oftaner they are delivered of property; and, if the property de. to the press, and subjected to open exa- stroyeil wis of får greater value, it nination, the better it will be for pub. nav juros be durabied, whether the

UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. XIV.

rannous

circumstance of libel, which was not the country. The jury brought in then the question before the Judge a verdict for the merchant, with five could dcreriorate its value. To do hundred pounds damages. But wbat strict justice between all parties, it makes this cause of more importance might seen, that the artist ought to is, the sparring ibat took place bebe paid for his work, and then cri. tween the Counsel and the Attornerminal actions should be filed, the one General, an allusion being made with against him for his libellous act, the great propriety, to causes of libel in other against the clergyman for a ihe hands of che latter, and a quota breach of the peace.

tion used from Shakspeare On the question of libel we have

"O! it is excellent already mentioned, that our opinions

“ To have a giant's strength; but it is ty. differ so inuch fiom those entert. ined in the courts of law, that it would « To use it like a giant." scarcely be prudent to çoter much into this subject. But we cannot The Attorney-General, jo reply, is help noticing a sentence attributed to said to have used very strong lana Judge in the public prints, in a case guage, such as the occasion by 1:0 of libel, against a newspaper, for the means justified. It was coarse, vulgar, josertion of an article reflecting on and wisatisfactory, We sball bol The conduct of the Life Guards, ta- quote that 'part of the speech: we tioned in Piccadilly on the noted days know it only as stated in the papers, previous to the confuenient of sir in which lie is said to have asked Francis Budett in the Tower. The

What! was the charge of profesJudge is said to have passed bigh sional severity to be laid upon him, encomiums on the conduct of the of pushing hard against the person Life-Guards, and we do not mean to accused of libel? Hie was known assert, that they were unfounded: but from his boyhood, and there was not when we recollect, that two juries an bour of his life that had a staiu have sat upon the bodies of persons upon it; he had never pressed the killed, and brought in verdicts of law." An appeal is liere made to the wilsul murder against persons un public, and of this the public will known of the Life-Guards, we con. judge; and we should be glad to fess, that we should hesitate in speaking place the Attorney-General in a siperemptorily on either side of the tuation to answer a few questions; we question. The truth cannot be ascer- do not mean in a court of justice

, tained, but by an impartial examina. but at a table, and before inen of tion of all the circumstances: and honour, when he should be requested which are vearest to it the libel. to answer this plain question: W bat lers or the encomiast, will probably is the reason that you have instituted never be determined. Whether the more prosecutions, ex officio, since public peace could have been pre- you have been in office, than any of served without the aid of the military, your predecessors in the same interis worthy of investigation: but there val of time since the revolution? cannot be a doubt, that when called The Counsel on the other side re out, they have a very difficult task to plied, that he was not to be influperforn, and they are not to be enced by the “ vultus instantis ty. condemned by a popular cry.

ranni," nor should he lettle stiones: Another case presented the Attor- General ney-General in the new situation of

“ Bestside the bar defendant of a nost atrocious libel against a very respectable merchant. Were to walk 'under his huge legs, and

Like a Colossus, whilst others The libel held up this gentleman as

peep aboni having been arrested in London on To find then selves dishonourable graves." the charge of high treason, which was unfounded, for he was taken only

Lord Ellenborough interfered, surbefore the Privy Council, examived, ing, I know Mr. Topping there is so and discharged in the course of a malignity in your disposition. I can morning: und ihe same circunstance not doubt that: but it is better that miglit lappen 10 any individual in things of this kind should go to di

little length as possible. Mr.Topping have any pretensions to civilization, justified himself completely ; and as the state of nations at war has been part of the public, we do return him particularly considered; and it is our warıest thanks for the spirit he singular, that upwards of three thou. has displaved upon this occasion. It sand years ago, the divine command came with peculiar propriety from was given, that in the siege of a town, him, from one without a spark of particular care should be taken of the malignity in his composition: and fruit trees in its neighbourhood. How we hope that his opponent will not little do the nations, calling themagain 'give occasion for siunilar re- selves Christians, think of the spirit marks either in public or in private. of this ordinance: but we should

We have at one time heard much wish to see it incorporated in the of the (). P.'s. The Opera House has statutes of every country. presented some difficulty nearly of. When a French General was elected the same kind. 'I be constitution of' to be the heir to the crown of Sweden, this place of amusement is of a pecu- it was natural to foresee, that that liar nature. There private boxes country would soon enter into the have been always allowed, and we measures of the continent, that the must confess, that we never approved burning system would be adopted, of the system. The tendency of it and the alliance between that counis to make a separation of the higher try and England be set aside. Every classes, and perhaps this house has thing has taken place as was foreseen, been the mean of drawing them from and in addition to it, Sweden has de. the more rational amusement which clared war against our country. Thus the English stage affords. Be this as we are entirely excluded from the it may, a difficulty has arisen on the whole continent of Europe. Every terms on which these private boxes nation on it is at war with this country are to be holden, and the proprietor except one, and the sovereign of that has thought fit to declare the necessity country has been obliged to take reof increasing the prices. A meeting tuge in his transatlantic dominions. has in consequence taken place of the Two European powers remain in al. subscribers, and a committee formed liance with us, masters of two small of noblemen and gentle nent, to inves. islands, Sicily and Sardinia: but tigate the question. We shall see these islands are protected only by whether the inanager can conduct this our teets and artnies, and their matter better for himself than his sovereigns would sink without our brethren of Covent-Garden. Weare subsidies. It is singular also, that the not to expect the turbulence that took two countries, which are now opplace in the latter house: the mode of posing themselves to the French, are resistance will be different; but it in a very extraordinary predicament, may be equally efficacions.

the sovereign of each is afflicted with Abroad, the burning system has a similar malady, and is incapable of continued with great vigour. The transacting public business. Portugal nations of the continent seem to join has confided the care of its affairs in it with great spirit, and it is justi in consequence of the Queen's infied by the French on the ground that sanity, to the Prince, as Regent. In this ineasure is ooi a new one, bui is England, measures are taking to sup: sanctioned by the English laws, plythe defect in the Crown, but it is which in various cases have for years evident, that when an enemy is exercised the right of burning certain known to possess great skill and French commodities. It is melan. prowess, it must be an advantage to choly to think that the works of him, that there are any difficulties in human industry should be thus con- the cabinets of his opponents. sumed by man himself, instead of We have heard of the impregnable being employed to the advantage of position of Lord Wellington in Porall parties : but this is an estict of fugal, of the distressed state of Mas, war; and, when the passions are en sena's army, and this month informed gaged, the result is too often fatal to us of the retreat of the latter.humanity. Ip a code of laws, which Lord Wellington, in consequence, deserves to be studied by all.wbo followed, and sanguiuc expectations were in consequence formed, that an from the other. But strange to tell, army, dispirited by desertions and their army before Cadiz still remains w.int of provisions, would fall an almost unmolested, and the besieged easy prey to one supplied with every seem to be more occupied with the thing, and in full health and vigour. debates of the Cortez than in preThe first thing that damped this paring sorties to annoy the enemy. ardour was, the information that, on Nothing decisive has taken place passing over the ground possessed by between the Russians and the Turks. the enemy, there were too many The former retain their ground, and strong indications that we had been threaten to advance, though the entirely misled in our account of his armies of the latter are said to amount distresses, and it was evident that he to more than four hundred thousand Hrad only changed his position for a men. In wars of empires, armies of very diferent cause. The next thing this description have generally been was more alarming, that he had fixed beaten by their opponents far inferior himself in such a position, that he in number, and we see nothing to defied any attack on our part; and prevent the Turks from increasing the tbird piece of intelligence was the number of examples. The Russtill mere discouraging, painely, that sians refuse any other terms of peace he had received considerable re-in. than those first proposed, and it is not forcements. These circumstances unlikely, that when the great strength prepared the way for another mode of the Torks is frittered away, they of expectation, namely, that Lord will be glad to accede, when the RusWellington was again retreated to siaps will increase in their termis. his strong positions ; but this was Germany, in the mean time, is quiet, not clearly ascertained. It however and there is no appea ance of any appeared to be sufficiently verified, movements on the part of Austria. that Massena had retreated but little In America every thing portends a beyon) Santarem, retaining possession very great change. The Spanish coof that town, and we look forward lonies are everywhere in an unsettled with no small degree of anxiety, to state, and the Cortez way resolve the result of his winter movements. what they please on the integrity of The number of Portuguese that are the Spanish empire, but there is under the protection of Lord Wel- every reason to believe, that the mo. lington, must be a great charge to ther country will not retain its inhis army: but no one will venture fluence, nor be able to enforce its very strong prognostications, when laws on a part of the world which has the accuracy of statements is liable too long groaned under its yoke. In on both sides to be so much called in the Brazils also have appeared sympquestion.

toms of an unquiet spirit. That Spain affords little room for parti- large territory requires peculiar macular remark. The Cortez declines nagement, and how far the maxims of in interest, and its proceedings do an European court will suit it, time not seem to have made any great im- must discover. In every point of pression in the interior of the coun. view, America seems to be rising in trv. In the parts under the authority the political world, and in the new of the Gallo-Spanish king, they natu- kingdoms that are now forming, rally excite no sinall degree of ridi- there will be ample room to display cule, and from the continued march the talents of future historians. It is of French troops, it is evident, that with extreme regret, that we notice either from fear, or some other cause, the want of cordiality between this more apparent tranquillity prevails, country and the United States. Apothan can be supposed from the repre- ther crisis is near at band, and the sentations frequently made in this intercourse is in danger of being incountry. It is evident, that ifa strong terrapted. The States have resolved party existed in opposition to the that if our Orders in Coancil are not French, something decisive must rescinded in February, their former have taken place when Massena's measures are to be renewed, and their array was shut up in Portugal, and ports are to be shut up against our the French were so separated the one ships.

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