ePub 版

Jacob Frederic Amthor: they who en- are not for the poor but for the rich. joyed the privilege, received their din. This young divine received, from ner and supper gratis ; while others, home, bacon from Bilboa, smoked who could not claim this privilege, tongues from the fat oxen of Jutland, paid, for the same meals, six groats a oysters, lobsters, cod fish, muscles, week.

from Kieler, red-herrings from BerGay and happily passed our time gen, dried salmon from the Elbe, and away at the university, for two years, the most exquisite wines, even Cape during which I did not once overstep wine. my

allowance : and, so far from con- These, and many other similar comtracting debts, I found myself, at the modities were consumed in the comend of that time, in possession of a pany of the most learned men, who, small sum which I had saved out of in return, were constantly ex baling my allowance. I resolved, therefore, the inost profound science. With together with my companion, to make every morsel the worthy A. M. swala journey, during the holydays, to lowed some learning, and with every some of the neighbouring universities; glass of wine it gentiy flowed into and I must here describe an adventure him. Thus he became a man of the which will appear to him to be alto- newest and best taste, and received, gether as laughable as it was to me, of course, the highest place in the but which, however, had a certain new creation of Masters of Arts. degree of influence upon my after From gratitude, he could not now life. At least, the friendship which I do less than give a noble treat, 10 here contracted with a Hamburger n'ich not only all the new A. M.'s was the innocent cause of my making were invited, but also other persons a longer stay in that town when I noted for learning. This noble banafterwards visited it, on account of quet was given at the inn where I had that friend, than I should have done, put up. The little gold lace which and thus the ground-work of my sub- surrounded my waistcoat, and the insequent travels was laid.

formation that I was a student from I happened to arrive at one of these Jena, induced the company to invite universities just at the very time when me and my travelling companion, and there was a general promotion of we did not hesitate to accept the inMagisiri Artium, with great public. vitation. We found there the most ceremony. Among these Masters agrecable society, the most exquisite there was one of most singular cha- food, and the best wine. racter. As it is in general young and Every individual of the assembly not very opulent clergymen who re- exerted bimself to the utmost in the ceive this dignity, it is, usually, con- promotion of harmony and delight.

ferred upon them without much ex- After the coffee had been taken, and • pense.

This time, however, there a few hours had been spent in cardwas one among them who was the playing, the table was again resumed. wonder of the moment. He was a After ihe first cravings of hunger had rich merchant's son from Hamburg, been satisfied (also good digesiion atbut, too imbecile in mind to carry on tended to) and the fumes of the wine the extensive trade which his father had ascended into the head, then the had established. Arithmetic was too intellectual powers began to display intricate for him, and when he bad to themselves in full splendor. write a letter, he could not command Nothing was now to be heard but any of his thoughts. As he was un- criticism, literature, ancient and mofit for every thing else, therefore, bis dern, eastern and western, old gems, father let bim study theology! statues, pictures, and urns; and also

There are many books of instruc- obscure passages in ancient writers, tion now written 10 teach young, which were inmediately explained. people learning by the means of These topics were discussed by those amusement. This gentleman was of the first rank. They who could learned, however, by an easier nie. not join in sucis discussions, shewed thod, but which required money, - their learning, together with their Those pla;ful instruktions, adso, which fine taste, in another manner. They are contained in ciemotary books, had romances, comedies, collections

of poetry, &c. in their pockets, which ing to me that any one should find they drew forth, and now read one, any obscurity in this passage. How and now another verse, with affected coinmon is it to mention only a part admiration, as something very beau- of a thing, and to leave the rest to tiful. One of them happened to have be comprehended. We invite a pera picturesque description of the high son to take a mouthful of supper, Helvetian Alps, in which one verse but mean the whole" meal. I have (the rest I forget, as well as the con- lived with a person under the same nexion) concluded thus,

roof, means I have lived with him in “ Where the hills bear horns."

the same house. So, in the above

mentioned verses, horns are meant to At these words the reader was enraptured : and he exclaimed, in order represent herds of cattle. I would to shew it, “ Oh, what a picture! where the hills lear horns, in this

paraphrase, therefore, these words, what a thought! what a magnificent

manner : "where, on the lofiy Alpsexpression !"

herds of kine, in the hope of finding One of the company was not pru- good grass and herbage, pasture; dent enough to conceal bis ignorance, This elucidation of the passage he meant, -where the

hills bear horns. supported by an example in the EngThey were astonished: however, the lated to the German, where 'horn enraptured reader hinself was not likewise signifies horned cattle; for, able to solve the question. The question went from one to another: paid for horned cattle that go into the

horn-money implies money which is it reached certain gentlemen who represented themselves as being criti- pasturage of another, for example, in cally skilled in six or eight foreign any of ihe king's forests.

Another said, “ It is most evident languages, and claimed the power of to my apprehension that the word being able to give explanations or in- bear refers to some plant or vegetable terpretations in each of these lan- which grows upon the hills of Hel. guages. A venerable elder said, “ the words in other words, that corn grows upon

vetia: the field bears corn, signifies, are very clear. The poet represents the field. The horns which we find a lofty country of rocky hills, on which there is no earth, but where, fore mean trefoil, (hornerklee): the

upon the Swiss mountains will there. instead of trees and grass, there grows sense, accordingly, is, where the hills a sort of horus.” To this it was re- bcar clover.” plied, that no one had ever yet dis

A third contradicted this explacovered such hills. He apswered, nation, and maintained that the mean"sucb hills might be, however, and perhaps the poet himself had seen thus many more offered their conjec

ing was petrified ammon's horn; and such.' On the rocks of the Red Sea tural readings. The last suggested there grew a similar substance, which that the whole passage was undoubtresembled the borns of a stag, namely, edly an interpolation by some ignothe coral tree: so, something of the rant person ; and if he had to supersame kind might grow upon the lofiy intend a new edition of the poem, he hills of Swis-erland.” As he saw would leave it on altogether, that tlpis explanation did not give much atisticuion, he turned round to

[To be continued.) his neighbour, full of vexation, and uttered a bitier reprehension of the incredulity of the present world. - The ABSENT-MINDED MAN: A ren Fermerly,” he exclaimed, young

ligious Character, sketched from men believed things when old nien

Real Life. told them to them; but now, they all TAE absent-minded man is perknow better, although the old ones had studied and thought longer than of society, not only the most use ess, they had.”

but the most disagreeable. For whale The young Masters of Arts next ever may be the subject of discussion, spoke. I be first said, “ It is astonish- let who will compsoe the assembly, though the orator's words re-echoed and ask him what he is thinking of, through a profound hall of silence;- and he will avswer you with comthough his language might draw tears posure, “ Nothing". Nothing does from the stout heart of a villain : On he think upon; nothing can be know; him, alas! it ali avails nothing. and Oh! may he always keep that

His behaviour, in mixed company, nothing to bímself, and thereby he must appear in a truly singular light will never injure his neighbour. to the eye of a stranger : he in gene- Alas! I have seen this character ral sits as one unconcerned, and amidst the wreck of misfortune, be. amuses himself by thrumming his fin- neath a load of sorrow enough to gers against the sides of his chair, or make the strongest heart weak, and humming the last hymn that woke drive the feeling mind to utter dishim from a sound sleep at his chapel. traction. I have marked his wretched

In the company of young people consort (lovely in tears) weeping at he is both rigid and absurd, and je:- his bedside in the utmost agony of lous to the extreme. They must despair, dreading each revolving hour neither whisper nor laugh, because that brought the approaching morn. he immediately suspects that he is the I have traced on his brow the features subject of their innocent festivity.- of indifference: I have seen hiin lay They must not converse on any sub- down bis head on the pillow of reject whatever, religion only excepted; pose, and, ere two nioments bad, for so chaste are his ears (let their elapsed, drop off in a profound sleep. language be ever so pure and virtuous) And if this be not the summit of that I have seen him (for the smallest buman happiness, ye sage philosounsuspected offence imaginable) rise phers, if this question will bear defiand silently withdraw, as a darksome nition; tell me, in the name of one wped that leaves a sur mer sky, even who be greater than you are, what it friends depended thereon : in short, In answer to the interrogations of he is not content to let others partici- those who perhaps may think this pate in that pleasure which he him- reasoning of mine unnaturally exself cannot enjoy:

travagant, all that I can say is, if I The absent-minded man is gene- bave exaggerated, Nature has, in this rally an eternal enemy to books, for instance, exaggerated also. this good reason, he does not under

Ruben VERITAS. stand them; and, should you wish to be bereft of his company, you cannot Homerton, July 11, 1810. do a better ibing than sit down to read, for he will tell you it is wicked,

On the NAVIGATION of the that, if you must read, read (says he)

ROMANS. the Bible. Well, reader, thou shalt do so; thou shalt sit Jown to the table

(Conc'id-d from Vol. x111 p. 190.] and peruse the word of God, and ere OME tine had now elapsed, when thou' bast read for the short space of the Romans were engaged in a a quarter of an hour, it will act as a war against Philip king of Macedon, cradle that rocks the intant babe to who, seconded by Hannibal then an slumber.

exile froni his country, had collected To bold conversation with a man an enormous feet for the purpose of possessed of an absent mind were wresting from the Romans their mavain; you might as well correspond ritime superiority: but, being vanwith a sbadow, and answer the echoes quished, in the year 530, by the Con. otivy own voice: for instance, should sul Quintius Flaminius, he sued for you, in the course of your digression, peace; one of the conditions of which on a sudden stop short, occasioned by was, that he should deliver to the the inattension of your auditor, he Ronans all his covered gallies, and will start as it were from a dreani, should preserve only a few brigantires. and ask you, with seeming surprise, He was, however, allowed to keep what you was speaking ot: again, on one prodigious galley, for the sole the other band, take him unawares, reason that its magnitude rendered it absorbed in thought a: he may appear, uscless. It was, nevertheless, after

vards 11. ale use of for the purpose of tories of Cilicia. The son of Antioconducting to Rome Paulus Emilius, chus, Antiochus Eupator, having, in the conqueror of Perseus, the son of the sequal, infringed the treaty, the the same Philip. It was actually in Romans burnt all his vessels. this war against Philip that the Romans Hannibal, having retired to Prusias, began to interfere in the affairs of king of Bythynia, who was at that Greece, and, by the great advantages time engaged in a war against E1which tbey derived from it, to lay ihe menes, king of Pergam, an ally of the foundation to that extensive power to Romans, made use of a singular strawhich they afterwards attained. tagem in the battle which the fleet of

Antiochus, king of Syria, commonly Prusias, commanded by Hannibal himcalled the great, having rendered hin- self, fought with that of Eumenes :self formidable by sea, excited the Having filled a number of earthen jealousy of the Romans; and he, ou resseis with fire-works, he ordered his pari, had long turned his eyes on them to be thrown into the enemy's the encreasing naval power of the fieet in the heat of the combat, which Romans, which it was his ardent de- so discomfited and dismayed the sailors sire to check, ere be himself fell a of the feet of Eumenes, that, although victim to it. Urged by this reason, superior in force, it fied in the greaiest and excited by Hannibal, who, whi- disorder. ihersoever be went, breathed his ha- Perseus, king of Macedon, son of tred against Rome, and joined to the Philip, having formed a secret alliance solicitation of Thoas, king of the Eto- with the Carthaginians, made great lians, Antiochus declared war against preparations for ihe war whisi he reRome; but which utterly failed on solved to wage against the Romans, account of his irresolution and inca, and his first aim was to destroy their pacity. He was entirely defeated by naval superiority. For this purpose ihe Consul Acilius Glabrio; and in he equipped a great number of vesthe same year, that is, 563, Livius sels; and, as the fleet of the Romans assumed the command of the Roman was at that time in a very bad situation fileet, to which Antiochus opposed one to oppose him, they devised every mehundred vessels, under the command thod of placing it on the most formir of Polyxenidas, who was defeated by dable footing, and to increase the the Romans on the coasts of lonica. number of their sailors, which, unPolyxenidas, however, gained his re- fortunately at this juncture, was very venge; for' he surprised, near the small. island of Sanjos, the teet of the Rio. Perseus baring been defeated on cians, joined to a part of that of the land by the Consul Paulus Emilius, Romans, and captured twenty vessels, near Pydua in Macedon, he fed to which he conducted to Ephesus. Emi- she island of Samothracia. Octavius lius Regillus having, however, snc- immediately followe: beim with his ce-ded to the command, he, with a fleet, and having taken bim prisoner, fleet of eighty sail, conquered, near he delivered him 10 laulus Emilius, to Myonnesus, the feet of Antiochus who loaded hiin with chains and composed of one hundred covered conducted himn in triumph to Rome. gallies, and commanded by Hannibal All the vessels of Perseus, the greater and Polyxenidas. The Romans cap- part of which were of the large t size, tured thirteen vessels, and burnt and were captured and conductelio Rome. sunk the remainder. Antiochins bay. This triumph was one of the most suing been atterwards defeated on land perb, which had been ever witnessed, by Domitius, or rather by the two and is celebrated hy all the historians. Scipios, peace was accorded to him The triumph of Paulas Emilius was only upon the conditions that he followed by the naval triomph of Ocshould'abandon all that part of Asia tavius, and that of Anitius, who had situate between the sea and Mount conquered and taken prisoner GenTaurus, to retire within his kingdom, tius king of Illyria, an ally of Perseus. and to deliver to the Romans all his The success of this war was so rapid, Vessels of war, retaining only ten bris that it was finished in thirty days. gantines, and which on no pretence Anitius, having made a descent in Were to sail beyond the two promon, Dllyria, after having gained some advantage over the Illyrian fleet, obliged famous city, which contained 700,000 Gentius to surrender at discretion, inhabitants, and mistress of 300 cities with his wife, his children, his brother, in Africa. and all the nobility of his court. They In the same year, the city of Cowere conquered, and carried prisoners rinn, most powerful by its situation, to Rome, before it was scarcely known and wþich had attracted almost the that the war was commer.ced. The whole commerce of Asia and Europe, Romans, who paid little atiention to having maltreated the deputies of the commerce, were at a loss' in what Roman senate, shared the same fate manner to employ the number of as Carthage. It was pillaged, burnt, vessels which they had captured; and entirely destroyed by Muminius, they therefore distributed 220 brigan- and was afterwards rebuilt by Julius tines of the fleet of Gentius amongșt Cæsar, who converted it into a Rothe inhabitants of Corfu, of Apol- mau colony. lonia, and Dyriachium.

The Romans, however, could not The Carthaginians, however, me. boast of the same success against the ditated on re-establishing their marine, pirates of the Balearean Islands, who, and collected a great quantity of ma- concealed by the rocks, laid in wait terials for that purpose. The senate for, attacked, and pillaged every vesof Rome became alarmed, and, in the sel which came within sight. The year 605, the commencement of the Cretans rendered themselves still third Punic war, declared war against more formidable to the Romans, in the Carthaginians. A most powerful the war against Mithridates, to whom armament was inmediately sent forth, the. Cretans were allied. Antonius and the fleet, under the command of the son'of the Orator and the father the Consul Marcius, was composed of the Triumvir, was often defeated ef above 200 vessels of different di- by the Cretans, on account of which mensions. The Carthaginians, re- he died of grief and shame. Q. Meduced to extremity, submitted, with- tellus, however, conquered them, and out reserve to the Romans, who be- made himself master of their whole gan immediately to burn all the Car- island. In the mean time, Mithrithaginian vessels, and then selected a dates, supported by the Pirates, connumber of hostages from the most tinued to wage a bloody war against opulent of the inhabitants of Carthage. the Romans. He had rendered himThey then made known to them that self the arbitrator of all the east, and it was the resolution of the senate to he was regarded as its deliverer from destroy their city, and to transport all the Roman scourge. His fleets cover, the inhabitants to a considerable dis- ed the Mediterranean, and the coasts tance up the country. The Cartha- of Italy trembled at his name. Sylla ginians exasperated and driven to de- and Lucullus were sent to fight him. spair, then, formed the resolution of He threw himself into Pitano, a city defending themselves, and to perish of the Troad, in which he was bé rather than behold the destruction sieged, on the land-side, by Fimbria. of their city. Scipio besieged them He had no other means of safety than by land and sea, and destroyed their his fleets, and he therefore gave his port. But they immediately formed orders for all of them to repair to another, from which 120 armed ves. Pitano. Fimbria sent intelligence of sels were soon despatched, and which this circumstance to Lucullus, who, were built in the short space of sixty being unwilling to owe any of his days. With this new fleet they attack- success to Fimbria, contented himself ed that of the Romans, and burnt a with attacking and conquering two part of it; which success, however, fleets of Mithridates. did not prevent Carthage from being Archelaus, afterwards the commantaken, ransacked, and burnt by Scipio dant-general of the fleets of Mithridaafter a war of five years, and in the tes, won by the solicitations and bribes 700th year of the foundation of Rome. of Lucullus and Murena, surrendered The Romans considered the vessels a part of his fleet, betrayed his master, wluch they had taken of such trifling and entered into the service of bis value, tliat they burnt the whole fleet enemy. However the Consul Cotta, of the Carthaginians. Thus fell that being too hasty in attacking Mithri.

« 上一頁繼續 »