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most attention, from the time when brought on by a variety of causes, he first had the superintendance of it, and any thing dweiling long on the The visitors of St. James's might be mind will produce it. The anxiety deploring with each other the in- for the fate of the Princess, joile to telligence of a bulletin, at the very the usual k.ngly cares, was suincient, moment when the doctor dis- and, in fact, the later of theuscles covered the first symptoms of reco- are peifectly competent to account

for the disorder. How far tie ieguld The ministers, however, could give for the royal pe' on will og eiste to hopes of coovalescence: but the sub- fix on him a continuance of those sequent bulletins by no means, in the cares, time will discover. apprehension of the multitude, fa. The month has been distinguished voured that sentiment. For our own by one of those natural events which, part, we did not place the least con- owing to our insular situation, bring fidence either in the bulletins or the at times very girat calamity on the words of the ministers. The disorder, parts adjacent to the sea, or to tide we know, must have its course: and rivers. A die adful storm of wing from it would require time to ascertain the east drove on the ride, with conwhether it had taken permanent pos- siderable violenceop oureastern shores, session of the patient, or would leave and Lincolnshire in particular was a him subject to similar and fiequent very great sufferer. Near Boston, the Teturns. The age of the patient, the sca-banks were broken, and a vast disnumber of the attacks he had already trict of the rich marshy country was exserienced, rendered a recovery less laid under water, In otber parts of probable; avd this conjecture would the island were inferior joundations ; be strengthened or weakened by the and in the interior of the country the force of the present disorder, and the ravages of the storm were seen by power of the body to meet it. A dif- whole avenues of trees lying prostrate ference of opinion would naturally be on the ground, Occurrences of this entertained of the manner in which kind are not unfrequent in our bistory, government should be conducted on and a detail of them might possibly sua h an occasion: but common sense be the means of suggesting proper seems to point out, that, whatever precautions against the violence of might be the decision, it ought to wind and water. A small obstacle be on an examination of the phy. may prevent the violence of the sicians.

waves, which, if removed, would leave The source of the disorder was ge- an opening to the waters, and over nerally, but very improperly, traced whelm a country with desolation. to a melancholy event, which at the We have had frequent occasion to same time afflicted the royal family. notice events in the life of the deThe Princess Amelia had, for a con- posed King of Sweden, and a short siderable time, been lying in a very time back, he could hardly have deplorable state, the crisis was ap- thought that England would be bis proaching, and every day discovered refuge. Yet we bave now to set this fresh symptoms of dissolution. The down in the history of the times. The royal mind would naturally sympa- deposed king, under the title of Count thise highly with the amiable sufferer, Gottorp, has been wandering on the to whom every branch of the family north of Germany and the confines of was affectionately attached, and for Russia, and from the confines of the whom all, who bad known or heard latter country he found means to get of her, entertained the sincerest re- on board an English vessel, in which gard. Some time before the disso. he was brought to England, and land. lution of the Princess, a degree of ed at Yarmouth. He was of course irregularity in the royal mind was received with that hospitality and very apparent, and an instance of af- courtesy, to wbich a person of bis fection on the part of the daughter birth and former quality is entitled; was supposed to have overpowered it. and he left the place for London, But, in a case of this kind, we are not where he may live in that kind of to look !o a particular fact. When a honourable privacy, which is suited person is subject to this disease, it is to his copdition. Wę bave now in

our country two of the ex-kings of were specious enough. Either the Europe, and a brother of the success. Speaker's warrant is legal or illegal. ful Emperor is expected. Such is the If legal, then the Serjeant can be revolution of human affairs. The punished only for exceeding the king deposed by this country found limits of his jurisdiction: if illegal, it an asylum on the continent of Eu- is a point of such consequence, that rope; it is but right to return the it ought to be solemnly argued before compliment, when the nations of Eu• , the judges, and to be previously derope follow our example.

termined. The Judges coincided An arrival from America may be with him in opinion, and the causes considered as of greater importance. are deferred till the merits of the des The unhappy man, who was exposed murrer are tried. Of course the leon a desert island, for whom great gality of the warrant will be argued search had been made, was found to first before the Judges, and a vast have survived the attempt agaiost his display of legal knowledge will occu. life, and to be living in America. py the short-hand writers. To us the How he was brought from that place, question appears to lie in a nut-shell, aud by what inducements, it is not and we are exceedingly sorry, that its known ; but it is said, that the family merits were not brought before the of the accused captain, who has ex- twelve sworn men in the plain form posed himself to so much animadver- of an action for damages against the sion, have made ample compensation Serjeant. to the poor sailor for his sufferings. The country is too much interested He received his discharge from the in the disappearance of gold, and the Admiraliy, and went down to his substitution of paper promises in its friends; and the steps taken by Go- stead, not to take part in the discusverument, on this occasion, will of sions which it has occasioned. The course be made known during the report of the Bullion Committee has present session of Parliament. opened the eyes of many in this coun

When we think of the poor sailor try, to the immense profits of the bank, on the deserted island, the name of and the consequent losses to every inSir Francis Burdett naturally occur's dividual by the new system, wbich it to us, and the return made to him for has been our misfortune to experithe interest he took in the sufferings coce. Mr. Huskisson), who was on the of his countryman. The cause of committee, has published a pamphlet, Sir Francis, seized by an armed force in which he has shewn the injury done of Englishmen, conveyed to the to us all in a very plain manner. A. tower, and imprisoned there, was ex- bank note means something, and this pected to come to a decision before a something is the promise to pay that judge and jury, on the 20th: but the quantity of coin which the note delaw is kno'vn to have its delays, and a signates according to law. Now the errible demurrer, as they call it, is law has fixed forty-three guineas and an obstacle Det easily got over. Sir a half to be made out of a pound Francis brought actions against the weight of bullion: but if a person Serjeant of the House of Commons, goes now to buy a pound weight of and the Constable of the Tower, who gold at the goldsmiths, he must give were evidently the first persons with fifty-six pound notes for it, and wben whom he had to do. The former he has got the pound coined into broke into his house, seized his per- guineas, and carried his guineas to ion, and the latter kept him in custo- the bank, he will receive forty-five dy. It was their business, in the pound notes and thirteen shillings and sourse of the trial, to plead their ex- sixpence. Thus he loses by the new euse, if any in the speaker's warrant, system ten pounds six shillings and and on this the jury would decide. sixpence, that is about a fifth of the This appears the way to set the ques- sum he first laid out, and this is the tion at rest. "Twelve sworn men are rate of the depreciation of our bank hinder the direction of the Judge, the notes. The fact is too clear. The best friers of causes in the world. But promise of the bank can refer only to the Attorney-General staried his ob- our coin, or if it refers to any thing jections, and the arguments he used else, this should be settled by law. Now the law has not changed its de- heretics only were intended to be pro. şigoation, but only deferred the ful. scribed, and that the fathers of the filinent of the promise: and we, who first ages of the church cried out for are obliged to use these promises, can- liberty of writing, printing then being not expect them to have the value unknown': and the greatest enemy to they used to have, when they were that liberty was Julian the apostate

, performed on presentation.

who prohibited all their books. There On the continent of Europe, next was sufficient good sense in the as. to the situation of Lord Wellington's sembly to get over the folly and prearmy, the Cortez at Cadiz excites our judices of ihe bigots and their idle attention. Spain has so long been appeals to stupid or wicked councils; disgraced by its priests, and their en- and if the Cortez should have power, mity to freedom of enquiry, that any it will be curious to see the effect of attempt to establish the liberty of the their liberty regained. In Spain will press, must shew that their influence be a political free press : in France is on the wane. The subject could there is a religious free press: in not but occur, and the political liberty England the press is free in both reof the press has beeu in consequence spects to a certain degree, but its voted, but to what extent is not clearly freedom is incomplete: for no ads ascertained. The religious liberty of vantage should be given to an accuser the press seems to have been too de- over the accused, in matter of libel. licate a subject for discussion; but, as The Cortez bas exercised a great the Cortez has made a beginning, it act of authority by establishing a new may see the propriety of curtailing regency, which has been installed: the impudence of the priest in some but the act has given rise to a circumnieasure, and taking from him the stance, which shews that Spain is far right of hood-winking the nation ac- from being united in its opinion of cording to his pleasure. The argu- this assembly. A gentleman was ments "lised were such as might be elected to supply the place in case of expected; the favourers of liberty necessity, of one of the regents, and referred to the example of England, in consequence was under the necesthe opposers of it to France, which șity of taking the oath appointed to they contended was ruined by philoso- ,be taken by the other regents. To phers, whose writings attacked equal. this however he demurred, hy making ly the throne and the altar. Tur- a salvo of conscience for the rights of niers was the boldest champion against the king Ferdinand. This naturally this liberty, which he contended in- excited a great ferment, and the gene troduced a thousand

He tleman was sent into custody, and in thought that the universities, the the deliberation on his crime, it was bishops, and the holy fribunal should thrown out, that he spoke not only be consulted. This fatal liberty bad, his own sentiments, but those of a he said, introduced into England a considerable number of adherents. variety of sects, which filled the island On the next day he was permitted to and the throne with horrors, and go to his house under a guard, and to would one day destroy the constitu- be there in custody, and apother was tion; that it was much better to be elected in his room. The question is rude' and good, than knowing and not so clear as may be generally imabad; that the executive power always gined, though a divine threw out, that had the greatest influence on the the salvo of conscience was inappress, though it was free, so that the plicable in this instance. The first press and its liberty would be as its point, however, to be settled, is, whegovernment: Morales contended, that ther Ferdinand has any right at all, as as the Council of Trent had pro- it does not by any means appear that nounced against the liberty of print- the resignation of his father Charles ing books of politics and the fine arts, has been constitutionally recognised. and the Council of Loteran every What a field for a dispute is thus kind of book without a previous re- opened ! Charles, Ferdinand, the visal, it did not become the Cortez to present Cortez, consisting of deputies violate these sacred decisions. Against only from a small part of the king this it was observed, that books of dom, may all claim their rights; and

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the French are preparing red-höt may decree, and decrees put money balls, which if care is not taken, may into the pockets of those who are to settle the question, by dispersing his see to the execution of them. Commajesty the Cortez.

merce must suffer under these fetters, No reliance can be placed on the and his own subjects will feel the accounts from the interior of Spain. injury. It is however a singular state The Gallic King, in spite of the of things, and will bring people on Cortez, retains his authority, and he both sides of the water to enquire anticipates their resolutions, by grant- into the grounds of the continuance ing his subjects more liberty than of warfare, and perhaps a plan may it is to be feared they are likely to be devised, as soon as the affáirs of have from the representative body, Spain are settled, for the restoration

Io Portugal is the brunt of the war, of peace and good neighbourhood. and of the real state of the armies little For the present war must go on, can be said; for both sides boast of and the trade of the soldier will victories, and the generals contradict Hourish. the statements of their opponents. Something seems to be brewing One fact remains certain, that Lord against Denmark. The King is said Wellington has his position to the to have given leave of absence to north of Lisbon in very strong passes ; thirty thousand of his troops, at the that Massena with his famished army same time that they talk of thirty is to the north and east of him. It is thousand Frenchmen passing through asserted, that Massena has only the his doininions by three thousand at a ground on which he stands : but what time into Sweden. · But if the force it is that prevents him from drawing of Depmark is weakened, what secusupplies from the east of hini, we con- rity will its king have against the fess that we do not see. From the French? They may indeed he wanted appearance of things, one would judge in Sweden, where the Crown Prince that the British was a besieged army, now is, and by accounts, he has been the French the besiegers: that the received with great appearance of latter had a wide extent of country to cordiality; and as the king is in an range in, whilst the former was con- infirm state, it is not impossible that fined within very varrow limits; and he may resign the government to his that, if what is reported be true, it adopted heir. Nothing can be worse is surprising that Lord Wellington than the state of Holland. All confidoes not leave his post, and drive the dence is lost. The decrees of the miserable wretches, or skeletons of French are enforced; and if the war men in arms, who oppose him, into continues, Holland must ccase to be the Tagus.

a commercial country. Bonaparte is pursuing his war The hopes entertained of the Turks against coinmerce with indefatigable being able to make a stand against industry. It seems to approach al- the Fussians, are by no means sanmost to madness: but the confederate guine; reports are circulated of the kings seem to join heartily in his victories of the former; but the nieasures. Even the Princess Royal Grand Signor, with his holy standard, of England has the mortification of has not yet left Constantinople, and seeing the goods of her countrymen the number of troops collected in burnt under the walls of her palace; that city, produce very great tumults. and in every place similar measures Everything seems to portend, that the are pursued with the utmost rigour. Russians will maintain their ground, The French emperor is determined and proposals are said to have been that nothing of English produce or made on the part of the 'Turks to cede inanufacture shall appear upon the Moldavia and Wallachia to their enecontinent. Branding in the face with iny. Spanish America is very much an iron is a punishment of those who unsettled, and in one place opposite infringe his decrees: and it is ex- parties have met in battle, both pected that he will speedily issue the fighting under the standard of king penalty of death against those who Ferdinand. inaintain any kind of corresposlence Africa has sent very unpleasing in. with this country, But despotism telligence, and such as must excito

UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. XIV.

melapcholy reflections. A mutiny parate without recording the fact of took place, it is said, at Senegal, wheni, the necessity under which they acted, at a drum-bead court martial, twenty- although not legally opened as a parfive of the mutineers were condemned liament. Lord Sianhope was of the to be shot, and twenty five to be ba- same opinion with the last speaker, nished to Sierra Leone. The dread. but would not oppose the motion, as ful sentence of the former was exe there had not been time for the arrival cuted on twenty-four, who declared of all the members who were in Scotthat they bad no other ground of con- land and Ireland.-Lord Liverpool plaint, than that they could not bear conceived the adjournment to be prothe thoughts of being detained in per in every respect, but allowed that Africa all their lives. It may not be theewo estates of the realm were bound unadviseable to consider how far it is before they proceeded to business to consistent with either bumanity or ascertain, by real evidence, the state policy to shut out the hopes of returu of the King's health, and the extentri to thesc unhappy roep; and whether, his incapacity to perform the duties of after some years good behaviour, they his high office.- Lord Grey would not might not be drafted into other regi. interrupt the unanimity of the flouse, ments, and gradually be restored to but be stated that the two estates of their native country.

the realm can have no legitimate ex

istence, no ability to legislate, no aoProceedings in Parliament.

thority to act, when unaccompanied The two Houses met on the 1st of at their assembling by the crown, or November, and in the llouse of Lords its appointed representative-Lord the Chancellor stated the fact of the Sidmouth said a few words in favour King's illness, and moved an adjourn of the motion, which passed ni nani. ment of a fortnight. Lords Liverpool mously. and Ilolland spoke a few words, and In the Commons, a motion of a si. the motion passed without opposition. milar pature, with similar assurances -luthe Commons the Chancellor of of speedy recovery, was made by the the Exchequer stated the reasons for Chancellor of the Exchequer.-M. business commencing without the Whitbread followed him, and could usual speech, gave hopes of the speedy not allow that, in such a crisis, there recovery of his Majesty, and inoved was sufficient ground for such a moan adjournment for a fortnight. In tion. The assertion of an individual, this he was seconded by Mr. Sheridan, unsupported by the evidence of phy. who approved of every word said by sicians or a meeting of the privy courthe mover, and the motion bere passed cil, was not, in his opinion, a justifialso without opposition. In conse- cation of the measure. Besides, they quence the two Houses met again on were going to adjourn for a fortnight, the 15th, when, in the House of Lords, to do without the kingly office for that the Chancellor moved a further ad- period, and all this with their eyes journment of a fortnight, stating his open to the present alarming state of trust in God, from the favourable things, and their probable consesymptoms of his Majesty's indisposi- quences. Viewing the measure in so tion, that there would be no necessity unfavourable a light, he would not, to adopt any proceedings to supply the however, divide the House upon the defect of the royal authority. En question. But Sir Francis Burdeti, couraged by these assurances, Lord seeing the impropriety of the measure Moira acquiesced in the motion : but in the true constitutional point of Lord Grenville, though he would not view, could not testify bis disapprooppose it, stated, as an objection, that bation in so tame a manner, and de they had not constituted upon their clared, decidedly, that he would not journals the act of necessity, in conse- suffer such a motion to pass without quence of which they were assembled. dividing the House upon it. The proWith all the respect for the noble position appearced to him to be irra, mover, he could not be satisfied in tional and unconstitutional; and had such a case with the assertion of any be been present on the first day, be subject in the realm, and he contend- should then have opposed an adjousaed that they could not consistently se. inent. The constitution was sus

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