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COWS.

Tesults. He manufactured during last these mountains, when several peals of year, 20,000 pounds of sugar, and the thunder, accompanied with lightning, quantity this year will be five times as were heard. From this moment, the much. The price of this sugar is snow that fell was red: this continued twenty per cent. lower than that of for some time, after which white snow the sugars from cane, and at the same again fell, so that the red was entime is superior to it in quality and closed in two strata of white. In sweetuess. A pound of sugar from some places the snow was of the colour beet root is equal to two pounds and of the peach-blossom, but in others a quarter of sugar from grapes. It is of a deep red. Some of it was colbesides much less expensive, because !ected, and the water of it, when an acre may produce from 300 to 600 melted, retained the same colour.. quintals of beet root, and each quintal M. Guidotti, a chemist of Paris, has eighty pounds of juice, which will undertaken its analysis. This phenom produce three pounds and a half of menon, it is observed, may enable us white sugar, and an equal quantity of to account for what was formerly syrup. The residue serves for rum or called showers of blood. We have alaqua vitæ, and after having extracted ready ascertained the existence of all the saccharine and spirituous mat- what are called pesinites, or stones ter it contains, there still remains a fallen from the atmosphere, which refuse most excellent for feeding the Greeks and Latins have spoken

Beet besides has leaves of à of; and now it is presumed, none very large size, which are in much re- will deny showers of a blood-red coquest for cattle. This manufacture lour, which are described by the same may be carried on during eight authors. months of the year, whereas that of M. Antonio Vignozzi, of Florence, sugar from grapes is limited to a very has discovered an easy and certain short period, and that of sugar from method of pointing a cannon at any the maple tree is scarcely of longer particular object, either by sea or duration.

land, by means of a small machine. Klagenfurt, Sept. 4.-According to This discovery may increase the efaccounts from Myrian Karnten, a ter- fects of artillery, and enable the most rible rain-spout descended on the unskilful. person to point a gun, &c. nights of the 27th and 28th of August, with precisioð. at Hermajor and its vicinity, threat

Russia. eniog destruction to the whole village. Some very interesting particulare The water fowed into the market. of one of the uncivilized tribes of this place and its neighbourhood so high, vast empire, are contained in a letter as to penetrate the windows of ihe dated from the fortress of Trois Rozfirst doors. Many persons saved zawast, in Siberia, December 25, 1809. themselves in the second floors, and on the 28th of November, the others on the roof; such as could Chorinzian Burætes held a solema reach neither perished in the floods. festival here, on occasion of the Sans More than fifty persons were hurried Hur, or mysterious book of their reaway by the torrent, many of whom ligion, which they have received from were alive, and called piteously for Thibet. These people, the Russians assistance, wbich no one could afford. call Bratsky, came about the middle All the bridges, and twelve houses, of the 173h century, with their chiefs, were washed away, and a great quan: to the muinber of several thousands, tity of cattle perished in the fields. from the frontiers of China, and set. Italy.

tled to the south of the great Lake, Red Snor, during last winter, a Baikal, along the rivers Ona, Uda, phenomenon, which would appear in- and Aga. Till 1689, they lived uncredible, were it not attested by a known, and without fixing themselves number of persons of known veracity, in a permanent manner. At length, occurred near Placentia. On the 17th their intercourse with Russia led theni of January, red snow fell upon the to become its subjects. It is but mountains in this department, and lately that they have found the means especially upon Cento Croci. A coat of recovering the mysterious book, of white snow had covered the tops of the Sans Hur; for their efforts for up

UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. XIV.

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wards of a century were ineffectual, botanists of the age. When first apbecause they had quitted their native pointed principal physician to the country for a foreign land. At length, Count of Casa Flores, he began, at Calsan Marduitsen, the great chief of his own expense, to have drawings the eleven tiibes, set out with the made by native painters, formed by chief priests and persons of bis nation, hiuself, for the Flora of Bagota. This and begged permission to receive the grand work he continued and greatly

Sans Hur with due solempity; and it extended. He had collected in his . accordingly arrived the next day, in house considerable berbaries, more

six carriages, because it consists of than 1500 coloured drawings of new one hundred and twelve volumes.- plants, philosopbical and astronomiIn the seventh carriage was their cal instruments, and a collection of Burchan, or idol, made of clay, and botanical works, only inferior to that gilt all over. The Russian authorities of the president of the Royal Society were invited to the ceremony. The of London. M. Rea, one of Mutis's Chorinzians encamped in the exten- pupils, is the present director of the sive plain surrounding this fortress, botanical garden of Madrid. His and placed their Lamas (priests) on nephew, Don Sanforosa Motis, bas carpets, cushions, and mats, according been commissioned by the governto their rank and dignity, while others ment, to complete the Flora of Bagota. seated themselves on the bare ground, Messrs. Mutis and Rexa, two distinon each side of a pulpit, covered with guished artists, natives of Santa Fe, a magnificent canopy, adorned with are finisbing the numerous drawings two Aags. They then began to read that were begun. M. Mutis, 'who, in and sing the sacred book, to the sound his old age, had embraced the ecclesi. of trumpets, cymbals, drums and bells. astical profession, was distinguished After these ceremonies were over, the for the variety and solidity of his atprincipal Lamas began their return, tainments, and for the liberality and which is a journey of fifteen days, elevation of his sentiments. Previbeing 370 wersts from this place. The ously to his decease, he directed that solemnities continued several days, his library, his collections, instruduring which the people met to hear ments, &c. should be applied to the the mysterious book read. The public use of his fellow-citizens. Choriozians are said to have given a Europe is indebted to him for the im. vast quantity of furs and caitle to portant discovery of the Quinquipa or procure this book, to which they at. Jesuits Bark, of New Granada. The tach such great value.

orange-coloured Quinquina of Santa South America,

Fe, / Cinchona Condaminea) has be. Died.] At Santa Fe, in New Gra- come an important branch of congada, the celebrated Mutis, the friend merce at the ports of Carthagena and of Linnæus, and one of the greatest Santa Martha.

MISCELLANEA, FACETIOUS AND ECCENTRIC. Country Life.

perfection. How happy then is the RELATIVE A Scones per the

late farmers that lives the mess. Let te teken Rev. J. Wesley once observed, -"! with, or before, the sun; calls his serhave thought nyuch on the huge encomiums bestowed, for many ages,

vants; looks to his swine and cows, on a country life. How have all the then to his stables and barns. He sees learned world cried out,

to the plouzhing and sowing of his

ground in winter or in spring In O Fortunati nimium, bona si sua novint, summer and autumn, he hurries and Agricolæ.

sweats among his mowers and reapers. But, after all, what a flat contradiction And where is his bappiness is this to universal experience! See mean time? Which of these empíorthe little house under the wood, by ments do we envy? Or do we evvy the river side; there is rural life in the delicate repast that succeeds:

the

sweet

O quando faba, Pythagoræ cognata, si- Anecdote of Dr. Mead. mulque,

This humorous, as well as highly Uncta satis pingui ponentur oluscula

celebrated physician, being consulted lardo!

by a nobleman on an inflammation O the happiness of eativg beans well jo his eyes (to wbich the Doctor himgreased with fat bacon! nay and of self was occasionally subject), directed cabbage too! Was Horace in his senses his patient by all means to avoid drinkwhen he talked thus; or the servile ing wine, which, he said, was gene. herd of his imitators ?' Our eyes and rally destructive of the constitution. cars may convince us there is not a His Lordship implicitly complied with less happy body of men in all England the restriction ; but in the course of than the country farmers. In general it, calling upon his physician, he found their life is supremely dull; and it is him carousing alone over a Scotch usually unhappy too. For, of all the pint of old Port—" fley day!" ex. people in the world they are the most claimed his noble patient, “ How is discontented seldom satisfied with this, Doctor, that you prescribe one God or man."

remedy for me and another for your.

self?". Why, I'll frankly tell you," A Modern Love Sonnet. replied the humourist; “ Your Lord.

ship, I perceived, preferred your eyes More fragrarit far than musk or bergamot, Or Seville's golden fruit the sense that to wine; now, for my own part, I al, draws,

ways loved wine better than my eyes,Or May-dew in the morning early got, Or milk of roses in a China vase, Is Mary's balmy breath !- more passing Merited and Mercantile Nobility. Her micn; her air more sprightly is and gay used sometimes to admit a merchant

One of the former Kings of France Than Champagne sparkling, or sweet Lisbon wine;

to his presence, in consequence of his Than nectar of the gods ;-a choicer treat ability in his profession. At length Than rich deserts when we at Bentley's the latter thought it convenient to sodine;

licit a patent of pobility, which was Or all the odours of perfumer's shop granted' him.

This new nobleman Which hail the sense while passing each soon after presented himself at court; gay street;

but his majesty did not deign to pay And still more delicate than mutton chop, him the least attention. Upon his enThe neck, the lips, the cheeks of her I quiring into the cause of it, he was

claim My beauteous fair; and yet plair Polls whilst he was a merchant, be was

told that the king had observed that her name.

the first of his profession; but that,

since he had been made a nobleman, Premium Hunters disappointed. he was of course the last, and no A certain governor of South Caro- longer worthy of that preference he lina, out of a mistaken zeal for the had formerly enjoyed. church of England, left in his will a thousand pounds sterling to be given to ten dissenting clergyınen, who Epitaph, written by Peter Pindar, on

his late Seroant. should take orders and accept livings in that province. There were soon Here lies the body of old Nell, claimants for such a sum.

'The ten

Who had no sins to be forgiv'n; went to England, were ordained, and

And if her soul is doom'd to hell, returned to receive the premium. But

There surely cannot be a hear'n. the misfortune of it was, the governor did not mention in bis will where this Upon tuo Persons named Day of Knight, thousand pound was to be found, and

of very different talents, and who re the executors did not choose to look

sided in one house. for it; so that, for a reward, these couformists were forced to extend Though this is odd, 'tis true, you'll say their views to the other world.

That Knight is brighter far than Day.

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A person, being employed to effect cifully upon the poor animal, which a reconciliation between a young man at once opened his mouth, and thua and his father, repeatedly assured the addressed his master :-“Has not God latter, as a proof of his son's contrition, Almighty created us all equal? It is that he had certainly seen his folly. time for us at length to change our But being induced to think the old parts. Descend, then, and let me gentleman doubted his veracity, he mount thy back.” The peasant, who again put the question in plain terms, in the whole course of his life had when the latter replied, 'I have not never heard any but two-legged asser the least doubt thai my son has seen speak, was excessively terrified, sprung his folly; indeed, he has seen it so from his seat, and ran away, firmly often that he has fallen in love with it. convinced that bis poor donkey was

possessed with a devil. The Church Book, as it is called, of a Baptist congregation in Essex,

An Open Countenance. contains the following minute, bear- An open countenance I love, ing date about sixty years ago: “Mr. It marks th' ingenuous honest heart: E. our pastor, cut off for running

A freedom too which all approve, away." The fact was, the poor man

Devoid of guile and worldly art. was so teased and puzzled about idle

An open countenance, quoth Pat, controversial questions, that he was Is that the thing you prize so dear, not metaphysician enough to answer, There's Peg Mullony fair and fat, or philosopher enough to smile at, And with a mouth from ear to ear. and accordingly he stole away by night!

An old author informs us, that,

during the visit paid by the King of An extraordinary person has lately Denmark to James I. of England, a sprung up at Paris, in the person of a masque was performed one evening M. Comte, a ventriloquist, whose life, by several ladies of the court, repreaccording to his own account, has senting many ideal virtues, when often been endangered by his per- Patience got out of humour, and beformances. In Spain, he narrowly gan to scold; Temperance was dead escaped being burned; in Germany, drunk, and vomited in the royal prethe peasants would have beaten bim sence; while Justice reeled about, to death (a circumstance totally un- and Fortitude fell and broke her nose. known in that country), especially at This representation might possibly be Freyburg, where he teazed them ra- intended as a lesson to the Danish ther too much. In another place, be monarch, whose deep potations, we renewed the miracle of Balaam's ass. are informed, astonished and infected A peasant, being unable to get forward the English courtiers, and even the with his sluggish donkey, fell unmer- ladies.

THE

STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. "HE victory, if it was one, over involving in it the entire annihilation

the French on the heights of of his arıy. Day, however, followed Busaco, had filled the country with day, and no tidings arrived. Reports expectation of a decisive triumph were circulated of skirmishes, in over the conquerors of Europe, and which the French were always worsted. an entire deliverance of the peninsula Deserters came in with the accounts of Spain and Portugal. It was heard of the miserable plight of their army, with indifference, that illuminations which was daily thinned of its num. had taken place in France, where they bers, and incapable of keeping long claimed the victory; and the pursuit together from want of provisions. of Lord Wellington was considered still the prudence of LordWellington only as giving us a better opportunity kept him on the defensive; but fr. of entrapping the French general, and tified in impregnable heights, defeud. ed by a thousand pieces of cannon, and, in that time, the disorder might he defied any attack, and waited only take a more favourable turn, and refor the surrender of the French army, lieve the country from the pain of or its attempt to make a retreat into witnessing debates similar to those Spain, in which it must infallibly be that had occurred on a former cut off by the pressure of our arms on occasion.' its rear, and the incessant harassings With these views, the two houses of myriads of Portuguese, burning to adjourned to the 15th, and then a take revenge for the innumerable in- very great number of members was. sults offered to their country.. assembled; when it was announced to

In this state of suspense a domestic both houses that hopes of recovery calamity of a most serious nature were entertained, and that it would suddenly occupied the minds of all, be more decorous, as well as more and drew off the general attention to a agreeable to the royal feelings, when more painful subject. The parliament bis Majesty was recovered, that they was not expected to meet till the 29th should adjourn. The foundation of of November, the day to which it had the hopes ihus entertained rested eubeen announced that it was to be pro- tirely, as before, with the two Chanrogued. But, to the great surprise of cellors: they declared it, and both every one, the houses met agreeably Lords and Commons took them on to their last adjournment, on the 1st; their words. The physicians were not and, instead of consisting of a few examined, nor did it appear that persons, as is usual, for a farther pro- either Chancellor had seen his Malongation of time, the speakers of both jesty. Both houses acquiesced in the houses took their seats, and in both declaration made to them; and, after were several speeches. It was declared a debate in the upper, and a division by the authority of the Chancellor in in the lower, they separated for a the upper house, and of the Chancellor fortnight. of the Exchequer in the lower house, The afflicting disorder under which that both houses were now met in an his Majesty labours, is not like those extraordinary manner, without the where, from the appearances of a few usual speech from the throne, for an days, the length of the attack may be event of a melancholy nature had not prognosticated. A bulletin that should only deprived them of the customary exactly represent the case, would only address, but, from the want of the inform the public of painful circumKing's signature to the farther pro- stances, which ought always to be rogation, they were now assembled, suppressed; and the alternation of and were to take the steps which the paroxysms is not a fit subject of pubcase required.

lic discussion. But etiquette rendered His Majesty was attacked by one of it necessary that bulletins should be those fits to which be had been oc. divulged; and proper officers were casionally subject, that rendered him appointed to superintend the delivery entirely incapable of fulfilling the of them at St.James's. In consequence offices of his high station. It might it became the fashion for multitudes be temporary, as experience had to go to the palace to hear the report, shewn; and, in that case, delay was to set down iheir names, and to carry obviously necessary, to give to the with them, from house to house, a royal mind an opportunity of being daily topic of conversation. The restored to its former composure. – bulletins were printed in the daily The physicians of state attended him, papers, and thus circulated throughand their bulletins were daily given out the country. From them little to the public. After a time, Dr.Wil- could be gathered; nor would any Jis was called in, bis signature ' was one; acquainted with the disorder, given to the bulletins, and the pature expect any information from them: of the disorder was ascertained. The he would wait with patient resignation two houses agreed to an adjournment for the time when Dr. Willis should for a fortnight; by which time the give encouragement, which he must members of the houses might be col- know would not be founded on the lected to determine, with greater pro- events of a day, but on the course of priety, on the course to be pursued; the disorda, examined with the ut

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