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church ; where a man, from conve- fulness which diffoses so exquisite a nierce, quits the former for the latter, charm over the society of female no probity, no sincerity can be ex- youth. pecied from him.". This is a sweep- "Mien derive their spirits from ing and unqualified assertion, and not more durable objects; business, pubfounded upon any known principles lis concerns, literature, &c. hence an of conduct. Men act generally from old woman, who can neither love nor convenience. We seldom do any be loved, is ten times more dull and thing, voluntarily, which is incon- vacuous than an old man, who has venient; and it may even be conve- still the world around him, and who is nient for a man to be honest as a capable of taking as lively an interest clergyman, though, as a soldier, such in it as ever. Accordingly we do not convenience was not so palpable.- find that fatulence and monotony in Besides, it is a harsh induction that old men that is to be seen in old woa man is to be incapable of integrity men. and honesty because he finds a life “What we nere advance is only in of retirement, and, it may be, of a general sense: though there would greater affluence, more convenient be little error in an almost indiscri. than one of bustle and poverty.- minate charge of dulness against old Something similar to the above is the women; for the want of solid pursuits assertion that a "learned" physician and liberal education leaves them no is generally a materialist. Such affir- resource when deprived of what used mations, unsupported by any thing to occupy their ideas. Women have like reason or argument, do not tend a kind of false medium surrounding to convey an idea of a strong and dis- their character in youth, and in age criminating mind, but rather impress they seem to possess no character at us with the notion of a hasty judge- all; whilst inen generally rise through ment, which has neither the incli- life to a climax; and the longer they nation nor the power to pursue the live, the fuller of character they aptruth through a successive series of pear. inductions.

“At morn the rose, with freshest hue, As one specimen of the author's

Exults in beauty's power; manner we will select the following: At eve, dishevell’d to the view,

It dies, and charms no more. AGE AND YOUTH.

Sad emblem of the female race, Age is venerable-Youth is lovely! When beauty reigns alone;

Theophrastes. For time despoils the fairest face, "YOUNG women are romantic, old

And hurls them from their throne." wonen are often insipid; and neces. In the next, which is upon the nasarily from the same cause-want of tional character of the English, we mind. The same vacuity which ren- find nothing but what has been a ders their early years the prey of pre- hundred times repeated of poor John posterous hopes and fand imagination, Bull; and, in some cases, the author leaves their advanced years cold and has mistaken the influence of indiunproductive, when the season is past vidual character for that which she when expectation is plausible and ad: terms national. venture applicable. This must utiavoidably happen where love and va- The “ Difference of Character benity are the predominant springs of tween Man and Woman” is really action, in a state of society where the well written; and if the author be gratification of those impeti is left to actually a Lady, we cannot but adpersonal attractions.

mire the impartiality with which she "That susceptibility which fixes a confirms man in that pre-eminence young woman's whole attention on which he bas claimed 'and does not admiration is the source of all her seem disposed to abdicate. We animation; even wbere no object is sbrewdly suspect, however, that this present bý whom it can be immedi- candour is no more than a sop, art. ately gratified, the pleasing contem- fully thrown out to those formidabie plation of past or expected conquest Cerberi the critics. Man is first iold gives thai smile, that look, that play- of his dominion, but then, he is cunningly reminded that to be merciful former, because its nature is so disthough powerful is magnanimous.-- tinci, that it cannot associate wit! it. The following remarks arc most as- Meekness is no longer authoritative, suredly just :

nor authority meek; but courage may “ Man cares not low reserved wo

be generous, and generosity may be men are to others, nor how unreserved courageous." they are to himself; therefore when

To some of the sentiments con. he comes to speak how he would have tained in the following excerpt, also, them be, he is perpetually embroiling we willingly assent:~ his judgment with his fancy. At one time he describes them as being all Could women be admitted to an power and dignity, commanding awe cquality with men, be recognised as and restraining presumption; that is, rational partners, divide with them when he thinks on the approaches of the schemes of life, enjoying the full other men: at another time he des intercourse of intellect, it certainly scribes them as all softness, love, would be a beautiful scene; besides, meekness, &c. that is, when he thinks the collision of so many developed on his approach. But, in the name understandings would undoubtedly of natural reason, bow can the same contribute to the advancement of civi. person comprehend the most positive lization. We know not what revoand the most negative qualities? Will lutions in government might be saved, the same being be formed of energy or to what sudden perfection laws to command even involuntary awe, of might attain. But it is also true that force, to restrain the most ardent pre- the present system of female subjecsumption, and, when convenience re- tion is not without a considerable sliare quires, also display the tamest sub- of beauty. The idea of exalting man niission, perfect and willing subjec- above the whole creation, without-extion, and be unconscious ihat they ception and without an equal, is very have a will of their own?

grand and noble; nor can it be thought “ If ineu will have women possess much degradation to woman to obey so much majesty and authority as to so distinguished a lord. He is not her command, restrain, and overawe at lord only, but the lord of the whole one time, they must expect a little of creation. Whenever a union happens that habit of command to remain with between a man of a noble mind and them at all times; for there never yet humane temper, and a modest woman, was a horse that was both strong and disposed to acquiesce in his supreweak, swift and slow; nor a woman macy, but with suficient mind to one that was both majestic and humble, . dersiand the value of his superiority, commanding and submissive, over- perhaps the most pe:fect state of huawing and meek. Meekness is always man society is accomplished. For, meekness; and not sometimes mcek- according to the frailty of our mortal ness and sometimes authority. It may conceptions, we cannot relish the idea be said that none are more merciful of solitary majesty and independence than the brave, apd that there is not a like that of the Deity, who is for ever wider space between meekness and happy in himself; whilst our finite dignity ihan between the soft impulso ideas require to be supported by parof generosity and heroism: but it is a ticipation; and therefore protection mistake; the conqueror who spares, and gratitude form a series of much spares like a king; it is an act of em- moregratifying relations to our nature pire: he is deeply conscious of his own than unapproachable and incommusuperiority, and therefore he believes nicable elevation. If man stretches himself able to bestow. The impulse out his cum over woman, and woman is generous, but it is strong; there is leans upon bis bosom, the picture is no inconsistency in it; it is the same found on every heart in the world. heroism that dares to suffer a foe to Let that record vouch for its prolive, that dared to conquer him.- priety. As to the abuse which men When courage has combined with of brutal temper and gross sullen generosity, it is still courage; but minds make of their superiority over when meekness has become authority,, women, it must remain among the there is a transition that banishes the imperfections of this mortal state, and

the remedy be looked for perhaps and tender in society; the principle where all things shall be made perfect of laws. together.

“Map owes to woman his social vir. “ Contemplate the following pic- tues; borrows from her his grace, and ture. The lord of the creation rises shares with her his power. In age he to manhood; the graces of adoles- remembers her long rivetted intlụence, cence yet bloom on his cheek; his and while he receives from her the last heart is touched at the sight of woman; offices of humanity, he believes he at the sound of her voice it vibrates shall meet ber in that abode where with sensation; he desires to be ami- the God on whom he relies will able in her eyes, and becomes en- equally acknowledge both." gaging; for the graces delight in rewarding the loves. She smiles, and it

We were not a little surprised, falls on his soul like the sun upon the however, to find, in what she calls earth. His existence derives an in the Recapitulation, the following interest from her notice; it becomes a

terrogatory: -Who say, severer spur to his exertions. Toil and danger things of imprudent females than are sought by him, since they render men?" Who? Superfluous question ! learns to serve his country; amongst with relentless ferocity. What are him lovely to her. Taught by her, he women are to women the direst of

all foes. They persecute each other his other rewards, he has a sweet satisfaction in appearing glorious to her. the topics of their scandal converHe advances to maturity; the objects sations? Not the actions of men : of life gather round him; he sees her, not their failings, their vices, their the mother of his children; her piqus inconsistencies. No: it is sister woattention rears the hope of bis future man that offers the fullest repast with years—Is any man weary of the sub- which to gorge their appetites. A ject? Man, the companion of wo

handsome and a witty woman will be man, refreshes his labours, assuages sure to excite the malice of the ugly bis sorrows, and brightens his interests and the dull: but if she have erred in her prevailing presence. Nay, he Oh! then the nectar of the Gods, disdains not to display to her bis presented by the hand of Hebe herdeepest researches in science; for self, is not half so grateful to the though her uptaught mind may not assembled divinities, as her reputation always be equal to bis attainments, is to an assembly of women.' Then yet a sentiment of admiration pro- come the taunting sneer, the malicious duces in her a secret satisfaction that insinuation, the open attack.-Then it is not to mere brutal force she yields come all the names of opprobrium the empire, but that her lord is worthy and disgrace which disappointed chasof dominion. She feels bis protection, tity or the rancour of a rival canı sugaud, in return, irradiates his leisure gest. The eye brightens with anticiwith cheerfulness; filling those mo- pated rapture at the mention of ments with interest which otherwise name prepared for cutting up. Man would yawn with vacuity. None like disdains the scene. He scorns to her can comfort the pillow of sickness. insult the victim he has betrayed. Her friendship is a respite and a rest. He leaves to woman the office of Urged by the thousand considerations trampling upon those who are already thai circle round her shrine, heroism fallen. Woman, however, is not transcends itself, and he sustains and contented with attacking an overperforms more than philosophy ever thrown adversary: she delights to baught him. His reward is her fair invent the stigma which is yet unpresenee, in whose fair presence it is fixed upon the brow of innocence by reward to live. The social duties are any actual deed. But, we will not improved by this sentiment. What a further enforce what is an acknowman feels strongly'inherent in his own ledged fact. breast, he naturally concludes to be common to all men; and hence a

We will make one more extract sympathy of lovers,'husbands, and from these volumes, which shall be fathers; the source of all that is noble the following :

UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. XIV. F

“ OBSTINACY.

“To learn truth amidst reviling and To wilful men

opprobrium is great; but to do so with The injuries that they themselves procur'd humility and undiininished love is diMust be their schoolmasters.

vine, and communicates to mortal exShakspeare.

istence the anticipated bliss of Heaven.

“ A man never appears more fright"Nothing is so obstinate as a fool, ful than when retaining his opinion in is the observation of ages past. Ob- opposition to his reason : at that mostinacy arises from pride, and increases ment he is destitute of both virtue and with time. Nothing is more difficult reason, and has sentenced bimself to to overcome. You may meet with forfeit the benefit of both. Yet very frequent instances of the morose being few people, though otherwise of an subdued by living in association with amiable disposition, can carry on a beloved objects, and even being debate without becomiøg infected with brought to acknowledge the badness this weakness. In the course of buildof their temper with real humility; ing up their argument, they become but you will never find the obstinate so attached to it, that they fancy their confess any thing with a sincere in- own credit is interwoven with its suctention of reformation. If they con- cess. But argument ought to have fess at all, it is only to laugh off repre- the investigation of truth for its ob. hension, and persist in the same all ject, and not personal glory. If a man, the days of their lives. It is an inve- argues for his own eclat, he is likely terate disease, which táints every drop to end where he began; because he of blood in the frame.

never thinks of stirring one step after “Obstinate people frequently have truth, but rather resists its approaches, the misery of being convinced, though lest it should tunible bin from the they will not own it. Indeed if they pinnacle of fancied victory, which did not persist against conviction, they victory generally consists in defeating could not be called obstinate, but only his own reason. ignorant; for no rational free agent Every person who commences an can be expected to act against con- argument, however conversant on the viction.

subject, shoula do it with an intentiou “ Conviction, to a candid and ge- to learn; otherwise he had best give nerous mind, is a delight; and the a lecture. What is argument but the heroism that acknowledges an error is collision of mutual understanding? so full of social tenderness, that with the most important, the most useful all sincerity it binds the heart in cor- advantage of intellect. He that argues dial amity. To acknowledge an error is seeks the ideas of others, by which his not an act of humility, but of real gran- own may be perfected. deur; and the man who can disengage It is singular enough that vanity himself so far from the little prejudices should ever be so duped as to suffer of contention, feels an empire within false shame to rob her of real glory; which nothing can destroy: The man and yet this happens whenever a man who, after long and brilliantly main. has sense enough to see his error, yet taining an argument, can at length dares not to own it. For that obstinacy publicly give it up, and meet with that defends a bad cause, is nothing calmness the derision of his opponent, more than the fear of the triumph of has more majesty than a diadem, more the other party; whilst in reality a glory than a court, more dominion man rises considerably in the scale of than despotism itself.

merit by having sagacity enough to be “ Such is human frailty. But he made aware of bis mistake, and couought not to bave either majestý, os rage sufficient to declare it. glory, or dominion; he ought neither

Many people betray a certain obto be ruffled by the insults of his ad- stinacy of mind by secret satire or versary, nor to look down upon him censure on the orders of a superior, with the morbid indifference of supe. which they are obliged to obey Real riority: he should be gratefully intent sweetness and humility would show on newly acquired truth, and chris- themselves by a faithful compliance tiaply piteous to the mistaken inso, with orders that are conclusive. lance of his antagonist.

“ Civilization represses the ope*

manifestation of obstinacy; but it is the peculiar Regimen and Manageoften to be traced in slight expressions ment of Invalids, Women in Childand semi-actions. A very visual symp- bed, and Infants, &c. &c. &c. By tom of it is betrayed by people of con- T. F. CHURCHILL, M.D. I vol. siderable pretensions to civilization, pp. 274. 1810. eren in very civilized company; and that is when a person has advanced WEvapprove of many parts of this the most trifling nature, and perfectly notions. His rules for health, diet,

not to be misled by any theoretical indifferent to himself and every one eke; yet, because he has once. ad- &c, are plain and practical, and are vanced it, should any oue happen to but we strongly censure the intro

such as may be beneficially adopted : question is, he will persist in it with au inflexibility that would sooner

duction of certain topics, which are quarrel than rescind. This marks a highly dangerous in a book intended man of narrow education, and cau

for general circulation. Such subarire oply from a secret jealousy of jects should never be discussed fabeing thought either a fool or an im- miliarly. They are as likely to corposter;.a fear that would never enter rupt the youthful mind as direct inthe head of one who was not conscious centives. of being such.

“Obstinacy belongs to stupidity and A COMPENDIOUS HISTORY of the ignorance. An informed and gene

ISRAELITES. By Robert ATKINS. sous mind is sufficiently conscious 8vo. 1810. that it can afford to give up many THIŞ little work is said to derive points, and still have many left on THis principal importance from which it is right; but when a man is not clearly sensible he is ever right,

a new era in the history of this rebe becomes tenacious of every thing, markable race of people which has because, if defeated, he has no where recently commenced, that will proto retreat, not being able to defend bably produce a complete regeneany argument better than that he ration in their modes of thinking and

acting.” “O * Obstinacy is sensual; and, after

The author further states, that engrossing and monopolising, is never

“ their moral degeneracy has been satisfied. It deforms the temper, and gradually diminishing for several is so prejudicial to the intellects as to years past, and that the decree of the render thein of very little use.

French government, bearing date the a "Foe to bimself, the stupid wretch

30th of May, 1806, has already proEvasions from afar will fetch :

duced a considerable change in their Forgetting human foresight's frail,

manners and habits on the continent, He will not own he e'er can fail;

by placing them on an equality, in reBut walls up error with his might, spect to civic rights, with the Catholic And for the fort will boldly fight.

or any other religion." He next pro· L'odaunted still he shews his face, ceeds to state the particulars of the And triumphs in his own disgrace." meeting of the Sanhedrin at Paris, on

We observed, in several parts of the gth of February, 1807, and the this work, a licentious use of terms: different heads upon which their desuch as inutile, unmated, &c.

liberations turned, viz. marriages, polygamy, divorce, fraternity, moral,

civil, and political relations; the parA GENUINE GUIDE to Health: ticulars of which articles are only to

or, practical Essays on the most be found at length in a work pubapproved Means of preserving lished in 1807, entitled, “The New Health and preventing Disease. Sanhedrin, or the Causes and Con. To which are added, cursory Ol- sequences of the French Emperor's servations on Intern perance and va- Conduct towards the Jews,” reviewed rious Excesses, and the extraordi- in our Magazine for April, 1808, and nary Influence they have on the according to the article " Jews,” in Human Frame; also, Strictures on Nicholson's Encyclopeedia, written

gives up.

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