« 上一頁繼續 »
!r therein contained more interest. rian Fund. By Robert ASPLAND, ig, in this point of view, to the Mipister of the Gravel Pit Congreainds of young persons. They may gation, Hackney. P.p. 71. 1810. pad that Jacob and his family left the
F the recent exertions of the ind of Canaan, and went down into OF
Unitarians to qualify the prevailgypt; that, after many years, their escendants became a numerous ing leaven of tanaticism with a poreople, left Egypt, wandered in the tion of rationality in religion, parwilderness forty years, and,
ticularly as to the objects of faith and ingth, settled again in the Land belief, few can be wholly uninformed fCanaan ; but for want of a
who have paid any attention to the eographical knowledge of these progress of opinions. Among other ountries, as they then stood, much congregations formed by these people f the force and connection of the in different parts of the country, this ubject is lost, and they are apt, the at Soham, has eventually been the uthor is afraid, more generally, to most conspicuous. In the summer of onsider them as fabulous stories, 1808, it seems this congregation had han as facts founded on the real state, so far excited the pious wrath of a ituation, and divisions of the country.
Calvinistic party in that place, that The object, therefore, of the compiler they proceeded to such violence as to of these sheets, is to reduce into a
disturb both congregation and minimall compass that geographical
ster; and at length caused the latter to knowledge of the History of the Jews, be taken into custody by a peace officer, which may prepare the minds of and carried before a magistrate, who youth for the perusal of the Scrip- Mr. Gisburne at the next assizes,
bound the complainants to prosecute ures to more advantage; and from ts conciseness, obviate the difficulty taking recognizances of his friends of voluminous perusal.-In the event the Calvinistic party disputed the right
for his appearance. It seems also the attention of the public, it will be of the Unitarians to the meeting. a great satisfaction to the author; for house at Soham; but at length, an should it be the means of fixing the accommodation being agreed upon, mind of one young person more
the latter consented to the payment strongly on the important truths of of sixty guineas, upon condition that Scripture, he prizes too highly the claim, which was agreed to before
the Unitarians should give up their blessings pronounced on him, who before the issue could be tried at the of truih, to think that his labour has Cambridge assizes in March, 1809. been bestowed in vain.".
Much to the surprise and mortifi
cation of the Calvinistic party, it apWe think we may confidently en. pears that even while an arbitration courage the author with the antici- was pending, and they were holding pation of such success as the nature very high language to the Unitarians, of the work may justify him in ex: Mr.Wilks, attorney to the latter, came pecting. There are five maps, and to the house where they were asseman Index, with the proper names ac bled, and informed Mr. Roberi Aspcentuated. It is cheaply and neatly land that the grand Jury had thrown printed.
out the bill against Mr. Gisburne, and found the two bills which bad
been preferred against his prosecutors! BIGOTRY
AND INTOLERANCE DE- The immediate cause of this seems to FEATED ; or, An Account of the bave been what was proved before Inte PROSECUTION of Mr. John the grand jury as to one of the Cale GISBURNE, Unitarian Minister, of vinistic party challenging the UnilaSoham, Cambridgeshire. With an rian minister, in the most of the sera Exposure and Correction of the vice, to sulstitute the reading of Mr. Defects and Alistnkes of Mr. An- Fuller's book against the Socini ans drew Fuller's Narrative of that for the Bible. Ove of the jurors then Affair, in Letters to John Chris- wishing the witness to repeat the reanie TIE; Esq. Treasurer of the Unita- of the book that had been mentiocied,
the foreman of the jury, Sir Charles persons implicated, would readily Cotton, interposed, and said, “ It does come forward to attest the truth of not signify whose book it was; no our statement, and falsehood of their's. book can be put in competition with “But to descend to particulars, God's word.' A noble declaration, it only premising that we here pledge has been observed, and the essence of ourselves to the truth of what has alprotestantism!
ready appeared in the Monthly RepoWith these advantages, however, sitory, concerning the disturbances at the Unitarians did not recede from Soham. their proposals of coming to an ami- “Retailers of lies generally are cable conclusion without going before blunderers; witness the “Narrative of a jury; but as they refused, with the Facts,' by Mr. Andrew Fuller. It advice of their attorney, the repayment states, (page 9.) there never was any of the costs on the indictments pre, 'tumult' during the time of worship, ferred against the Calvinistic party, excepting on the 8th of October. and even a discount on the sixty gui- “ In answer to which we say there neas ready money, Mr. Fuller has was no tumult at all, on the sth of since writien a narrative of that affair, October, 1808, for that was on a sawith a view of criminating his oppo- turday, and we are not seventh-day nents, and exculpating his own party. Baptists. Besides they had the meetTo obviate Mr. Fuller's insinuations inz-house in their own possession on about anonymous evidence, Mr. Asp- that day, for it was on the ed of Ocland has printed the following enter- tober we were locked out of the place taining deposition of the principal part by Mr. Thomas Emons. of the evidence in favour of his party, upon oath. One of the persons signing time of worship was on Sunday, June
“ The first public tumult during this is kinsman to Mr. Andrew 26, 1808, when our adversaries reFuller.
turned in a body,' Mr. Gisbume “To the Rev. Robert Aspland, Hackney. having been desired to preach from
ii Timothy iv. 3, 4, 5, in the morn“ Soham, October 9, 1910. ing, he had no sooner done, and be. “ Rev. Sir,
fore he left the pulpit, but Mr. Joseph “ As you have it in contemplation, Levet arose and addressed the people to answer a pamphlet of Mr. Andrew in the following manner: ‘My friends, Fuller's, purporting to be a . A Nar. I cannot conceive how you can sit rative of Facts, -We whose names under such abominable doctrine as are subscribed to this, and who were this with patience: you have heard cye and ear-witnesses of the disturb. Mr. Gisburne this morning intirely ances at Soham, think it our duty to take away the Divinity of Jesus staie to you, and through you to the Christ: his supreme Deity has been public, (as we were on our oath before struck at in the inost sbameful and the Grand Jury at Cambridge,) that scandalous manner: such doctrines as that pamphlet is. A Narrative of these were never taught in his town, most notorious falsehoods. As for Mr. and the publisher of them oug!ıt never Robert Fuller's letter to his kiusman, to preach in any, but be driven out Mr. Andrew Filler, it exhibits such a
of the country.' scene of untruths, as certainly, never Then arose such confusion as were committed to paper before, cannot be described; thc Mecung. though
* house filled from all quarters of the
But town to witness the rage and madness that Mr. Thomas (Wapman, Mr. Jo- of our adversaries, who were ravirg, seph Levet, and Mr. Thomas Emons, “We have come to defend the truth, who are members of a church, and we will stand up for the truth, as long who do profess to be religious cha- as blood flows in our veins.' Mi. racters. could sign it, is amazing to us, Robert Fuller himself was present when they must know that scores of now June 26 is not October the sth. the inhabitants of Sobain, connected Mr. Gisburue then came down from with neither party, but who were wit- the pulpit, but did not think it pronesses of the riotous conduct of the dent to go home, as our enemies ju
ended to have locked the door upon manner, calling us 'Socinians :' say, iim, which they threatened.
ing, “ He hated us 'worse than he did “In the evening of the same day, the Papists, the Turks, or even the kr. Stone's sermon was read to near Quakers; that we were enemies to hree hundred people, for the place Christ; yea, said he, I hate them, I vas crowded; but there was no dis- hate the Socinians and their hellish, urbance till the sermon was finished; damnable doctrines, worse than I do hen, before Mr. G. had left the pul- the devil!' vit, Mr. Einons arose and addressed “On Sunday, Sept. 18, 1808, Mr. he congregation with these remark. T.Emons behaved in the same shameble words :— My Dear Friends and ful manner, holding a large bound oc[ownsmen, I have a much better opi. tavo volume above the pew, so that sion of you and my countrymen at Mrs. Howe could not look up to the arge, than that you should imbibe pulpit, and then kept muttering and uch cursed, damnable, bellish doc. reading so, that she could not hear the rine, as is contained in this sermon sermon, so as to reap any benefit.of Mr. Stone's.-You hear he makes Mr. Howe also was so disgusted at his Jesus Christ only a mere man;' says strange behaviour, that he was con- . he was born like other men; that he strained to rise up anu turn his back had a father and mother, like any upon him.-On Sunday, Sept. 25th, other human being. Oh! the cursed, 1808, he behaved in much the same damnable doctrine. --Then Mr. James manner, and when told what portion Levet said, “Pull him out of the pul. of Scripture was going to be read, pit.'—The towns-people then inter- said, I am reading a book.' fered, and several said, “That it was “But on Sunday, October 20, 1808, at their peril that they touched Mr. between the hours of ten and twelve in Gisburne'-Mr. Thomas Emons was the forenoon, Messrs. Thomas Emons, hooted home by the people about the Joseph Levet, William Collen, Joha doors, and scores crying, “Shame, Horseley, James Levet, Jobo King, shame on them!'
and Robert Fuller, behaved in a most "On a Sunday after this, when the riotous and tumultuous manner inordinance was administered, Mr. Jo- deed; for after singing and prayer, seph Levet, and several more, sat Mr. Gisburne observing Thos. Emons down at the Lord's table with Mr. G. still reading in a book, said to and his friends, but you may judge him, “Mr. Ëmons, for these three with what a spirit, when Mr. Joseph Sundays past, you have disturbed Levet would not take the cup out of this congregation by your reading one of our hands, (i. e. William At- and strange behaviour, you have taken tlesey's) por would he touch it till it the attention of the people from what was set down on the table.
they came to profit by; and have very " Now this is · A Narrative of much hurt their minds, I therefore ad. Facts,' 'let Mr. Robert Fuller, Mr. vise you to go away in a peaceable Thomas Chapman, Mr. Joseph Levet, manner, or I shall send for a constable Mr. Thomas Emons, with their ad- and deliver you into the hands of Nocate Mr. Andrew Fuller, say what justice.' Mr. Gisburue then prepared they please.-But to proceed. to read the Scripture, and said 'Mr.
“On Sunday, September 11, 1808, Emons, I am going to read the second Mr. Thomas Emons again behaved in chapter in Paul's Epistle to the Roan irreverent and shameful inanner, mans; — when Mr. Emons, holding at the time of singing, prayer, read up his book said, 'Here is a book of ing and expounding the Scriptures : Mr. Fuller's written against the Socihe himself reading in and holding up nians, you had better read this. -Mr. an octavo painphlet higher than the G. then said to a Mr. Lemon, 'Go for pew.-On the afternoon of the same the constable, for I am determined this day, between the hours of two and congregation shall not be interrupted four, he behaved in a similar manner, much longer; we have borne with to the manifest disturbance of the these things too long.' As Mr. G. was congregation; and no sooner was the entering on his sermon, the constable sermon concluded, but he began rail- came, saying, "Wherefore have you ing, and scalding in a most scandalous sent for me i'--Mr. G. stated to him
in a brief manner the reason-read courts of law, which renders them over to bim his certificate which he unwilling to appeal to such decisions, had as a dissenting teacher, and told even when the result might operate him to keep the peace, and take Thos. in their favour. Emons into custody. Mr. Robert Ful
R. ler cried out, 'where is your warrant?' William Collen said, 'take him away, we will see it out. -Joseph Levet said, AN ACCURATE AND AUTHENTIC take him with you, we will stand by
Narrative of the Origin and him.'-'Where is your warrant?' was
Progress of the Dissentions at re-echoed. William Collen, Joseph,
OF MADRAS: James, and Ann Levet, John Horse
founded on Original Papers and ley, John King, and Robert Fuller, Correspondence. made such a noise and tumult, that the constable was astonished, and THE period is now considerabil scarce knew what to do: but turning pected that our readers will feel much to Thomas Emons, advised him to go interest in the dissentions which it is home in a peaceable manner, adding, the object of this work to record, • As I have not a warrant. 1. cannot They are, happily for the country in take him into custody: --Mr. Thomas Emons then said, I shall not go along it may be hoped that they whose in
which they took place, quelled: but with you now, but if you will call at discretion partly caused them, wil my house to-morrow, I will give you learn wisdom from experience : and a glass or two of beer.' The constable departed,and the uproar became great
that in any future plans of retrencher. John Horseley said to Mr.G. “You expedient to adopt, they will pas
ment and economy which it may be are a pretty fellow indeed :-you
do not preach the Gospel; look at hin;
them in force in a manner less likely he looks as though he was going to be to irritate those who are the objects
of them. hanged.'— Joseph Leret then said, • Now, I will take a book and read, however, it is sufficiently evident
In the late disturbances at Madras, thumping the table with his hand that there was error on both sides
. James Levet said, : Aye, we will all It cannot be denied that the East take books and read; John King say, India Company have a right to estar ing,' We will all read.' *? In the afternoon, (Oct. 2d, 1808,) think best calculated to support their
blish such 'measures as they may the doors were locked, and Thomas Emons, Joseph Levet, Tbos. Chap- own interests: and it is equally cer
. man, and Robert Fuller, &c. bave had tain that obedience to their wishes is possession ever since. The town and what they have a right to expect. neighbourhood know that this state
But it is always the interest of a goment is intitled to credit, as num
vernment or its agents, to conciliate bers of them, besides ourselves, are
while they reform : for reform must seady to make oath. The facts were operate to the inconvenience and public-and to the public, through temporary injury of some, and surely you, we who are parties concerned it is not too much for them to expect now give our names-leaving them to that they shall be treated with cii judge.
vility. •• We remain, Rev. Sir, your's in
With regard to the present pam, the truth of the Gospel,
phlet, it seems to us to be an impartial • BENJAMIN FULLER.
statement of facts; and it contains *WILLIAM ATTLESÉY. enough to put the reader in complete
But it • William THREADER.” possession of the subject.
would be a waste of time to enter In justice to the Unitarians, we may upon that subject now: we shall adu, ihat it is not from the fear of the therefore content ourselves with ex. enforcement of the penal laws against tracting the writer's brief introduc. a disbelief of the Athanasian Creed, tion, which contains a rapid view of 80 much as their aversion against some particulars relative to the probringing religious opinions before gress of our establishments in India,
393 and which, meagre as it is, may for the resources derived from their not be wholly uninstructive to some genius, it is probable that the Eastern of our readers :
would have shared the fate of the “In laying before the public a Western hemisphere, and that the narrative of the interesting events dominion of India, as that of Amewhich have lately occurred at the rica, would have been lost to Britain. Presidency at Madras, it has appeared “ The affairs of the East India proper that it should be preceded by Company having been in the progress a concise view of the progress of our of these difficulties involved in exestablishments in India, particularly treme.embarrassment, the attention of of the settlement of Madras, previ- the legislature was, from the year ously to the period at which the late 1781, closely directed to the whole discussions took their origin. A question of the Indian administration, sketch of this nature is in some degree in which it was acknowledged by all necessary to the correct understand- parties that many defects existed. ing of the subject of those discussions ; The nature of the discussions which but it can be at best imperfect, as it ensued have been already so amply would require a long volume to con- detailed, that it would he superfluous vey a full detail of the transactions of here to recur to them. Suffice it to a Presidency which has largely shared say, that the long and violent debates in that variety of occurrence which that arose on the consideration of the has marked the progress of our question, terminated in the adoption Indian Empire, from its first stages, of the India bill, which was brought o that pitch of unrivalled ascend- into parliament by Mr. Pitt in 1784; incy at which it has now arrived. which bill became the foundation of
“In the early wars in India which that system of Indian government commenced in 1746, and with little which was then established, and which ntermission continued until the ter- has been since continued under differmination of hostilities in Europe at ent modifications, particularly those he peace of 1763, the territories of contained in the bill passed for the Madras were the chief scene of that renewal of the East India Company's nemorable struggle. At that proud charter in 1793. Previously to the ra of the British history, every part period of the reform effected by the of the world in which our arms were bill of 1784, the power of the execungaged, witnessed their triumpb. tive government of this country had in Bengal our power was established been frequently interposed in the y the acquisition of the valuable ter. nianagement of the affairs of the itories obtained by our achievements Company; but such interposition had n that quarter; and the total over- been desustory in its principle, and hrow of the French arms established appeared to be more directed to the vur influence on the coast of Coro- extension of ministerial influence, mandel. This bright aspect of affairs and to purposes of temporary expewas before long clouded by the re. diency, than to objects of permanent ierses which followed, in the war of national advantage. Under the pro1767, with Hyder Ally, and in the still visions of Mr. Pitt's bill the govern- ! more disastrous war of 1780, during ment of India assumed a new chaa. which the territories of India suffered racter. The power of control on the n more than an ordinary degree under part of the executive government was be disasters which marked that defined, and permanently vested insloomy period. The British interests a Beard of Commissioners; the powers n the East were more than once of the Court of Directors, and of the brought to the brink of ruin, and they governments abroad, were also devere alone, under Providence, saved fined and strengthened; and a degree from the destruction with which they of unit and efficiency, before unwere menaced, by the unequalled ex- known, was given to the whole system Prtions of the distinguished com- of the Indian administration. mander, Sir Eyre Coote, aided at that “In 1786 the appointment of Lord Crisis of danger by the energy of the Cornwallis to the important station of governor-general, Mr. Ilastings. But Governor-general, and of Command
UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. XIV.