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the habit of bestowing them. For my passions than to support them. I own part, I may say that I' bore this could hardly pod strength sufficient misfortune pretty well; indeed, hav. to gain a small village which was ing been inured to temperance and about a mile off. As it was now nearly frugality from my youth, I was better six and thirty hours since I bad tasted prepared to encounter a change of any nourisbment, I ate my supper circuinstances, than those who had with a strong appetite: I retired to been habituated to luxury.
rest, delivered froin those iormenting [To be continued.]
thoughts which had bitherto pursued me, content that I dare think of
Sophia, and almost happy to think EMILIUS AND Sophia; OR THE that she was less culpable and more RECLUSE.
worthy of my regret than I had, at [Continued from p. 291.]
I slept tranquilly till the morning. 11 T was thus that the inclinations of Sorrow' and misfortune respect the
my heart gradually led me to judge hours of sleep, and allow some relief her with greater lenity and indulgence, to their victim: it is only remorse I did not justify her: I only excused which tortures always. When I arose, her: without forgiving her offence 1 I found my mind quite calm, and in approved of what was good in her a state to deliberate upon what I was conduct. I could not get rid of all to do. But this was the most memy love, and it had been too hard to morable, and, at the same time, the preserve it without esteem. As soon most wretcher moment of my life. as I believed myself to esteem her --All my attachments were either again, I felt an unexpecied relief.- broken or corrupted: all my duties Man is too weak to be able to endure were changed there was nothing violent enotions for a length of time. that concerned as it once did: I be Even in the excess of despair Provi- came, as it were, a new being. It dence provides 'consolation for us. was of importance that I should ma. Notwithstanding the horror of my turely weigh the course which I had fate, I felt a sori of joy in represent- to pursue ; and I adopted a temporary ing Sophia to my imagination as esti- proceeding, that I might have time mable though unfortunate: I loved to reflect upon it. I finished ihe rest to find some foundation for that re- of my journey as far as the nearest gard which I could not help enter- town: 1 entered into terins with a faining for her. Justead of the pining master, and I began to work at my and arid grief that before consumed trade, waiting till the fomentation of me, I now had the sweet consolation my mind should be entirely subdued, of being softened even to tears. She and till I should be able to view obis lost to me for ever, I know, said I jects as they really are. to myself: but, at least, I shall dare I was never more sensible of the to think of her still; I shall dare to force of education than on this inemourn for her; I shall dare, some- Jaucholy occasio». Born with a weak times, to sigh and weep for her with and effeminate 'soul, susceptible of out blushing.
every impression, easily distressed, Meanwhile, I continued my course, timid in iny resolves, after the first and, distracted with these various moments of emotion had been given thoughts, I had walked all day with- to nature, I found myself master of out being aware of it; till, at length, my own thoughts and capable of conrecollecting myse!f, and being no sidering iny situation with as much Jonger upheld by the rage of the pre- coolness as if it were that of another ceding evening, I felt myself in a state person. Submissive to the law of of lassitude and exhaustion which re- necessity, I abstained from all vain quired food and repose. Thanks to complainings : I yielded to the ineri. the exercises of my youth, I was table yoke: I looked upon the past strong and robust;. I feared neither as upon something that was foreign hunger nor fatigue : but my diseased to me: I fancied that I was just about mind bad infected my body, and you to commence my existence: and, dehad taught me rather to avoid violent riving from my present condition the
rules of my conduct, waiting till I ence can it have in a case so different was fully instructed in it, I sat down from others? What connexion can quietly to the work as if I had been it bave with a despairing wretch from the most contented of men.
whom remorse alone extorted the There is nothing which I more secret of ber crime, and with those thoroughly learned of you, from my perfidions beings who cover theirs infancy, than to be always wholly oc- with traud and lies, or who supply cupied in the thing I was about, and the place of candour with effrontery never to be doing one thing and and boast of their infamy? Every musing on another ; which is, in fact, vicious woman, every woman who doing nothing, and being never wholly despises her duty more than she of. attentive. During the day, therefore, fends against it, is unworthy of lenity: I was busied only with my labour ; to tolerate her infamy is to share it. ni tie evening I resumed my reflec- But her whom we reproach raiber tions, and relieving thus the body and with a fault than with a vice, and the mind, alternately, I derived, from who expiates it by her sorrow, is each, the best that could be derived, more worthy of our pity than of our without fatiguing either.
hatred: we may, without shaine, From the very evening, following pardon her and feel compassion for the thread of my ideas on the pre- her: the subject of her reproach, eding one, I examined whether I even, is her best security for the fuhad not, perhaps, taken too much to ture. Sophia, estimable even when heart the crime of my wife, and whe- guilty, will be respectable in her reher that which appeared to be a ca- pentance: she wiil be the more faithtastrophe of my life, was not an ful because her heart, which is foranrent too common to be thus gravely ed for virtue, bas felt what it costs to hought of. It is certain, said I to have offended : she will have both myself, that wherever the moral the firmness which persuades, and the potions of society are held in high modesty which graces: the humiliaEstimation, there, the infidelity of tion of remorse will soften that prond women is a foul blot upon their hus- soul, and render, less tyrannic, the bands; but it is certain, also, that in empire which love has given her 1} large towns, and every where over me: she will be more affecwhere man, more corrupted, believes tionate and tender, and less fiery: himself more enlightened, this notion she will have committed one fault $ considered as ridiculous and ex- only to be cured of another. ravagant. Does the honour of a When the passions cannot openly nan, they ask, depend upon his wife? subdue us, they assume the mask of Paght his misfortune to be also his wisdom to surprise ; and' it is by imihame, and can he be dishonoured by tating the language of reason that they he vices of others? The other sys- perşuade us to renounce it. All these em of morality may be more severe: sophisms imposed upon my judgment 10 matier; this appears to be more only because they flattered my incliconformable to reason.
nations. I wished I could return to Besides, whatever judgment may Sophia even unfaithful as she was,and ve passed upon iny conduct, was it I listened, willingly, to every thing 20t, according to my principles, above that seemed to sanction my baseness. he public opinion? What was it to But it was in vain : my reason was ne vhat might be thought of me, less tractable than my heart, and it provided that, in my own heart, I could not adopi these follies. I could reased not to be good, just, and not conceal that I reason'd rather to honest ? Was it a crime to be com- deceive than to convince myself. I passionate? Was it a crime to pardonsaid to myself, with grief, but with in offence? By what line of duty, energy, that the maxims of the world hen, was I to regulate myself? Had are no law, for those who choose to I so long disdained the prejudices of live for themselves, and that prejus men to sacrifice to them, now, iny dices weighed against prejudices, those bappiness and welfare?
on the side of morality would be found But, supposing, this prejudice to to prepouderate: that it is with justice have a just foundation, what influ- the irregularities of a wife are i puted to the husband, either from having regret of having offended me. She chosen her badly or from having knows my heart : she has rendered governed her badly: that I, myself, me as miserable as I can be: there is was an example of the justice of this nothing more that would cost her any imputation : and that, if Emilius bad thing. always been prudent, Sophia could No: I know hers also: Sophia can never have transgressed that it is never love a man to whom she has rational to presume that she wbo does given the right of despising her ..... not respect herself will, at least, re. She no longer loves me:- has not the spect her husband if he is worthy of it ungrateful creature told me so herself? and if he knows how to maintain his Perfidious! She loves me no longer! authority: that the error of not pre- Ah! that is her greatest crime: I venting the aberration of a wife is would hare pardoned her any thing aggravated by the infamy of suffering but that. it : that the consequences of impunity Alas! I continued, with bitterness, are dreadful; and, that in such a case I talk of pardoning, without thinking this impunity betrays, in the injured that the injured often pardon, but that party, an indifference for morals and they who injure never pardon. No a degradation of soul which is dis- doubt, she wished me all the evil graceful.
which she has inflicted. Ah! how I felt, particularly, in my individual she ought to hate me! case, that what rendered Sophia more Emilius, you deceive yourself when estimable was the more hopeless for you judge of the future by the past. me : for, a weak and indecisive mind All is changed. In vain would you may be upheld or stimulated, and one live again with her : the happy days that fails from a forgetfulness of its which she has given you will never duty may be brought back by reason: return again : you will never recover but now retrieve her who maintains, thy Sophia, and thy Sophia will never even in siuning, all her wonted cou- recover thee. Situations depend muci, rage, who displays virtues in the midst upon the affections which we carry of guilt, and who errs only in ber own with us; when the heart changes al manner and according to her own changes : it is in vain that everything fancy? Yes, Sophia is guilty because remains the same: when we have no she chose to be so. When that lofty longer the same eyes, we no longer soul could subdue shame, it could behold as before. subdue every other passion : it would Her morals are not yet desperate ! not have cost her more to bave been know: she may yet become worthy faithful to me than to have declared of esteem, may yet merit all my tenher crime to me.
derness: she inay restore to me her It was in vain that I would have heart, but she cannot be as she was, returned to my wife, she could not she cannot cease to have fallen, she have returned io me. If she who has cannot wipe out, from my memory, so tenderly, loved me, if she who was the recollection of her fault. Fidelity, so dear to me could injure me, if my virtue, love, all may return except Sophia could break the dearest lies of confidence, and, without confidence my heart, if the mother of my son there is nothing but disgust, melancould viclate her conjugal faith, yet choly, and listlessness in marriage unblemished, if the flames of a love the delicious charm of innocence has which nothing had oflended, if the vanished. It is past, it is past, neither noble pride of virtue which nothing now nor hereafter, Sophia cannot be had sullied, if all this could not pre- happy, and I cannot be happy but in vent ber first fault, what is there could her welfare. That alone would idprerent a relapse which would cost fluence me: I prefer to suffer away none of these sacrifices ? The first from her than with her; I would ra. step towards vice is the only painful ther regret her than torment her. one, it is afterwards pursued without Yes, all our ties are broken; by thinking of it. She has no longer to her they are broken. In violation cousider either love, or virtue, or her engagements she has freed me esteem : she has no longer any thing from mine. To me she is now nothing to lose in offending me, not even the has she not said so herself? She is
no longer my wife !. Shall I return to rians, the cotemporary changes in her as to a stranger? No: I will cụstoms, manners, and even in the never return to her. I am free : at costume of a people, become a mat, least I ought to be so: why is not my ter not unworthy the attention of a heart as much so as my belief. philosophic mind, as severally con
But what ! shall the affront I have nected either as cause, or effect, with received remain unpunished? If the their health, their morals and their unfaithful one loves another, whar an manufactures. It is my wish to evil do I commit in delivering her suggest such an enquiry to some one from me! It is myself that I punish of your readers better qualified than and not her. I fulîl her vows at my myself to take an extensive view of own expense. "Is that the reseni- the subject, by which the waste of ment or an insulted man? Where is much time and learning may be justice, where is vengeance ? saved to some future Hearne, bý fix
Al! wretched being! upon whom ing with some degree of precision will thou revenge thyself? 'Upon her the time when these minor revoluwhom no longer to render happy is tions took place. " To shew the thy greatest despair ? At least, be body of the time, its form and not the victim of thy own vengeance. pressure," I consider as peculiarly the Inflict, if you can, some punishment office of periodical works like your upon her which you will not feel miscellany, and many a trait both of yourself. There are
some crimes national and individual character will which should be given up to the re- be there found preserved, which morse of the guilty, to punish them is have escaped the notice of writers of almost to authorize them. Does a loftier pretension, and which will cruel husband merit a faithful wife? often throw a useful light on some Besides, what right, what title have obscure page of the bistorian. you to punish her. Are you her To take a cursory view of the sube judge, not being even her husband? ject in our own county, I should first When she has violated her duties as remark, that the manners of the men wife, she has no longer any claims to have, within the period above-menthe privileges of one. The moment tioned, undergone a compleię revoshe has formed other connexions, she lution, particularly as they regard the has broken thine, and has done it fair sex. From a formal, precise, avowedly; she has not adorned her- and ceremonious demeanor, constiself in thy eyes, witli a fidelity which tuting good breeding, a mode of conshe did not possess: she has not be- duct almost the reverse, is become a trayed you nor told you falsehoods : distinguishing mark of high life. An in ceasing to be thiné alone she has indifference io the convenience and declared herself to be nothing to accommodation of the softer sex has thee: what authority, then, canst taken place in our public assemblies, thou have over her? If you have any of that'chivalrous attention which auyou ought to renounce it for thy owú ticipated their wants and wishes, and benefit. Believe me. be good from constituted an indispensible part of prudence, and clement from ven- the character of a gentleman; but geance.
Mistrust thy anger : fear the exploit of two heroes of the turf, lest it lead thee to her feet.
who are incontestibly men of very [To be continued.]
high fashion, at the select assembly
in Argyle-street, and the same passOBSERVATions on the RevoLUTIONS the brothers or fathers of the ladies
ing without any serious notice from produced in Male and FEMALE present, proves that the extreme of Dress, and their comiñercial ef- the fashion is little short of brutal fects on the country.
HILE the revolutions which The ladies, from a degree, of re
have during the last twenty serve and strictness of demeanour; years changed the political aspect of which procured for them the characEurope, and convulsed the shores of ter of prudes among our gayer peigh. the Atlantic, have had their com- bours on the continent, have adopted inentators, and will have their histo- a freedom of manners, a boldness of
UNIVERSAL MAG. VOL. XIV.
look and scantiness of apparel, which their teens, and some women of very has often occasioned women of cha- high ton are said to be mistresses of racter and condition to be taken for a botue. After coffee, the bottle is members of a body they affect to look again introduced, and a dran, under down upon with pity or contempt. the specious name of a liqueur, is Indeed, such has been the revolution swallowed. This importation from in this point, that when it was at. France ought to have been accomtempted to exclude the Cyprian corps panied with the liqueur-glasses, which from a theatre of our more expensive are mere thimbles in comparison amusements, the discernment of the with what I have seen used; for common door-keepers was acknow- though the wine-glass is again dimiledged to be insufficient to mark the nished to a moderate size, it is yet a nice distinction between those to be formidable dose for any but seasoned admitted and those to be excluded, dram-drinkers, .when filled with any and resourse was had to the caterers of those deleterious compounds, in for the gibbet, wbo, however suc- which alcohol forms a principal cessful they may have been in detect- part. ing tire grosser attempts to impose on The changes which have taken their sagacity, were so far misled by place in dress, which are consideraappearances, that they were very near ble and general enough to deserve conveying a nude of high rank to the the name of a revolution (and such watch-bouse. The remark made by only it is my intention to notice) are one of the police-officers on bis mis- certainly on the whole in favour of take, deserves to be remembered : ease and convenience, and as far as “ her ladyship was so liberal in the regards the nien, of propriety: The exposure of her other charms, that he female form, after an 'eclipse of many did not mind her face."
centuries, under one odious disguise Among the men, convivial de- or other, bas reappeared. When I bauches are certainly less frequent, recollect the perpendicular figure of thanks to our legislators ; for though the lady of our parish on a gala day, Messrs. Pitt and Dundas did not supported on two points, each no emulate in their individual practice larger than a sixpence, balancing the the great Founder of Ismaelism, yet gorgeous superstructure of whalethey certainly have in a great mea- bone, silk, lace, metals, minerals and sure enforced ati abstinence from the eatables, as she tottered forwards to juice of the grape on their country. receive our civilities, her body screwmen; and anong the middle and ed into the form of an inverted Jower classes, the additional taxes on isosceles triangle, her immense hoop distillation and brewing have consi- exhibiting another triangle standing derably affected the consumption of upon a broader base, and the conspirits and malt liquor. The poison- pound of false hair, wool, powder, ous mixtures sold under the name of grease, ribbon, gauze, &c. &c. which beer, which to the shame of the le- constituted the head of this moving gislature, are suffered to sap the machine, of which the woman forniLiealth and strength of the sons and ed the smaller half, and when I com, daughters of labour, with impunity pare her with a woman of the same to the maker and vender,' have age and station in life, on a present driven an immense number of people occasion, I cannot but congratulale to drink water with their meat-a ny fair country-women on a change, change which the justest reasonings in' every point of view, in their taof medical men had in vain before at. vour. It is indeed more than twenty tempted to produce. Among the years since that absurd and preposteladies of the more opulent class, a rous' mode of disfiguring the female change of an opposite nature is said form was at its height, and the reto have taken place. Instead of one, formation was working by slow de two, or three glasses of wine, which grees for some years' previous to the used to be the ordinary stint of fe- breaking out of the French revolumales at table, six, seven, and even tion, which first inoculated the Parisieight glasses of Madeira have been ans with the rage for the antique. tossed off by ladies scarcely out of We for some tiine ridiculed tben,