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seilles; sausages at Lyons ; eels at be raised from twenty to fifty pounds, Melun; cherries at Montmorency; and proceeded accordingly. But the honey at Narbonne; cheese at Neuf- poor woman's appeal being forcibly chatel; aloes and sugar at Orleans ; seconded by a gentleman learned in truffes in Perigord; almond cakes at the law, the widow's rate was reduced Pithviers; veal in Pontoise; red- to its primitive standard, and that legged partridges in Le Quescy; car- upon the princely domains of the unmetons and apple-jelly at Roceen; merciful assessor raised from less than liaricots at Soissons; pigs' feet at St. one hundred per annum to upwards Menehould;
; carps and great livirs of of three. geese at Strasburgh; heads of hogs at Troyes ; asparagus at Vendome; dra- Satan's strange Actings. gées at Verduo; lampreys at Vierzon, Iv 1697, there was published in &c.
London an account of the case of a
person believed to be possessed by the The following epigram was written devil, under the following title:by Thomas Paine:
“The Surey Demoniac, or an Ac
count of Satan's strange and dreadful Going along the other day,
Actings in and about the body of
Richard Dugdale, of Surey, near
Whalley, in Lancashire. And how
he was dispossessed by God's Blessing I callid unto the nose to stop, on the Fasting and Prayers of divers
And when it had done so, Ministers and people. The Matter of The man behind it he came up, Fact attested by the Oaths of several It was—ZENOBIO.
creditable persons before some of his
Majesty's Justices of the Peace in the An Irishman being told that Sir said County." These dreadful actings William Sydney Smith had, among of Satan continued above a year, durothers, been created a Doctor of Cicit ing which there was a desperate Laws at Oxford, asked wliat laws he strugrle between him and nine minifollowed now? Being answered, "the sters of the Gospel, who had under: law ofarms,” he replied, “tbat, honey, taken to drive him out; and for that is surely the most uncivil law of any purpose successively relieved each
other in their daily combats with him;
while Satan tried all his arts to battle A good Joke well turned.
their attempts, insulting them with Not long since a titled assessor of scoffs and raillery; puzzling them the income tax in one of the southern sometimes with Latin and Greek, and counties, observing that a widow wo- threatening them with the effects of man, with five small children, con. his vengeance, till he was finally vantrived to maintain them décently by quished and put to fight by the perselling bread, took it into his head severing prayers, and fastings of the that her assessment might very well said ministers.
Heinbault. Victoria appears--vows
N Tuesday, the 16th, a new after- vengeance, and brings the Marquis to
piece, from the pen of Mr. Rey- trial before the Duke of Savoy, for a nolds, called The Bridal Ring, founded second marriage. It is discovered that on the story of the two Enmelines in his former marriage was illegal. Victhe Canterbury Tales, was produced toria is foiled, and a happy terminaat this theatre. The Marquis da Vinci tior, as usual, takes place --Wbat (Mr. Young) is induced, in a rash mo. might have been effected by the manument, to marry an artful woman, Vic facturing this romance into a regular toria Malcour (Mrs. C. Kemble).- melo-drama, we do not pretend to conThinking that she had perished in a jecture; but, as an afterpiece, we apstorm, he marries Juliana (Mrs. H. prohend its fate to be decided. There Johnston), the daugnter, of Baron is in it neither novelty, nor probabi:
UNIVERSAL Mag. VOL. XIV. 2 T
lity, nor wit, nor humour, nor even who, during the performance, manibuffoonery. The fine powers of Mr. fested the most apathetic indifference. Young were wasted in a species of The Bridal Ring was announced for melo-declamation, partaking of prose representation aividst the preconcerted and measured syllables. His perform- applause of the author's frieuds, and ance, which was admirable, excited the hisses of such part of the audience regret at so futile an application of as were not restrained by involuntary talent. To the performers the author yawning from joining in that expres
. is indebted for the toleration of a sion of disapprobation. We fear its piece, utterly inconsistent with the slight texture is not likely to wear taste and feelings of the audience, through the winter.
STATE OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS. THE state of Portugal has, since operation, and destroy all the small public attention. At the moment of in different towns and fortresses. If writing this it is delivered, probably, they do not indeed rise, it will be mafrom the fierce invading army after a nifest that the French party is very most dreadful batile, or surrendered strong in the country, and that the entirely to the power of the French. accounts, so frequenily circulated of Briti-h valour has been displayed in a engagements and ruin to the Freuch, most eminent manner, and the Portu- are mere fabrications. If the cause of guese bave manifested such spirit and Ferdinand is supported by, a tenth courage, that the Frencii, it is said, part of the strength attributed to it, have ascribed to us the ruse de guerre the French must be completely anniof Jothing our troops in Portuguese hilated. uniforms, and thus giving that pation The Cortez of Spain have met.a degree of credit iv which, in their This body, in which the government apprehension, it could never be en- of the country constitutionally resided, titled. The fact, however, is, ibat a was never permitted to deliberate ungreat part of the brunt of a battle was der the Bourbon dynasty. Necessity sustained by our allies, and they has brought it together, and, actuated proved that the discipline had not by the strongest motives, by a view of been list upon them, and that they the state of their country, by the very were completely capable of defending position in which they nieet, when the their country. Thus Lord Welling- guns of the enemy are within their ton, at the head of a numerous well. hearing, the degrading passions of sordisciplined army, with the population did self-interest must disappear: every of the countrs in his fivous, and im- thing is calculated to rouse the noller mense resources of every kind, in a feelings of the mind, and to produce position chosen by hiinself, has little the grandest efforts of patriotism. It to fear from the attack of the French, is not a body of men, called together rendered desperate by famine, inca- from drunken meetings of a province, pable of maintaining themselves in where the candidate for the office has their positions, or escaping again out been profuse of flattery to his electors, of the couli'y
and liberal of his purse, in the hopes If ever there was a time for the en- of having his largesses ten fold repaid tire deliverance of the peninsula, the by the liberality of a minister: it is opportunity is now increased tenfold. not a body of men, each looking up in The great strength of the French is an ivdividnal, who nomivated him to with Massena in Portugal; a large be- his post; vor a body of men who can siegig arny is before Cádiz; the at- expect to be paid on each vote out of tention of the French is distracted by the public rurse. Honour and interseveral lave bodies in arms in väri- est are uvited together in the Cortez, ous provinces. A general rising of If they were as base in mind as the the country would eilectually cut off members of some senates have been, the coinmunication between the French still their situation would cover their armies, render them incapable of co- meanness, and in spite of their disbe
nesty they could not manifest to the ances for prejudices: but we cannot world that disregard of principle, that entertain for a body, true respect, if subserviency to a minister or to a fac- it is led away by prejudices, which tion, which, in other cases, is too they ouglit to have overcome. We likely to exist in a representative body. tremble for the Cortez. We fear that
One of the early acts of this body it is incapable of saving the country, excites great hopes in its favour. In- or rather that the country deserves deed, it is an act which is easily past not to be saved upon such terms: that in times of difficulty, and too easily it will be better under the worst tyrevoked, when the danger is over. It rapny of the French, than under the was prefaced by a speech, shewing the best political government that can be necessity of the measure, and adopted, devised, with the restriction to which though 'not without opposition, by a the Cortez has in the most solemn considerable majority. By this act a manner pledged itself. It was opened member of the Cortez is rendered in- indeed in a most inauspicious manner, capable of being appointed to any with all the mummery of the Romish post or office under the executive go- church, with a mass to the Holy Ghost, vernment, except to those places to than which scarcely any thing more which in his profession he would rise offensive can strike the ear of a proby seniority, during the time that the testant. When the idolatrous rites Cortez is held, and for one year after had been performed, each member he ceases to be a member of it. This swore to the observance of the Roman act is essentially necessary to a dele catholic religion, and to the exclusion gated body: for such is the nature of of every other inode of faith. Horrid man, that, without it, it is impossible oaib! what! has not the peninsula that it should perform its duty to its groaned long enough under the yoke constituents. Political writers extol of the priests, under the terror of the a constitution to the skies, and attri- inquisition? Is the reign of falsehood bute to it all the excellencies which a to be prolonged without end? and is fertile imagination may devise. They the human mind to have no chance of will talk of the excellence of a repre. being relieved from its chains ? With lentative government, of the check it the deepest affliction of mind we read s to the wild schemes of a ininister, the account of this day's proceedings: Ir the subtle plans of a tyrant. But all we could wish to see it erased from heir specious reasoning falls to the their acts, we could wish that men, round, when a simple, plain question who have the courage to deny thems left unanswered. By whoni is your selves any reward for their votes, were epresentative body appointed To also inspired with liberal sentiments, vhom does it look up for honour and and understood that civil is of little eward? On the answer to these consequence without religious liberty. uestions depends the manner in which But we will not give ourselves enny subject for discussion will be dis. tirely up to despair. The mind may losed of: and the Cortez kas acted become enlightened, and one engine ith true wisdom in taking away from remains, which may still be brought ts members one bias, which would into action, and sap that power, nevitably carry them from the coun- which seems at present too strong foć 'y to the mean views of party. There opeo resistance.
This is the press, a probability that questions in the the dread of tyrants, and of timeCortez will be fai.ly discussed, and, serving priests ! Spain owes great part
general, the decision will be accord- of its present calamities to the checks ng to its merits. We must make al- on the liberty of the press, which wances for the prejudices and want prejudiced and narrow minds opf information in the parties; but it posed to it, when the glow of eni pot to be expected that men will thusiasm first fired the Spanish breast. ote one way in the meeting, and, Some enlightened members of the hen they come out of the house, Cortez view the subject in its true eclare, with uoblushing fronts, that light, and we shall see by the disposal hey have voted in opposition to their of the question, what hopes may be al opinion.
entertained of the cause of liberty. A We said, that we must make allow, committee is. appointed to take the subject into consideration, and their were marked with red, the country labours are to be early submitted to would appear to be completely chethe Cortez, which will then determine, quered, and in no district is there whether Spain is to have a free press freedom from daily alarm. But it is or not. If oo religion is to be allowed difficult to reconcile these accounts but the Romish, if nothing is to be with the employment of so large a printed, but what the executive go- body as is now in Portugal, as the vernment permits, we should prefer a French would scarcely risque the residence in Madrid to that in the greater kingdom for the sake of a Isle of Leon. In the former place lesser; conquest. But a very short religion is free, and a French at any time will develope the true state of rate would be better than a Spanish the armies, and we shall know the censor.
real condition of both countries. The Spaniards have always been LordWellington has been constantly very fond of titles, and their common retreating, and by very rapid marches; language is filled with epithets, to vet with such good order, it is said, which our simple manners are unac- that he suffers no loss in ammunition, customed. It became necessary to provisions, or baggage. On the confix the titles, by which the Cortez trary, Massena indeed pursues, but should be addressed, and it has as he is said to be destitute of provisions. sumed that of majesty, the title of Lord Wellington took the road nearly higbpess being attributed to the coun- from Almeida to Coimbra; and it cil of regener. This may shock the seems strange that Massena should English ear, which of late years has pursue him, instead of taking the not heard with complacency the shorter road to Lisbon, if indeed there phrase of the majesty of the people: is one on which he could prudently but it is well understood in Spain, veuture. But he pursued the Britisha and the-Cortez have taken the title, army, and, by his advanced guard, which strictly belongs to it, as there made an attack on our army strongly is nothing greater than that body, and posted on the heights of Busaco, a by the term is acknowledged, that all few miles distant from Coimbra.authority is from, and is intended for Here they were repulsed with very the benefit of, the people. These are great slaughter, so great, that two the chief acts performed :' various re. thousand are reported to have been gulations are entered into for the left dead on the field of battle; and Bringing of the accounts of the re- thence, it is presumed that a rast gency before the body, for the promo. number must have been wounded. tion of anion between the mother Between three and four hundied pricountry and the colonies: but many soners fell into our bands, and the of thein were discussed with shut British buried their dead; but they doors, as it was not expedient, that had scarcely performed the task, when The enemy slould know their mea- they received orders to quittbeground, sures, or traitors be enabled to frus- and Lord Wellington continued his trate ihem..
retreat towards the strong passes of Whilst the Cortez are deliberating, Almeida. Massena, it seems, was the French are strengthening their marching bis whole army round the works against Cadiz: but it does not heights of Busaco, took possession of appear, that on either side any very Coimbra, and continued the pursuit active measures are pursued. This of Lord Wellington. The position of seems very extraordiuary; as from the the two arinies will be known in due strength in Cadiz, and the population time. Lord Wellington may probably at the back of the French, one would intrench himself, and defy the farther think, that they might be attacked ou progress of the French: and, if the both sides with great prospect of en- Portuguese should hover on the rear, tire success.
Spain, it we can give and cut off their resources, the decredit to the reports, is one field of struction of such an army seems to be blood. In every part are actions, and inevitable. We speak, however, too guerillas are on the alert in every much at random, not knowing what is province. If spots op the map, where the real strength of the French, and actions are said to have taken place, luw far they are, or are noi, deficient
in ammunition and provision, Mas- time longer to its present sovereign; sena is fighting, it is said, for a king, and that, under its present constitudom, for what he now conquers is to tion, it is not likeiy to be so organised be delivered into his hands;. and the as to defend itself. It will be a consplendour of the crown may have stant expence to its defenders, withdazzled the eyes of the general. out the advantage, which might be
Sicily has been a witness to British derived from so rich an island, if it valour, and the inhabitants of the were in our possession. shores on eacb side of the strait of If the peninsula of Spain and PorMessina will long remember the ex- tugal, and the two Sicilies, have been ploits by sea and land that daily oc- in complete commotion, no small concurred. The Neapolitan king vaunted fusion and alarm. prevail in the of his strength, and made the most for- Turkish dominions. From one end of midable preparations for the conquest the empire to the other the sword is of Sicily: His shores were lined with drawn against the infidels; the threats troops, and his numerous gun-boats and promises of the prophet are were protected by batteries. On the brought forward; the imams from. other side, our commander was not every mosque call on the true believers inactive; but the great glory was due to defend their country, and their reto our sailers, who were continually ligion, both in extreme danger. The on the look out, attacked the Nea- Grand Signor has marched at the politan marine, whenever it stood out head of an immense army, collected to sea, drove it under its batteries, by these means; but how far he has and repeatedly burnt their gun-boats, proceeded, is not ascertained; nor can as they were lying on the shore. But, the effects of such a rabble be progin such a strait, of so small a width, nosticated. Out of it may be formed and great extent, from the nature of assuredly an army, capable of overwind, tide, and weather, it cannot be running the provinces, and driving always guarded. The Neapolitan the Russians over the Danube; but sovereign had the satisfaction of seeing they are more likely to create famine, his boats carry a portion of his troops tumult, and confusion, wherever they to the Sicilian shore; but, from the go, and may moulder away before, saine cause, which assisted him in this they do any thing eificacious in the attempt, he found it impo-sible to field. In the mean time, the two bos, send reinforcements, and our troops tile armies, that have so often met on land gave so good an account of each other, retain nearly the same them, that they were glad to betake positions: the Vizier is on the borders themselves, after considerable loss, of Bulgaria and Romavia, waiting again to their boats. The fact is, probably for the great reinforcements however, ascertained, that in spite of with which he is to perform wonders. our navy, an army may be landed: The strength of the Turkish nation yet, if there is any spirit in the Sici- being thus drawn out, and carried to lians, it can be to little effect. To a distance from Constantinople, may reinforce them, or to provide for them leave an opening for the French and will be an arduous task. The Neapo. Austrians to march to that capital, litan sovereign seems sensible of this, and to throw down the crescent from for he has given up the enterprise; its walls. The time is fast approachand publishes to the world, that he is ing for such an event; and on this occontent with what has been done; that count the result of the present canit has answered the purpose intended, paigo will be highly interesting. If and that his troops may rest contented it shall end in driving the barbarians with the reputation they have ac- out of Europe, and restoring Greece quired. By this he probably means to a civilized government, few will to suggest, that all his efforts were in- lament the event; and it is of little tended merely to occupy our troops consequence by whom this is effected.
navy, and to prevent any supplies in this case, it will naturally be conbeing sent from Sicily to our army in sidered as our interest to secure some Portugal. It may be lamented, that of the islands in the Archipelago. so much bravery, on our part, will in the East our arms bave been Preserve the island but for a short successiul, and the Isle of Bourbon,