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Ye rich and ye needy,

Mere brutal entertainments only please Such phantoms mislead ye,

Such greedy dolts, such groveling devotees. For pleasures, earth-borr, soon fade and The sordid sons of taste, so falsely stylid, decay ;

By education, custom, habit, spoil'd
But above the sun's beaming,

By, worldly wiles and modern manners won, Let your hope-star be gleaming, Withhold all worship from the rising sunThere blessings are found that will ne'er Except the sun that near St.Jaines's gleams, fade away.

To gain gold bounties from his future beams. A. K. RUSTICUS. Sol spreads abroad such beauteous wares to

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Love Letters to my WIFE. By Such lazy labourers ne'er begin till noon; James Woodhouse.

And then the gauds of art alone engage

The virtuosi of this vicious age.
LETTER XIII.

Such pure and perfect subjects ne'er impart . [Continued from p. 136.]

One kind emotion to the courtier's heart. WE, with firm footsteps, trace the rural They're too celestial, simple, and sublime, sod,

To ravish any souls but sons of rhyme; By nature guided, and by nature's God; The votaries of the magic sister Muse, Enjoying sweet, serene, and pure delights, Who copy nature with prismatic hues, In days of labour and love's harmless nights. Or those that imitate her tuneful songs Let loose from negro night's abhorr'd em. And boors, like us, to whom true love bebrace,

longs. With raptures greet Aurora's glowing face. Here let thy clown pure nature's charms With exultation view advancing dawn,

compare Disuinguish lucid lake from hazy lawn. With what rash art calls rich, and fine, and First strike the steel that lights her tindery

fair! ray,

Hear truth and unperverted taste decide Transporting prelude of rekindling day; Against the fools of fashion, pomp, and See the sun's floating forelock, quivering,

pride; rise,

One who haib often seen the solar blaze Scattering rich lustre o'er the earth and in summer's inorn pour forth its first-bom skies.

rays; Note spreading splendour from his beamy Seen Heav'n's rast dome its furniture un. brow,

foid, Pour liquid gilding o'er each burnish'd Of richest tissue, wrought with glistering bough.

gold; Behold his brilliant eyes, with blazing Wirile carin's bright wardrobe fullest stores beams,

unfärlid, Dart dazzling light on hills, and woods, and Dipp'd in all dyes, with rainbow drops em

Heard the glad language of prevailing love, Mark how his lips salute the mountain top, From beasts below, and choral bird above; Now sip from dewy plain the pearly drop: While every fragrant sceni the nostrils silld, I Till all the landseapes, dress'd in charms And all the soul with sacred ardour thrill'd, divine,

How can cold sloth in solemn judgment sit, Before his full-orb'd face, extatic shine. Tho' boasting wealth, and bragging genuine This is a scene to indolence unknown;

wit, To greatness, riches, pomp, and tri ton, Who ne'er a pupil in her school appear'd, Incomparable scene! by Heav'ıı design'd, And seldom honest usher saw or heard; To cheer man's body, and enchant his Nur e'er at morn, or noon, or hurrying eve, mind.

Instructive lessons from her lips receive. The fond employment the perpetual On snch pere scholars nature ne'er prefeast

vails Of nature's limuer—and Apollo's priest ! To love her truths, or listen to her tales A matchless exhibition ! full and free, Scarce ever can persuade such eyes to view For toiling hinds and rustics, wise as we. Her choicest looks, and charms for ever

Fantastic fashion's children icily doze, Till these most heavenly morning land. Bit rarely can allure one lover, warm, scapes close;

To speak the praises of her finish'd form; And troops of riot, wantonness, and waste, Much less her fair, incomparable face, Such beauties ne'er behold ! such traus. Engage one bridegroom in a fond embrace.

Her frail fantastic Abigail, the while, None quit in time debauchery's listless bed Wins endless wooers with her silly smile; To hear sweet morning's silent matins read; And with her whims and ever-epen arms, Sach spectacles and lectures ne'er delight Seduces wealth to seek her winton charm The carnal crews of prurient appetite.

[To be continued.]

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TRANSACTIONS OF LEARNED SOCIETIES.
Royal Society.

a much greater degree than could be THE substance of the late disco. supposed from a slight view of its

viation from the common churn-staff. fessor Davy, is as follows:1. That the oxymuriatic acid is a the cream; but it must be worked

It passes with much more ease through simple body, belonging to a class, in slower than the coinmon, otherwise it which two bodies only at present are is found to churn the cream too soon, known, this and oxigen.

or, according to the Lancashire term, 2. That like oxigen it forms bodies,

to swelt it. which are either acids, or analogous

“ I have tried it in a variety of to acids, or oxides, by combining with forms and sizes; with six wings the combustible bodies.

labour was less relieved; also when I 3. That hidrogen is the basis of the

gave less bevel to the ends of the muriatic acid, and that oximuriatic

wings. When I, on the contrary, acid is its acidifying principle. gave more bevel, it passed through

4. That phosphorus, sulphur, tin, without producing the intended efarsenic, &c. by combining with oxi- fects. muriatic acid, forin substances analo- convinced me that it is best to have

Experience, therefore, has gous to acids, which have the power four wings, from six to seven inches of neutralizing a:n monia, and proba- in length, from the centre according bly other alkalis, and of forming com- to the size of the churn for which it is binations with other compounds of intended, from two and a half to three the same class.

inches in breadth, made plane in the 5. That phosphorus, acidified by centre of middle, about the fourth oximuriatic aoid, forms a compound part of their length, and then bevelled with aminonia, not decomposable by regularly off, so that the extreme a white heat, and having characters point shall form an angle of about 45 analogous to an earth. The combi. degrees with the plane of the midille nations of oximuriatic acid, with in. of the body of the milk; and tlie Hammable bodies, offer objects of in- points, turning rapidly round, give a vestigation of a perfectly povel kind, compound motion to the whole, and

analogous tn, and scarcely less inter- that also alternate, and yet it does not testing than those belonging to the in the least splash or throw out the combinations of oxigen.

cream as in the coin mon mode." The chemists of the phlogistic school supposed only one principle of inflammability. Lavoisie; in his A Mcthod of stabbing Horen Cattle, beautiful generalization, was

vas acquaint- to discharge the rarified Air from the ed with one only acidifying principle, Stomach, when oversed with moist Cla or one principle which rendered bo- ver Grass. Cominunicated by Mr. dies soluble;' but there is actually W.Wallis Mason, of Goodrest Lodge, another known, viz, oximuriatic acid; necr Warwick. and it is not impossible but others

“ GENTLEMEN, may be discovered.

I beg leave to lay before you

a trocar and a canula, for the relief of SOCIETY OF Arts.

cattle when gorged or hoven. Since

I have introduced it, its use has been Description of a Szirel-headed Churn. attended with the greatest success,

Staff, to facilrute thic making of having, in every instance, been proved
Butler.

a safe, easy, and effectual remedy.

FISHER,
M
R. TIMOTHY

of -This instrument I am therefore inOrmsbirk, in Lancashire, has clined to ofter as superior to that for written as follows:

which the Society granted a premium Repeated trials biave now fully in 1796: as I am of opinion, that if proved that this invention will answer flexible tubes are forced down the every purpose of relieving il:e hard passage which conducts to the lungs, labour of churning, which it does in most dangerous consequences must

UNIVERSAL MAG, VOL. XIV.

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An instapce of this kind oc- Method of increasing the Durability of curred last year in this neighbour- Tiles. From the French of Sonnini. hood, when intending to force the passage of the paupch, occasioned the

After the adoption of glazing, loss of the animal.

varnishing, &c. to increase the hard“ Neither the farmer nor the bailiff and the process to me appears practi

ness cotiles, tarring has been proposed, can be expected, when going the cable, and not expensive. To make a sounds of the farm, to carry with him, trial of it upon one of my roofs, I proat all times, an instrumeni as large as vided some of the largest brushes I one of the flexible tubes ; and, even could get, and, with an assistant, we if he had it, he could not use it with- set ourselves to coat the upper side of out the assistance of a second person; my tiles with tar, liquified over a gentle and, in most cases, the disorder would fire, and kept moderately hot. Four be fatal before such assistance could be procured.

persons were employed to hand us the

iiles, and, when tarred, to lay them in “ But I have improved this instru- the sun to dry, which took three or ment to answer the purpose better, as four days, it being then the spring of I considered that the trocar and ca- tle year. I had set apart the best nula, commonly used by surgeons, tiles, those most thoroughly baked, might be employed to advantage for and I exposed others to the sun that the relief of hoven cattle. It will now they might be warmed and receive penetrate the tense sides of the ani- the coat of tar more easily. After the mals, and such an alteration as I have process, these appeared as if coated made materially facilitates the opera- with a reddish brown varnish. Four tion.

hours were sufficient for the preparaThe method of applying it is, to tion of two thousand. Near my house penetrate, with the trocar, through the was a tile kilo, which was just ready hide of the beast to the paunch on the to draw. As soon as it was sufficient near side about six inches from the ly cool, to allow the tiles to be handback bone, and at an equal distance led, I had as many taken out as left in from the last rib and from the hip the interior of the kiln sufficient room bone, then to withdraw the trocar, and for a few people to coat them with to leave the canula in the wound un. tar. While two or three were tarring til the air, which the paunch contain the tiles, three others were .employed ed, has escaped. The canula then may to give them, receive them when be taken out, and the wound covered tarred, and lay them in a corner of the with a plaister, of common pitch, kiln, where the heat was reduced to spread on brown paper about the size that of a vapour bath. When the of a crown piece. Thus all the danger kiln was quite cold, the tiles were incident to the common mode of stab. found perfectly dried, but they had bing with a knife is effectually pre- pot such a shining coat as the former, vented by the canula being left in the because the great heat bad caused the incision when the trocar is withdrawn. Their pores were completely stopped,

tar to penetrate into their substance. “ A feeding ox will thrive as well and they were rendered impenetrable after the operation as if it had never to water. Five persons tarred four been affected by the disorder. Cows thousand tiles in six hours. Some in calf are in no danger from its use. persons say that tarred tiles would be It has even been found particularly more durable if they were powdered beneficial in preserving rearing calves with iron filings and charcoal; but if and young cattle when they have been these rendered the surfaces rough, boven or gorged, and which is gene- they would detain the water, while the rally fatal to a great number of them. tiles, coated like varnish, would let The instrument is of very small ex- it run olf. Lime and tar, fats in pense, and its portability, and the general, whale oil, or dregs of oil, ease by which it may be used by an would be equally adapted to the purindividual, must be considered as re

pose, and still cheaper.” commendations in its favour."

This niethod is further recommended in London, &c. when tiles are

cracked by the frost; the expense is cated to it by other aromatic plants, by no means an object in comparison as chloranthus, olea fragrans, commewith the comfort and advantage of a lina, sesaquaa, Arabian jasmine, and secure roof. Taking coal tar for this curcuma; besides, Florentine orris, use, and calculating for a roof of a which the retailers put at the bottom middling extent, and supposing such of their cannisters. root to require a hundred weight, “ The infusion of tea, made at 700 the tar at 18s. would make the cost or 80o, which is the most usual heat, only two guineas.

does not redden infusion of litmus. Mineral acids evliven the colour when

they dilute, and destroy it when they British INSTITUTION.

are concentrated. Alkalies turn it THIS THIS patriotic Society, with a view brown. It precipitates sulphate of

to ascertain the effect of a gra- iron black, and it coagulates a soludual increase of premiums, have de- tion of glue, Decoction of tea has the termined to add a third prenium of same qualities, and it also lets fall 200 guincas, having superserled their mucilage, on alkohol being added to former notice. The three following it. When the decoction is very strong, premiums are proposed for the pic- it dyes woollens, by the help of a tures of artists resident in the United mordant, of a good nankeen colour. Kingdom, painted this year, and sent A tincture of tea, made with alkohol, to the British Gallery on or before the yields ink with sulphate of iron, and 5th of January, 1811. First, for the contains a large quantity of resin best picture in historical or poetical mixed with extractive matter. llalt composition, 200 guineas : second, for an ounce of tea yielded a drachm and the next best of the same hind, 100 a half of resinous extract. This tine, guineas : and for the next, 50 guineas: ture dyes silk of a fawn colour. Tea the directors reserving to themselves appears to contain extractive matter, the power of withholding either of the mucilage, a large proportion of resin, premiums if they think proper. Any gallic acid, and tannin. The two last picture may, if otherwise worthy, be principles explain the febritage quaexiribited for sale in the gallery for lity assigned to tea by some medical the respective benefit of ihe artists. men. When the leaves of tea, wbich Na artist will be entitled to more thau have been infused, are dried and one premium in the season. Mr. burned at the flanze of a candle, the Graham, the secretary to the institu- edge of the flame is tinged with a 1:011

, will give any further informa- green colour, nevertheless, the ino-t tion, if required.

accurate trials could not discover the

least trace of copper, cither in the French NATIONAL INSTITUTE.

leaves or in their ashes: there were

only found charcoal, iron, and muri. On the Unwholesomeness of Teu.

ate of aluinine, but no pot-ash, so that A

MEMBER has published the if any copper be preseint, it must be

following observations in the too small a proportion to be hurtful. Journal le Physique :-

Supeifine hyson contains the greatest Tea, before it is dried, is of a quantity of gallic acid, then guninore or less tine deep green colour: powder tea, souchong, imperial, als taste is bitter and stiptic. The lysonsekin, green, tohai, peko, and leas that are sold vary in their appear. lastly bohea. ance, as some have passed through “Superfine byson also contains boiling water, and others are only most tannin, then gunpowder tea, imdried. Ju general, imperial tea is perial, and souchong; the other sorts deep green, green tea is pure green, do not contain any. Superfine lyson hyson is blueish green, bohea is yel- is most abundant in resin, then impelowish green, peko is almost black, rial, gunpowder tea, souchong, hysou. gunpowder tea is greyish green, sou- sekin, green, tokai, pouchong, peko, Chiong is reddish. The odour of tea is and lastly bolca. Superfine hyson equally various, and does not belong also contains most extractive matter, iu she plant itself, being, communi. then imperial, gunpowder tea, sous

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chong, hysonsekin, green, tokai, pou. above, that the known aversion of chony, peko, and lastly bohea. Bonaparte to commerce, and his ear

“ Hence it appears, that the teas nest endeavour to provide substitutes which are most carefully prepared for the article hitherto imported into contain most of the astringent and France, were evidently the latent Jesinous principles, and as these teas causes that induced this cheniist to are carefully roasted, it is probable compose this paper, to induce the that the roasting developes these French to forego the use of tea. Hewprinciples. Bohea and peko, which ever much we must, as merchants, deare gathered in May, and have proba- precate this conduct, we cannot but bly been infused in water, before they do justice to the patriotism of its were dried and rolled, contain very author. Although a long course of little astringent matter; but the peko years will probably elapse before these contains so much' mucilage, that its substances will drive the foreign artidecoction draws out in threads, like cles almost entirely out of the shops, that of linseed. For a stiptic and yet, it is evident that the native Euroastringent drink, hyson or gunpowder pean products will, at last, acquire the tea must be used; for a slight tonic, pre-eininence in spite of the great juwithout any astringency, green tea or fluence of the mercantile class." tokai; for an emollient and detersive, bohea or peko. The leaves of tea, when fresh gathered, are of a very disa

With respect to the opinion which grecable bitterness, and have so

the French chemists had formed of

so strong an action upon the nervous system,

Mr. Davy's discoveries, it is not gethat they even occasion delirium: but nerally known that those gentlemen the preparations given to it, and the had questioned the accuracy of the Jength of time it is kept before it is jnferences drawn by Mr. Davy, from used, diminish these deleterious ef- his numerous experiments respecting fects, although perhaps they do not the nature of the alkalies and the always remove them entirely. When earths ; maintaining, that the metallic a ridiculous anglomania had possessed bodies from these substances, in lieu the French people, they adopted the of being simple, as asserted' by Mr. fashion of drinking tea, and immedi. Davy, were compounds of the respec. ately all the fine ladies had the va- tive alkalies and earths with hydropours; the revolution altered lie gen, or, in other words, that the new fashion, and the vapours of the pre

bodies were hydrurets. Of this opisent beauties are now more frequently nion were Gay Lusac, Thenard, Berpretended than real. It would be thollet, and most of the French chemore political to use the herbs of mists. They have now, however, Europe, some of which yield agree changed their opinion, and done jusalle and wholesome beverages; but tice to Mr. Davy. if, however, fashion must have foreign At a meeting of the French National planis, the Spaniards could furnish Institute in the latter end of June, the capraria biflora and the anserina Messrs. Gay Lusac and Thenard read of Mexico; and the Americans, the a notice containing the result of a cassine of the Apalachian mountains; great variety of experiments on the the ceanothus, the monarda of Oswego, new metals; from all of which they the psoralla of the Jesuits; or there conclude, after a most rigorous invesmight be procured from New Holland tigation, that Professor Davy was perthe leptospermo, or the salsaparilla gly- fectly correct in his interences, and ciphylla; but it would be still better with a degree of frankness that does to cultivate, at the Isle of France, the them honour, they have renounced precious ayapana, which is superior they former opinion, that these new to all the different kinds of tea in metals are hydrurets.. scent and every other particular,

It has been observed from the

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