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knowledges useful; we should, in- lity. They are a plodding, laborious stead of losing time in the trifles, race, and know how to turn their mowhich engross the studies of the ney to account. generality of male philosophers, apply ourselves to the observation of Parcurn genus est, patiensque laborum, ourselves and the different objects Quaesitque tenar, et quod quaesita rewhich environ us, in order to find

sercat. out in what they relate to or differ It is, of course, not surprising that from us; and by what applications many opulent persons are to be found they may be beneficial or obnoxious at Flensburg, and especially as they to us and to the end they were given enjoy several particular privileges.us for. Might we not then by this My lodging at Flensburg was extrememeans be boʻh as learned philoso- ly inconvenient. The house was very phers and as abie divines as the me!; large, and had several apartments in as capable of being taught, and as it, but it was so filthy every where successful in teaching, at least, as without exception, that the bad smell they are

made it almost intolerable. I was [To be continued.)

obliged to burn something almost continually in my apartment to obviate

this inconvenience. But, as well as The Literary Life and Travels of the house, the persons with whom I

BARON HOLBERG. Written by were to eat and drink were not the Himself. Ertracted from the most rleanly. Among my table comtin Edition of Leipsick, in 1743. panions there were two persons whose By W. HAMILTON REID. failings were not less laughable than

troublesome. One of them stam[Continued from pr. 19.]

mered very much; and the other, T length, I began to peiceive having no nose, he seemed rather to

that, in consequence of this con- hiss or whistle ihan to speak. It was tinual application to labour and study, not easy to hear either of them withmy health was much impaired. I out laughter or pity; and besides this, therefore formed the resolution to the table was continually surrounded proceed to Aix la Chapelle, to take the by five or six large dogs and cats; benefit of the waters, and actually their barking and inewing nearly discommenced this journey in the spriug tracted me, and made the whole comof 1725. Having been previously pletely intolerable. Upon this acsupplied with a royal pa-sport, I was count I went privately, and enquired in hopes that the motion of riding for accommodation at another lodging would have been of superior service house, telling the landlord all the ditto the warm bath; but I found that, ficulties I had to contend with. I, at at this time of life, notwithstanding I the same time, requested as a favour had always practised the strictest to be taken into his house, as I was temperance, Travelling did me as yet obliged to remain a short time at much harm now as it had done good Flensburyh : but he excused himself, before.

saying he could do no such thing, as The weather this year was uncom- he was liable to answer the complaint, monly raw: in fact, the spring was, if any should be made, by my present in every thing but the time, the re- landlord before the town magistrates. semblance of winter. So siurmy was my hopes baving thus miscarried, I the weather at sea likewise, that, in bad noihing to do but to return to the my passage over from Copenhagen by place from whence I came: here I the Little Beli, I was very bear buing found it necessary to feign an indislost. However, I arrived sätety at positio! merely to have the privilege Hadersleben, where the inhabitanis of eating alone. appear to be very civil and industrious.

At length, I came to Hamburgh, At Flensburg, in Sleswick, I observed and remained some days; but though the people were not so civil in their there are many remurkable inings in reception of trangers ; b'it the Flens- this rich and large city, wibit everal burgers have the character of bein; le perimen, I admone of them, the best economists in the principas excepting M. Fleischer, provost of Altona, my very worthy friend, and table was such as to afford both profit formerly fellow traveller. There are and pleasure. I have partaken of enthree ways that lead from Hamburgh tertainments more costly, but of none to Amsterdam : for instance, one road that I know of with more intellectual leads to Osnaburg, which, on account advantage, so that you may imagine of the length and tediousness of the I left Oldenburg with regret. journey, is called the cow's post; one Travelling from East Frieseland to may also make the passage by water Nencastel is both expensive and difat certain times of the year, or travel ficult; but being once arrived at the by way of Bremen and Oldenburg. 'place last mentioned, the difficulties The latter I chose, and in the course are superseded. Here trechtschuyts, of two days arrived at Bremen, quite or passage boats, may be hired at a wet through with the rain, and nearly very reasonable price, and passengers frozen with cold The wind was generally prefer them when they inlikewise so high, that we were several tend passing the night on board.times afraid of being crushed to pieces The journey is then not only more in our carriage by the trees that we expeditious, but we also avoid the saw torn up by the roots. On ac- inns, the charges of which in Holland count of the severe cold, we were are dear and inconvenient. Large obliged to have a fire made at every towns and good houses are every ina we came to, notwithstanding the where to be found in the Seven Properiod I allude to was the middle of vinces, and even in the houses of the June.

lowest sort of people every thing is The inbabitants of Bremen know very neat and cleanly: this, upon the of no kind of pleasure or enjoyment, whole, pleases the eye better than the but lead a rude and austere kind of mind; for there, as most of the landlife. Here there are no theatrical lords endeavour to turn their out. entertainments, unless at some times houses to an advantage, travellers are of the year they are visited by a few by no means so handsomely accomwretched strollers, who burlesque the modated as in France and Italy. pieces they pretend to perform. The These Dutch out-houses are fitted Bremeners neither pay, nor receive up more like hospitals than othervisits. A man who might wish to wise, the beds being so high that it is pass his life in the midst of society necessary to ascend them by a lad. with the greatest freedom, and with- der. Here a man is turned in to pass out interruption, could not find a the night with all descriptions, and place more to his nind than Bremen. instead of sleeping, he is necessitated It is seldom, indeed, that any thing to keep awake to watch his person like tumult or uproar is heard in these and property. The cleanliness of streets. When I was there, a thief which the Hollanders so much boast, happened to be detected and seized, should be reckoned among the inby which I learned that robbery was conveniences to be met with.-a thing scarcely ever heard of in that Should a person only spit upon the city. Travelling expenses at Bremen floor, or happen to let fall the least and Oldenburgh are very moderate, drop of water imaginable, he is threatprovided people go in small parties; ened as hard by the host as if, forbeing alone, therefore, I was sorry sooth, he had been guilty of some I had taken this route. At Olden- very great misdemeanor, or had polburg I staid some days, and never luted some holy place. passed a short time with greater plea- I have always had the

same opinion sure ; but for this I was obliged to the of Dutch cleanliness. They are expolite reception which I met with act in trifles, and careless in matters from the governor, his excellency M. of greater consequence. They are Schestedt. This gentleman is a stran- always washing their streets, and conger to every kind of pride, and is only tinually neglecting to wash their distinguished by his virtues and his hands. A whole company will eat condescension.

His house was so far out of one dish, and into this make the place of refuge for a number of no scruple of putting their fingers, scholars, that it might have been taken which of course is disgusting to stranfor an academy. The discourse at gers, and especially when, as it often


happens, that sea-faring men are me to Rotterdam. I found him to among them all smeared with pitch be a very worthy man, as he was and tar. But these are people to afterwards my fellow-traveller to whom great respect is paid in Hol- Antwerp; which place, with a good land. There is no nation I pity more wind, we might have reached in than the Dutch. They possess great twelve hours; it being otherwise with riches, and live in poverty: they live, ys, we occupied double the time. as it were, in palaces, and yet want These two cities form a complete elbow room. I was once invited to contrast each with the other.--- At dine with a respectable merchant, Rotterdam every thing is in motion; whose whole entertainment consisted at Antwerp all is still and quiet :-the only of a dish of fish: on this account inhabitants of Rotterdam are rich; I always excused myself when invited those of Antwerp are beggars :-at by others. Certainly these inconve- Antwerp the people are rude and unnieuces are much overbalanced by civil; ai Rotterdam they are well-bemany excellent laws and wholesome haved and polite :-at Rotterdam we regnlations, in consequence of which meet with intellect and religious inpeople from the most distant quarters quiry; at Antwerp we find ignorance are invited to settle here, so that Hol- and superstition. In matters of superland may be looked upon as the com- stition the Brabanters do not yield mon portion of all the inhabitants of to the Italians. Here the city, the

the world. Added to this, the Hol- suburbs, the villages, and even the | Janders are upright and plain dealers. high roads are covered with cloisters,

When my friends at Amsterdam so that you shall more easily meet were acquainted with my intention of with a dead saint than a living man. going to Aix la Chapelle, they were From Antwerp I proceeded to Mechunanimous in advising me to give up len, where, having some time to wait that idea. At length, instead of re- for a carriage, I took a turn about the turning as they advised, I altered my town, and met with a Franciscan purpose of encountering a northern Monk, who accompanied me through winter, and determined to pass the the town and shewed me every part same either at Brussels or at Paris. of the college he inhabited. There The latter being the result of my was a very handsome garden belongchoice, I took a vessel for Rotterdanı ; ing to it; but as every alley in the but neglecting to make myself a cabin same was ornamented with images passenger, I must inform you that I of saints, it was rather unpleasant for was compelled to go among the com- a protestant to walk in it. In their mon passengers. The vessel was then church the life of St. Francis was nearly filled with

sailors just returned painted upon a number of tablets ; from the Indies. Their rude discourse, and here ibe Monk betrayed his igand their songs in particular, disgusted norance in a striking point of view, me almost as much as their smoaking, as, in endeavouring to explain one of which I believe prevented any one these tablets, he observed, here one from seeing a yard before him, and may see how much the boly saint reformed a kind of floating volcano. pented when he renounced the docAs for rest, none was to be had, as irine of Calvinism, which he had forthese gentry formed a resolution, be- merly espoused.". In another pJace fore night, that no person should be the saint was represented as having suffered to close his eyes; accordingly, fallen at his father's feet, who is in when I became sleepy, I was very the act of cudgelling him inost civilly pummeiled by my neighbours, severely. and constrained to continue an un- At Brussels I remained but a few willing witness to their noisy mirth days, and then continued my route and low ribaldry, which, with their towards Paris.

Much disturbance drinking, continued the whole night. then prevailed in this great city on 1, however, reached Rotterdam very account of the high price of bread, much out of order, where I met with which at that time cost ten sols per a French Colonel lately from Spain, pound. An insurrection took place, and whom I found had been a pas- which was not allayed before the senger in the same vessel that brought lives of two of the citizens, rendered

desperate, were lost. About the same in a place where pride and poverty time a pretended miracle was reported go hand in hand, and where even the as having been performed, in the heal- beggars (of that time at least) were ing of a woman who laboured under decorated with gold and silver lace. an uncommon hemorrhage ; but the I did not go to Paris for the purpeople were so intent upon their ob- pose of expending the little that I had ject of procuring bread, that they pour faire honneur a la nation, as the were not to be diverted from it by hosts in the suburbs of St. Germain miracles. I heard a Frenchman ob- are in the habit of telling young serve," that more meat and fewer strangers they ought to do. My miracles would be a very desirable principal view was now to wait there thing."

The reiurn of the proper season of the I took apartments not far from the year for taking me home again. Luxembourg, which neighbourhood I preferred on account of the air, and

[ To be continued.] its proximity to the public gardens ; but, on account of the avenues being AN INTERESTING ANECDOTE OF filled with beggars, it was really

LAVATER. troublesome to walk in them: I could scarcely belp laughing to see

For the Universal Magazine. people, very well

clothed, ranging W HEN the greatest enormities abcut and accosting every person they were every where comnitted met for charity; or to hear people, in Switzerland; when the bayonet, with their hair powdered and their the dungeon, or banishment threatenheads dressed, exclaim “ We perish ed every individual of distinction ; through hunger – we have tasted Lavater boldiy.stood forward and renothing for several days." I once proached the French Directory with met a very well dressed man in these ibeir, crimes; and Schauenberg, at gardens who begged alms of a lady the head of thirty thousand armed passing by, and presently after I saw men, was forced to dissenible bis disibis lady begging of another! Soon pleasure and to apologise in the most after a young woman in a silk gown humiliating manner to a powerless fainted away, and, upon her recovery, individual. When the Helvetic Dic she being carried home, it appeared rectory dragged from the Ten Cantons she lodged in a house with scarcely to the borders of France, or to French any root to it, and that her whole prisons, the most bonourable, peaceJarder consisted of a little cabbage, a able, and venerable men on no other few apples, and some peas. I mention pretext than that of prudential prethese circumstances only that the caution, Lavater preached and wrote reader should judge of the pride and against these enormities, accusing the the poverty of this nation. The beg- government and sometimes the guilty gars themselves are so well clad, that individuals, and no one dared, for a they are only to be distinguished long time, even to reproach him for from the rich by their pale and neagre it ; till at last, on the total subversion faces. It is also very easy here to of all law and justice, the Directory mistake a fencing master, a player, seized also on him. Wherever be or a dancing-master for a marquis. went, however, the people bid their And when I first saw a shoe-maker, faces, and the oficers of justice felt a currier, &c. I could easily have been appalled in his presence; and though made to believe them burgomasters he was the holdest opponent of these of members of the corporation. Even violent measures, he was by much some of the women at Paris dress the most gently handled, and the first upon a par with the ladies of the that was set at liberty. When the court in Denmark. I cannot say but Wrench,a second time entered Zurich, that this mode of dressing gave me he wrote again against the Helvetic some uneasiness ; for, tho' I thought Directory with the greatest effect; myself beyond decent, I found that yet he was more than ever honoured the French could with difficulty by all parties. He was visited ty feckon me among the honettes gens. Moreau and the whole French staff Indeed this was a matter of difficulty when he was reproaching thein with

the futility of their pretences for con- How much superior to the pomp of tinuing the war; and when he died, a courtly eloge, to all the well-turned the whole of the French officers re- periods of a Flechier. quested permission to attend his funeral. “I live and die," said be to those who attempted to persuade him REMARKS on the MIGRATION of of the inutility of his efforts to pre

BIRDS and INSECTS. perbehet me writion Director's feam api I the Yehbeen informed.hebat

when live and die, my friends, in the con- Kent were first fitted up with reflectviction that the voices of twenty or ing lamps, the people who watched thirty honest men, devoid of fear, in them have caught sixty dozen of and whose conduct is irreproachable, birds during the night, by their flying would be sufficiently an object of re. against the glass, and falling down, spect, and even of fear, 'to compel This remarkable information Jed me five men to more moderate measures, to conclude that they were birds of who have calculated upon a general passage, either emigrating from or silence, without having as yet given any Hying to onr coast from the Continent, decisive proofs either of vigour or of and that, being allured by the brilpersonal intrepidity. Ofriends, there is liancy of the light, they directed their no longer any belief in the world in the flight to that point. I requested to power of truth and of fortitude. The have a list of such birds as they were old and venerable belief in God, and acquainted with, and they sent me the support of God in a just cause, the names of such as they knew; they has disappeared.” To those who pru. are as follow, viz. - the lark, the dently, as they thought, consulted redwing, the woodcock, the snipe, their personal security, and charged the widgeon, the teal, the duck of him with seeking the crown of mar- different species, the coot, the fieldtyrdom," I seek no such thing," said fare, the partridge, the blackbird, the he; “I hold fast to rectitude, to thrush, the starling, the woodpecker, truth, to my duty, and my conviction, the bittern, the dove, the whitethroat, without anxiety for the consequences and the quail. There were many that may, eventually follow. The others which they were unacquainted prudential anticipation of what may with. Some of the birds emigrate in happen when we do what ought to large flights, while others arrive in be done, is the beginning of all

weak- small detachments. ness, of all infidelity towards ourselves The goldfinches, like the swallows, and towards our duty. I run after no congregate on the shores; and I have crown of martyrdom ; for my huma- known a person catch one hundred nity, my flesh, my nature and orga- and twenty in forty-eight hours. nization tremble at it. I suffered too The larks, and some other birds, much at the expatriation of my fellow- are an exception; for they arrive a citizens, to have the smallest relish my- few at a time, at all hours of the day, self for such an expatriation. Ob! he from the morning till the evening, who lives in the harmless circle of a and may be seen approaching the beloved and loving family, in the shore in the autumn and during the circle of the noblest, of the wisest, winter. The swallows are sometimes and of the warmest friends : he who seen to congregate in large numbers is called to the head of a numerous on the coast, where they wait for an flock, by whom he is looked up to opportunity to take their departure, with reverence: he who prefers to as most of the birds in a long flight live in the element of a righteous and generally fly against the wind. dutiful freedom, must be indeed When scientific men begin to deprived of all reason, to long for a make observations, they will perhaps removal—God knows where, a sepa- find reason to conclude that several ration from all —God knows how species of insects migrate as well as long.""

birds; that they sometimes visit us If ihere be a man who can hear, from parts very distant; and that they without emotion, language like this, can keep on the wing much longer his feelings are not to be enyied. -- than it is generally expected: but re

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