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act of hostility army and navy Atlantic attack battleship belligerent bishops and clergy bombard Britain British Bunau-Varilla Canal be Fortified Canal Zone commanding the entrances Congressional Record Convention of Constantinople cost Elihu Root enemy February fortifica Fortify the Canal Fortify the Panama forts free and open Government Granada guns Hague Conference Hay-Pauncefote Treaty Hernando de Soto hostile fleet Independent International Law Isthmus of Panama Japan Journal des Débats Journal of International land lapse Lord Pauncefote maintaining the Canal marine miles ment military nations observing naval force naval power necessary Neutralize the Canal observing these rules Panama Canal policy of neutralization possession possible protect the canal question Republic of Panama Review of Reviews right to fortify Senator Money ships shore strategic importance strategic value Suez Canal Tawney tect the canal territory thru the canal tification tion treaty obligations undefended unfortified United Warren Keifer warships waterway World To-Day
第 15 頁 - The canal shall be free and open to the vessels of commerce and of war of all nations observing these rules, on terms of entire equality, so that there shall be no discrimination against any such nation, or its citizens or subjects, in respect of the conditions or charges of traffic, or otherwise. Such conditions and charges of traffic shall be just and equitable.
第 27 頁 - If it should become necessary at any time to employ armed forces for the safety or protection of the Canal, or of the ships that make use of the same, or the railways and auxiliary works, the United States shall have the right, at all times and in its discretion, to use its police and its land and naval forces or to establish fortifications for these purposes.
第 13 頁 - Rules as vessels of war of the belligerents. 4. No belligerent shall embark or disembark troops, munitions of war, or warlike materials in the canal, except in case of accidental hindrance of the transit, and in such case the transit shall be resumed with all possible dispatch. 5. The provisions of this Article shall apply to waters adjacent to the canal, within 3 marine miles of either end.
第 16 頁 - ... 6. The plant, establishments, buildings, and all works necessary to the construction, maintenance, and operation of the canal shall be deemed to be part thereof, for the purposes of this Treaty, and in time .of war, as in time of peace, shall enjoy complete immunity from attack or injury by belligerents, and from acts calculated to impair their usefulness as part of the canal "ARTICLE IV.
第 16 頁 - The Canal, when constructed, and the entrances thereto shall be neutral in perpetuity, and shall be opened upon the terms provided for by Section I of Article three of, and in conformity with all the stipulations of, the treaty entered into by the Governments of the United States and Great Britain on November 18, 1901.
第 15 頁 - ... 3. Vessels of war of a belligerent shall not revictual nor take any stores in the canal except so far as may be strictly necessary; and the transit of such vessels through the canal shall be effected with the least possible delay in accordance with the regulations in force, and with only such intermission as may result from the necessities of the service.
第 14 頁 - Granada, by the present stipulation, the perfect neutrality of the before-mentioned isthmus, with the view that the free transit from the one to the other sea may not be interrupted or embarrassed in any future time while this treaty exists; and, in consequence, the United States also guarantee, in the same manner, the rights of sovereignty and property which New Granada has and possesses over the said territory.
第 32 頁 - The Suez Maritime Canal shall always be free and open, in time of war as in time of peace, to every vessel of commerce or of war, without distinction of flag.
第 15 頁 - Prizes shall be in all respects subject to the same rules as vessels of war of the belligerents. "4. No belligerent shall embark or disembark troops, munitions of war, or warlike materials in the canal, except in case of accidental hindrance of the transit, and in such case the transit shall be resumed with all possible dispatch.