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VI. As for those wicked and ungodly men, whom God as a righteous judge, for former sins, doth blind and harden," from them he not only withholdeth his grace, whereby they might have been enlightened in their understandings, and wrought upon in their hearts; but sometimes also withdraweth the gifts which they had, and exposeth them to such objects as their corruption makes occasion of sin; and withal, gives them over to their own lusts, the temptations of the world, and the power of Satan : whereby it comes to pass, that they harden themselves, even under those means which God useth for the softening of others.b
VI. w Rom. i. 24. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness, through the lusts of their own hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves. Ver. 26. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature. Ver. 28. And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to areprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient. Rom. xi. 7. What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for, but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded. Ver. 8. (According as it is written, God hath given them the spirit of slumber, eyes that they should not see, and ears that they should not hear,) unto this day.
x Deut. xxix. 4. Yet the Lord hath not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day.
Matth. xiii. 12. For whosever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath Matt. xxv 29. For unto every one that hath shall be given, and he shall have abundance: but from him that hath not, shall be taken away even that which
z Deut. ii: 30 But Sihon king of Heshbon would not let us pass by him; for the Lord thy God hardened his
spirit, and made his heart obstinate, that he might deliver him into thy hand, as appeareth this day. 2 Kings viii. 12. And Hazael said, Why weepeth my Lord? And he answered, Because I know the evil that thou wilt do unto the children of Israel: their strong holds wilt thou set on fire, and their young men wilt thou slay with the sword, and wilt dash their children, and rip up their women with child. Ver. 13. And Hazael said, But what! is thy servant a dog, that he should do this great thing? And Elisha answered, The Lord hath shewed me that thou shalt be king over Syria.
a Psal. lxxxi. 11. But my people would not hearken to my voice, and Israel would none of me. Ver 12. So I gave them up unto their own hearts' lust; and they walked in their own counsels. 2 Thess. ii. 10. And with all deceivableness of unrighteousness in them that perish; because they received not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. Ver. 11. And for this cause God shall send them strong delusion, that they should believe a lie ; V. 12. That they all might be damned who believed not the truth, but had pleasure in unrighteousness.
b Exod. vii. 3. And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply my signs and my wonders in the land of Egypt. With Exod. viii. 15. But when Pharoah saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the Lord
VII. As the providence, of God doth, in general, reach to all creatures; so, after a most special manner, it taketh care of his church, and disposeth all things to the good thereof.
CHAP. VI. Of the Fall of Man, of Sin, and of the Punishment thereof.
UR first parents being seduced by the subtilty and temptation of Satan, sinned in eating the forbidden
had said. V. 32. And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, nei ther would he let the people go. 2. Cor. ii. 15. For we are unto God a sweet savour of Christ, in them that that are saved, and in them that perish. Ver. 16. To the one we are the savour of death unto death, and to the other the savour of life unto life; and who is sufficient for these things? Isa. viii. 14. And he shall be for a sanctuary: but for a stone of stumbling, and for a rock of offence, to both the houses of Israel; for a gin, and for a snare, to the inhabitants of Jerusalem. 1 Pet. ii. 7. Unto you therefore which believe he is precious but unto them which be disobedient, the stone which the builders disallowed, the same is made the head of the corner. Ver. 8. And a stone of stumbling, and a rock of offence, even to them which stumble at the word, being disobedient; whereunto also they were appointed. Isa. vi. 9. And he said, Go and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not. Ver. 10. Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed. With Acts xxviii. 26. Saying, Go unto this people, and say, Hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and not perceive. V. 27. For the heart of this people is waxed gross,
and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes have they closed; lest they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them.
VII. c 1 Tim. iv. 10. For therefore we both labour, and suffer reproach, because we trust in the living God, who is the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe. Amos ix. 8. Behold, the eyes of the Lord God are upon the sinful kingdom, and I will destroy it from off the face of the earth; saving that I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob, saith the Lord. Ver. 9. For, lo, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth, Rom. viii. 28. And we know that all things work together for good to them that love God, to them who are the called according to his purpose, Isa. xliii. 3. For I am the Lord thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Sa viour: I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee. Ver 4, Since thou wast precious in my sight, thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee; therefore will I give men for thee, and people for thy life. Ver, 5. Fear not; for I am with thee: I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west. Ver. 14. Thus saith the Lord, your Redeemer, the Holy One of Israel, For your sake I have sent to Babylon, and have
fruit. This their sin, God was pleased, according to his wise and holy counsel, to permit, having purposed to order it to his own glory b.
II. By this sin they fell from their original righteousness, and communion with God, and so became dead in sin a, and wholly defiled in all the faculties and parts of soul and body. III. They being the root of all mankind, the guilt of this sin was imputed, and the same death in sin and corrupted
brought down all their nobles, and the Chaldeans, whose cry is in the ships. I. a Gen. iii. 13. And the Lord God said unto the woman, What is this that thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled, me, and I did eat. 2 Cor. xi. 3. But I fear, lest by any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.
6 Rom. xi. 32. For God hath concluded them all in unbelief, that he might have mercy upon all.
II. c Gen. iii. 6. And when the wo man saw that the tree was good for food and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise; she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat. Ver. 7. And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that they were naked: and they sewed fig-leaves together, and made themselves aprons! Ver. 8. And they heard the voice of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God amongst the trees of the garden. Eccl. vii. 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions. Rom. iii. 23. For all have sinned, and come short of the glory of God.
d Gen. ii. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die. Eph. ii. 1. And you hath he quickened, who were dead in trespasses and sins. ℗ Tit.i. 15. Unto the pure all things
are pure: but unto them that are de filed and unbelieving is nothing pure, but even their mind and conscience is defiled. Gen. vi. 5. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually, Jer. xvii. 9. The heart is deceitful above all things, and desperately wicked, who can know it? Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: Ver. 11. There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God: Ver. 12. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofirable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. Ver. 13. Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; the poison of asps is under their lips: Ver. 14. Whose mouth is full of cursing and bitterness: Ver 15. Their feet are swift to shed blood: Ver. 16. Destruction and misery are in their ways: Ver. 17. And the way of peace have they not known: Ver. 18. There is no fear of God before their eyes.
III. f Gen. i. 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him: male and female created he them. Ver. 28. And God blessed them; and God said unto them, Be fruitful, and multiply and replenished the earth, and subdue it: and have dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over every living thing that moveth upon the earth. And Gen. ii. 16. And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, Of every tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: Ver. 17. But of the tree of the knowledge of goodE
nature conveyed to all their posterity, descending from them by ordinary generation 8.,
IV. From this original corruption, whereby we are utterly. indisposed, disabled, and made opposite to all good", and wholly inclined to all evili, do proceed all actual transgressions*.
and evil thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof, thou shalt surely die. And Acts xvii. 26. And hath made of one blood all nations of men, for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and hath determined the times before appointed, and the bounds of their habitation. With Rom. v. 12. Wherefore, as by one. man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned. Ver. 15. But not as the offence, so also is the free gift. For if through the offence of one many be dead; much more the grace of God, and the gift by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto many. Ver 16. And not as it was by one that sinned, so is the gift for the judgment was by one to condemnation; but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. Ver. 17. For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace, and of the gift of righteousness, shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ. Ver. 18. Therefore, as by the offence of one, judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so, by the righ teousness of one, the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. Ver. 19. For as by one man's disobe dience many were made sinners; so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous. And 1 Cor. xv 21. For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead. Ver. 22. For as in Adam all die, even so in Christ shall all be made alive. * Ver. 45. And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul, the last Adam was made a quick ening spirit. V. 49. And as we have borne the image of the earthy, we shall also bear the image of the heavenly,
g Psal. li. 5. Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me. Gen. v. 3. And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image, and called his name Seth. Job xiv. 4. Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? not one. Job xv. 14 What is man, that he should be clean and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous?
IV. b Rom. v. 6. For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. Rom. viii 7. Because the carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. Rom. vii. 18. For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which. is good I find not. Col. i. 21. And you that were sometime alienated, and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath he reconciled.
i Gen. vi. 5. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. Gen. viii. 21. And the Lord smelled a sweet savour; and the Lord said in his heart, I will not again, curse the ground any more for man's sake; for the imagination of man's heart is evil from his youth: neither will I again smite any more every thing living, as I have done. Rom. iii. 10. As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: Ver. 11. There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. Ver. 12. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable, there is none that doeth good, no, not one.
k James i. 14. But every man is tempted, when he is drawn away of his own lust, and enticed. Ver. 15.
V. This corruption of nature, during this life doth remain in those that are regenerated: and although it be through Christ pardoned and mortified, yet both itself, and all the motions thereof, are truly and properly sin ".
VI. Every sin, both original and actual, being a transgression of the righteous law of God, and contrary thereunto", doth, in its own nature, bring guilt upon the sinner, whereby he is bound over to the wrath of God, and curse
Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin; and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death. Eph. ii. 2. Wherein in time past ye walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit that now worketh in the children of disobedience. Ver. 3. Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind; and were by nature the children of wrath, even as others. Matt. xv. 19. For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies.
V. 1 John i. 8. If we say that we have no sin, we deceive ourselves, and the truth is not in us. Ver. 10. If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us. Rom vi. 14. For we know that the law is spiritual: but I am carnal, sold under sin Ver 17. Now then, it is no more I that do it, but sin that dwelleth in me. Ver. 18. For I know that in me (that is, in my flesh) dwelleth no good thing: for to will is present with me; but how to perform that which is good I find not. Ver. 23. But I see another law in my members warring agamst the law of my mind, and bring ing me into captivity to the law of sin which is in my members. James iii, 2. For in many things we offend all, If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man, and able also to bridle the whole body. Prov. xx. 9. Who can say, I have made my heart clean, I am pure from my sin? Eccl. vii. 20. For there is not a just man upon earth, that doeth good, and sin neth not.
m Rom. vii. 5. For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death. Ver. 7. What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law; for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet, Ver. 8. But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence. For without the law sin was dead. Ver. 25. I thank God, through Jesus Christ our Lord. So then with the mind I myself serve the law of God; but with the flesh the law of sin. Gal. v. 17. For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh and these are contrary the one to the other; so that ye cannot do the things that ye would
VI. n 1 John iii. 4. Whosoever committeth sin transgresseth also the law: for sin is the transgression of the law.
o Rom. ii. 15. Which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their conscience also bearing witness, and their thoughts the mean while accusing, or else excusing one another. Rom. iii. 9, What then? are we better than they? No, in no wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin. Ver. 19. Now we know that what things soever the law saith, it saith to them who are under the law: that every mouth may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God.
p. Eph. ii. 3. Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past, in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind