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vouchers have been received, and his accounts adjusted at the proper office of the treasury.

I have only to state, with reference to your bill for travelling expenses, as bearer of despatches from Panama to Washington, that it is inadmissible, and cannot be allowed. Your employment in that character was neither warranted by the instructions of Mr. Buchanan to the commissioner, nor by the usages of the department in such cases. I am, sir, respectfully, your obedient servant,

JNO. M. CLAYTON. C. L. WELLER, Esq.x Washington, D. C.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, November 21, 1849. Str: Your letter of the 15th of September last has been received. I learn from it, with regret, that you wish to be relieved from your duties as astronomer and topographical engineer in connexion with the commission on the part of the United States for marking the boundary, pursuant to the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Your clains and peculiar aptitude for that service were so generally acknowledged, that there was every reason to hope you might not be severed from the commission until the close of the business confided to it. Entertaining no doubt, however, that the reasons to which you allude are sound, and that the public will derive advantage from your employment in any other professional duty which may be assigned to you, your request is acceded to; and, in a letter of this date, I have requested the Secretary of War to designate your successór. In regard to the civil assistants to whom you refer, it is presumed that it would be best for them to remain, with a view to aid your successor in the discharge of his duties, I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient şervant,

JNO. M. CLAYTON. Brevet Major W. H. EMORY,

T'opographical Engineers, San Diego, California.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE,

Washington, November 28, 1849. Sir: The letter addressed to you by this department, under date of the 21st instant, has been detained for the purpose of being sent by the officer whom the Secretary of War might appoint as your successor. It appears, however, from the communication of Mr. Crawford, of this date, a copy of which is enclosed, that the order for your relief which had been requested of him would be so greatly inconvenient to the military service, that he deems himself constrained to deny the request. Under these circumstances, it is hoped that you will continue to discharge the duties of com. mander to the escort and chief astronomer to the commission with the same fidelity, and ability by which you have attained your high professional and personal character. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JNO. M. CLAYTON. Brevet Major W. H. EMORY,

Topographical Engineers, San Diego, California.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Washington, December 17, 1849. Sir: In a communication from yourself to Col. 'John B. Weller, United States commissioner, under date of June 28, 1849, reference is made to a letter from said commissioner, dated at Panama, May 15, 1849, and received at your department June 27, 1849. As no such letter appears among the papers transferred by you to this department, I have to request that you will transmit the same to me, at your earliest convenience. Very respectfully, &c.,

T. EWING. Hon. John M. CLAYTON,

Secretary of State.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Washington, December 19, 1849. Sir: I have the honor to transmit to you the enclosed duplicate of a com'munication to the Hon. John B. Weller, and to request that, in accord. ance with the terms of the same, you will at once receive and take care of all the books, papers, and other property, which he is therein directed to turn over to you. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

T. EWING Major W. H. Emory,

San Diego, California.

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DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Washington, December 19, 1849. Sir: The direction of the commission for running and marking the boundary line between the United States and Mexico having been transterred to this department, I have to inform you, in case, on the receipt of this, Colonel Fremont shall not have entered upon duty as your successor, that your services are no longer required in said commission; and to request that you will immediately turn over to Major W. H. Emory all the books, papers, and other property in your possession belonging to the United States and pertaining to the boundary service; for which you will take receipt in duplicate, the one to be forwarded to this department, and the other to be preserved by yourself.

You were advised by the Secretary of State, under date of the 26th of June last, that, on account of your failure to comply with your instructions to render to the Fifth Auditor quarterly accounts of your expenditures, with the necessary vouchers, payment of your drafts was suspended. As this barrier to payment still exists, I desire to call your attention to the importance of an early adjustment of your accounts. I have the honor to be, &c.,

T. EWING. Hon. John B. WELLER,

San Diego, California.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Washington, December 20, 1849. SIR: Your communication of the 15th, addressed to the Secretary of State, has been transmitted to this department for answer. You were advised by the Secretary of State, under. date of July 20, 1849, that the payment of the drafts of John B. Weller, United States com missioner, had beeir suspended ; and I need only to remark that the reasons which induced the suspension, and which were set forth to you, still exist in full force. As to your application for pay on account of your salary as a subaltern in the commission, I have to state that it should be made to the commissioner, he being charged with the disbursement of the appropriation made by Congress for the boundary service. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

T. EWING C. L. WELLER, Esq., Present.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Washington, December 28, 1849. Sir: I have received your communication of the 24th instant, and have to state, in reply, that in the official instructions given by the Department of State to commissioner Weller, under date of January 24th, 1849, he was required to keep a regular account of the expenses of the commission, and to render and transmit the same quarterly, with the necessary vouchers, to the Fifth Auditor for settlement. The amount received by Mr. Weller, prior to July 20, 1849,

in a payment in advance and accepted drafts drawn on the Department of State, was....

$33,325 00 Vouchers in support of his disbursements had been received

(only a part of which have been passed by the Fifth Auditor) for......

24,849 32 Leaving overpaid and wholly unaccounted for a balance of 8,475 68

Under these circumstances, you were apprized, July 20, 1849, that further payment of Mr. Weller's drafts would be refused until his vouchers were received and his accounts adjusted at the proper office of the Treasury. As no additional vouchers or accounts have yet been received from him, I must still decline to make additional payments. I desire, however, to express the hope that Mr. Weller will, by an early settlement, enable the department to meet all the lawful expenses of the commission.

It is understood that you consider yourself officially connected with the commission, under an appointment from the late commissioner. But, the department being unable to perceive that you have rendered or can render any aid in the execution of the duty required of this commission by a protracted residence in this city, your services will be no further required therein. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

T. EWING C. L. WELLER, Esq., present.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Washington, January 8, 1850. Sir: Mr. John B. Weller having been relieved from duty as head of the commission to survey the boundary line between the United States and Mexico, and the direction of said commission having therefore fallen temporarily upon you, I have to request that the persons employed on the work may be reduced to the lowest number consistent with the proper, though economical, management of the business confided to you, by the discharge of all such as are not indispensable to the proper perfornance of the work, and whose services can, therefore, be dispensed with without detriment. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

T. EWING, Secretary. Maj. Wm. H. EMORY,

San Diego, California. The number of surveyors ought not to exceed three; and in reducing your force, you will have a view to the suggestions of Col. Abert and Lieut. Col. McClellan, a copy of which is enclosed.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Washington, January 9, 1850. Sır: I have to request that you will, as early as may be practicable, furnish this department a statement, showing

1st. The names of all persons employed by the late commissioner, Mr. Weller, on the Mexican boundary, their compensation and duties respectively

2d. The names of all such as you may discharge in pursuance of my letter of yesterday, their compensation and duties.

3d. The names, compensation, and duties of all persons who may compose the commission after its reduction by you.

You will also keep the department advised of whatever changes may from time to time be made. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

T. EWING, Secretary. Maj. Wm. H. EMORY,

San Diego, California.

No. 3.

Correspondenee with agents and officers of the United States in California

and New Mexico.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Office of Indian Affairs, January 11, 1850. Sır: In compliance with the directions in your letter of the 3d instant, I have the honor to transmit, herewith, a copy of all the correspondence

that has been had between this office and “any agent of the

any agent of the government of the United States in California or New Mexico." Respectfully, your obedient servant,

ORLANDO BROWN. Hon. THOMAS EWING,

Secretary of the Interior.

DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR,

Office of Indian Affairs, April 7, 1849. Sir: I have the honor to enclose, herewith, a commission constituting you Indian agent at Salt Lake, California, to include the Indians at or in the vicinity of that place, and any others that may hereafter be designated by this department.

Your compensation will be at the rate of $1,500 per annum, in full of salary and all emoluments whatever, to commence as soon after the execution of your bond as a notification can reach the person now holding the appointment and receiving the salary, advising him of the change which has been made in the location of the agency, and of the discon. liquance of his service and salary.

I enclose, also, the forın of a bond to be executed by you, in the penal sum of $5,000, with two or more sureties, whose sufficiency must be certified by a United States district judge or district attorney.

So little is known here of the condition and situation of the Indians in that region that no specific instructions relative 10 them can be given at present; and the department relies on you to furuish it with such statistical and other information as will give a just and full understanding of every particular relating to them-embracing the names of the tribes, their locations, the distance between the tribes, the probable extent of territory owned or claimed by each respectively, and the tenure by which they hold or claim it; their manners and habits ; thoir disposition and feelings towards the United States, Mexico, and whites generally, and towards each other; whether hostile or otherwise; whether the several tribes speak different languages, and, when different, the apparent analo. gies between them; and, also, what laws and regulations for their government are necessary, and how far the law regulating trade and intercourse with the Indian tribes (a copy of which I enclose) will, if extended over that country, properly apply to the Indians there, and to the trade and intercourse with them, and what modification, if any, will be required to produce the greatest degree of efficiency.

You are authorized to employ one interpreter permanently, by the year, and such others, from time to time, as you may find necessary in the discharge of your duties. As the law limits the compensation of interpreters to $300 per annum, that amount cannot be exceeded; but, in the case of those employed temporarily, you will engage their services on the best terms you can, and employ them for as short periods and as seldom as possible consistent with a proper discharge of your duties. You will be allowed a horse for yourself and one for your interpreter, to be held as public property, and accounted for as such.

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