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men to the Atlantic coast by a vessel-of-war, and, if so, if there will be or not any objection to their being thus sent?

I have the honor to be, commodore, very respectfully, your obedient servant.

HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DEPARTMENT,

Monterey, California, May 18, 1849. MAJOR: Your communications of the 12th instant have been received and submitted to the commanding general, and I enclose in another package order No. 21, establishing the expresses connecting the military stations in this department.

The general desires that this arrangement should go into effect on the first of next month, if the necessary arrangements can be made in time.

Orders go up by this mail, through Captain Halleck, for the transfer of $100,000 from the military contribution fund. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

E. R. S. CANBY,

Assistant Adjutant General. Major E. H. FITZGERALD,

Assistant Quartermaster U. S. A., San Francisco.

HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DEPARTMENT,

Monterey, California, May 20, 1849. MAJOR: Your communication of May 2 has been received and sub. mitted to the commanding general, who is greatly surprised and disappointed in finding that the supplies ordered to San Diego in February and March last have not reached you. Orders were sent to assistant quartermaster at San Francisco to despatch a vessel with supplies for your command immediately. The supplies landed at San Pedro, and those to be sent to Los Angeles from that place, will also be transferred to your post; and, with this view, the general has instructed Major Fitzgerald to place the vessel sent down at the disposal of your quartermaster until the transfer of these supplies is completed. The articles required by Captain Lyon have been ordered, and will be sent from San Francisco. A small supply of lumber will also be sent down for your immediate wants. Requisitions for supplies should be sent to this office for the consideration and action of the commanding general; and you will please instruct your quartermaster to make an estimate in detail of all the supplies that are necessary for the comfort of your command. It is not intended that any permanent structures should be erected at San Diego until the position for a permanent fortification has been determined upon; and the improvements to be made at San Diego will at present be limited to such alterations and repairs in the quarters occupied by your command as may be necessary for the health and comfort of the troops. Very respectfully, major, your obedient servant,

E. R. S. CANBY, ..

Assistant Adjutaut General. Major S. P. HEINTZELMAN,

Second Infantry, commanding, foc., &c., San Diego.

HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DEPARTMENT,

Monterey, California, May 20, 1849. Sir: I enclose an extract from department orders No. 16, of the 8th instant, by which you will see that your company is to be stationed at a new post to be established near the main crossing of the San Joaquin river; and the commanding general directs that you make, as soon as possible, the necessary arrangements for abandoning San Luis Rey and moving your company to the post above referred to. The public property at your post will be sent to San Diego; and your company property not needed on the march will be packed and sent to that place for transportation to San Francisco, from which place it will be forwarded to you. Means of transportation will be greatly needed at San Diego; and the general directs that you turn over to the quartermaster at that place all now in your possession, except such as may be absolutely necessary for the transportation of the supplies and baggage needed on your march to this place. Tents and other articles of camp and garrison equipage will be supplied you from San Francisco; and you will please make your requisition by the return of this express, in order that it may be sent to Stockton by the time your company reaches this place. Your requisition should be sent to this office for the orders of the commanding general. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

ED. R. S. CANBY,

Assistant Adjutant General. Lieutenant C. J. L. Wilson,

First Dragoons, commanding, 8c., Soc., San Luis Rey.

HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DEPARTMENT,

Monterey, California, May 21, 1849. CAPTAIN: Your communication in relation to the want of supplies at San Diego has been received and submitted to the commanding general; and I am instructed to say in reply that a vessel has been ordered from San Francisco to your post with the supplies you require. The supplies now at San Pedro, and those to be sent from Los Angeles, will be transferred to San Diego. Major Fitzgerald has been instructed to place the vessel sent down with supplies at your disposal until the transfer of the stores from San Pedro is completed.

The post at San Luis Rey will be abandoned; and the commanding officer has been instructed to send the public property at that place to San Diego. He will also send such of his company property as will not be needed on the march to this place to San Diego, for shipment to San Francisco. You will please forward it by the first opportunity to the quartermaster at that place.

The means of transportation at Los Angeles and San Luis Rey, except such as will be absolutely necessary on the march of the company to this place, will be sent to San Diego. It is not known what amount of transportation is on hand at those places; but it is hoped it will be sufficient to meet the wants of the service in that respect. The list of articles sent by you to Lieutenant Tully has been forwarded to the quartermaster at San Francisco, with instructions to furnish them. Very respectfully, captain, your obedient servant,

ED. R. S. CANBY,

Assistant Adjutant General. Captain N. LYON,

Acting Assistant Quartermaster, &c., San Diego.

HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DEPARTMENT,

Monterey, California, May 21, 1849. MAJOR: In consequence of the failure of supplies to reach San Diego, the commanding general directs that the property ordered from Los Angeles to San Pedro, there to be embarked for San Francisco, be now sent to San Diego.

If this communication should reach you before leaving Los Angeles, you are desired to give any directions that may be necessary to effect this object. Very respectfully, major, your obedient servant,

E. R. S. CANBY,

Assistant Adjutant General. Major L. P. GRAHAM,

2d Dragoons, commanding, Los Angeles, fc.

HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DEPARTMENT,

Monterey, California, May 21, 1849. CAPTAIN: The commanding general has learned from San Diego that the supplies ordered from San Francisco to that place in February and March last have not been received; and in consequence he now directs that the property ordered from Los Angeles to San Pedro be embarked for San Diego, instead of San Francisco, as then directed.

The supplies recently sent to San Pedro by the Olya will also be transferred to San Diego; and the general desires that you make, before leaving for this place, such arrangements for facilitating the shipment of this property as may be in your power.

A vessel has been ordered from San Francisco to San Diego with supplies, and, after discharging her cargo, will be employed in the transfer of the property above referred to.

Company E, 1st dragoons, has been ordered to the placer, and will pass through this place. If you should not be able to leave before that time, it may be more convenient to come up with the company than alone. The steamer Oregon will touch at San Diego about the 5th of next month, and the Panama about a fortnight later. Very respectfully, captain, your obedient servant,

ED. R. S. CANBY,

Assistant Adjutant General. Captain E. R. Kam, Asst. Quartermaster U. S. Army,

Los Angeles, California.

HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DEPARTMENT,

Monterey, California, June 1, 1849. MAJOR: The general commanding the department wishes to send by the express which leaves for the south on the 8th instant, the orders, &c., now in the hands of the printer at San Francisco; and if an express should not leave your place on the 4th instant, as directed in department orders No. 21, he directs that one be sent through on the 5th, in order to connect with that going south from this place. The express for San Diego will be detained until the arrival of yours from San Francisco Very respectfully, major, your obedient servant,

ED. R. S. CANBY,

Assistant Adjutant General. Major E. H. FITZGERALD,

Asst. Quartermaster U. S. Army, San Francisco.

HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DEPARTMENT,

Monterey, California, June 2, 1849. Sir: The commanding general has received authentic information of the murder of several citizens of this Territory by Indians, on or near the river Los Reyes, and he in consequence directs, that after reaching the mission of San Miguel, you proceed with your company by the pass leading to the valley of the San Joaquin; froin that place to the river above indicated, for the purpose of securing these murderers, or the perpetrators of any other outrages that may have been committed in that part of the country.

Some of the persons murdered are understood to be residents of San Luis Obispo, or its vicinity. They belonged to the Mr. Garner of this place, and it is probable that you may gain some useful information from the friends or relations of these persons, as you pass through San Luis Obispo.

The general directs that no exertions be spared in ferreting out these murderers, and if unsuccessful in your efforts, that you seize the chief or head men of the tribe or rancheria to which they belonged, and conduct them with you to the point at which your company is to be stationed. From Los Reyes you will proceed by the valley of the San Joaquin to the neighborhood of Stockton, where you will find, and report to, Major Mil. ler, in accordance with the instructions heretofore sent you.

The result of your expedition will be reported promptly, for the information of the commanding general.

I enclose, for your information and government, extracts from the instructions heretofore issued in relation to intercourse with Indians. In accordance with these, it will be your duty to investigate the circumstances connected with any outrages of which you may be advised on your march down the San Joaquin, to seize the offenders, if possible, and to hold them until you receive the orders of the general.

Your baggage will be sent, under a small escort, to this place, to be forwarded to Stockton, and arrangements made at San Luis Obispo or San Miguel, as you may find most advantageous, for the transportation, on pack mules, of such subsistence as may be needed on your march.

The general desires that you will collect and report any information that may be useful with regard to these Indians—their numbers and haunts the best position for the establishment of troops to operate against them, &c., &c.

Copies of this letter and the enclosed papers will be sent to the care of the alcaldes of San Luis Obispo and San Miguel, for fear that the express rider may miss you on his route down. Very respectfully, sir, your obedient servant,

'E.R, S. CANBY,

Assistant Adjutant Gencral. First Lieut. C. J. L. Wilson,

First Dragoons. .

HEADQUARTERS TENTH MILITARY DEPARTMENT,

Monterey, California, June 2, 1849. Sir: I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt, last evening, of your communication of May 23. I regret very much that any misconception should have arisen with regard to the organization of the division staff, especially as it has already been productive of serious embarrass. ments to the public service, and great mortification to myself. It is due, however, to myself to state that, until the receipt of your communication, no instructions, either written or verbal, had been received of the charges you assume to have been made, nor were they at all anticipated.

The senior quartermaster is still borne upon my returns, and the orders (not requisitions) sent to him, and to his successor, who stands in precisely the same position, by Colonel Mason and myself, were issued in the belief, then and now entertained, that they were still subject to the orders of the department commander.

A report from Captain Folsom, called for in consequence of his failure to comply with an order issued more than three months ago, gave me the first information I have received that any orders from department head. quarters had been at all interfered with. Upon the orders, above referred to, were based many subsequent arrangements made by Colonel Mason and myself, all of which were known at division headquarters; and as no modification of them was either suggested or directed, it was reasonable to suppose that they were approved, and it was with equal surprise and mortification that I learned that they had, in effect, been countermanded. If no consideration for the public service required (and there were many that did that these changes should have been made known to me, it was, at least, due in courtesy, and this course will be expected in future.

It is my intention, so soon as I am advised of the transfer of division headquarters from San Francisco, to establish a connexion with Benicia from San José, but the importance of San Francisco in a civil as well as a military point of view, renders it necessary that the communication with it should be regular and frequent.

The suggestion of the general in relation to the investigation of the circumstances connected with outrages that may be committed by, or upon Indians, is embraced in the duties of the agents of the several districts, and covered by instructions heretofore given them, but such orders will

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