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ommend that there should be sent here for that purpose some medals, beads, (white stones,) red flannel, colored handkerehiefs, tobacco, &c.; a' few colored blankets would be much prized by them. ; Very respecıfully, your obedient servant,

SW. KEARNY, Brigadier General. Hon. W. L. MÁRCY, : i Secretary of War, Washington:


Monterey, California, April 28, 1847. . I. Colonel J. D. Stevenson, 7th regiment New York volunteers, will

conduct two of the companies of his regiment, now stationed here, to the Pueblo de los Angeles, and there take post; on his arrival at Pueblo, Colonel Stevenson will relieve Liuetenant Colonel Cooke in the command of the southern military district, and use the utmost vigilance in preserving quiet and order therein...

II. Major J. A. Hardie, 7th regiment New York volunteers, now stationed at San Francisco, will assume command of the northern military district, and make such disposition of the troops under his command as shall be most conducive to the public tranquillity and protection from Indian depredations. "

III. Captain H. M. Nagle, 7th regiment New York yolunteers, will, with his mounted command, move out and take post at Felipe; from thence he will make frequent excursions along the frontier, the valley of the San Joachim, &c., with the view of giving protection to the persons and property of the inhabitants, and preventing further depredations on the part of the Indians... By order of Brigadier General S.W. Kearny: ..

: : ..

H. S. TURNER i. Captian A. A. Adjt. General..

. MONTEREY, California, May 1, 1847. • Sir: I enclose herewith a copy of all communications and papers issued by me relating to the civil department of Upper California up to this date. Very respectfully, your obedient servant, :

: S. W. KEARNY, i Brigadir General and Governor of C.lifornia.' Brigadier General R. JONES

* Adjutant General United States Army, Washington. .

Edwin Bryant, esq., is hereby appointed alcalde of the town of Yerba Buena and of the district of San Francisco, vice Lieutenant W. A. Bart. lett, who returns to his naval duties.

Giverr at Yerba Bueria, Upper California, this 22d of February, 1847, and in the 71st year of the independence of the United States. :

S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General United States Aimy.


To all whom it may concern, be it known :

That the President of the United States, desirous to give and secure to the people of California a share of the good government and happy civil organization enjoyed by the people of the United States, and to protect them at the same time from the attack of foreign foes and from internal commotions, has invested the undersigned with separate and distinct powers, civil and military, a cordial co operation in the exercise of which," it is hoped and believed, will have the happy results desired. .

To the cominander-in-chief of the naval forces the President has as · signed the regulation of the import trade; the conditions on which vessels

of all nations, our own as well as foreign, may be admitted into the ports of the Territory; and the establishment of all port regulations.

To the commanding military officer the President has assigned the direction of the operations on land, and has invested him with adıninis. trative functions of government over the people and territory occupied by the forces of the United States.

Done at Monterey, capital of California, this Ist day of March, A. D. 1847.

Commander in-chief of the Naval Forces.

Brigadier General United States Army, and Governor of California.




To the people of California. The President of the United States having instructed the undersigned to take charge of the civil government of California, he enters upon his duties with an ardent desire to promote, as far as he is able, the interests of the coun'ry and the welfare of its inhabitants..

The undersigned has instructions from the President to respect and protect the religious institutions of California, and to see that the religious righis of the people are in the amplest inanner preserved to them, the constilation of the United States allowilig every man to worship his. Creator in such a manner as his own conscience inay dictate to him.

The undersigned is also instructed to protect the persons and property of the quiet and peaceable inhabitants of the country against all or any of their enemies, whether from abroad or at home; and when he now assures the Californians that it will be his duty and his pleasure to com. ply with those instructions, he calls upon them all to exert themselves in preserving order and 'tranquillity, in promoting harmony and concord, and in maintaining the authority and the efficacy of the laws.

It is the wish and design of the United States to provide for California, with the least possible delay, a free government similar to those in her own territories; and the people will soon be called upon to exercise their righis as freemen, in electing their own representatives, 10 make such laws as may be deemed best for their interests and welfare, But uritil

this can be done, the laws now in existence, and not in conflict with the constitution of the United States, will be continued until changed by competent authority; and those persons who hold office will continne in the same for the present, provided they swear to support that constitution and faithfully perform their duty. · The undersigned hereby absolves all the inhabitants of California from

any further allegiance to the republic of Mexico, and will consider them as - citizens of the United States. Those who remain quiet and peaceable will - be respected in their rights, and protected in them. Should any take up arms against or oppose the government of the Territory, or instigate others to do so, they will be considered as enemies, and treated accordingly. .

When Mexico forced a war upon the United States, tine did not per. mit the latter to inviie the Californians as friends to join her standard, but compelled her to take possession of the country lo prevent any European power from seizing upon it; and in doing so, souje excesses and unau. ihorized acts were no doubt committed by persons employed in the service of the United States, by which a few of the inhabitants have met with a loss of property. Such losses will be duly investigated, and those entiiled to remuneration will receive it. :

California has for many years suffered greatly from domestic troubles ; civil wars have been the poisoned fountains which have sent forih trouble and pestilence over her beautiful land. Now, those fountains are dried up; the star-spangled banner floats over California ; and as long as the sun continues to shine upon her, so long will it float there, over the natives of the land, as well as others who have found a home in her bosom"; and under it, agriculture must improve, and the arts and sciences flourish, as seed in a rich and fertile soil.

The Americans and Californians are now but one people; let us cherish one wish, one hope, and let that be for the peace and quiet of our country. Let us as a band of brothers unite and emulate each other in our exertions to benefit and improve this our beautiful, and which soon must be our happy and prosperous home.

Done at Monterey, capital of California, this first day of March, A, D.. 1847, and in the 71st year ef the independence of the United Siates.

S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General U. S. A., and Governor of California.


Monterey, California, March 1, 1847. Sir: By department orders No. 2 of this date, which will be handed to you by Caplain Turner, first drayoons, acting assistant adjutant general for my command, you will see that eertain duties are there required of you as commander of the battalion of California volunteers.

In addition to the duties above referred 10, I have now to direct that you will bring with you, and with as little delay as possible, all the archives and public documents and papers which may be subject to your control, and which appertain to the government of California, that I may receive them from your hands at this place, the capital of the Ter. ritory. . Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

ş. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General, and Governor of California. Lt. Col. J. C. FREMONT, Regiment Mounted Riflemen, commanding battalion,

California Volunteers, Ciudad de los Angeles.


MONTEREY, March 4, 1847. DEAR SIR: I yesterday received a copy of the proceedings of meetings of the people held at Yerba Buena and at Sonoma, at which Mr. S. Cooper and L. W. Boggs presided, relating to the representation in the legislative council; and I will thank you, in reply, to say to those gentlemen, and all others interested and concerned in the matter, that I have not called for any such council, nor do I at present contemplate doing so. Very respectfully, your obedient servant,

S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General, and Governor of California. Edw. BRYANT, Esq.,

Aboalde, Yerba Buena.

William Edward Petty Hartwell is hereby appointed translator and in. terpreter of the Spanish language for the governor and military com.' mandant of Califorvia.

Done at Monterey. this 10th day of March, 1847, and of the independence of the United States the 71st...

S. W. 'KEARNÝ, Brigadier General, and Governor of California.

The above named Hartwell is employed at a salary at the rate of fifteen hundred dollars per year.

S. W. KEARNY, Brigadier General.

Î, Brigadier General $. W. Kearny, governor of California, by virtue of authority iu me vested by the President of the United States of America, ..do hereby grant, convey, and release onto the town of San Francisco, the

people or corporate authorities thereof, all the right, title, and interest of

the government of the United States, and of the Territory of Calıfornia, in · and to the beach and water Jots, on the east front of said town of San.

Francisco, included between the points known as the “Rincon” and * Fort Montgomery,” excepting such lots às may be selected for the use of the general government by the senior officers of the army and navy now there'; provided the said ground hereby ceded shall be divided into lots, and sold by public arction to the highest bidder, after three months' notice previously given; the proceeds of said, sale to be for the benefit of the town of San Francisco.

Given at Monterey, capital of California, this 10th day of March, 1847, and in the 71st year of the independence of the United States.

S. W. KEARNÝ, Brigadier Genera', and Governor of Culifornia.

Know all men by these presents, that I, Brigadier General S. W. Kear. ny, governor of California, by virive of authority in me vested, considering that, inasmuch as there are various claimants to the missions of San José, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, and San Juan, to the houses, grounds, gardens, vineyards, &c., around and near them, do hereby decree, that until the proper judicial tribunals to be established shall decide upon the same, the above named missions and property appertaining thereto shall remain under charge of the Catholic priests, as they were when the Uni. ted States flag was first raised in this Territory-it being understood that this decree is not to affect the rights of aliy clainant, and that the priests are to be responsible for the preservation of said missions and property whilst under their charge. .

The alcaldes of the jurisdiction in which ihe above-named missions are situated will, upon the application of the priests, take the proper measures to remove therefrom all persons trespassing or intruding upon them. • Given at Monterey, capital of California, this 22.1 day of March, 1847.

S. W. KEÁRNY, . Brigadier General, and Governor of Culifornia.

Know all men by these presents, that I, S. W. Kearny, Brigadier Gen.' eral United States army; and governor of California, by virtue of authority . in me vested by the Presideut of the United States, do hereby appoint

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