Isle of Fire: The Political Ecology of Landscape Burning in Madagascar
Long considered both best friend and worst enemy to humankind, fire is at once creative and destructive. On the endangered tropical island of Madagascar, these two faces of fire have fueled a century-long conflict between rural farmers and island leaders. Based on detailed fieldwork in Malagasy villages and a thorough archival investigation, Isle of Fire offers a detailed analysis of why Madagascar has always been aflame, why it always will be aflame, and ultimately, as Christian Kull argues, why it should remain aflame.
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Afotsara agriculture Ambatolampy Ambositra Andapa Andringitra Andringitra National Park Antananarivo antifire received wisdom Antsirabe areas authorizations Behazo Brand burning bushfires cattle CBNRM chapter colonial commune rurale conflict conservation Coulaud criminalization crop fields cultivation dahalo deforestation degradation district dry season ecological economic enforcement environmental erosion eucalyptus fallow farmers feux de brousse Fianarantsoa Province fire management fire problem fire's firebreaks fivondronana fokontany Forest Service Forest Service agents Forest Service officer forestry GELOSE grass grassland grazing herders highlands humid Interview irrigated rice island Kilabe land landibe landscape legislation livelihood locusts Madagascar Malagasy ment Merina nutrients pasture fires pasture renewal peasants percent Perrier Pfund pine plots political population protect Province Pyne rain forest Rakoto region repression resistance resource management savanna savoka silk slash-and-burn soil species strategies tapia woodlands tavy tion trees Tsimay Tsiroanomandidy vegetation village wildfires wood fuel woodlots Zafimaniry zones