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most holy, and at any rate, against all persons who esteem themselves exclusively so, and despise others.

“ There is a notable difference between all other causes which operate to prevent the proper growth and development of the moral powers, and false views of religion. It is this, that in all other cases, conscience is 'merely obstructed; but, in this, it is perverted. In other cases it continues to fight on the side of virtue, only it is vanquished by the powers in opposition : but in this, it comes over and fights on the side of vice. Hence the peculiar malignity of corruptions of religion. Nothing else can drive men so far astray from the path of rectitude. For, in other instances when men act wrong, they move but by the impulse of a part of the energies of their nature : passion and appetite urge to the perpetration; conscience reclaims and reluctates. It is the flesh and spirit contending for the mastery; and when the force of the latter is subtracted from the former, the man moves forward in his evil course, under the influence of the remainder only. But, when a false religion has corrupted the mind, his whole nature is engaged in one direction, and he moves onward towards his object, impelled by all his energies. Flesh and spirit, conscience and appetite, reason and passion unite their force : no wonder, then, that the man after perpetrating under their sanction, deeds, the bare recital of which, even after the lapse of ages, fills us with horror; should look abroad


the scene of his crimes with delight, on himself with complacency, on others around with pride and triumph, and to the retribution of a future state, with confidence and exultation. The pious transports of the martyr were perhaps equalled, if not surpassed, by the infernal ecstacy of his tormentors, who believed that in offering his blood, they were presenting a sacrifice acceptable and well pleasing in the sight of God. The records of former times, in relation to this subject, would probably be rejected as fabulous, were they not supported by modern instances. The Thugs are a people of India, who not only follow murder as a profession, but practice it with religious zeal, with the view of securing the favor of the goddess to whose service they have devoted themselves. Whether something of the same spirit may not, under some more plausible shape, be lurking among the professors of our holy religion, is a question not for us to determine. Let every one look well to the state of his own mind in this matter."


FOR APRIL, 1838.

The Spring has returned upon twig for seventy feet, and five or us. Fair May is shaking flowers six feet in diameter. Primeval from her lap, upon the fields and monarchs of the soil, they seem in the woods. Yesterday I to belong to a stouter race of walked through one of our splen things and men, than our weak did Kentucky forests, and as I age can furnish. loitered on, the wild Sweet-Wil Joyous Spring, we bid thee liam perfumed the air around welcome. Thou art welcome to the wild Violets, white and blue, the invalid, and as he breathes enamelled the sod; the Dogwood thy gentle air, he hopes that anowith its white blossoms, gleamed ther year may be given to him. through the tracery of boughs ; Thou art welcome to the young, and the Red-bud, like a flame of who long once again to ramble in fire, shone from afar. “ The the leafy arcades of thy forests, winter is passed, the rain is over, pluck thy wild flowers, and perand gone, the flowers appear in chance listen to a softer tale bethe fields, the time of singing of low than even the birds warble birds is come.” Every thing de above. Thou art welcome to the notes the happy season :

tender infant, in winter months a When rising, like the ocean tide, “ prisoner to fond fears"In flows the joyous year.

But now, when every sharp-edged blast, The busy Wood-pecker is ham Is quiet in its sheath, mering on the bark; the Oriole

Earth's sweetness in thy breath. with golden plumage and cheer Now, each flower prepares to ful whistle flutters along, while open its bright eye, among city far above us, in the top of that walls, and in the nooks of unfrehuge tulip tree, frisks and barks quented cliffs. Now the trees, the grey squirrel. Take care, with their buds only half opened, merry squirrel, the Kentucky bul- look as if a veil of leaves were let can reach even as high as

thrown over them, through which that.

the slightest tracery of the branSurely no forests in the world ches is not indistinctly seen. can compare with these. What Now the brooks and runs ripple enormous shafts have these syc- and danceamores, springing out of the vel

Gurgling in foamy water break, vet sod, like giants refreshed with Loitering in glassy pool slumber. See these straight and a thousand flashing fins dart trunks, straight without a leaf or away as we approach. Air, earth

His mother leaves him free to taste


and water teem with life and joy. trampling on the law of God

Thus, friends, the Spring that the bulley, who goes with prompts us to hope and cheerful pistols strapped under his coat, enterprise. Whatever our work and a Bowie knife in his pocket, be, whatever our hand finds to do, is generally a coward as well as let us do it with our might. a ruffian-that heroism is not Plough and sow in faith and trust quarrelsome or murderous, but —whether it be in the bosom of calm, and self-sustained-then mother earth, or the harder soil we may hope that scenes of blood of the human heart. God will may terminate.

The courage make it soft with showers, and and spirit of the West will flow will bless the springing of it. In in better and nobler channels, due season we shall reap, if we and the weapons of its warfare faint not.

will be spiritual, not carnal. Man

must always fight; but not with The number of murders and

Evil, Error, Sin, are his deadly frays which occur among true foes. Man must always us, throughout the West, is truly fight, but not with Bowie knives terriffic. It is seldom that a and pistols. Reason, Truth, Perweek passes without bringing ac suasion, Example, Argument are counts of two or three shooting better weapons.

Luther was as and stabbing adventures. Our true a hero as Napoleon, and a own city has been disgraced by hero in a higher cause. When several within the last three he declared that he would go to months, in some of which medi Worms, though there were as cal students played a leading part. many devils there as tiles on the If these young men are to intro- house-tops, he showed a daring duce among us such scenes as equal to a Murat or Ney charging these, it may be well doubted recklessly on a storm of shot and whether the city will gain much a hedge of steel. The Murats by the establishment of this insti- and Neys are soon forgotten tution. It is, however, to be the Luther lives forever. Richhoped, that as a body, the stu- ard, the lion-hearted, showed not dents will discountenance such more of the spirit of chivalry than mad conduct, and show that did the poet Schiller, battling young men can pursue their stu- with disease and pain, and wridies without ceasing to be gen- ting his noble tragedies when the tlemen, and without introducing cords of his brain seemed ready riots and license into the society to snap within. The life of Mil. where they reside.

ton was a heroic poem, and the Nothing but a correct moral thought of the blind old man, in sentiment can put a stop to such poverty and neglect, losing no jot scenes of blood as those of which of heart and hope, but still bearwe are speaking. Laws are pow- ing up, and moving right onward, erless, except when supported by stirs the blood like a battle trumsuch a sentiment. When the cit pet. izens of the West come to realize Many people suppose that if that there is no true courage in men leave off fighting there


stand up

will be no more courage in the An incident which occurred a world--that all heroism must per- few weeks since in Louisville, is ish when people cease an example of the natural coming weapons—and the spirit of bativeness of Kentuckians. Mr. chivalry expire with the disuse Clayton's balloon was inflating, of the duelling pistol. This is a as he proposed making an ascent. great mistake.

Heroism, mag. But while this process was going nanimity, and courage will al- on, the gas suddenly took fire and ways have occasions and oppor- exploded, probably owing to the tunities to display themselves.- heat generated from the sudden So long as it is necessary to mixture of a large quantity of

in opposition to public oil of vitriol and water. The balopinion,--to resist the current of loon was blown to pieces with a fashion-to

expose oneself to rid- report like a cannon, and a fence icule and persecution for con three or four rods off, took fire. science sake; to bear the world's The people in the neighboring dread laugh in the cause of hu- houses were, of course, greatly manity and right-so long will alarmed, not knowing the cause there be need of courage, inde- of this occurrence. In the midst pendence and manliness. The of the confusion a little boy, three duelling field, and the fray, are or four years old, was observed not their only medium of action. standing with tears running down

his cheeks, but with a brick

clenched firmly in his hand, reaWe hope our contributors will dy to fight with the unknown enemy remember that bricks cannot be whatever it might be. made without straw,or magazines filled without a union of many Rev. Mr. Thompson, of Salem, heads and hearts. We need passed through Louisville much assistance to prevent our month ago, on his way to Illinois. work from becoming monotonous Mr. T. is sent out as a missionary and insipid. Variety is as ne- by the American Unitarian Assocessary in this as in other mat- ciation. We wish him success ters.

in his labors.


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Edidit Societas Regia Antiquariorum Septentrionalium. Hafniæ, 1837, 4to. pp. XL, 479, with seventeen plates.

The fame of this important work so long preceded its arrival with us, that we had been made pretty fully acquainted with its contents, through the medium of Eastern Journals, before we had the pleasure of examining it for ourselves. Many of our readers have probably become acquainted with it in the same way. But considering it as we do, the most important contribution that has ever been made to the geographical history of this country, we lay before our readers, though at a somewhat late hour, a view of the most important facts presented in the work before us. It is issued under the auspices of the Royal Society of Northern Antiquities at Copenhagen, at present perhaps the most efficient society of the kind in existence, and is edited by the learned secretary of the society, Professor C. C. Rafn, whose name is already familiar to the students of Scandinavian antiquities and literature.

The leading object of the “ Antiquitates Americanæ,” is to give to the world the evidences which existed in ancient Icelandic and Scandinavian manuscripts, of the discovery of the American continent by the Northmen, or Danes and Norwegians, at a period considerably antecedent to its discovery by Columbus. The story of this alleged discovery of the Northmen has been long familiar to the reading world; but though stated by Danish historians of reputed faithfulness and high authority, it has in general been treated as one of those pleasant fictions with which sober history has been sometimes wont, when treading the shadowy confines of the uncertain

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