« 上一頁繼續 »
But in truth, Jesus Christ teaches us, that the attributes of a father in God and man are the same, by appealing to the feelings of an earthly father; “What man is there of you being a father” he says "whom if his son asked for bread, would he give him a stone?”
But our limits compel us to close this article. We hope in our next to continue this enquiry, and examine some of the other theories upon this subject.
POVERTY AND KNOWLEDGE.
Ah, Margaret, we are young and strong,
With ready heart, and ready will
But poverty is stronger still.
Yet, my dear wife, there is a might
That may bid poverty defiance,-
Let us on her put our reliance.
Armed with her sceptre, to an hour
ages; Bid the departed, by her power,
Arise,—and talk with seers and sages.
Her word, to teach us, may bid stop
The noonday sun; yea, she is able
Or spread a kingdom on our table.
In her great name we need but call
Scott, Schiller, Shakespeare ! and, behold!
And Falstaff riots as of old.
Then, wherefore should we leave this hearth,
Our books, and all our pleasant labors, If we can have the whole round earth,
And still retain our home and neighbors ?
Why wish to roam in other lands?
Or mourn that poverty has bound us? We have our hearts, our heads, our hands,
Enough to live on; friends around us ;
And, more than all, have hope and love:
Ah, Margaret, while those last, be sure That, if there be a God above,
We are not, and cannot be, poor.
J. W. P.
Lord, we bring our cares before thee,
Sinful, feeble, faintly cry-
Bow thine ear, oh God most high.
Taught by Jesus, we assemble,
In his name together come--
Hear us father in thy home.
Be thy spirit freely given,
Light, and strength, and love impart,
Warm each cold and faithless heart.
May the prodigal, this morning,
Rise and to his father go-
Hear at last thy voice below.
Rouse the careless, wake the sleeping
Send around thy quickening breath--
Feet from falling, souls from death.
1. Grund's Americans.
The only notice we have to take of this book, is to quote from Mr. Brownson's review his remarks upon some of Mr. Grund's sayings about Unitarianism in America.
“It is not our especial province to defend Unitarians or any other denomination of Christians as such ; but we cannot pass over this statement in silence. Whatever may be thought of Unitarianism as a definitive form of the Christian religion, the Unitarians have rendered an invaluable service to Christianity by the introduction of Rationalism into theological speculations. They have done something towards making Theology a Science, and towards adapting it to the improved state of the human mind. They have too rendered a much greater service to democracy than some of its conservative fathers are aware of. A religion, based on a positive instead of a rational authority, cannot long coexist with perfect political freedom. The habit of yielding to authority in matters of religion, and believing without conviction, disposes the mind to servitude, and paves the way for absolutism in the state. If it prevail, political liberty must be given up. On the other hand, the habit of inquiring freely into all matters of science, of civil and political liberty, and of judgment for oneself in all these matters, is incompatible with a blind adherence to authority in religious matters. Unitarians have, to a certain extent, tolerated free inquiry in matters of religion, and have asserted for the mind, in relation to religion, the same rights that the democrats have asserted for it in relation to politics. In doing this they have done much. This has made them the Liberal party, and it is as Liberalists, not merely as Unitarians, that they have gained the footing they now hold; and it is only by being Liberalists that they can retain it.
The charge that Unitarians approach Deism is too stale to be dwelt upon. They are Deists in that they believe in one God and no more; but when the term Deist is taken to mean one who rejects Divine Revelation, they are no inore Deists than are Calvin
ists, Episcopalians, or Roman Catholics. Every Unitarian believes in Divine Revelation, in the Inspiration of the Bible, and many of them believe in the Inspiration of God made to the soul of every man. If on this head there be any charge to be brought against Unitarianism, it is that they place too much reliance on the mere letter that killeth, and not enough on the spirit that giveth life. The sentimentalism about mysteries is all very
well. Whatever is unknown is mysterious, and do our best to know all that we can know, to explain all that we can explain, there will always be a universe of Mystery round, about, and within us, before which we may stand in awe, or bow down with adoration. We shall always have enongh to wonder at, to surprise us, to seek to find out, to unravel, however earnestly and successfully we may ply our rea
The fear that Mr. Grund seems to have that Unitarians will explain all mysteries, and make all things so easy to be understood, that religion will cease to excite in us any profound emotions of wonder and awe, we look upon as perfectly idle. If it were not so, we should still say to the Unitarian, go on and make all things plain. The wonder and awe, which come only because we have remained in voluntary ignorance, we do not regard as worth much. Man may serve God by reasoning as well as by feeling, and a clear and sublime thought is an offering not less acceptable to him than a profound emotion of wonder and awe. Sentimentalism will do for boarding-school misses and for boys who begin to dream of love, but for grown up men and women, let us have something more robust and healthy. The greatest objection we have to our German friends is that they are dreamy, sentimental youths, lying all day watching the bubbling fountain, rather than strong and active men prepared to go forth into the world and to labor with a vigorous arm, and a stout heart. We do not underrate the emotions. We may have felt in our day, and perhaps can feel even now; but we are past the age to place religion or the worship of God in emotion merely. Let us have clear thought and masculine energy of soul ; with these we will do more for God than with all the fine feelings in the world.
Mr. Grund thinks the Unitarians are deficient in love. think this is no more the case with them than with some other Christian denominations, nor even so much. It is customary to call them cold, even freezing. We know they are not quite so hot as some sectarians are, and do not say so much about hot places ; but we have yet to learn that this is much to their discredit. The fault we find with the Unitarians, and not with them alone, is that they do not seem to feel that deep, abiding interest in the weal of Humanity, which as Christians they ought to feel. They feel as much as any sect; for the earnestness other sects manifest is for their creed or their sect, not for humanity ; but they feel not enough. They are not enough in earnest. They do not feel that they should live for man, and for man only. They do not feel the deep and
abiding interest in whatever concerns mankind that Jesus did. They do not seem to us to be conscious of the great work, and of the high glory, to which God has called them. They have done something, and they seem to think that they have done all. Nevertheless they are getting the better of this fault. They are enlarging their views, and kindling their hearts, and nerving their souls, for the revelation and the maintenance of a new and a higher life. Our faith in the Unitarian body is strong, and we expect great things from them. A glorious future is before them. A noble destiny awaits them. Let them open their eyes, look, behold, and march."
2. Retrospect of Western Travel. By Miss Martineau.
This book is, on some accounts, likely to be better received than Miss Martineau's first work, and, on accounts, to give greater annoyance. It is not so philosophical; it is more descriptive; more like a journal-more natural and picturesque, and thus more entertaining than the “Society in America.” On the other hand, it is more personal, and many people will dislike to see themselves dragged before the public and dissected for its amusement.
There is one strange thing to us about Miss Martineau. She is full of sympathy, and yet lacks delicacy of feeling. She sometimes seems all heart, yet again there is a want of sensibility amounting to rudeness. This shows that strong feeling and fine feeling are quite different things.
The subject of slavery holds as prominent a place in this volume as in the other. The sketches of distinguished men, Webster, Clay, Calhoun, Van Buren, Priestley, Channing, Madison, are very well done, and show like portraits. The book is as full of blunders and mistakes as the other, perhaps more so. From the two great faults of travellers, namelyascribing to a nation what is only the peculiarity of individuals and again ascribing to a nation what is only the peculiarity of human nature, Miss M. is not wholly exempt.
3. Professor Pelfrey's Lecture on the Old Testament.
The first volume of this work has reached us, but we have not had time to examine it. It seems prepared and published