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according action adopted allowed American appear applied arbitration armed army authority belligerent belonging blockade Britain British captured cargo carried cause character circumstances citizens civil claim commander commission communication condemnation conference confiscation Congress considered contraband contract convention court Declaration of Paris Department destruction directed duty effect enemy enemy's established existing fact Field flag force foreign France French further give given Government ground held hostile instructions interest issued Italy July June land law of nations letter March means measures ment military minister naval necessary neutral object occupied officers operations opinion owner parties peace persons port possession practice present President principle prisoners prize proceedings proposed protection question reason rebellion received referred regard relations respect rule seized ship Spain Spanish taken territory tion trade treaty United vessel
第 558 頁 - Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under the enemy's flag. 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective, that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of the enemy.
第 967 頁 - Secondly, not to permit or suffer either belligerent to make use of its ports or waters as the. base of naval operations against the other, or for the purpose of the renewal or augmentation of military supplies or arms, or the recruitment of men. Thirdly, to exercise due diligence in its own ports and waters, and, as to all persons within its jurisdiction, to prevent any violation of the foregoing obligations and duties.
第 197 頁 - To kill or wound treacherously individuals belonging to the hostile nation or army; (c) To kill or wound an enemy who, having laid down his arms, or having no longer means of defence, has surrendered at discretion...
第 233 頁 - A person can only be considered a spy when, acting clandestinely or on false pretences, he obtains or seeks to obtain information in the zone of operations of a belligerent, with the intention of communicating it to the hostile party.
第 415 頁 - It has also been observed that an act of Congress ought never to be construed to violate the law of nations if any other possible construction remains, and, consequently, can never be construed to violate neutral rights, or to affect neutral commerce, further than is warranted by the law of nations as understood in this country.
第 925 頁 - The undersigned, Secretary of State of the United States, has the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the note of Mr.
第 820 頁 - ... she shall again attempt to enter, but she shall be permitted to go to any other port or place she shall think proper.
第 564 頁 - The neutral flag covers enemy's goods, with the exception of contraband of war. ' 3. Neutral goods, with the exception of contraband of war, are not liable to capture under enemy's flag. ' 4. Blockades, in order to be binding, must be effective — that is to say, maintained by a force sufficient really to prevent access to the coast of an enemy.
第 461 頁 - ... molested in their persons, nor shall their houses or goods be burnt, or otherwise destroyed, nor their fields wasted by the armed force of the enemy...
第 969 頁 - But there is nothing in our laws, or in the law of nations, that forbids our citizens from sending armed vessels, as well as munitions of war, to foreign ports for sale. It is a commercial adventure which no nation is bound to prohibit, and which only exposes the persons engaged in it to the penalty of confiscation.