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Days.

Days.
Schaffhausen,

Wengern Alp. 1 Rhine Fall.

Lauterbrunnen and InZurich.

terlachen. 2t Righi.

Gemmi - Baths of Leuk.
J Altdorf-St. Golihard. Martigny.
Andermatt.

19 | Tête noire. t j Furca.

Chamouny. at Grimsel.

Geneva. 57 Meyringen.

Bern. 67 Grindelwald. 7 Lauterbrunnen and Thun. f Gemmi Pass. ŏ | Leuck. '

D.-TOUR OF A MONTH OR Five 9. Martigny.

WEEKS. f | Tête noire. 10 | Chamouny.

Schaffhausen and Rhine12 Geneva - home through | 1} fall. France or by

| Zurich, 13 Berne.

· Righi. 14 Basle,

3 Lake of Lucerne.
4 Lucerne.

Brünig.
C.-TOUR OF THREE Weeks on Meyringen.
FOOT.

Susten Pass.

St. Gotthard. (Basle.- Münster Thal.

Furca. 3 Weissenstein.

Grimsel.
Soleure.

'Brienz.
Schintzoach.

Lauterbrunnen.
Schaffhausen.

11 Grindelwald. 6 Zurich.

Thun. (Wesen, and Lake of Wal

Bern. 3 lenstadt.

Freiburg (Pfeffers.

15 Simmeuthal. Kalleuser Thal to Glarus.

| Spietz. o , Muotta.

Kandersteg.
1 Klæntbal.

Gemmi.
Schwyız...

18 Martigny. 10 Rigbi.

19 Great St. Bernard. . m Altdorf. .

Aosta. | Andermatt.

20 Cormayeur. 10 Furca..

21 Allée Blanche - Col de 12 Grimsel.

Seigne. 13 Meyringeu.

22 Col de Bonhomme : 44 Grindelwald.

23 24 Chamouny.

5

Schon

13

14

16

26

Bex.

Days,

Ferret, Orsières, and along the 25° Marligny, by. Col de Dranse'. Balme and Tete Noire. 30, Tête Noire to Chamouny

(a new way, first explored this | Chillon-Vevey.

summer, is to ascend from Val | L of Geneva-- Lausanne. Orsine to the summit of the Col 28 Geneva - home through de Balme, on account of its ! France, or by

magnificent view; thus inclu30 0.: be, the Dôle, and Ląc ding the finest part of both de Joux.

passes. It is not quite iwo hours 31 Neuchâtel.

longer than the straight road). 32 Bienne.

31. Ascended the Flegère; 33 Münster Thal.

then crossed the valley to the 34 Basle.

Montanvert to the Mer de

Glace-Chamounya i E.-TOUR OF THIRTY-TWO Days, Sept. 1. Walked across the

performed in the Autumn of Col de Vosa to Contamines. 1837 by W. and R. H., The journey would have been chiefly on foot.

divided beiter by going on to

the Chalets of Nant Bourant. « Our longest walks never 2. Crossed the Col de Bonexceeded 10 or 12 leagues; but homme by Chapiu, to Motet on turnpike-roads, such as the (walked). Simplon, we always rode. For 3. Wilked over Col de la soine of the passes, such as the Seigne, through Allée Blanche Col de Bonhomme, the Cer-lo Cormayeur. vin, and the Kawy), guides are 4. To Aosta, in ). Miglit be always necessary, but wherever | cạr.

done easily there is a chemin tracé'guides 5. Chatillon, do. J 'n day. are a nuisance, except after a 6. On niules to Tournanche Snow.storm.”

1on foot thence to Breuil.

7. Crossed the Cervin (MatLondon to Geneva in fourteen terliorn) on foot to Zermatt

days, including two days at (fatiguing). Paris.

[Pierre Meynet, mentioned

by Brockedon, is the best guide Aug. 26. Geneva.

in the Alps.] 27. By eight o'clock steamer 8. Descended on Mules to 1o Lusapne; see the town; by Visp; walked thence to Brieg. another steamer to Villeneuve; 9. By char, across the Simby diligence to Bex.

plon, to Domo d'Ossola; 10 hours 27 To Martigoy (short day. 10. Off at 3 A M.; by courier,

28. Wulked to Hospice of to Baveno; arrived 7 A.M.; by the Great St. Bernard. suiling-boat, up the Lago Mag

29. Back to Martigny (anim. I giore, 10 Locarno; by car 10 prorement to go by the Col de Bellinzona (arrived late). .

Grindelwald,

Via Mala-back, 87. Faulhorn,

Splügen village. 87. Scheideick,

2%.

Bernardin, 90. Meyringen,

Bellinzona, 90. Grimsel, 28.

Locarno, 91. Rhone Glacier, 30.

Luino, 93. Gries Pass, 29.

Lugano; Monte Salvador, 92. Val Formazza; Tosa Fall, 29. Lago di Como; Bellagio, 93. Airolo, 34

Como; Milan; Sesto. 59;—[or St.Gotthard; Devil's Bridge, 34. Como Varese; Arona, 59.) Altdors, 34.

Lago d'Orta, 101 and 102. Schæchen Thal,

Baveno, 59. Klausen,

Domo d'Ossola, 59. Stachelberg, $72.

Simplon, 59. , ' Glarus,

Brieg, 59. Klæn Thal,

75.

| Baths of Leuk, 38. Muotta,

Gemmi, and back, 38. Schwylz, 17.

Sion, 59. Morgarten,

Martigny, 59. Einsiedeln,

Great St. Bernard, 108.
Wesen, 14.

Aosta, 107.
Lake of Wallenstadt, 14. Pré St, Didier, 114.
Pfeffers' Baths, 67.

Mont Crammont, 114.
Kalfeuser Thal, 76.

Allée Blanche,
Sernst Thal; Segno's Pass, 76. Col de la Seigne, 118.
Dissentis, 77.

Col de Bonhomme,
Reichenau, 87.

Chamoury, 115. Coire, 67.

Flegère; Monlapvert; Mer de Julier Pass ; St. Mauritz, 82. Glace, 115. Engadine, 84.

Col de Balme, and Tele Noire, Finstermünz.) In Tyrol. See 116, 117. S!elvio. Handbook Martigny, 59.

Germany, Bex, 57. Bernina, 85.

Vevey, Maloja Pass, 99.

Chillon, 55 and 56: Chiavenna, 88.

Lausanne, ) Splügen Pass, 88.

Geneva, 5-2. S 15. ALPINE PASSES. No part of the Alps are more interesting, either in a picturesque or in an historical point of view, than the passable gaps or notches in the ridge of the great chain, whereby alone this colossal wall of mountains may be scaled, and a direct passage

and communication maintained between northern and southern Europe. It has been through these depressions that the great tide of population has poured since the earliest times; froin these outlets have issued the barbarian swarms which so often desolated, and at at last annihilated, the Roman empire.

There are more than 50 passes over the Swiss portion of the Alpine chain alone, or immediately communicating with the Swiss frontier. The following are the most remarkable : *— The Simplon, St. Gothard, Bernardine, Splügen, Saanenmoser, Bramegg, am Stoss, Wildhaus, all traversed by excellent high - roads, most skilfully constructed, and passable for heavy carriages. To these may probably soon be added the Julier and Maloja. The Maloja, Julier, Albula, Septimer, Bernina, Buffalora, Schallenberg, Satiel, practicable for light chars :--and the Col de Trient, Col de Ferret, Grand St. Bernard, Col de Fenêtre, Cervin (Matterhorn), Moro, Gries, Nüfanen, Furca, Grimsel, Great and Little Scheideck, Gemmi, Rawyl, Sanetsch, Cheville, Susten, Surenen, Brünig, Engstelen, Jochli, Klausen, Oberalp, Lukmanier, Kistengrat, Panix, Segnes, La Foppa, Lenzerheide, Stutz, Greina, Vago, Casanno, Monte del Oro, Druser and Schweitzer - Thor, Schlapiner Joch, etc., etc, which are either bridle-paths or mere foot-paths, and more or less difficult and dangerous.

In seeking a passage over the Alps, the most obvious course was to find out the valleys which penetrate farthest into the great chain, following The course of the rivers to their sources, and then to take the lowest traversable part in order to descend to the opposite sido. The variety and

***Mr. Brockedon has admirably illustrated them both with bis beautiful work entitled “The Passes of the Alps,” 2 v. 4to.

sudden transitions presented by such a route are highly interesting. In the course of one day's journey the traveller passes from the climate of summer to winter, through spring. The alteration in the productions keeps pace with that of the temperature. Leaving behind him stubble - fields, whence the corn has been removed and housed, he comes to fields yet yellow and waving in the ear; a few miles farther and the crop is still green; yet higher and corn refuses to grow. Before quitting the region of corn he enters one of dark, apparently interminable forests of pine and larch, clothing the mountain-sides in a sober vestment. Above this the haymakers are collecting the short grass, the only produce which the ground will yield. Yet the stranger must not suppose that all is barenness even at this elevation. It seems as though nature were determined to make one last effort at the confines of the region of vegetation. From beneath the snow-bed, and on the very verge of the glacier, the profusion of flowers, their great variety, and surpassing beauty, are exceedingly surprising. Some of the greatest ornaments of our gardens, here born to blush unseen, - gentians and lilies, hyacinths and blue bells, intermixed with bushes of the red rhododendron, the loveliest production of the Alps, scattered over the velvet turf, give it the appearance of a carpet of richest pattern. The insect world is not less abundant and varied, -thousands of winged creatures are seen hovering over the flowers enjoying their short existence, for the summer at these elevations lasts but for 3 or 4 weeks : the rapid progress of vegetation to maturity is equalled by the rapidity of its decay, and in 8 or 10 days flowers and butterflies have passed away. Above this region of spring, with its gush of springs, its young herbage and vivid greensward; its hum of insects just burst forth, and its natural

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