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Summary of Table V, Part 3, continued, (schools for boys and girls,) showing number of

volumes in libraries, amount of corporate property, f'c.

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3,000

......

10,000

302
266

$10,000

25,000 130, 900 35,000

$82, 400

8,000

50

650 4, 755 2, 750

500 1,040 5,895 3,000 1, 200

813,000 6, 100

400 3,000 1, 200 2,000

680

195

259 1,012

65

Alabama...
Arkansas ....
California.....
Connecticut...,
Delaware ....
Florida ...
Georgia ...........
Illinois...
Indiana..
Iowa.....
Kentucky.............
Maine ............
Maryland..
Massachusetts............
Michigan ...................
Minnesota .........
Mississippi ............
Missouri.....
New Hampshire ..........
New Jersey ................
New York ....
North Carolina

17, 000 20,560 3,000 2,000 11,000 120, 400

150

40,000 181,500 18,000

6,000 26,000 182, 100

5,000 1,072, 277

935

7, 108 1,950 15, 917

1,000 5, 188

700 42, 001

556

589, 128

1,300

801

40

500

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40,000 260,000 37,000 10,000 66,000 428, 600 44, 200 56,000 112, 250 163, 500

66,000 514,500

86,500 86,000

5,000 179, 589 351, 200

285,000 5, 109, 308

39,200 374, 350

3,000 292, 435 725, 000 51, 700

5,000 414, 080 13, 500 40,000 151, 106

11, 978

300

125 2, 100 5, 139

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33,000 203, 000

100,000 3, 444, 591

12,000 207,000

4, 700 157, 336

3, 650 11, 720

151, 844

20,000 299, 979

10,000 104, 250

66,646

500

15 325

Ohio.......

10,897

500

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Oregon ...................
Pennsylvania ..............
Rhode Island .............
Tennessee ....
Texas......
Vermont....
Virginia ......
West Virginia ...........
Wisconsin ..................
District of Columbia...........
Colorado Territory...........
Wyoming Territory ........

1,500 125, 000 7,525 11,000 ........

...... 65, 060 4,108 6,000 . 360

550

200

404,000
10,000

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1,000
2,300
....
300
25

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CITY HIGH SCHOOLS, FROM TABLE II.

A special summary is here presented of the high schools reported in Table II.

Summary of instructors and students in high schools.

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Alabama ........
Arkansas ......
California...........
Connecticut
Delaware ........
District of Columbia. ....
Florida .....
Georgia...........
Ilinois ..
Indiana..
Iowa....
Kansas...
Kentucky............
Louisiana.
Maine .....
Maryland ...............
Massachusetts
Michigan ..............
Minnesota .....................
Mississippi ........
Missouri.
Nebraska..............
Nevada...
New Hampshire .........
New Jersey.......
New York....
North Carolina....
Ohio ............................
Oregon .............
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island ...
South Carolina......
Tennessee .....
Texas......
Vermont.....................
Virginia ...............
West Virginia ..........
Wisconsin ....
Colorado Territory ............
Utah Territory..

...........

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Four hundred and twenty-two cities and villages reported schools of this grade, with 1,613 instructors and 45,302 students. To these are to be credited most of the 4,193 students reported in public schools as preparing for the colleges and schools of science.

It will be seen, therefore, that many of the high schools rank, in the training afforded, with the private schools for secondary instruction usually denominated academies. Indeed, in some sections of the country, as in Maine, many of the time-honored academies are being merged in the high schools.

But what shall be said of the very small per cent. of the pupils enrolled in the city schools reported in this grade? Hon. J. D. Philbrick, superintendent of schools of Boston, a city making as ample provision as any for carrying pupils through the primary., grammar., and high-school-grades of instruction, remarks, in his last semi-annual report, of the grammar-school-grade:

If we go down to the third class in the grammar-schools, we find that it contains only a little more than half the number of pupils adipitted in a single year from the primary schools. This shows that only abou: half the pupils ever reach this class. Certaiuly this fact cannot be contemplated with satisfaction. The cause of this unsatisfactory state of things is found, in part, in the unwillingness or inability of parents to allow their children to remain long enough at school. But this cause equally affects all schools, which are alike in respect to the social condition of the population from which their pupils are drawn.

The tables of the superintendent's report show that, while the whole number of pupils in the grammar-schools of the city in July, 1872, was 17,102, the number of pupils admitted to the high schools from the grammar, in July of the sanie year, was only 879, or only about 5 per cent. of the number of pupils reported in the next subordinate grade. Hence it appears that the schooling of the great majority of the boys and girls, in one of our oldest and most favored cities, ceases with the second-grade- or grammar-school. And the branches taught in this grade, at least up to the third form, are, for the most part, those generally denominated elementary English studies. This is doubtless true, with equal or greater force, of other cities.

The following exbibit, drawn from Table II, shows the proportion of enrollment in high schools of cities in several States, to the total enrollment in the city-schools :

States.

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California ........
Connecticut .......
Illinois .....
Indiana..............................................................
Iowa ....
Kansas ............
Maine ............
Maryland .............
Massachusetts....................................................
Michigan................
Minnesota................................
New Hampshire ...........
New
Ohio..............................
Pennsylvania....
Rhode Island..
Virginia.............
Wisconsin..........

wa

155, 843
51, 879

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Pupils leaving the schools at the age of 12 or under have pretty surely failed to acquire what any system of education should aim to give. They have dropped their studies just at the point where studies begin to have some shaping power on the future man or woman. Primary training does little, often nothing, towards forming intellectual tastes. The perception of principles does not come in early years of instruction.

Habits of mind which lead one to find pleasure in intellectual pursuits are not formed at this early age. Thus the great body of our youth leave the school with memories craimed, it may be, with a multitude of facts, isolated, unconnected, but without that training necessary for understanding or appreciating either the leading activities of their own times or the rich and varied stores of the literature and science of their native tongue.

TABLE VI.-PREPARATORY SCHOOLS. It seemed desirable, in view of the prevalent discussion by the college-faculties of the subject of preparatory training, to present some statistics of schools devoted wholly or in part to the training of yonng men for the colleges and scientific schools. Inquiries in regard to the number of students thus preparing, and the number sent up to the colleges and scientific schools in 1872, were also extended to the scbools for secondary instruction reported in Table V, as well to the city high schools reported in Table II. 'There are doubtless quite a number of private fitting-schools in the country from which no information has been received, but it is probable that the three tables indicated sbow pretty nearly the extent of the facilities now afforded for preparatory training outside of the classical and scientific colleges.

It will be seen, however, by referring to Table VI, that there are but few schools distinctively and exclusively of this class, by far the larger number included therein baving both classical and English departments, and the number of students in the classical section being in many instances smaller than that in the English section. In the 86 schools reporting, there were 690 instructors and 12,487 pupils. Of the 12,487 pupils, 4,992 were stated to be in classical-preparatory, 2,274 in scientific, and 3,716 in English studies; the remaining 1,505 pupils were unclassified in the returns. The following is a summary of Table VI:

Summary of number of instructors, students, fc., in preparatory schools.

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California ....

*258 Connecticut...............

*1, 002

266 Georgia ...............

107 Illinois................

130
Kentucky ...........
Maine............

*617
203

115 Maryland .................

*279
20

219 Massachusetts ...........

*2, 124
996

349 Missouri .................

45 New Hampshire

*639 Yew Jersey...

84

15 Yes York ...........

*3, 594 1, 160

902

1, 286 Ohio ...................

1,418

604

198 Pennsylvania ........

*645

183 Rhode Island...........

522

175 Vermont ...........

621
244

333 Virginia ..............

304
141
115

48 Visconsin .................

98

45 Total ...........

486

186 ...........

090 12, 487 4,992 2, 274 3, 716 ·laclndes students upclassified. The table contains the names of seven schools froia which no sta.

tistics have been received, not included in this summary.

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616 143

294

53

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2, 650

22, 812

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Maryland ..................
Massachusetts ..........
Missouri .....
New Hampshire .......
New Jersey...
New York.
Ohio ........
Pennsylvania ..............
Rhode Island ...
Vermont ...........
Virginia ..........
Wisconsin ..

263,000

30,000 275, 780

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16,689

15, 763

500

6, 325

258, 000

176, 000 1, 252, 468

150,000 275, 900 95,000 55,000 69,000 50,000

600

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12,300

mi o

2,600

............

2,000 77, 159

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COLLEGIATE-PREPARATORY STUDENTS IN THE SEVERAL STATES. The following table will bring into a connected view the number of pupils preparing in the several classes of schools in each State for the universities and colleges and for the scientific schools during the year 1873. The total number reported in courses preparatory to the classical colleges was 38,875. Of this number 2,965 were in high schools, (public;) 5,753 were in academies and other private schools; 4,992 were in the preparatory schools embraced in Table VI, and 25,165 were in the preparatory departmients of colleges.

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