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(From John Jessup, superintendent of education, Victoria, British Columbia.] I herewith acknowledge the receipt of your report for 1872. The very large amount of interesting information which it contains cannot but be useful and instructive to educationists throughout the civilized world who may have the good fortune to obtain a copy.

The Austrian minister, Baron Lederer, through Hon. Hamilton Fish, Secretary of State, notified this Office as follows:

I have the honor to inform you that His Majesty the Emperor and King, my august sovereign, has just founded a university at Klausenburg, in Transylvania, and to beg you at the same time to have the kindness to bring this fact to the notice of tbe Department of Public Instruction, requesting said departnjent to transmit information thereof to the presidents of universities in the United States. The following extracts will explain themselves:

(From the Secretary of State.) The syllogos of Epiros have requested of Mr. Boker, the minister of the United States at Constantinople, a statistical work on the schools of this country, of which they say they have heard. As it is supposed that the work referred to may be a report of your Office, at least in part, I will thank you, should this be in your power, to enable me to comply with the request adverted to.

(From Prof. Geo. A. Stearns, director of the National Normal School of the Argentine Republic.]

I venture to suggest that a document on the public-school-system of the United States would be of great service to this country, if not to other parts of the world. It is a subject very little understood here and needs the authority of your Bureau to correct false impressions. [From Fujimoro Tanaka, second assistant minister of the department of education of Japan, transmit

ting certain photographs.] These two pictures are photographs of the Imperial University in Tokei, taken on the occasion of opening its new buildings by the presence of His Imperial Majesty the Tenno of Japan.

[From Prof.C.O. Thompson, of the Free Institute of Industrial Science, Worcester, Mass.) In studying the high-school-problem I cannot find any statistics showing the percentage of graduates, nor the percentage of boys in the graduating classes. This is a point of vital importance. May I venture to suggest that this information would be worth enough to warrant a special search for it.

[From J. C. Jillson, esq., of the Central High School, Pittsburg, Pa.) I wish to make some experiments on the ventilation of our school-rooms, more particularly on the amount of carbonic acid and other ingredients present. Have you any printed directions or can you suggest any simple method of conducting the same?

(From A. J. Schem, esq., chief editor of the Deutsch-Amerikanisches Conversations-Lexicon.)
As the German-American cyclopedia, a work which chiefly intends to diffuse full and
correct knowledge of all American affairs among the Germans of this country and in
Germany, has reached the article “United States," I am very anxious to obtain the
latest official documents, and therefore ask you the favor to send me the reports of
your Department.

RECOMMENDATIONS.
I would most respectfully but earnestly urge the following recommendations :

First. An increase of the permanent force of this Office commensurate with the increasing amount of work to be done.

Secondly. An appropriation sufficient to pay for suitable cases for the books and records of the Office, and for preserving the models of school-apparatus, &c., presented to it.

Thirdly. Additional funds for the publication of circulars of information, to meet the increasing demand for the same.

Fourthly. The enactment of a law requiring that all facts in regard to national aid to education, and all facts in regard to education in the Territories and the District of Columbia, necessary for the information of Congress, be presented through this Office. For the purpose of enabling the Government to meet its responsibilities with respect to the education of the people in the Territories, I recommend that the office of superintendent of public instruction for each Territory be created, to be filled by appoint

ment by the President, and his compensation to be fixed and paid as in the case of other Federal appointees for the Territories.

Fifthly. In view of the appalling number of children growing up in ignorance on account of the impoverished condition of portions of the country in which slavery has been lately abolished, and in view of the special difficulties in the way of establishing and maintaining therein schools for universal education, and in consideration of the imperative need of immediate action in this regard, I recommend tbat the whole or a portion of the net proceeds arising from the sale of public lands shall be set aside as a special fund, and its interest be divided annually, pro rata, between the people of the severad States and Territories and the District of Columbia, under such provisions, in regard to amount, allotment, expenditure, and supervision, as Congress in its wisdom may deem fit and proper.

Sixthly. I respectfully recommend that such provision as may be seen best in the wisdom of Congress be made for the publication of ten thousand copies of the annual report of this Bureau, immediately on its completion, to be put at the control of the Bureau for distribution among its correspondents and the educators of the country, however many may be ordered for distribution by members of the Senate and House.

CONCLUSION.

The chief clerk, Dr. Charles Warren, is especially deserving of my commendation for his faithful conduct of the Office in my absence.

It is always a great pleasure to acknowledge the efficient services of my several assistants in the Office. This year especially, they have relieved me of much work that probably would have been left updone, on account of my health becoming seriously impaired. Indeed, during no year of my duties here has the organization of the Office been able to accomplish so much in itself; and this is largely due to the faot that the members of the force have become more familiar with the principles upon which the Office is conducted and with the educational details of the country and the wants of the people. .

I am greatly indebted for valuable aid to many whom it is impossible to mention in each case, also to the Commissioner of Patents, the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, the Congressional Printer, and the Chief of the Bureau of Statistics.

Among the most gratifying experiences in this Office is the fact that each year adds to my obligations to your Assistant Secretary, yourself, and to the President, for wise direction and hearty co-operation in the performance of its duties. I am, sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

JOHN EATON,

Commissioner. Hon. C. DELANO,

Secretary of the Interior.

ANNUAL STATEMENT

OF THE

PROGRESS OF EDUCATION IN THE UNITED STATES.

1 E

NOTE.

The following abstracts, from the reports of the several State-superintendents and other authoritative sources, designed to show the condition of educational matters in the different States and Territories, are prepared substantially, as far as may be, in accordance with the schedule given below:

GENERAL PLAN OF ABSTRACT. 1. ELEMENTARY INSTRUCTION...........(a) Statistics.

(6) Public-school-systems, marking specially anything now and

noteworthy.

(c) City systems and their peculiarities. 2. SECONDARY INSTRUCTION ........ .(a) Academies.

(6) High schools.

(c) Preparatory schools.
3. TRAINING OF TEACHERS..... .(a) Normal schools and normal departments.
4. SUPERIOR INSTRUCTION ....

.(a) Colleges for males, with universities.
(6) Colleges for females.

(c) Resident greduate courses. 5. PROFESSIONAL INSTRUCTION (a) Theological training.

(6) Legal training.
(c) Medical training.

(d) Training of engineers and agriculturists. 6. SPECIAL INSTRUCTION......... .(a) Deaf, dumb, and blind,

(6) Musical conservatories.

(c) Art-training, beyond that in the schools. 7. EDUCATIONAL CONVENTIONS..........(a) Meetings of State-associations.

(6) Teachers' institutes. 8. SPECIAL NOTEWORTHY BENEFACTIONS. 9. OBITUARY RECORD

..(a) Brief memorials of educators deceased during the year. 10. LIST OF SCHOOL-OFFICIALS...........(a) Boards of education, or State-superintendents.

(6) County.or town-superintendents.

*APPENDIX.

ABSTRACTS FROM THE OFFICIAL REPORTS OF THE SCHOOL-OFFICERS OF

STATES, TERRITORIES, AND CITIES, WITH ADDITIONAL INFORMATION FROM VARIOUS SOURCES.

ALABAMA.

From report of Hon. Joseph Hodgson, State-superintendent of public instruction, for the scholastic

year which ended September 30, 1872.]

RECEIPTS.
Annual interest on $1,729,817.04, (sixteenth-section-fund,) at 8 per cent..
Annual interest on $97,091.21, (valueless sixteenth-section-fund)
Annual interest on $669,086.80, (surplus-revenue-fund).
One-fifth annual aggregate revenue, (1871) ............
Special assessment for schools, (poll-tax) .............
Alabama Mutual-Aid Association.....
Amonnt appropriated under section 957, revised code.
Unapportioned balance, (1871) ........

$138, 385 36

7,767 30 53, 526 94 235,524 54 113, 505 00

2,000 00 54, 269 36

2,082 47

[graphic]

Total.....

607,060 97

EXPENDITURES.

$553, 067 65 35,000 00 4,000 00 1, 500 00 1,000 00 12,000 00

50 00

Apportioned among counties...
Pay of county-superintendents.......
Pay of county-directors...
Pay of clerk of department
Contingent fund......
For normal schools ............
Library-fand.................
Total expenditures........

........

SCHOOL-POPULATION.
Total number of children between ages of 5 and 21 years, (males, 204,416;
females, 199,319) ............

SCHOOL-ATTENDANCE.
Number of white children enrolled, (males, 32,766 ; females, 29,176)..
Number of colored children enrolled, (males, 20,125; females, 21,548)...

[graphic]

606, 517 65

403, 735

61, 942 41,673

Total enrollment......

103, 615

The statistics of city-schools, tabulated from returns made by the city-superintendents, and also the Dames of the presidents and full statistics of the higher educational institutions of each State will bo toont in their appropriato Pue found in their appropriate places among the statistical tables at the end of this volume. Lists of the

"

um universities, colleges, and professional schools in each State are also given in the abstracte of their re

i re spective States. The statistical tables of the schools, colleges, and public educational institutions ein. body the information given, in response to the circulars of inquiry sont out from this Bureau, by those in ebarge of the institations.

Owing to want of space reference is made in the text only to institutions from which the Bureau possesses printed or written information relating to matters of special interest.

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