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OF NEW YORK

A MANUAL OF THE LOCAL, MUNICIPAL, STATE
AND FEDERAL GOVERNMENT FOR USE IN
PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SCHOOLS

OF NEW YORK STATE

BY

FRANK DAVID BOYNTON
SUPERINTENDENT OF SCHOOLS, ITHACA, NEW YORK, AUTHOR OF
"SCHOOL Civics," MANUAL OF Civics," SYLLABUS

OF CIVICS," PLANE GEOMETRY,” ETC.

66

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COPYRIGHT, 1904, 1911,

1918, BY
FRANK DAVID BOYNTON

ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

519.6

The Athenæum Press
GINN AND COMPANY. PRO-
PRIETORS. BOSTON.U.S.A.

Harzem 6-20-25 12055

PREFACE

In the preparation of this edition of "Actual Government of New York” the author has associated with him three teachers of civics in as many cities of the state, and has made use of the suggestions received from teachers who used the first edition. In this way the present book has been worked out. Both subject matter and arrangement have been subjected to the study and criticism of classroom teachers. Teachers who used the first edition have helped in no small degree to produce the present book. Many of them will find that their suggestions have been incorporated as made, while others will find theirs somewhat modified. Extremes, or "fads," in government have been ignored, but the substantial and healthy development of democratic representative government has been definitely pointed out in both the text and the illustrations.

A textbook in civics treats of a large body of facts which change or which may change with every session of the legislature and of Congress. This edition brings the statement of fact up

to date and adds valuable new material and illustrations. Some of the more important new topics discussed may be mentioned: the amendments to the state and United States constitutions; city manager; compulsory physical and military training; the initiative, referendum, and recall ; commission government; the primary-election law; the importance of the county as a unit of local government; mothers' pensions ; workmen's compensation ; new methods of choosing candidates; the state pay roll; popular election of United States

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