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516. Nought despitous =not pitiless, cruel.
517. Daungerous ne digne = domineering nor haughty.
523. Snybbe snub, reprove. For the nones. See note 1. 379.
525. Waytede after
sought or looked for.
526. Spiced over-scrupulous.
531. Swynkere = laborer.
534. Though him gamede or smerte = though it pleased or pained him. 536. Dyke and delve = to ditch and dig.
541. Tabard. See note 1. 20. — Mere = mare. People of quality would not ride upon a mare.
steward, bailiff, officer. - Mellere: miller.
543. Sompnour summoner, in ecclesiastical courts. - Pardoner = seller of pardons or indulgences.
544. Maunciple: = an officer who purchased provisions for a college, etc. Lat. manceps, purchaser, contractor.
545. Carl =
churl, hardy fellow. A.S. ceorl, country-man, churl. 547. That proved he well, for everywhere he came. Overal ther everywhere, wherever. Cf. Ger. überall, everywhere.
548. Ram. A ram was the usual prize at wrestling matches. 549. Knarre = knot. He was a thick-set, muscular fellow.
lift, off its hinges.
551. Rennyng = running.
554. Upon the cop right = right upon the top. Cf. Eng. coping. bristles. A. S. byrst, a bristle, by a common transposi
557. Nose-thurles nostrils. A. S. thyrel, a hole.
563. Thombe of gold refers to the miller's skill in testing the quality of meal or flour by rubbing it between his thumb and forefinger. - Pardé = par Dieu, a common oath.
583. As hym list desire = as it pleases him to desire. 586. Sette here aller cappe = set all their caps
to outwit, overreach.
an expression meaning
590. His head was docked, or closely cut in front like a priest. 594. Auditour accountant.
597. Neet cattle. Cf. neat, cattle.
598. Stoor: 603. Herde
= stock, store.
herdsman. Hyne hind, servant, farm-laborer.
605. Adrad afraid.
606. Wonyng = dwelling. Cf. Ger. Wohnung, dwelling.
= trade. French métier. = stallion.
616. Pomely gray = dappled gray.
617. Of pers. See note on l. 439.
621. Tukked = clothed in the long dress of a friar.
643. Can clepen Watte = can call Wat, or Walter.
644. Grope try, test; literally, to feel with the hands. 646. Questio quid juris
thin beard, or
The question is, what is the law in the case.
652. Pulle a fynch was a common expression for cheating a novice. 653. Owher
656. But-if. See note 11. 351 and 582.
660. Each guilty man ought to be afraid of excommunication (cursyng). 661. Assoillyng = absolution. O. Fr. assoiller, Lat. absolvere.
Significavit a writ of excommunication, which usually began, "Significavit nobis venerabilis frater," etc. in his power or jurisdiction. At his owne gise :
sign-post in front of an ale-house. It was usual to
attach an ivy bush to an ale-stake.
679. By culpons on and oon = by shreds or strands one by one.
681. Trussed = packed up.
682. Him thought = it seemed to him. See note 1. 37. — The newe get the new fashion.
683. Sauf his cappe = except his cap.
685. Vernicle: = a miniature copy of the picture of Christ, which is said to have been miraculously imprinted on a handkerchief preserved in St. Peter's at Rome.
695. Oure lady veyl = = our lady's veil. See note 1. 88.
699. Latoun = a kind of brass or tinned iron.
700. Pigges bones, which he pretended were the bones of some saint. 702. Poure persoun:
= poor parson.
705. Japes = tricks, impostures.
712. Affyle = file, polish.
726. That you do not ascribe (rette) it to my ill-breeding (vileinye). 728. Here cheere
741. Plato, a famous Greek philosopher, born about 420 B.C.
kindred or in keeping with. The language should be in keeping with the thing described.
744. Al = although. Cf. Eng. albeit.
750. Wel to drynke us leste
it pleased us well to drink.
753. Eygen stepe. See note 1. 201.
754. Chepe Cheapside, a leading street in London, on which the wealthiest burgesses or citizens lived.
761. Lordynges = sirs, gentlemen. Dim. of lord.
765. Herbergh = inn.
766. Don yow mirthe =
I cause you to know.
See note 1. 403.
cause you mirth. Cf. Eng. "I do you to wit"
770. Quyte you youre meede 772. Schapen yow to talen: tales (talen).
grant you your reward.
prepare yourselves, or get ready, to tell
785. To make it wys
= to make it a matter of serious deliberation.
786. Avys advice, consideration. Cf. Fr. avis.
819. Fet fetched. A. S. fetian, to fetch.
822. A morwe on the morrow, the 18th of April.
825. A litel more than paas = a little faster than a pace or walk.
826. The watering of St. Thomas was at the second mile-stone on the old road to Canterbury.
827. Bigan areste=
halted. Bigan is sometimes used as an auxiliary
829. Forward = promise, covenant. A. S. foreword, covenant, agree
844. Aventure, or sort, or cas= by chance, or luck, or accident.
truth. Cf. Eng. in sooth.
'see note 1. 829. Composicioun agreement.
850. Seigh = saw.
854. A Goddes name = in God's name.
857. Right a merie chere a right merry countenance.