Organized Self-government

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Obeying the Law
12
Patient Discussion
13
Advice from Teachers
14
A Budget
15
RULERS AND OFFICERS 20 Anarchy
17
Two Methods of Choosing Officers
18
Supporting Our Rulers
19
Election
20
Counting the Ballots
21
One Objection to This Plan
22
Kinds of Rules
24
Organization
25
Legislation
26
Officers
27
The Recall
28
Amendment
29
PART II
31
The Worlds Work in Earlier Times
32
Scientific Agriculture
33
Printing and Communication
34
World Coöperation
35
Doing Our Part in Politics
36
THE CITY 51 What Is a City ?
38
Cities and Farming
39
Cities and Culture
40
City Charters
41
Our Own City
42
CHAPTER PAGE VII SOME PUBLIC UTILITIES 62 Public Utilities
45
Need of Efficient Government
46
A Water Supply
47
Light
48
Monopoly Control
49
The Price
50
One Authority Over All Public Service
51
THE DISPOSAL OF WASTE 72 Waste in the Country
53
Coöperation Is Necessary
54
The Street Cleaning Department
55
The Disposal of Garbage
56
The Disposal of Sewage
57
Sewage as Fertilizer
58
Allied Problems
59
PROTECTION FROM FIRE AND DISORDER 82 Danger from Fire
61
Fire Insurance
62
Volunteer and Expert Firemen
64
The Fire Department
65
Prevention of Crime
66
Certainty of Punishment
67
PROTECTION FROM DISEASE 92 Health
70
Living Conditions
71
Food and Drink
72
Prevention of Diseases
73
The Health Department
74
Hospitals
75
SelfGovernment and Education
77
SelfGovernment and Culture
78
Training
79
Education and Culture
80
The Department of Education
81
Control of Education
82
THE UNFORTUNATES 111 Abnormal People
84
Our Duty to Them
85
Organized Charity
86
Criminals
87
The Work of the Government
88
Education and Reconstruction
89
STREETS AND PARKS 121 City Planning
91
Early City Plans
92
The Plan of Washington
94
Residence Streets
96
Civic Centers
97
The Suburbs
98
BUILDING ZONES OR DISTRICTS 130 Rights of Property
100
The Height of Buildings
101
Drifting Population and Business
102
A Living Plan
103
Zoning and the Civic Center
104
Some Rules for Zoning
105
Handling Food
107
PART III
137
The Study of State Governments
138
Independence
139
Work of the State Government
140
184 Courts
141
Other State Work
142
THE LAW OF THE LAND 188 A B C of Law
144
Safety and Freedom
145
Property
146
Honest Trading
147
Nuisances
148
THE COURTS AND THE LAW 197 Kinds of Law
151
What Does a Court Do?
152
How Shall We Select Judges ?
153
What Is a Jury?
154
The Lawyers
155
Courts of Appeal
156
The Law and Our Rights
159
The Rights of the Community 159 210 The Rights of the Community 211 Kinds of Crimes
160
The AttorneyGeneral of the State
161
Sheriffs and Other Officers
162
A Criminal Trial
163
The Citizens Duty
164
Water for Agriculture
175
Forests
176
Other Kinds of Wealth
177
The Duty of the Citizen
178
GOVERNMENT AND BUSINESS 239 The Reason for This Chapter
180
What Is Business?
181
Economics and Government
182
Honesty and Business
183
Transportation
184
Highways and Canals
185
CHAPTER PAGE XXVI HEALTH AND EDUCATION 249 Elements of Welfare
187
The Work of the Government
188
Saving Health
189
Health and Education
190
The State University
191
Education and Law
192
ORGANIZING THE STATE GOVERNMENT 259 The Work To Be Done
194
The Legislature
195
100
196
The Governor
197
The Governors Cabinet
198
Civil Service Rules
199
Home Rule for Cities and Counties
200
SUBDIVISIONS OF THE STATE 269 Country Districts
202
The Work To Be Done
203
Organs of County Government
204
A Better County Government
205
Counties and Towns in Cities
206
Home Rule for Towns and Counties
207
The Duty of the Citizen
208
THE STATES EXPENSES 278 Work Costs Money
210
BudgetMaking
211
Separating Sources of Revenue
212
Apportioning the Public Income
213
LogRolling in the Legislature
214
Hearings on the Budget
215
PART IV
217
Thirteen Separate States
218
The Articles of Confederation
219
Trade on the Potomac
220
Our Great Leaders
221
Accepting the New Government
222
THE UNION AND CONSERVATION 297 The Work of the Union
224
Pioneers Are Extravagant
225
Minerals Oil and Gas
226
Water Power
227
Fisheries
228
Animal Life
229
BUSINESS IN THE UNION 307 Large Scale Business
231
Roads and Railroads
232
Postal Service
233
Money
234
Other Aid to Industry and Business
235
Fair Competition
236
EDUCATION AND HEALTH 315 Service by the Federal Government
239
One Kind of Work for Education
240
Other Educational Work
241
Quarantine
242
Factory Inspection and Legislation
243
Panama and Cuba
244
Work and Law
246
Implied Powers
247
New Departments in the Government
248
Two Houses
249
The President and the Laws
249
The Supreme Court and the Law
249
THE FEDERAL CONSTITUTION 334 The Outline of a Constitution
253
The Federal Courts
254
Power of the Supreme Court
255
Limiting the States
256
Some of the Limitations
257
Changing the Constitution
259
COLONIES AND SELFGOVERNMENT 342 The Declaration of Independence
261
Backward Peoples
262
Our Western Lands
263
Cuba
264
Colonies of Other Countries
265
Africa
266
OUR FOREIGN RELATIONS 352 Sovereign States
268
PanAmericanism
269
A World Power
270
The Consular Service
271
The War Department
272
THE EXPENSES OF OUR FEDERAL GOVERNMENT
275
PART V
283
PARTIES AND LEADERS
291
Principles of Government
298
The Head of the Government
299
The Legislature
300
The Budget
301
The Laws
302
The People and Their Government
303
REAL INTERNATIONAL LAW 404 A World of Separate States
306
Some Causes of War
307
Some Examples of Bullying
308
International Law
309
America and the War
310
A Government and Law
311
APPENDIX
315
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第 360 頁 - The President shall, at stated Times, receive for his Services, a Compensation, which shall neither be encreased nor diminished during the Period for which he shall have been elected, and he shall not receive within that Period any other Emolument from the United States, or any of them. Before he enter on the Execution of his Office, he shall take the following Oath or Affirmation:—"I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will faithfully execute the Office of President of the United States, and...
第 364 頁 - The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States ; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State. SECTION 4. The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion, and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive...
第 370 頁 - Vice-President; a quorum for the purpose shall consist of two thirds of the whole number of Senators, and a majority of the whole number shall be necessary to a choice. But no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice-President of the United States.
第 364 頁 - No person held to service or labour in one State, under the laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in consequence of any law or regulation therein, be discharged from such service or labour, but shall be delivered up on claim of the party to whom such service or labour may be due. Section 3. New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the jurisdiction of any other State ; nor any State be formed by the junction of two or more...
第 359 頁 - Members from two thirds of the States, and a Majority of all the States shall be necessary to a Choice. In every Case, after the Choice of the President, the Person having the greatest Number of Votes of the Electors shall be the Vice President. But if there should remain two or more who have equal Votes, the Senate shall chuse from them by Ballot the Vice President...
第 353 頁 - Senators. The Congress shall assemble at least once in every Year, and such Meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by Law appoint a different Day.
第 352 頁 - No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of Thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen. The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided.
第 354 頁 - Time for which he was elected, be appointed to any civil Office under the Authority of the United States, w,hich shall have been created, or the Emoluments whereof shall have been encreased during such time; and no Person holding any Office under the United States, shall be a Member of either House during his Continuance in Office.
第 373 頁 - ... vacancies happen in the representation of any State in the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided, That the legislature of any State may empower the executive thereof to make temporary appointments until the people fill the vacancies by election as the legislature may direct. This amendment shall not be so construed as to affect the election or term of any Senator chosen before it becomes valid as part of the Constitution.
第 373 頁 - The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote. The electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the State legislatures. When vacancies happen in the representation of any State In the Senate, the executive authority of such State shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies: Provided. That the legislature of any...

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