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Calcutta as to the precise motives which guide the

LAST THOUGHTS. allotting of the salt, of course all use their best endeavours to propitiate those who are suspected of

Have they told thee I am dying? possessing any influence in the matter. It was a

Careless world, careless worldfavourite dodge of Ram Chunder Sing to waylay the

Have thy proud lips scarce replying chief superintendent of the department on his way

The dirge-notes backward hurled, into the office, and, trotting along by his side, hold

Saying, with a scornful smile: some trivial conversation with him with an air of

. She was fair a little whileintense importance. This was not lost upon the

Courted! but she had her day; crowd in the court-yard waiting to make their con

There's no need that she should stay. tracts, who one and all set him down as deep in the

I have nought for her to do, confidence of his superior. It is scarcely necessary

Amid all my glittering crew: to say how Ram Chunder turned this to account.

'Tis well that she is dying!' It was not long before he turned salt-speculator

Have they told ye I am dying? himself in conjunction with friends, wlio from that time

Summer friends, summer friends, became the most successful bidders at the monthly

Have yje made pretence at sighing sales. No one could say how it happened—whether it

O'er the weary life that ends ; was the colour of the paper, the boldness of the writing,

Have ye said with feigned sorrow : the respectability of the names, or merely their good

. May she have a brighter morrow. fortune that caused such huge quantities of salt to

She has not joined us long pass through their hands, and leave such auriferous

In mirth, or dance, or song. deposits behind. Ram left the salt department and

Her bloom is on the wane; the salt trade to carry on financial schemes of a larger

Her eyes are dimmed with pain : character. He lived in great style as a rich banker,

'Tis well that she is dying! lent money at unheard-of rates, and was a most

Hare they told thee I am dying ? obliging friend to Bengal civilians. He had a strange

Gentle friend, gentle friend, relish for this description of game: he delighted to see

Will thy sweet spirit sighing their names in his books; so much so, that he would

One tender message send; not think of troubling them for the trifles they owed

Dost say with tearful eye he was only too proud to be of any service to them.

Raised to the quiet sky: Now, it was a curious circumstance, and one which

God slake the fever-thirst was duly noticed, that in the many suits instituted

Her earthly dreams have nurst, or defended by Ram Chunder in the courts of the

And bathe that aching brow Company, he invariably gained his point. Was there

Where living waters flow : a contract to be tendered for to supply the Company's

God help her !-she is dying.' commissariat with anchors or scrubbing-brushes, with rum or salt-beef, Ram Chunder proved the successful

Have they told thee I am dying ?

Heart estranged, heart estranged ! man.

And dost thou turn in sighing A volume, and a goodly one too, might be filled with

To old times long since changed; the monetary exploits of the wealthy shroff. There

Dost say with flushing cheek : was scarcely a public office he did not manage to obtain

She was young, and very weak. a place in for some one of his many creatures. Judges,

Though it wrung my heart to leave her secretaries, collectors, magistrates, all courted the

Though she wronged me, I forgive her. friendship of the powerful baboo, who could serve them

Many deathless memories in such a persuasive and pleasant manner. His society,

Paint her with such gentle eyes, too, was sought for. He entertained, and was enter

My lost love who is dying.' tained in return. Europeans were his especial booncompanions, for whom he could not do too much.

Have they told thee I am dying? When the recent rebellion broke out, Ram Chunder

Mother blest, mother blest! denounced the traitors in emphatic language, and placed

Have they told thee I am dying? himself and all his means at the disposal of govern.

With weary heart and breast, ment. He loved our rule, our laws, our customs, our

Dost say to angels round: society far too much to desire any change. He was all

• The child I lost is found. but an Englishman—a most loyal man. It is true he

I've left her, ah! too long, had large sums invested in Company's paper, larger

'Mid earthly harm and wrong.

There is no place for her still in house-property about Calcutta, and large

'Mid all life's busy stir; contracts in hand for our commissariat, with others

We'll give her welcome here, in prospective. Still he was a loyal man. This points

So far from grief and fear : to the distinction of baboos, even when all these good

'Tis well that she is dying!' things are as yet in nubibus. This points to the

M. L. P. connection between babooism and respectability.

STAGE BURLESQUES. 'CHURCH AFFAIRS AT BALLYGARRIFFE.'

Burlesques, of which it is the formal purpose to conThe article that appeared with this title in No. 203, we

vert into laughter what was meant to exalt and purify printed merely as an amusing fiction; but it now appears equally; and that such offences, instead of being promptly

the soul, are offences against the public taste and morals that there is really a village, though with another answering to the description of Ballygarriffe, and that the silenced, should be applauded and caressed, and that writer, in order, no doubt, to give piquancy to the joke, Shakspeare should be especially selected as the butt of intermingled personal allusions with the fictitious details, decisive symptoms that the drama, in our generation, is

these barren witlings, appears to us one of the most under excitement and without due consideration. need not say how much we regret having been made the really on the decline.- Donne's Essays on the Drama. medium of hurting the feelings of respectable persons; but we may point to the character of our Journal, maintained Printed and Published by W. & R. CHAMBERS, 47 Paternoster uniformly from the commencement, as evidence that it was

Row, London, and 339 High Street, EDINBURGH. Also sold by so without the slightest consciousness on our part.

WILLIAM ROBERTSON, 23 Upper Sackville Street, DUBLIN, and all
Booksellers,

TOPUL A RIM

TERATURE

Science and Arts.

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS.

No. 212.

SATURDAY, JANUARY 23, 1858.

Price 11d.

or other capitalists advance money expressly to carry THE CREDIT-SYSTE M.

on a business, they are not without a view to their In relation to one of the monster bankruptcies of the own interests. They see to get good advantages from last few months—that of a house ['castle of cards' their loans, and usually succeed in licking up the cream were a better term] engaged in the production of a of any concern they are connected with. It is only class of female finery, and which leaves the world when they inflate the wind-bag too much, that they some hundreds of thousands of pounds minus—it is suffer as the Western Bank shareholders now do. notorious that the house, during its existence, was 'Twas a riskful trade, giving large returns so far as an utter pest to all other people engaged in the successful, but involving great risks also—80, when same business, by reason of its practice of underselling the business was carried to excess, nine per cent. on The case is an apt illustration of the beauties of the shares was suddenly exchanged for loss of whole capital credit-system. The trade was conducted mainly on and a third more. the credit and at the risk of a set of innocent, unthink- The credit-system involves, then, an usurious element ing people, constituting what was called the Western besides. We have come of late years to give legal Bank-spread desolation around among its compeers, sanction to what in former times was regarded as a who traded on their own risk-and now the bank kind of robbery. It now appears right that men shareholders have to make good, in solid cash, to their should be allowed to take as much interest for their own impoverishment, the ideal capital which enabled a money as lenders are willing to give, it being assumed company of rash men to speculate for a small chance that a lender will only give what it is for his own in their own favour against a certainty of loss to good to give. Yet there is a natural sentiment against others. There is nothing in the case beyond the most usury-it always looks like oppression. And, surely familiar facts in human life. When a man works if any one makes a richly gainful trade to himself by upon money of his own, he proceeds with caution, and holding out temptations to the illusory hopes of poor the best exercise of judgment that is in his power. men, thriving upon the very necessities into which his Give him other people's money to do as he likes with, fellow-creatures have fallen, ultimately in most cases and lie makes it spin. It is not therefore surprising making his mickle more at the expense of the little that three or four hundred thousand pounds of a bank's which poverty possesses--the natural sentiment, the money, intrusted to an adventurer, should, in the first sentiment on which former laws against usury were place, do a good deal of harm in the spending, and based, is justified. We may at least be entitled to finally be lost.

say: It is a bad business for poor Lazarus, and it were The case leads to a view of the whole credit-system, to be wished that he would not thus put himself in which it were well to daguerreotype on the public Dives's power. It is, at the utmost, one of those mind. Carried to such extremes as we have seen things which the law finds it convenient to leave alone, lately, it promotes wasteful, mischievous, and un- but which are nevertheless condemned by the natural successful business, and suffers a fearful penalty in sense of what is just between man and man. itself. There is, however, another view of it.

It appears, then, that business on the credit-system There is such a thing as a tolerably good business is, in the most favourable circumstances, injurious conducted mainly on the basis of credit, though to the borrowing party, and, in the less favourable likewise with injurious results. We can state a case circumstances, ruinous to the lending party or the by way of illustration. An ingenious and accom- extender of credit. In the measure of the extent to plished man was in business as a publisher. He which it is carried, business will become a hollow, planned and superintended the preparation of many deceptious, unsatisfactory affair ; artificial difficulties excellent books. But his speculations were too great will be found obstructing the industrious man working for his means. He, had consequently to buy paper on realised means; agonising competitions, leading to from wholesale stationers at perhaps twenty per cent. adulterations and all other kinds of safe tricks and above ready-money prices. He had to give large cheats, will arise; only a few, unusually dexterous or percentages to bill-discounters. He had to take in fortunate, or who are in possession of special advantpartners, who, for the sake of small advances, drew a ages for conducting a lucrative business, will find large share of profits. All the natural and proper themselves thriving. In short, the unavoidable result fruits of many years of laborious industry were thus of such a system will be exactly that condition of absorbed, and large losses incurred besides, and this things which we see in the commercial world--so full really able and ingenious man ended as poor as he of disappointment and vexation to all well-meaning began. It is strictly a normal case. Where banks and pure-hearted men—and we may therefore well

believe that to the credit-system, in a great degree, of credit, realising to themselves that work is the only this very condition of things is owing.

real source of wealth, and that the saved products of We are able to present the case of a firm which for one piece of work are the only true foundation for many years acted, in a kindred business, on the another and another; if, while so acting, they would opposite principle to that pursued by the publisher be content to live frugally till the easy overplus of above alluded to. It from the beginning proceeded on realised means enables them to take those indulgences the ready-money principle. The results of one adven- which are their proper and fitting reward; one half of ture were made the basis on which another was built. the proverbial cares of the world would be spared, No adventure was entered upon without a previous merchandise would be entered on as a path of pleasantascertainment of there being ample means of carrying ness, and the merchant would, generally speaking, be it out, whether it should be a success or a failure. a far more honour-worthy being than he is. The principal materials employed were settled for in Let us hope to see, for the future, a great restriction cash every month. Not a single bill was ever accepted put upon the credit-system. There has just been a by the firm, and it scarcely ever discounted any that palpable loss to the British community of fifty millions were receivable. There consequently was no anxiety by the bankruptcies of one crisis, the proper close of a about the conducting of the business. Extra time and course in which trade has been degraded to a gambling energy, which other men of business spend in financier- speculation, and infinite troubles and difficulties have ing-a kind of occupation wholly unprofitable-were been spread throughout the industrial world. We must devoted by the members of this firm to the studies see to arrange that no such thing can happen again to and accomplishments calculated to raise men in the the same extent. As individuals, let us try to clear our esteem of their fellow-creatures. The business moved minds of monetary fallacies, such as that of enlarged elowly on at first, but it never misgave or relapsed, and unrestricted issues of paper-money, the equal notwithstanding both troubles and losses from con- importance of having credit as having money, the signees who unhappily acted on a different principle; wastefulness of keeping gold in the coffers of the and after a considerable series of years it attained great Bank of England, and so forth. And let us each magnitude, while yet resting on perfectly solid founda- try to keep our own transactions reasonably near tions. Here, in short, was an example of a rational the limit of our realised capital. Let us resist the career in commerce-no straining, no making of need- Siren Credit when she holds out her allurements. less difficulties, no waste of time on work leading to Neither let us be too easily led by sympathy for nothing, rewards reaped by the workers, instead of being young and rising traders, to help them to a degree abstracted by horse-leech sleeping-partners an bill- of accommodation' likely to prove their bane. discounters, a rationally enjoyable and even dignified There must-for the restoration of a right system of life attained, instead of one of incessant degrading care things—be a change in the popular conceptions, and and worry ending in disappointment--and all through the constitutional arrangements, as to banks. The one simple principle—that of working on one's own, legitimate business of these establishments is to instead of another's capital. What a contrast! When act as a medium in payments, and give a merely we duly consider such a case as an example of what temporary accommodation of credit on the basis of commercial life may be made when right principles are actual goods and real transactions. Money-lending followed, what can we do but wonder at once at the for trading speculations, while it may be a profitable simplicity of the right course, and the perseverance of iniquity to individual bill-discounters who know their 80 large a portion of the community in the wrong ground, can never be safely practised by a large jointone?

stock company under the charge of a manager and To realise such a course as this, however, there must directors. Everything of the kind is to be utterly be-as there was in the firm in question-patience condemned. with the slender means and the narrow profits at first. The besetting sin of commercial men is over-eagerness -excessive haste to be rich. It is indeed a striking

A TREMENDOUS ASCENT. feature of the commercial mind, both in this country My name is Robinson; and I think I must be somehow and in America, that, instead of a just and honest connected with that well-known traveller who, in pride in business as the worthy occupation of a life, conjunction with his two friends, Brown and Jones, there appears a restless desire to be quit of it. Men made the celebrated foreign tour which Mr Doyle so are seen striving to effect a competency by one lucky kindly illustrated for them. I think so, because, stroke, or by a few years of brilliant practice-any- besides the coincidence of name, I have the like thing to escape from business, as if it were either a passionate love of adventure, tempered with the same thing ordinarily calling for an intolerable self-sacrifice peculiar appreciation of comfort, as he; and although or a path of perils in which there could be no peace. circumstances, over which I have no control, and Now there are some who are impelled in these demon- about which it would be an impertinence in the strations by ambition for fine living or the éclat of public to inquire, have restricted my rambles to my wealth; but we as often see great gambling speculators native country, my experiences, like his, may not be living very plainly, and evidently incapable of filling a altogether uninteresting. station of wealth and dignity, or of enjoying it. The If there is something attractive in the mere appearmore prevalent cause of the over-eagerness is an uneasy ance of a person who has been up Mont Blanc-dissense of the risks, harassments, and disappointments appointing as it is, we must confess, not to find him attending a commercial career-the evils, in fact, which taller than other people—there must be an interest, spring from this very credit-system. The merchant although perhaps in a lesser degree, attaching to one pines under the terrors of his distant ventures, from who has scaled Helvellyn. If, upon the topmost peak which the returns may be nil; the shopkeeper, finding of Cotopaxi, it astonished the philosophic traveller to | himself pinched by the foolish competition raised discover butterflies and other insects, which must,' around him through credit, longs to be in any safe he supposes, ‘have been conveyed there by unusual haven and at rest. These are the true general causes currents of air ;' and if the whole scientific world were of the over-eagerness for great successes, as contrasted similarly wonder-struck to hear it, it must surely with moderate returns from sober diligence and appli- awaken some surprise when the statement is made cation. It comes all back to this wicked credit-system public that I too have observed the same phenomenon --this sluice of continual drainage from the good on the summit of Skiddaw, although I may not have labour going on in the world. If men would enter attributed it to so abstruse a cause. These things, upon business in calmness and patience, keeping clear it may be urged, however, are solely matters of

comparison; and for the sake of argument, suppose this with corks on, and letting go the corks ; Z, who to be admitted. Let Humboldt upon his pinnacle, let was a naturalist, but did not know much about mounSmith upon his glacier, be by all means duly honoured; taineering, had been benighted on Wausfell from the but refuse not to Robinson, upon his British mountain- unforeseen circumstance of the sun leaving the hilltop, a humbler meed of approbation too. But, indeed, top before it left the sides. He had found, early in his this is but a low view to take on such a matter after ramble, a very rare and curious beetle, which he had all. When the mathematician, with his reading-party wrapped up carefully in his waistcoat-pocket; but in North Wales, apologised for not climbing Snowdon, while roaming about in the darkness, hunger had overupon the ground that there was a hill behind his powered love of science; and after much hesitation, he residence quite high enough for all practical purposes, had devoured the specimen. Having got down to he enunciated a mighty truth. I am not, indeed, a Ambleside at last, however, he declared this to have mathematician, but I appreciate his remark in all its been the sublimest adventure possible, and proposed depth and fulness. Helvellyn and Skiddaw are quite our spending a night together upon the summit of sufficient for all my humble needs ; Mont Blanc and some other steep, a suggestion which we unanimously Cotopaxi would be very considerably too high. Is it applauded; only I insisted that the thing should be pretended that the sensations of a poor fellow, climb- done comfortably. 'None of your rare and curious ing a steep place in Westmoreland, are different from beetles for supper for me,' said I; 'none of your rocky those of another poor fellow going through the same pillows, and slumbers under the canopy of heaven : sort of thing in Switzerland ? Did Mr Albert Smith, Joseph Robinson goes up like a gentleman,' I gave think you, approaching the Grands Mulets, perspire them distinctly to understand, or he doesn't go up at more freely than I did in my ascent of Grisedale Pass, all.' It was therefore arranged that I should have the before I met the donkey? I was fourteen stone when sole charge of the commissariat. As for the mountain, I began that expedition from Grasmere, and I was we determined at once that that should be Fairfield. twelve stone and a half when I was brought down It is about 3000 feet above the level of the sea; and thither, that same evening, upon the back of that we proposed to sleep upon the summit of its huge friendly animal. Such a fact as this needs no com- green back. The news spread like wild-fire through ment. Was the Alpine excursionist blistered with the little village ; offers of service poured in from every much walking? I also can procure the testimony-quarter-guides, lanterns (even a boat from one perin writing, if it be necessary—of my two sons, as to son, who thought it would be a very snug affair turned the awful condition of their father's feet. Was he upside down), ponies, mules---camels would, I doubt drowsy, and did he, towards the conclusion of his not, have been forthcoming, had we desired themlabours, tumble upon this side and upon that, like a everything we wanted, and many things of which drunken man? Ask my guide, Gawain Mackareth we had no need, were pressed upon us eagerly. We of Town End, if he did not, upon the occasion to which had already an alpenstock apiece (which, for my I refer, pick me up four distinct times ; besides own part, since it is for ever getting between my legs pouring upon me a continual fire of Now then, sirs,' and tripping me up, I do not consider an assistance), and “Hold up, sirs,' for the last two miles i No and a railway rug; and the landlord of our hotel human being, not excepting Mr Smith, could possibly provided the provisions. These were the chief of the have endured more or worse things in his experience necessaries which my sagacity procured for our nightthan I in mine. I claim, therefore, to be heard. Again, bivouac and tremendous ascent: fourteen bottles of can it in any way increase the risk to a person of my bitter beer, two bottles of gin, two bottles of sherry, habit of body, or indeed to any person, if, in case of a one gallon of water, four loaves of bread, one leg of false step, he has to fall a sheer seven thousand feet lamb, one leg of mutton, two fowls, one tongue, perpendicular, instead of seven hundred? And as to half-pound of cigars, four carriage-lamps, and two the magnificence of the prospect at a great elevation, packs of playing-cards. We had also a large tent, am I to be told that the power of vision is always pro- which was carried upon the back of a horse. Three portionably extended to suit it? I saw all I was able men were necessary to pitch this tabernacle and to to see from the height I am about to refer to; and carry the provisions. About five o'clock in the afterthere was still a great deal more beyond, could I have noon we started for the mountain with a large train of availed myself of nature's superabundant offer. Had admirers, forming the largest cavalcade that had ever there been twenty times that extra prospect extended left Ambleside before. But most of our camp-followers for my gaze, what benefit would that have been to me ? quitted us at the foot of Naps Scar, at Rydal, where I suffered all I could, I saw all I could, and I got to the tremendous ascent was to begin. the very top of my mountain. What conditions of For the first quarter of an hour our way lay amongst ascent then, I demand to know, have remained unful- trees and green fields, but after that, vegetation began filled ? Relying, therefore, upon the great success at to grow scanty, and soon even the hardy fir-trees disEgyptian Hall, I appeal to the everlasting principles appeared; however, it was very well to have dispensed of justice, and to that love of fair-play which is said with the stone-walls, which have a habit in this region to actuate the British heart, in requesting of the of leaning over upon the side which you wish to climb, general public a wide circulation and a considerable and of falling bodily upon you as soon as you cling popularity for the following particulars of my hold of their topmost layer. It is easier to squeeze tremendous ascent-of Fairfield.

through the holes made beneath them for the sheep; It is not my intention to emulate the majority of and very good fun, after one is safe, to watch an elonmy predecessors who have published memorials of this gated body, such as Y, come creeping behind, half in sort, in giving a detailed history of my birth and one field and half in another, and casting a not unineducation, and especially of the social position of the terested eye above him, to see whether the wall is Robinson family in bygone times, but I will begin at about to cut him in two or not. A few sheep are still once with the circumstances of the adventure itself. sprinkled about our path, but the cows are left far A few summers since, I was staying with three friends, beneath. A rook or two from Rydal woods flaps by whose modesty demands their still remaining unknown us, but these will soon cease, to be exchanged for the characters as X, Y, Z, at Ambleside in the heart of sliding buzzard, with his huge brown wings, whose the lake-country. We four had come from Manchester plaintive cry is even now piercing our ears from the to do’ the mountain district, and had done it upper heights. thoroughly. X had killed a pony (which very nearly Otherwise, there is no sound, except the laborious killed him first) upon Scafell; Y had been almost puffing of your humble servant and his three comdrowned in Windermere through attempting to swim Ipanions, and that abominable “tramp, tramp' of the porters, which never tires, and which leaves us so swept over the lofty and exposed ridge on which we hopelessly behind. At every step, some novel beauty stood with the chill of night, before we turned towards opens upon us, if we had but time to look at it; but our shelter. as soon as X or Y calls our attention to the same, and How beautiful our tent looked through the gloom, our backs are turned, they make use of that infamous shining as it did--for the four carriage-lamps were lit advantage to get on forty yards in advance; so z within it-over the whole sleeping world like some and I only look straight before us, and wait patiently fair star! The wind, however, had not permitted it for the panorama which we know we shall get at the top. to be expanded to its full dimensions; and though one Presently, we spy a fresh green mound of the softest of the porters had gone down with our animal home, turf, and X cannot resist the temptation to rest his there were still six persons to be accommodated under tired limbs. No sooner has he seated himself, when up canvas, and there was little room to spare. Even in go his legs and arms into the air, and down goes that that bleak position, and with a north-easter rising, we portion of his person which gravity attracts into the were a great deal too hot inside, and we had to keep treacherous bog. He is doubled up into the form of a a fold open as a ventilator. We ate our supper with V, and presents a ridiculous appearance; and when such appetites as only mountain-air engenders; and he is taken out and straightened, wet through, and afterwards, having kindled a fire outside, we got some brown and green, he is a not less laughable spectacle. warm water to mix with our gin, lit our cigars, and If we had been bound together with ropes, as persons made ourselves comfortable: I am afraid, also, that we ought always to be, it seems, on these tremendous indulged, in that mountain solitude, in a few rubbers excursions, this accident could not have occurred. at whist. It was pleasant, Z had just discovered, to

The tourist who has only climbed such hills as be thus enjoying all the advantages of civilisation in Loughrigg and Helm Crag can have no conception of such a spot, while the wind was howling so vainly the terrors of the heights at which we had now arrived. around our snug dwelling. We had all agreed to this The frightful rock-rent chasms on all sides of us; the observation; I had dealt, and was about turning scarcely less dangerous grassy slopes, upon which, had up the trump, which, I grieve to say-since we did I set my foot, I am morally convinced I should have not play the game out—was an ace, when a frightrolled over and over like a football to the very bottom ful occurrence happened. In an instant, something of the valley ; the hideous shapes of the crags them- hurled me from my kneeling posture prostrate upon selves, and the awful barren tracts that lay before us the ground, and some monster at the same moment still to be crossed, whose northern sides were sheer seemed to leap upon me with inconceivable force. The tremendous precipices. We felt, however, the greatest whole of the party experienced a sensation precisely confidence in our attendants, who-such is the power similar. The last storm-puff had carried our tent clean of habit in familiarising men to the most perilous off its pegs. situations—were whistling popular melodies through- For some minutes we were inextricably involved out the journey ; and perceiving the horse in particular amidst guides, bottles, friends, cards, carriage-lamps, to take the matter with great coolness and philosophy, and cold meats, besides finding a great difficulty in X, Y, Z, and myself were not slow, in the more difficult breathing. I struggled as violently as any, I do not places, to adopt his fashion of proceeding upon all doubt, and was the first to find myself about ankle-deep fours. At last we reached the topmost of the humps in the coldest water. The whole concern had rolled or aiguilles of Fairfield, a little beyond which we had somehow into a morass, and it was matter of great determined to fix our tent. Here we caught the sound good-fortune that it did so, instead of rolling into the of a fowling-piece fired off at Ambleside, no doubt in fire which had been kindled immediately below it. exultation at our success; and X acknowledged the When I had extricated myself, the other five were still compliment by tying his pocket-handkerchief on to his struggling like eels in a net, and quarrelling among umbrella, and waving it three times.

themselves for kicking one another. I rescued a lamp While the guides were employed in arrangements which was still burning, and then drew out poor Y by for our comfort and refreshment, we walked to the his left leg; he had fallen unluckily upon one of the very topmost plane of the mountain, and gave our other lamps, and had been a long time, poor fellow, selves up unrestrainedly to the enjoyment of the putting it out with the small of his back. X had poetry of our position. One of the porters, a very fallen face downwards into the morass, and was now trusty man of the name of White, had been up twice got to be the same colour all over with which he had before, and averred he had never seen such weather partially bedaubed himself in the moss-bog. Z, who as we were now favoured with-a circumstance which thought we had been struck with a thunderbolt, was occurs, however, rather often in tremendous ascents. speechless with terror; even the guides were very Far, far away beneath us lay the yet sparkling sea, doubtful whether tent and all had really rolled down and the rounded outline of the Isle of Man to the precipice or not. westward. We could see the broad yellow fringe of It was about one o'clock in the morning; there was Morecambe Bay, and, as Z declared, even a band of no moon; and oh, bow bitterly blew that mountain travellers crossing the sands of Lancaster; but I con- wind! What did Z mean, we demanded, by bringing fess there was to me a somewhat filmy and indistinct us up into such a place as that, to suffer such things appearance about these pilgrims. In the nearer circle as these? If it had not been for him, we should have lay fair Windermere, studded with many a glistening been all of us snug asleep in our civilised beds by this sail, and Conistone with its fine old guardian hill time. Hark at that abominable canvas, cracking and standing out grandly—a couch for the setting sun: straining, while the porters strive to set Humpty Grasmere, too, and Easedale Tarn lying peacefully Dumpty up again! We never were more miserable in its lone and lofty bed; and all these amidst a mesh in all our lives; but I am thankful to say Z was the work of gigantic mountains, of which Scafell—the most miserable. When, after an hour or so, things highest in England-Bowfell

, and Skiddaw, were the had been restored to their proper places, he dared not chief. Close beside us, to northward, was Helvellyn, venture into the tent again, but patrolled it like a with its looking-glass, Grisedale Tarn; and to the east sentry for the remainder of the night, not daring to of them lay Ullswater and the great Kirkstone range; leave it, or to descend, for fear of losing his way upon while wood-besprinkled, peaceful Rydal filled up the the fell. Then, in the cold gray morning, a mist came foreground at our feet. Presently, their bright hues over Fairfield, which presently began to drizzle, and faded away from the lakes and lower fells, and the then to rain. Instead of that fine panorama which we purple tints upon the western mountain-tops began to had so counted upon, we could not see above five yards herald evening. The wind, too, was rising; and soon | in any direction; a slight inflammation in the eastern

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