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This cannot be revealed; such publicity might hope that I should find him sitting happily on the wound his delicate sensitiveness. In this article he hearth, which, we are weak enough to fancy, never must only be known as 'Lo.' No bad name either : looks quite comfortable and home-like without a cat. there was once a Saint Lo, of knightly memory; 80 But hope deceived. My first question : 'How is he?' 'Lo’is well suited to designate the most chivalrous was answered dolefully: 'He has run away.' of cats.

Ay, just when his troubles were ended, when his He grew up to maturity in the house where he was mistress was coming home, when all the delights of born. For three years his familiar apple-tree, on milk and cream, sunshiny lawns to sleep on, green which he tried his youthful claws, blossomed and trees to climb, mice, and-dare I say it?-young birds bore; for three years, the sparrows in the thorn to eat, were opening before him-he ran away! We and willow provided him with a little useful recreation returned to a catless fireside. -no worse, certainly, than deer-stalking and hare- Of course, every search was made: a reward offered, hunting; and then his destiny darkened. We were the village policeman applied to; but day after day about to flit-a long flitting of some hundred miles passed, and no sight of Lo. Sometimes flying and more; and of all the questions involved therein, rumours reached us of his being seen in gardens, or one of the most difficult was, what was to be done scampering across fields, or sheltering in some stable with Lo? We could not leave him ; we did not like or barn. Once, the policeman paid us a special visit, to give him away; and yet we feared that the cry, stating formally his knowledge of his whereabouts, "A new home-who'll follow ?' would never be re- and that every measure should be taken for his sponded to by him. The most frequent suggestion recovery; but even the professional skill, worthy of was to take his photograph, and then give him a little being exercised on some distinguished criminal, failed dose of the “fixing' material, which would 'fix' both with regard to our cat. We had almost given him him and his likeness for ever in this world, and save up for lost. all further trouble. But this idea was not likely to Now, one ought never patiently to submit to any be carried out.

loss, till every possible means tried have proved it When there's a will there's a way.' I made up irremediable. One evening after he had been a week my mind concerning him.

missing, and taking into account his exceedingly shy i On the day of the flitting—when he was lying and timid disposition, the strange country in which peacefully and unconsciously on his native kitchen he had lost himself, and his utter ignorance of illhearth, which he was never more to behold—I carried usage, we began to relinquish all hope of his return, him, purring and fondling, to an empty room upstairs, I resolved to go in search of the cat myself. A scheme and locked him in, together with a hamper and about as wild as starting to hunt up a brother in dinner. He did not quite understand the proceeding, Australia, or a friend in the far west-à sort of but accommodated himself to circumstances, and lay Evangeline' expedition : yet most women reading down to sleep in the sunshine. There, ignorant of Longfellow's exquisite poem, must feel that such å the black future, he passed his day. At nightfall I proceeding as Evangeline’s would be perfectly natural, packed him and sewed him up, still purring, in the reasonable, and probable under similar circumstances. hamper of his woes. To parody the old axiom : So, after tea, I went out. It was a lovely evening,

When a cat's carried, his sorrow begins. From that with hedges just budding, and thrushes just beginning hour there was no more peace for our unfortunate to pipe out that peculiar rich note which always Lo.

reminds one of the return of spring-an evening when He, with myself, was taken in for a week by a one enjoys, and likes to think of all those belonging to benevolent family, who kept a bird. This necessitated one as enjoying, the renewal of nature, life, and hope. Lo's solitary confinement in a wash-house. Thither, I did not like to think of even my cat-my poor cat, almost exanimate from fright-I believe he even for whom was no after-life, no immortal and eternal fainted in my arms-was he conveyed; and there, spring-dying in a ditch, or starved, beaten, illthough visited, fed, and condoled with, he remained used, till death was the kindest thing I could hope in a state of mind and body of indescribable wretched for him. I almost wished I had taken his friend's ness-sleeping in the copper, and at the least noise advice, that we had photographed him, and 'fixed' retiring for refuge up the chimney. His appearance, him, safe from all mortal care. when being repacked for his second journey, was that At the nearest house, where he had once been seen, of a disconsolate, half-idiotic sweep.

I had inquired the day before. Both the civil Through all the roar of London, on the top of cab husband and pleasant-looking wife knew quite well or omnibus, was borne the luckless cat. What could the lady who had lost her cat:' they sympathised; he have thought of the great Babel ? he who, among and I felt sure that if he appeared again he would be suburban gardens and fields, had passed his peaceful coaxed, caught, and brought safe home. I then days. He never uttered a sound; not even when, continued my pilgrimage. finding no boy at hand, I took up his hamper myself, Door after door did I attack with the stereotyped and carried it the length of a square, conversing with inquiry : 'Have you seen a strange cat? I have lost him meantime, till the sight of a passer-by turning my pet cat, which I brought all the way from London; round, reminded me that this might possibly convey he is a great beauty, gray, with a particularly fine to the public in general the impression of my being tail. I will give five shillings to anybody who brings slightly insane. One pause he had in his miseries – him back; my name and address are so and so.' one happy evening by a charitable kitchen hearth, This brief and simple formula was repeated, with and then he was, hamper and all, consigned to the slight ad libitum variations, from house to house within parcel-van of the northern mail.

a mile. Once I ventured to address a milk-woman, Please take care of it-it's a cat.'

with no result; she was a stranger: and once a little A what, ma'am ?' asked the magnificent-looking boy, playing about the road, whom I afterwards heard guard.

commenting to a friend in this wise: 'I say, Jack, 'A cat-a live cat.'

that lady's hunting after a strange cat. He, he, he! He laughed. O yes, ma'am-all right. And so II wouldn't hunt after a strange cat-would you ? bade poor Lo a temporary farewell.

Equally unsympathetic was an elderly gentleman, Letters communicated his wellbeing. He had the owner of a beautiful house, garden, and conserarrived at home-had recovered from his first vatory, and who came most politely to the door, his paroxysms of terror-had even begun to wash himself bonnie little grand-daughter holding by his hand. and appear like a cat of civilised mien. There was He had a fine face, long silvery hair, was bland and


amiable of demeanour, reminding me of Mr Dickens's Next day, sitting at work, I heard a scuffle in the Casby the Patriarch.'

hall; the door was flung joyfully openMadam,' said he, after hearing my tale, 'if those Ma'am, there's your cat.' animals are allowed to inhabit such a place, I devoutly It was indeed. Gaunt, scared, dirty ; fierce with wish all the cats in this world were in paradise. They hunger, and half-wild with fright, the poor runaway are the ruin of us horticulturists. Do not regret was brought home to his mistress's arms. yours. I can supply you out of my garden with any After the immemorial fashion, I drop & veil over number, dead or alive.'

the pathetic scene which followed. I explained that mine was an individual pet.

“Then, madam, could you not place your affections He now lies fast asleep at my feet. He has made a upon pets more worthy?' and he stroked the little clean breast of it—that is to say, he has resumed his girl's pretty flaxen hair. 'I am sorry to wound your usual costume of white shirt-front and white stockfeelings; but there have been—and I should rather ings, which contributes 80 largely to his gentlemanly regret their leaving--some Birmingham people in appearance. He has also gradually lost his scared this neighbourhood who make a trade of catching look, and is coming into his right mind. A few and skinning-cats.'

minutes since, he was walking over my desk, arching I turned away, yet could hardly forbear a smile; his poor thin back in the ancient fashion, and sweepthe eccentric, but, I firmly believe, well-meaning olding my face with his sadly diminished but still inimitgentleman, received my adieus, and bowed me to the able tail; putting his paws on my shoulders, and very gate.

making frantic efforts at an affectionate salutationMany another house I tried; my search having one had I not a trifling objection to that ceremony. result-namely, the discovery that I had a number of Surely, after all this bitter experience, he will nice neighbours-old ladies, neat as a new pin; spruce recognise his truest friends,true even in their unparlour-maids; kindly mistresses, mostly with babies kindness; will believe in his new quarters as home, —such an abundance of civil tongues, and pleasant, and play the prodigal no more. good-natured, nay, handsome faces, as might well be Poor Lo! I hope it is not applying profanely 'the satisfactory to a new-comer into this country place. noblest sentiments of the human heart,' if, as he I also gained one consolation, that it was the safest lies there, snugly and safely, I involuntarily hum to neighbourhood in which Lo could possibly have myself a verse out of The Clerk's Twa Sons of been lost, since all the good folk seemed personally Owsenford : acquainted, not only with one another, but with one The hallow days o' Yule were come, another's cats. Ours might yet turn up, or, if not,

And the nichts were lang and mirk, might find an asylum in the bosom of some unknown When in there cam her ain twa sons, family, who would console him for the cruel mistress

Wi' their hats made o' the birk. and uncomprehended miseries which doubtless had unsettled his reason, and driven him to despairing

Blaw up the fire now, maidens mine, flight.

Bring water frae the well: So, having done all that could be done, I was fain

For a' my house sall feast this nicht, to turn homeward

Since my twa sons are well.

And she has gane and made their bed, In the spring twilight, in the coloured twilight,

She's made it saft and fine, -never seen except in spring. It tinted the bare

And she's happit them in her gay mantil, trees and brown hedges, throwing over the whole sky

Because they were her ain. a tender light, and changing the shiny bit of far-away (Bless us, what would 'Mr Casby' say ?) western sea into a lake of burning roses. Wonderful I here end my story. Better-since fortune is was the peace over all animate and inanimate nature, fickle, and affection often vain-end it now; lest, as as it lay, waiting in faith the step-by-step advance of Madame Cottin says in the final sentence of her another unknown year.

Exiles of Siberia—did I continue this history, I Passing the lodge of the big house of the village might have to chronicle a new misfortune.'

open door, fire-light, and children's prattle, inspired me with one last vague hope. I knocked. Have you seen,' &c., &c., &c., as usual.

THE TRAINING OF BEASTS IN ANCIENT No. Yet the sight disclosed almost atoned for the

ROME.* disappointment. An interior, such as only an English cottage could furnish; a cottager's wife, such as The art of taming and training wild beasts was Morland or Gainsborough would have delighted to never practised on a grander scale than during the immortalise. Her face, healthy, fair, and sweet-nay, latter period of Roman antiquity. Very justly has downright beautiful, was reflected feature by feature Goethe represented delight in the wonderful, the in two other little faces-one staring out bravely from incredible, and the monstrous,' as the most striking beside mother, the other half-hidden in her gown. peculiarity of the later Romans. In fact, it may be This last charming little face, which no persuasions said, that among these degenerate descendants of the could allure from its shelter, was itself worth the world-conquerors, throughout a constant succession of whole evening's pilgrimage to look at; and the centre the most powerful excitements, so effeminate a relaxpicture, half twilight, half fire-light, is a thing to be ation had crept in, that only one thing could give them set down in memory, among passing glimpses of interest-namely, the accomplishment of the imposunutterably beautiful fragments, which remain sible. Theatres that turned round upon pivots with all daguerreotyped as such, for ever.

the audience, buildings in the sea, dishes composed of This episode, with the rest, amused us for some rarities from all quarters of the globe, are some of the time, when, coming home, we talked over our chances fruits of this tendency, which ignored the limits of of recovering our lost pet; conjecturing that for a space and time, and regarded the laws of nature with month to come, we should have all the stray cats of scorn. the neighbourhood brought to us for recognition- It was not enough that the rarest, fiercest, and except the right one. But to'greet ower spilt milk' most beautiful beasts were gathered together in Rome is not our custom, lest life should become not only a from the ends of the earth, they were also compelled via lactea, but a via lachrymosa. So, having done our best, we dismissed the subject.

• Translated from the German.


to lay aside their instinctive impulses, and be obedient subdued as to lick their keepers’ hands and faces. to what was most repugnant to their nature. The Leopards were easily reduced to submit to the rein of art of taming.wild beasts was, at first, connected with the charioteer. the exhibitions of the amphitheatre and the circus; Another triumph of this training was the inuring but to avoid wearying the public by successive repe- of land-animals to the water. Among the splendid titions of bloody contests between men and animals, exhibitions to which Titus owed no small amount of recourse was had to games in which naturally tame his popularity, was the arena under water, where beasts were exhibited along with others that had been horses, oxen, and other animals were collected, and tamed by art. In consequence of the great number taught to go through the duties to which they were of amphitheatrical displays, the labour of taming and accustomed on the dry land. The story of oxen training gave employment to multitudes of men. In being in the habit of carrying women, may probably an astrological poem of the early imperial date, where have suggested the mode in which the abduction of the constellations which predestine men to their Europa was accomplished. Oxen in general were several callings are given, there is found the horo- very tractable; they learned to stand upon their scope of those who .tame the tiger, soften the rage hind-feet, and would allow jongleurs to perform their of the lion, converse with elephants, and render these tricks on their backs, and were even skilled in unwieldy masses fit for human arts and duties.' In playing the part of drivers in chariots at full speed. another poem of the fourth century of our era, the Tamed beasts frequently served both to raise the horoscope is represented of those who make bears, splendour of mythological tableaux and ballets, bulls, and lions fit for intercourse with men.' The and to enhance the comic displays at masquerades. whole imperial era, in fact, seems to have abounded in Carnivals of the same kind were often held at the these tamers (mansuetarii).

festivals of the gods. Apuleius describes a procession Pliny observes that the smallest and most timid of at a festival of Isis: there was a tame she-bear beasts and birds, such as the swallow and the mouse, clothed as a woman, borne on a chair; an ape, in were altogether intractable; while the largest and the costume of Ganymede, with a Phrygian cap and fiercest, as the elephant and lion, were easy to tame. saffron-coloured mantle, presented a golden cup; an The ancient Indians had already very successfully infirm old man, travelling with a winged ass, parodied tutored the elephant; but in Rome the discipline Bellerophon with Pegasus. It may be supposed that, was carried to a much greater length. We quote in such parodied representations, apes were the best Pliny's own words: 'In a play given by Germanicus, adapted, and the favourites; and several monuments the elephants brought their clumsy evolutions into indicate this to have been the case.

In these, apes the shape of a dance. Sometimes they used to are represented as being trained, sometimes under brandish their weapons in the air, to fight one another fear of the whip, at others by caresses ; some with like gladiators, and to riot in a wanton dance. Later, the head-gear and castanets of dancers, or in the long they practised on the rope, on which four of them robe of the citharodi with the lyre, or as flute-blowers, carried another in a litter, which was supposed to or driving chariots with whip and reins, or as soldiers, represent a woman in childbed, and whom they let &c., are mentioned by historians, and are to be seen down so gently upon the sofas of a guest-table, that in pictures. The most interesting of these is a wall. they disturbed none of its occupants. It is told of painting in Pompeii, where the deliverance of Anchises an elephant that was slow at learning, and which and Ascanius from the burning of Troy by Æneas, had often been beaten on that account, that it was is represented by apes. These works, fortunately watched in the night, and found practising its lesson preserved, prove that the ape-comedy was zealously by itself.

These hu animals mounted the tight- cultivated in ancient Rome. Als as domestic ani. ropes with the greatest agility, and, what is even mals, trained apes were in great request, especially more remarkable, descended them with equal ease. for the amusement of children: an ape of clay has Mucianus mentions an elephant that had learned to been found in a child's grave, evidently a plaything. write Greek, and to its performances used to add: “I The comedy of the dogs flourished no less than have written this with my own hand,” &c.'

that of the apes. We have the description of a play The taming of lions, also, had already been pro- in which a dog acted the chief part, which was persecuted to a great extent in ancient Greece and informed with great applause in the presence of the Africa. The Indian lion, according to the Greek Emperor Vespasian, in the theatre of Marcellus at naturalist, was particularly easy to train when young. Rome. The four-footed actor shewed the greatest The Carthaginian Hanno is said to have been the self-possession, when, in the course of the representafirst who went about attended by a tamed lion. tion, some drink was given to him which purported Berenice, the Egyptian queen, had a favourite lion to be poison, but which was really only a sleeping. that ate at her table and used to lick her cheeks. draught. • After he had swallowed the draught,' Marc Antony rode about Rome in a chariot in which says the narrator, ‘he began to tremble, to reel, two lions were yoked. Domitian had a lion that was and to become unconscious; at length he stretched taught to carry the game in hunting, who let himself himself out, as if dying, lay as really dead, and be chased by hares, and into whose throat one allowed himself to be pulled and dragged about as might thrust his hand with impunity. This prodigy the plot of the drama required. But as soon as the was the subject of several poems. Martial counsels signal was given, he began to move gently, as though the hare to take refuge from the pursuit of the awaking out of a deep sleep, lifted his head, and hounds in the jaws of the lion, and asks which was looked round him; and while the spectators were the greater miracle, that the eagle of Jupiter had expressing their admiration, he went up to the person not hurt Ganymede, or that the emperor's lion had to whom, according to the fiction of the play, he not injured the imprisoned hare? This wonderful belonged, and shewed so much delight and fondness lion, however, was torn in pieces by another beast by wagging his tail, as to excite universal astonishthat broke out from its cage in the arena; but ment.' he had the consolation, as Statius says, of being The boudoirs of fashionable Roman ladies were, it mourned by both the people and the senate, and is well known, furnished with tame birds. Who does that the emperor took his loss worse than that of not remember the sparrow of Lesbia, which Catullus ever so many Egyptian, African, or German beasts. has made immortal ? Heliogabalus used sometimes, for a joke, to terrify How much tame doves were in request may be his guests by bringing his tame lions suddenly into judged of by the fact, that towards the close of the the dining-room. Even tigers were sometimes so far republic, a celebrated breeder sold a single pair for



400 denarii, or about L.14. Still higher prices were paid It is well known, also, that there were speaking-
for speaking and singing birds; of the latter, the ravens, as this bird, in consequence of his human
nightingale deservedly fetched the highest price. Pliny speech, had in the remotest antiquity acquired the
says they cost as much as slaves, and even more than honour of being regarded as the envoy of the god
armour-bearers in old times.

Apollo. In the time of Tiberius, there was a raven's
Music was played near the nightingales that were nest on the temple of Castor, and from this a young
under training, which they used to answer and raven flew into a neighbouring shoe-shop, the owner
imitate. Of the talking birds, the parrot naturally of which received him kindly, and taught him to
held the highest place. The ancients maintained that speak. After a time, he used every morning to fly to
the head of this bird was unusually hard ; on which the forum, to accost and greet Tiberius, and after
account he had to be beaten thereon with an iron rod, him Germanicus and Drusus, and then the whole
when he was under instruction, else he would not feel Roman people, after which he would fly back to the
his chastisement. Next to beating, starving was the shop. This he continued to do for several years, and
best mode of enforcing obedience. It is without excited the admiration of all Rome. The owner of a
doubt not owing to mere chance that speaking- neighbouring shop, through envy, killed the bird,
parrots are scarcely ever mentioned by writers and which so roused the fury of the people, that the
poets of the imperial era without the observation murderer was obliged to leave his quarters, and was
that they had learned to salute the emperor with the afterwards put to death. The raven was buried with
* Ave, Cæsar.' Probably it was dangerous, if a bird, the most solemn pomp. Two Moors carried him on
which could speak at all, was not able to bear witness a bier; a flute-player went at the head of the pro-
to the loyal disposition of its owner; at any rate, sins cession; crowns in abundance decorated the body;
of omission of that kind led to accusations and trials and thus was he borne to a cemetery in the Appian
at law. Two elegies on the deaths of parrots have Way, where he was burned and buried. This took
come down to us; one by Statius upon the death of place on the 27th of March A.D. 35. Pliny also knew
his friend Melior's favourite bird, which was a Roman knight who possessed a remarkably black
domesticated that it used to hop about at table crow from Spain which spoke soveral words very
among his guests, and eat out of their hands. Its distinctly.
cage was made of splendid tortoise-shell, the bars Besides the birds that were trained to speak, but
were silver and ivory, and the doors also of silver. little mention is made of others that distinguished
The remaining elegy by Ovid is on the parrot of his themselves by their docility and cleverness. Pliny
Corinna, and is a very feeble and servile imitation mentions only that goldfinches learn to execute with
of Catullus's poem on Lesbia's sparrow.

their feet and bill what they were ordered; and that
“Less famous than the parrot,' says Pliny, 'is the tamed cranes were very amusing, and went through
magpie, because it does not come from so great a a kind of dance. In the plays of Titus, cranes were
distance: it speaks, however, much more distinctly. exhibited which fought each other.
These birds get used to the words they are taught, and Fishes in basins used, at the sound of a bell or
not only retain them, but become very fond of them, and rattle, to come to the edge to receive food from their
frequently practise them by themselves. It is a fact owners' hands, a sight very often seen at the mansions
that magpies have died in the vain attempt to utter of distinguished Romans: it is even maintained that
a hard word. If the same word be not often repeated some fishes recognised the names that were given
to them, it slips their memory; they then strive to them.
recall it, and exhibit remarkable delight as soon as In these accounts, there may no doubt be something
they hear it again.'

due to the score of exaggeration and embellislıment,
A story of a remarkable magpie is told in but by far the greater part rests on the evidence of
Plutarch's treatise on the cleverness of animals. A unimpeachable eye-witnesses. If it be further remem-
barber in Rome had a bird which not only imitated bered that we have only isolated and chance-preserved
human speech, but also the noises of beasts and the communications on the subject, we shall be led to
tones of instruments, all spontaneously. One day, a confess that the beast-training of to-day cannot even
great funeral procession happened to pass the barber's remotely be compared with that of ancient times.
shop, and stopped immediately against it, upon which
the accompanying trumpeters blew a long tune on their

instruments. From this moment the magpie became
dumb, and uttered no cry even to make its wants OLD Ingleborough, the Saxon Hill of Fire, is very
known. The whole neighbourhood became excited, rightfully one of the chief glories of Yorkshire.
and various surmises were circulated on the occur-
rence; some said the bird had been robbed of his Penyghent, Pendle, and Ingleborough,
voice by witchcraft, while the more knowing ascribed

Are the highest hills the country thorough,
the calamity to a sudden deafness produced by the is an ancient proverb of that boastful county; and
blowing of the trumpets. After a time, however, he considering that the Cumberland and Westmoreland
recovered his voice, but did not exercise it in his mountains, half as high again, are within sight of all
former tricks, but sang the whole trumpet-piece from
beginning to end. From this it was evident that his the three, it is a very creditable one. Magna est
former silence arose from the pains he took to learn veritas is a quotation almost run to death, so true is
the melody.

it, but the thing which is popularly known as 'a
The Empress Agrippina, who was a great fancier whopper,' is sometimes more tremendons still. Ingle-
of birds, had a thrush which could imitate the human borough is, as its inhabitants would say, at the
voice: the first instance of the kind, according to tail-end of the great northern hill-district, and,
Pliny. Pliny adds, that at the time of his writing, although not such a fine fellow as his betters, holds
the imperial princes had a starling which could speak his head well above the flat country, like a country:
Greek and Latin words ; nightingales also which had gentleman of consideration who has, at least, married
learned the same, added daily to their knowledge, and into the peerage. It is naturally divided into
could even speak good long sentences. These were pastures' by terraces or scars of limestone, which
taught in a separate room, where they heard no give to the whole hill the appearance of being fortified
other sound than the voice of the trainer, who was by a power even greater and more ancient than that
constantly repeating the same words to them, and re- of the Roman. He had his camp upon Ingleborough,
warded their proficiency with some favourite delicacy. I we may be pretty sure, and dropped his money about

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- principally fourpenny-bits of the Constantine rainy weather, is heard to threaten and fret, and are period—his brooches, his pottery, and his own bones, also found in less quantity in the chasm above it, all over that neighbourhood, with his accustomed though the upward force of the water is there so profusion. The Druids were there, of course, giving strong as to cast up stones of considerable size to the that artificial ringworm to the crown of the hill, surface, and even on the bank. which it was their duty and pleasure to effect upon There is a village under Ingleborough called 1: all waste places. It had a beacon also, which can Clapham, a great deal more picturesque than its still be seen, and has often given warning to canny metropolitan namesake; and from it the ascent of Yorkshire when canny Scotland was about to make the hill is generally begun. At the neighbouring a foray. There is a good deal of contention between railway-station are to be read considerable puis these neighbours still, but after quite another sort of about his serene highness, and particularly concerning fashion, and diamond cuts diamond, instead of claymore the structure of his internal arrangements, which broadsword. The northern folks arrive now quietly cannot but be gratifying to any mountain. The enough by the London and North-western Railway, tourist is entreated to come early, and to spend a and Bradshaw gives token of their approach instead week in visiting Ingleborough and its caves. of the beacon of old Ingleborough. But there is a A quarter of an liour's walking brings us to the grand look-out yet from the place where its ruins lie, hamlet, with its verdurous ravine and the fall issuing two or three thousand feet above yon waste of waters: from the artificial lake above it; and half an hour Lancaster tower and town; the little caravans cross- afterwards, we arrive by a beautiful path which winds ing the perilous sand-roads, which, in a few hours, the through larch-plantations, round the mountain's side, sea will again claim for her own; smoke-pennoned at the mouth of the cave. The entrance is wild and steamer and white-sailed ship; curved bays, with imposing, embowered in trees, and overhung with little fishing-hamlets; belts of woodland with a trailing foliage, and commands such a view of the glimmering star, vane-and very properly 80—of deep ravine beneath it, and of the limestone shoulders some ivy-mantled village church; the mouths of of opposite Ingleborough, bare or half draped in three fair rivers, running down with many a curve green, as would be fit enough to gladden the eye of and sweep from swarded uplands; on this side, a an anchorite, did any chance to dwell here. When the sandbank or an island low in the sea, and on that, tallow candles are lit, and the iron gates closed and a group of mountains, the highest which our England locked upon us, we begin to wish ourselves outside has to boast of.

again ; and when we have stumbled over the sixty But, after all, our business is with Ingleborough yards or so of rock-passage, which is the entire length Within. The whole district of Craven-the British of the old cave, and admired the few gloomy petrifacCraigvan, country of rocks—of which this bill tions which gleam about in the dark vault as cheeris lord, is honeycombed by innumerable earth- fully as mouldy coffin-plates, we feel quite certain chambers. Ribblesdale, Wenningdale, Wharfdale, that we have had enough of caverns. That, at least, and half a score of other dales, named after their was our experience of Clapham Cave a score of years respective rivers, which curve so shallowly and ago. broadly around the wooded limestone cliffs, are Up to that time, notwithstanding railways, and undermined and tunnelled for miles by the hand of what is called the march of intellect, and in spite of nature, and beneath them flow "sunless streams' like all the newspapers had written against them, the Alph, the sacred river, none knows whither, and water-fairies still dwelt under Ingleborough in the 'measureless to man. Often as we wander over the beautiful palace they had inhabited ages before shoulders of Ingleborough, we hear voices and the Hengist Brothers were a firm, or Agricola was al gurglings from torrents which never find their way at husbandman, or even a child in arms. They knew, all to the upper world, and from out one cavernous because they could hear us talking where their outer mouth in the hill Whernside, flows a stream which, wall was thinnest next to the old cave, that foolish in flood-time, washes out periodically old silver coins mortals paid a shilling apiece for looking at what of the reign of Edward I., from who-knows-whose had once been a cattle-stable of their own; but deep-hidden treasury. In Giggleswick Scars, whose between it and them a partition had been built up name unhappily does not convey any idea of their some two or three thousand years before, of calcare real grandeur, is an ebbing and flowing well, of ous concretion' upon our side, and of fretted crystal exceedingly irregular habits, having a flux and reflux, upon theirs; so that they feared no intrusion. Their with a difference of from a few inches up to a foot manners were similar to those prevailing in European and a half, caused by some wondrous subterranean courts. The king spent a great deal of money in power, which miserable mathematicians explain by racing, and worse; the queen, good old creature, kept the principle of the double syphon. If you lay your bees, and was content with eating bread and honey ear to the ground at a certain spot in Ribblesdale, in her parlour, or, as is more likely in the houseyou will hear how the water comes down at Lowdore keeper's room, out of the way, for her simple tastes in fairyland, although not so much as a rivulet is to were much reflected upon and ridiculed by her disrebe seen outside of Robin Hood's Mill. Sometimes spectful children. The young prince had his boontremendous funnels, of two hundred feet in depth, companions, and loved his rubber at skittles ; and the lead by a very direct route, and one which would princess, his sister, amused herself with her organ take no time at all to traverse, right down upon these —for she was very high-church-or reclined upon mysterious streams, which are lit by them here and frosted silver cushions, while her maidens (who, poor there, upon their dark road, as a tunnel by its shafts. things, were kept standing all the time half out of Black and deep enough the water seems, as we peer the water) regaled her with stories of fabulous merover the edge of the pot’ to look at it, nor does it man martyrs, till they brought quite a dryness into make us at all ambitious to imitate that subterranean her eyes. explorer, Sinbad, in trespassing on kelpie ground. The palace itself was of extraordinary extent and Hellen Pot, which contains in it an underground splendour; the apartments, though many of them water-fall of no less than forty feet, has been descended were very loftý, being indeed used in some instances to the depth of three hundred and thirty feet, where as air-baths, never needed any support for their roofs, the black river sinks into a quiet rotatory pool, and but the architect had built up a crystal pillar or two, does not reappear to mortal eye for more than a mile. here and there, for ornament, and in order to swell Some few of these pots have fish in them : large dark his bill, which, after all, he had great difficulty in trout abound in Hurtle Pot, where the boggart,’ in getting settled by the late king (1240 A. M.), who

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