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Mercury would pass over the sun's disc in about ments, but declines giving any decided opinion. The seven hours. He removes the difficulty to his own revolution of the sun about its own axis had been satisfaction by supposing a mistake in the year, and already advocated by Kepler in 1609, and therefore places the occurrence in 808; and for the two Latin before the motion of the spots had been observed ; words for eight days, he would read a very barbarous and previously to him, the same opinion_had been one even for monkish Latin, signifying eight times. held by Jordano Bruno, a monk of the Dominican It is now generally supposed, and with great proba- order, who, in 1600, was convicted of atheism and bility, that the object observed was a spot large impiety by the inquisition of Venice, and burnt to enough to be visible to the naked eye. Kepler him- death. Fabricius, however, seems to have been the self, expecting, towards the end of 1606, or beginning first to arrive at the same conclusion from obserof 1607, a transit of Mercury, was transported with vations of the time of passage of a spot, from which joy at having, as he thought, seen the phenomenon alone any correct results respecting the period of by receiving an image of the sun upon a white surface revolution can be deduced. in a darkened room, a method very generally adopted We may gather from Fabricius's work that he first in those times, before dark glasses were employed; saw the spots in the beginning of the year 1611, but but there can be little doubt that he also was deceived there is no evidence that he saw them before Hariot; by a spot, for Mercury, when passing before the sun, to whom, therefore, is due the credit of having first disis much too insignificant an object to be seen without covered them, though any one possessed of a telescope the aid of a telescope.
might have done the same. But the great contest Much discussion has arisen respecting who was for priority of discovery was between Galileo and the first to observe the spots with a telescope. There Christopher Scheiner. The latter, a Jesuit, and proappears little doubt that the first recorded observation fessor of mathematics at Ingolstadt, first observed was made by Thomas Hariot, an eminent English the spots in the month of March 1611, while engaged mathematician. Amongst his papers, the following in comparing the apparent diameters of the sun and memorandum has been discovered : 1610 Syon, moon. Thinking lightly of the circumstance, he did Decemb: 8, manè. The altitude of the sonne being not observe the sun again till the following October, seven or eight degrees, it being a frost and a mist, I when they were again visible. With praiseworthy saw the sonne in this manner [a drawing of the tele- caution, he, with several friends proved, by using scopic appearance of the sun with three spots on it is eight telescopes, that these spots could not arise from added]. I saw it twise or thrise, once with the right any defect of vision, or flaws in the glasses. ey, and other time with the left. In the space of The progress that science was beginning to make a minute time after the sonne was to cleare.' Not at this time, met with a bigoted opposition from the being acquainted with the use of dark glasses, he was many admirers of the Aristotelian philosophy, one obliged to observe the sun when near the horizon, article in whose creed was the 'incorruptibleness of and through a mist. This may account for his not the heavens.' The existence of spots on the sun having again remarked a similar appearance till the seemed so directly opposed to this idea of 'incorfollowing December, when, in common with other ruptibleness,' that Scheiner's provincial refused to astronomers, he became a diligent observer of the sanction the publication of his discovery, which was spots. The first published account of them with therefore made known to the world through letters which we are acquainted is by John Fabricius, a addressed to Marc Velser, a magistrate of Augsburg, German astronomer; it bears the date of June 1611. and subscribed ' Apelles post tabulam.' Impelled by the accounts of Galileo's discoveries, he Galileo asserts that he had shewn spots on the sun directed his telescope to the sun. While observing it to many persons as early as April 1611, and had one day, he noticed what appeared to him a large spoken of them several months previously. This, blackish spot upon its surface. At first, he believed however, rests wholly upon his own verbal testimony; it to be a cloud; but after looking at it ten times with and it is certain lie made no careful observations of different telescopes, and taking the opinions of others, them till after the publication of Scheiner's letters. he recognised its more permanent character. These Then, indeed, he proved that they must be on the observations were made wlien the sun had risen but sun's surface, an idea which Scheiner was perhaps at a few degrees above the horizon; for, being wholly first afraid to entertain, who pronounced them to be unacquainted with the use of coloured glasses, he was planets revolving about the sun, at a very small accustomed to look at the sun through the morning distance from it. But later, when he had niade an mists; and he recommends first admitting a small incredible number of observations, he abandoned this portion of the sun's disc into the telescope, that the notion, and adopting that of Galileo, obtained results eye may be prepared gradually for the full blaze. for the period of the sun's rotation and the inclination But even with these precautions, we are not surprised of the solar equator to the ecliptic, not differing much when he tells us that these observations so affected from the truth. Scheiner was the first to introduce his vision, that for two days he could see nothing the use of coloured glasses, which had been suggested clearly. He passed the following night in great by Apian as early as 1540, and perhaps actually anxiety lest the spot should not be visible in the employed still earlier by the Batavian sailors in morning. However, when the sun rose, it was still taking altitudes of the sun. Moreover, he discovered there; but his perplexity was greatly increased by the small bright points, known by the name of luculi, finding that it had evidently moved its position. It seen at all parts of the sun's disc, giving it a mottled then occurred to him to receive an image of the sun appearance; while to Galileo is due the discovery of upon a white surface in a darkened room. By this the bright flakes and streaks, called faculæ, which means he was enabled to make more continuous are visible at its eastern and western edges, and in observations, and without endangering his eyesight. parts surrounding the spots. He satisfied himself He watched the paths of three spots across the sun, that they were on the sun, and had the same move. and recognised the return of the first, from which he ment as the spots, and considered that this discovery conjectured that it had made a complete revolution. would set at rest the question of rotation, as none He remarked that the spots decreased in size and would object to placing bright spots on the sun! It moved slower as they receded from the sun's centre, was to be expected that many conjectures would be and vice versâ as they approached it, from which he made respecting the nature of these phenomena, and concluded that they were on the body of the sun, the causes which produced them. The opinion that which was spherical and solid. Fabricius hints at its they were bodies revolving about the sun, was revolution as the true explanation of these move-entertained by many.
Tarde could not believe it possible that the sun, instance of rotatory motion in a spot, the rotation the eye of the world, could have the ophthalmia, and taking place round the small black nucleus. A siminamed them Borbonia sidera (Stars of Bourbon); lar appearance was observed by Professor Secchi, of and Malapert, a poet and mathematician, Austriaca Rome, in May of last year. Two of the darker sidera (Stars of Austria). Galileo frequently likens nuclei were distinctly seen close to each other, and them to clouds and smoke, and gives a detailed about these the surrounding portion of the spot; and description of a method of producing similar appear- the penumbra seemed to rotate, the whole presenting ances upon a red-liot plate of iron. According to the appearance of a whirlpool. Interesting as these Riccioli, author of a voluminous work on astronomy, facts are, it is from those who are making systematic Galileo, Kepler, and others believed them to be black observations we must expect results which may throw Bubstances, as soot or vapours bursting forth from light upon their origin. M. Schwabe, of Dessau, has, the furnace of the sun; and portions being ignited as since 1826, kept a careful register of the number of sparks, produced the appearance of the faculæ-thus new groups that appear each year. By a comparison turning Phæbus into Vulcan, as Riccioli remarks. of his observations, he has found that the number Others held them to be opaque places in space, inter- is subject to a periodic recurrence, increasing and cepting the sun's liglit-holes from which comets had decreasing very regularly, coming to a maximum started, and to which they would again return, and about every eleventh year. The last maximum was the like. Ridiculous as some of these ideas may in 1848, when 330 groups were observed during tlie appear, we are still unable to account for these phe- year. nomena by any theory against which many objections Professor Wolf, director of the Observatory of might not be urged, though superior telescopes have Berne, by a comparison of all the observations of enabled us to form correcter notions of their general the spots made from the epoch of their discovery configuration.
down to the present time, has confirmed the period The telescopic appearance of a spot is that of a discovered by M. Schwabe : he has also remarked dark nucleus surrounded by a lighter border, but well that this period corresponds with that of the diurnal defined, and not gradually shading off into the nucleus, variation of the magnetic needle in declination, and and in form usually following the irregular shape of is now engaged in investigating the periodic recurthe latter. This border is commonly called the pen- rence of the Aurora Borealis, from which he hopes umbra, and was first noticed by Scheiner.
to deduce some remarkable results. He has also Dr Wilson of Glasgow, while observing the course ascertained that the years during which the spots and changes of the great spot of November 1769, have been most numerous, have been also the driest noticed that when it was at the centre of the sun, the and most fertile; thus confirming the opinion of Sir penumbra surrounded the black nucleus equally on W. Herschel, who contended that the more the luminall sides ; but he remembered that when he first ous matter surrounding the sun was disturbed, the observed the spot, near the eastern margin, the greater would be the heat. As an additional conportion of the penumbra nearest the centre was firmation, we may mention that a great number of contracted, there being a marked difference between spots have been observed this year. its breadth and that of the portion nearest the With these results before us, we may hope others margin, the latter being the broadest. As the spot will be induced to pursue the subject; and though approached the western limb, he observed the same the rugged surface of the moon will always be a appearance, the other side of the penumbra now favourite object, we trust enough has been said to contracting, being the portion nearest the sun's shew that there is at least as interesting, and perhaps centre; and when close to the margin it wholly dis- more fertile, a field for investigation in the varied appeared, with a part of the black nucleus. These changes of the solar spots. changes were easily explained by the rules of perspective, supposing the nucleus to be at a considerable
THE STORY OF CAMBUSCAN BOLD. depth below the sun's surface, and the penumbra to form the irregular sides of a deep hole, gradually Dr Johnson once observed, with as much truth 18 shelving down to the nucleus. This is generally wit, that the persons who most lament the loss of received as the true explanation of the appearance a ancient writers often neglect to read those that respot represents, though the facts have been called in main. There is, in fact, a sort of pathos in dwelling question; and it must be confessed that all spots do upon what has passed for ever out of our reach. not exhibit these changes. It is interesting to The thing we have, we prize not at its worth ; remark, that the possibility of the spots being large But being lost, why, then, we reck the value, holes, or "cavernous gulfs,' as he calls them, had And see the good, possession would not shew us occurred to Galileo, though he abandoned the
Whilst it was ours. notion at once, as not borne out by the results of The history of Chaucer's work supplies & striking his observations.
illustration of this failing of human nature. Of the Much attention is now being given to the physical | Canterbury Tales, all are complete but one.
Yet our appearance of the sun, and the positions and number great epic poet, when reviewing in a melancholy of groups of the spots are carefully noted. The great mood the rank and file of those whom, if he could, variety of the forms of spots, and the constant changes he would have fetched back from the realms of death, that are taking place, are most interesting to watch, passes over without a word the perfect stories, to and useful as furnishing facts by which we may test the excite and kindle the imagination by dwelling upon different theories respecting them. The Rev. Mr Dawes that which has been left unfinished. He discusses has been able to confirm the idea, that the faculæ are the subject with himself, and is in doubt whether he ridges or heapings-up of the luminous matter. A shall unsphere the spirit of Plato, or one of the large facula was observed to run nearly parallel to matchless triumvirate of ancient tragedy, or Musæus, the sun's edge for some distance, and then to turn or Orpheus : rather abruptly towards the edge, and pass over it;
Or call up him that left half-told at this point it was seen to project slightly beyond
The story of Cambuscan Bold, the smooth outline of the limb, in the manner of a
Of Camball, and of Algarsife, mountain-ridge. He has also noticed, that at or near
And who had Canace to wife, the centre of the black nucleus, there is generally a
That owned the virtuous ring and glass, still darker spot, which should properly be called the
And of the wondrous horse of brass, nucleus. In January 1852, he observed a remarkable
On which the Tartar king did ride.
From these verses, it is quite clear that Milton had of magic, strange adventures, and supernatural
At Sassa in the land of Tartary, cut suddenly short in his career, with his two sons,
There lived a king who werreied Russie. his daughter, and his horse, our curiosity is violently piqued, and we are provoked to throw ourselves out This king holds a great feast on the anniversary of into the vast sea of medieval poetry in search of some his birthday, which, happening to be in the spring, one who may help us to the conclusion of the tale. is celebrated also by the music of birds, telling of
Our readers, we daresay, remember the King of their own loves and affections. The poet suggests to Bohemia and his Seven Castles, and what annoyance us a marvellous idea of the vastness of the regal hall. they experienced when, having had the commence. The king sits at the head of the table under a dais; ment of the story placed more than seven times his courtiers and all the nobles of his kingdom-who, before them, the writer broke off at last without we may well suppose, were not a few-are ranged explaining what it was. To this hour, no one knows in order about the board, when suddenly, without what took place in those seven castles; or why the announcement of any kind, in rides a strange knight, king of Bohemia had just that number, and no more; mounted on a horse of brass. Even in Tatary, such or what became of him-whether he was married to an apparition was considered wonderful. But all the some beautiful princess, or whether he died as few astonishment of the guests was not excited by his kings do, in single blessedness. It is quite true that horse alone: by his side he wore a naked sword, glitan author of another stamp has undertaken to explain tering like adamant; on his thumb, a narvellous ring; the mystery of the seven castles. But the presump- and in his hand, a mirror, ' all of glass,' which, together tion was as great as his who ventured to continue with the ring, was designed as a present for Canace, Christabel; and we do not care to get at the know- the daughter of the great khan. ledge in this surreptitious way. Besides, we feel, When the king and his nobles had sat for some while reading the continuation, that we are not con- time silent, through amazement, the strange knight versing with the real magician, but with a sham ; from Araby and Inde addressed to Cambuscan an and instead of being pleased, we are disgusted eloquent speech, which, according to the manner of accordingly.
great orators, he accompanied by suitable expressions No one has had the temerity to attempt the com- of countenance. From what he said, we may infer pletion of Cambuscan Bold, which is fortunate, as of that his master was one of the Abasside caliphs, whose Chaucer it may truly be said:
court was celebrated for learning, and where many Within that circle none durst move but he.
men resided, whom their contemporaries believed
to be profoundly versed in magical arts. He said he Yet we know that our poet was a great borrower, brought the horse, the sword, the ring, and the glass that he looked abroad over the whole world of liter- as birthday presents from the sultan of Arabistan ature, and laid hands on whatever suited his purpose. and the Indies, to Canibuscan, the great king of Sometimes he took three or four plots of stories, and Tatary. The steed, he said, would bear the rider, in melted them down remorselessly into one; sometimes the space of twenty-four hours, to the most distant he took the fragment of a plot, and constructed with part of the world, dashing through sunshine and it a splendid fabric of verse, to endure till doomsday. showers with the velocity of an eagle. The ring
It would be curious to discover what was the would confer on the person who wore it the power nature of his proceeding in the present case. Did he to understand the language of birds, and to converse find the whole story ready made to his hands; or did with them in all their dialects. On this subject, the he find part of it in one author, and part in another? Arabs and Persians entertain very strange ideas.
A curious manuscript has recently been found in According to them, birds know much more than we the library of the Arsenal at Paris. It consists of do, so that the way to possess all philosophy is to nineteen thousand verses; and the French translator | learn the secret of conversing with them. Their of Chaucer, the Chevalier de Chatelain, intends, we reasons for this belief are highly poetical. Birds, believe, to lay it before the public in a modern dress. they say, can soar above the clouds, visit the summits In obedience, however, to the taste of the day, he will of the loftiest mountains, traverse the ocean, explore abridge it very much, by leaving out interminable the cradle of the dawn, and travel with Night, in her descriptions of tournaments, with other excrescences, blackest attire, over the surface of the earth. They and adhering strictly to the story. The author of rest on the pinnacles of the highest towers, and thence this voluminous work lived at the court of Mary of survey the streets of great cities, watching, while Brabant, where, through his superior skill in poetry most men sleep, the operations of guilt and crime. or flattery, he obtained the appellation of King of They visit the cell of the sage, and by observing the Minstrels. From this terrible production Chaucer his countenance, follow the current of bis thoughts, is supposed to have derived-in part, at least-the and anticipate the lessons of his wisdom. They sit materials of The Squire's Tale; but in order to decide down with the mother by the cradle of her child, and how much, we must consider the nature of what has enjoy the songs with which she hushes it to sleep. come down to us of the tale itself.
They perch in the lover's bower, and are rapt almost In his magnificent prologue, where all the pilgrim into forgetfulness by the music of his vows and sighs. story-tellers are painted to the life, Chaucer gives us In short, whatever is, they know. a charming description of the narrator of Canıbuscan On this account, a learned Frenchman devoted Bold. At the invitation of mine host of the Tabard, twenty years of his life to the study of the language he comes forward with a modesty inherited from his of birds, and after all, was supposed to have made knightly father, and commences a very wild and but slight proficiency in this wonderful branch of exciting romance, wbich is evidently of eastern learning. origin, the plan, the incidents, the colouring being But the Asiatics have easier methods of accomall Asiatic in their character. The Arab writers of plishing their designs. Put on a ring, or rub the fiction are fond of selecting, for the scene of their surface of some precious stone, and you at once tales, the country beyond the great mountain of comprehend every twitter in the forest. Káff, which we denominate Tatary. The very The magic mirror presented to Canace possessed name, to an Oriental, immediately suggests the idea | the most terrible properties—properties which would
make its owner in these days shunned as the of his relation which belonged to Algarsife; we say, plague; for, like poverty, it could reveal whether belonged, because we make no doubt that Chaucer friends and lovers were false or true.
had finished the story, and that part of the manuMassinger had evidently been digging in the mine script has been lost. In the French poet, the owner of Cambuscan Bold, where he found the basis of his of the horse is king of Hungary, and a great magiplay called The Picture. What use Chaucer himself cian. Like our third Richard, as generally described would have made of his mirror is more than we can by historians, he is hunch-backed and malignant; in divine, since the story is left half-told. It seems spite of which, on the mere strength of his enchanted clear, however, that he meant to accomplish strange horse, he demands in marriage the most beautiful of things with it. But as far as the tale goes, he has three princesses who occupy the place of Canace. made no use of its powers. It is only the virtues of The scene at the outset is laid in Spain. Cleomades, her ring that Canace immediately puts to the proof. who represents Algarsife, resolving to try the Next morning, before the nightingale is silent, the powers of the horse, mounts his back, and forth with princess, who has had her sleep shortened by excite- shoots up beyond the clouds, where, for a while, ment, springs eagerly from her couch, rouses half-a- he feels rather uncomfortable. Beneath him, he dozen of her women, and issues forth into the park. beholds the green plains, the black forests, the meanAll nature, she finds, has put on a new aspect; the dering rivers, cities, towns, palaces, with the broad birds are singing, and every note they utter carries blue expanse of the sea. When he becomes tired of an intelligible meaning to her.
his aërial excursion, he touches the magic spring, and Laying aside the pleasurable, Chaucer, whose great immediately his Pegasus plunges down through air, forte is pathos, conducts us to a scene of bitter wailing and alights on the summit of a lofty tower. Desiring and lamentation. On a tree which has been stripped him to wait there patiently for his return, Cleomades, of its leaves and bark, and is consequently blanched whose journey has given him a sharp appetite, descends and withering in the wind, sits a female falcon, which the turret, and presently finds himself in a breakis tearing her breast with her own beak, until the fast-parlour, with all sorts of dainties laid out. He blood falls over the tree in showers, giving between falls to, of course, and thus fortified, proceeds to whiles a tongue to her sorrows, in language which explore the remainder of the building. In one chamshe thinks none can understand. To her surprise, ber he finds three ladies asleep; but though he admires Canace approaches and addresses her in her own their beauty, he has the discretion not to awaken dialect. We have no space here for the revelations them, and passes on. In the next apartment he finds that follow-but the falcon thus sympathised with, another sleeping lady, whom he conjectures to be a pours forth all her grief. It is the old story: the princess, and stands gazing on her beauty till she female's faith, and the male's perfidy.
wakes. After expressing her natural surprise, the So far of the princess. Cambuscan himself, and his princess—who, in the eastern fashion, is in full attire wondrous horse of brass, are rendered equally interest- -consents to walk with him in the palace-garden. ing to the reader. To shew his knowledge of old They are immediately discovered, and Cleomades is times, the poet introduces a crowd gathering in the condemned to death. Through the witchery of his court about the equine marvel. Some of them go eloquence, he prevails upon the king to have his back as far as Troy, and speculate on the probability horse brought down from the tower, and to be perof the magical invention before them containing the mitted, in company with the lady, to mount him. nucleus of an army which might emerge from its The horse is, in this case, of wood, and the courtiers bowels, and massacre the good people of Sassa in their look upon it with ridicule as a toy. While they are sleep. These bewildering fancies are put to flight by indulging in jokes and laughter, Cleomades touches the coming forth of the khan, the courtiers, and the the spring; the horse, in a moment, recovers his Arabian cavalier, who explains the mechanism of the vitality, neighs, spurns the ground, and ascends enchanted horse, and gives the prince directions for swifter than an arrow into the air, leaving king, its management in all emergencies. Until touched queen, courtiers, and maids of honour in overwhelmby the Arab, the steed had stood fixed as a rock of ing wonder. granite to the ground, but then it immediately began But Cleomades hardly deserves his success—the to dance and caper, to the astonishment of all who reason being that if he had, the tale must have closed beheld it, and the infinite delight of the Tatar king, at once; and therefore, on arriving at his father's who ordered it to be conveyed to the master tower' palace, he alights in the garden, and with a strange of his palace, and there locked up with a care com- sort of politeness leaves there the steed and the mensurate to its value.
beautiful princess, while he goes to carry the news Here the second part of Chaucer's story breaks off, of his good fortune to his father and mother. By and, as is his custom, he throws out some hints of circumstances over which, as the newspapers say, he what we are to expect in the remainder of the narra- had no control, he is detained at the palace longer tive. First, Cambuscan is to win many cities ; second, than he expected. Algarsife is to obtain for his bride the Lady Theodora, Meantime, the princess being thus left alone among of whom, unfortunately, we know nothing more ; the trees with a horse of which she did not underthird, the falcon is to have her lover restored to her; stand the management, becomes naturally very and, fourth, some adventurous knight, whose name, impatient. At length a messenger from Cleomades by the carelessness of transcribers, has been con- appears, a little ill-favoured hunchback, who informs founded with that of Camballo, is to win the hand her that Cleomades has been seized with sudden illof the Lady Canace, by overcoming in battle her ness, and that he entreats her to come to him immebrethren twain.
diately in company with his faithful messenger. From this point forward, we must look beyond Suspecting nothing, the lady mounts behind the Chaucer for the achievements of the horse of brass ; hunchback, who of course is the magician, the king and in the manuscript of the library of the Arsenal, of Hungary, the sworn enemy of her lover. Instead the whole cycle of incidents, so far as he is concerned, of going to the palace, therefore, they take to the is complete. But the King of the Minstrels, as he is clouds; and on the way the cavalier makes love to called, had not the fervid imagination of Chaucer. the lady, informing her, after the manner of the His story, however, is interesting, his situations are Arabian Nights, that he has an enchanted palace and many of them striking, and his characters contrast gardens in Africa, where she must spend the rewith each other in a picturesque manner. From this mainder of her days with him. Being clever as well original, our great poet may have borrowed that part as beautiful, the princess affects to feel great pleasure at this idea, but says she is hungry, and would like France, M. de Chatelain fully expects to find the to descend to terra firma for a minute or two, just to original of the falcon also. It seems to be agreed on get something to eat. The magician, in raptures, all hands that Chaucer would seldom be at the pains consents, and they alight in Italy. Once on the to invent; but when he found a plot ready to his ground, the princess feels her confidence return; and hand, he invested it with so marvellous a wealth of the magician, whose ride the burning sun has poetry, that the original author would scarcely have made him hot and thirsty, rushes to a brook to drink. recognised it. The cold water proves more than a match for his In the present case, we think the public will magic; and no sooner has he quenched his thirst, receive with much pleasure the charming story of than he drops down, rolls upon the ground, and the King of the Minstrels, in M. de Chatelain's expires.
abridgment, which is full of grace, vivacity, and The lady now falls into the hands of the Prince of interest. What we have said of the sequel to CamSalerno, who determines upon making her his wife, buscan Bold will, we trust, awaken some curiosity. to prevent which she feigns to be furiously mad, and we have ourselves read the manuscript with singular succeeds so well in her ravings that the ceremony is pleasure, and only regretted that it was not three put off from day to day. As might have been expected, times as long. We feel assured that the readers of Cleomades does not remain idle all this while; on Chaucer will all be of the same opinion. the contrary, he leaves his father's palace, rides about the world at random, becomes entangled in many adventures; but at length, by that destiny which
A MERCHANT'S PALACE. regulates everything in the world of roniance, he Oxe among the many wonders of the times we live comes to Salerno. Here, if we recollect rightly, in it in is the marvellous rapidity with which immense barber's shop, he hears all about the princess, and edifices are constructed, seening almost to realise the determines at once upon the course he is to pursue. legends of old fairy-books concerning palaces and He disguises himself as a physician, puts on a false temples that sprang up spontaneously from the beard, and proceeds to the palace to offer his services ground. Contrast in this respect the building of our to the prince. By great good-fortune, he possessed old castles and cathedrals, laboriously extended over one of the lady's gloves which had dropped from her several generations-a turret having been built by hand when, in her father's garden, she mounted the this bishop, and the east window having been contrihorse with the magician. This token he carries with buted by that-Sir Hugh having constructed the him in his bosom. On explaining his errand, he is impregnable keep, and his grandson, the first baron, admitted at once to see the patient, who acts the having completed the warder's tower—with that of maniac with surpassing skill. Unobserved of the our Crystal Palaces and Art Treasures Exhibitions, bystanders, he shews her the glove, upon which she or the more durable fabric of our new Houses of examines his features and recognises lin). The dis- Parliament. One of those "forty and six years' covery, however, only renders her madness more which were required for the building of the Temple, complete; she laughs at him and his remedies, says would have sufficed modern architects to rear that she is not mad, and accuses all about her of insanity. noble pile. Whatever the mystic secret of the old Cleomades assures the Prince of Salerno that, having free-masons might have been, it certainly did not studied this particular disease all his life, he is certain include the rapidity of progress we have learned he can perform a cure, and that, too, in a very short in these modern times, when free-masonry is only time. “But what does slie mean,' he said, 'by raving speculative, and when its members apply the square, about a wooden horse ?'
the rule, and the compasses only to their lives and The prince answered that it was a toy that had morals. been found with her in a field.
Two years ago, in the heart of the great city of “Is it still preserved ?' inquired Cleomades ; 'be- Manchester, a body of workmen began to clear away cause I think the sight of it would do her good.' a space for a new commercial building, of which the
The prince, by way of reply, ordered it to be extent, and architectural beauty, and business facilibrought forth.
ties were to be unrivalled. More than fifty old houses "Now, dear old doctor,' exclaimed the princess, were knocked down, several of them of a moral do get on that horse, and take me behind you, and I character that any great city could well dispense shall be well immediately.'
with; many fever dens and favourite musing spots Cleomades looked inquiringly at the prince. of pestilence were rooted out, and the foundation of a
*Humour her,' exclaimed the latter; 'it is the best great palace of industry was dug on the site. A way to effect a cure.'
forest of scaffolding speedily followed, bristling round *Well,' replied the physician, 'I obey your high- the oblong enclosure, long fir-poles, crossed, and
upright, and horizontal, lashed together with no end So saying, he mounted the wooden liorse ; and the of cords. One could hardly see the building through lady, with wonderful agility, vaulted up behind him, the intervening array of boarding at the bottom, and amidst peals of laughter from the courtiers. She boards and beams above, yet it progressed rapidly grasped the physician, and with a wild laugh ex- tier by tier—and the scaffolding with it-till in a few claimed: “Dear doctor, let us take a ride.'
months the outside shell of a magnificent building Looking at one another, the ladies and gentlemen was completed; and the planks and poles being taken whispered, that they miglit not wound the prince's away, the grandeur of its proportions and the beauty ear: 'She is madder than ever!'
of its design could be duly perceived and appreciated. The prince himself began to despair, when suddenly A detached mass of building stood boldly forth, 300 the charger began to prance, and Cleomades, tearing feet in length, 90 feet in width, and 100 feet in height, off his beard, made a short speech, touched the magic decorated with every device that architectural tasto spring, and away flew the horse to the palace of the and skill could suggest, and forming the most extenprince's father in Spain.
sive and commodious mercantile edifice in this great Here ends the manuscript. The reader, we think, mercantile city. The outside show was now chiefly will agree with us that Chaucer most likely derived over; but for a year after, there were troops of work. from this source a part of the Squire's Tale, but not men busy at their labour inside, doing both the useful the whole. All that relates to Canace and the falcon and the ornamental in a large way. And just now, the remains still unaccounted for; but in the prodigious interior arrangements having been finished, and the mass of manuscripts existing in various libraries in artificers having taken their departure, and goods by