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of the stable, put it in his pocket, and rode home; and then appeared riding on his back, in the midst of taking care that all food, except some dirty litter, the astonished spectators! The horse was perfectly was removed. Thus twenty-four hours were suffered docile and gentle, although previously he had bitten to elapse, and then he came again, provided himself the legs of all who mounted him. The sight of a with a handful of oats in a sieve, entered the stable, whip put him in a fury, but now he allowed one to be and while the famished animal was greedily feeding cracked over his ears, and a drum to be beaten on on the corn, he slipped the bridle into his mouth and his back, without exhibiting the least sign of impaover his ears, and led him away in triumph. I need tience or apprehension. This extraordinary spechardly observe that the bridle was left on for a time, tacle I have ventured to introduce to my readers as a and by the adoption of moderate means and low- Rarey Show;' and I am persuaded that, while they feeding, this vicious' horse was soon tamed, and pardon a very bad pun, they will agree with me in subsequently sold for a high price.

thinking that such an exhibition as this beats the old Every one has heard of Sullivan the Irish Whis- | · Raree Show' on Lord-mayor's Day all to shivers. perer,' who stood alone in his day in the pos- As it now appears that this wonderful gift is not session of some secret, known only to himself and a mere accident attendant on some peculiarity in the subjects on which he operated, and by which an individual man, and incommunicable to others, he most undoubtedly succeeded in taming, in a few as in the case of the ancient Whisperer,' but a hours, the most refractory horses submitted to the trial. science, based upon a given principle, and capable of A graphic instance of this is given in Mr Youatt's explanation upon a reference to known laws of the book, The Horse, on the authority of an eminent natural world, it seems to deserve a place in the veterinary surgeon of Dublin, who witnessed the scene. records of scientific discovery.

The subject of this experiment was a celebrated I observe by the advertising sheet of the T'imes, Tacer called King Pepin. This horse was sometimes that an Englishman, calling himself the 'Horse-tamer,' dangerously vicious; and on one particular day, when offers to shew his method to a certain number of he was engaged to run on the Curragh,' he would let subscribers at a guinea each; while the Boston no one into the stable to put a bridle upon him. A Journal (U. S.) professes to disclose gratuitously Mr great lumbering country fellow volunteered to do this, Rarey's secret, which consists, it tells us, of the use but his enraged majesty seized him by the back with of certain rubs and drugs administered in the following his teeth, and shook him like a terrier shaking a rat. manner: Procure some horse-castor, and grate it Fortunately, like all his countrymen who have it in fine ; also get some oil of Rhodium and oil of cumin, their power to do so, this daring individual had put and keep the three separate in air-tight bottles. Rub on as many coats as he could well carry; so that while a little oil of cumin upon your hand, and approach the king thought, no doubt, he was paying off the the horse in the field, on the windward side, so that man, he got only a mouthful of coarse gray frieze he can smell the cumin. The horse will let you before reaching the actual skin, of which latter he come up to him then without any trouble. Immediscarcely had more than a superficial hold with his ately rub your hand gently on the horse's nose, teeth ; and Paddy, in addition to being laughed at, getting a little of the oil on it. You can lead him got off with a severe pinch and a sad damage to his anywhere. Give him a little of the castor on a piece holiday toggery.

of loaf-sugar or potato. Put eight drops of oil of As Sullivan was known to be on the spot, he was Rhodium into a lady's silver thimble. Take the sought out, and at his own request, shut up with the thimble between the thumb and middle finger, stopindignant monarch; in about an hour he appeared ping the mouth of the thimble to prevent the oil from on the open course, followed about by King Pepin, as running out whilst you open the mouth of the horse. a dog follows his master; and the horse lay down, | As soon as you have opened the horse's mouth, tip got up again, and suffered himself to be handled all the thimble over upon his tongue, and he is your over at the bidding of this rude, ignorant rustic (for servant. He will follow you like a pet dog. He is such he was), to the infinite astonishment of a crowd now your pupil and your friend. You can teach of bystanders.

him anything, only be kind to him, be gentle. Love Of course, the Whisperer' could have made a him and he will love you. Feed him before you do fortune if he had chosen ; but he contented himself yourself. Shelter him well ; groom him yourself, with a moderate scale of earnings, just sufficient to keep him clean, and at night always give him a good enable him to enjoy his favourite pastime of meeting bed at least a foot deep.' with the Suhallow hounds. The curious fact con- The horse-castor mentioned here is an excrescence nected with him is, that he could not communicate growing on the fore-legs, and frequently the hind-legg, his secret even to his son; after his death, the of all horses : it has a strong ammonial odour, and is latter often atten ed to exercise his father's calling, attractive to other animals as well as the horse. The but the endeavour was a complete failure.

oil of Rhodium exercises a subduing influence over Thus the matter of horse-conquering remained for all animals; and for the oil of cumin the horse has many years, no one appearing to have caught old an instinctive passion. Sullivan's secret, or invented a method for himself. Speaking as one who has seen much of what is But, within the last few months, the case has been called "horseflesh,' and studied what may be termed otherwise; and an American hippodomos, or horse- the psychology of the animal creation with some attentamer, has fully equalled, if not eclipsed, the renowntion, I confess I am lost in astonishment at what is of the sorcerer from far Suhallow.

now brought to light in reference to this horse-taming It would seem that this now celebrated Columbian, business. The horse is far from being endowed with whose name is Rarey, has been completely successful much sagacity in a general way. But, admitting in taming every sort of vicious and dangerous horse that a normal horse can, with very laborious training, on which he has exercised his skill here in England; be taught those tricks which are shewn in the 'horsewhile more recently, in France, he has outdone even riderings' of our country, it is still a wondrous thing himself. It would seem that a horse belonging to to me to think of old and established vicious habits the imperial baras, or breeding-grounds, had been the habitual temper and disposition of years-removed so mischievous that its destruction had been at last by a few hours, more or less, of secret conference determined upon. This impracticable beast was with another being of a totally different species, with brought to the Parisian Tattersall's

, blindfolded, and whom there can be no direct interchange of thought encumbered in all possible ways to prevent mischief: or language-even in the low and limited sense in Mr Rarey was closeted with him for a few hours, which this is possible as between the ordinary horse and his babitual trainer-and whom he must look was transferred for sale to unwholesome, underupon, in the first instance, as one of those very ground vaults, near Sultan Suleiman’s mosque; next, creatures whom, for years, perhaps, he has been under the pressure of war, the importation of white setting at defiance, resisting successfully in their slaves was positively forbidden; and finally, the traffic attempts to get the better of him, and regarding was declared to be abolished by an imperial firman. with feelings of mingled contempt and aversion. All England and humanity had thus gained a notable this does, I confess, fill me with a degree of astonish- victory-upon paper. The practical result of all ment which I find it impossible to express in words; these measures was, that last summer the slaveand which, I venture to say, will be shared in by market of Constantinople was so overstocked with others, just in proportion as they may have been white ladies, that they had fallen to one-third of close and attentive students of natural history, and their usual price; while black slaves, plentiful as patient observers of the habits, and, if one may so call blackberries in autumn, were almost as valueless. thiem, the moral feelings of the lower animals. An Never since the massacres of Scio had the faithful entire reformation of this sort brought about without been able to stock their establishments on such violence or any bewildering effect upon the senses of reasonable terms. the subject, must be allowed on all hands to be a The fact is that the slave-trade is at this moment thing altogether sui generis, and without a parallel in as active as ever in all parts of Turkey, excepting in any other branch of the treatment of animals by their Egypt, if Egypt must be called Turkey. Its pretended natural master.

abolition is only one of those paper ineasures to which It is impossible not to wish that some attempts the government has recourse periodically, to satisfy should be made upon other beasts, with a view of the exigencies of some Frank, generally English, testing the powers of this wonder-working system. ambassador. Thank Heaven! while the representaWe might more especially desire to see what it could tives of other nations are carefully watching over do with other creatures of the genus equus, hitherto their own interests, ours is even more actively and untamable.

less selfishly promoting those of others. Let any one observe the behaviour of the zebra in To attempt to abolish slavery in a Mohammedan the Regent's Park, his restless desire to gnaw through country is no easy task, to pretend to do so when the bars of his prison, and the savage way in which those Mohammedans are Turks under Turkish rulers, he receives any advances to kindness on the part of is almost a desperate one. The abolition of male visitors ; reflecting upon the fact, that, while his con- slavery would be difficult, but perhaps, with certain gener the quagga, is tamed with tolerable facility, the exceptions, not impossible; but to do away with beautiful zebra has as yet successfully rebelled against female slavery would be striking at the root of man's dominion ; let any one, I say, reflect upon all Turkish society itself. It would be the subversion of this, and I think he will agree that a most interesting domestic life as Turks understand it, alike opposed to field is here open for the talent of our modern their habits and to their religious ideas. The sultan horse-tamers!

has no wives; it is beneath his dignity to marry-he It would be exceedingly curious if it should turn has only slaves; he is the son and grandson of slaves, out in the end that the horse is the only quadruped, bought in the market with money current with the even in his own genus, susceptible of being brought merchant.' The hundred or two of white ladies who under this wonderful influence, whatever it may be. bloom in the parterre of his harem, require a still

larger number of black ones to wait upon them, for THE SLAVE-TRADE IN TURKEY.

no respectable Mussulman woman in Turkey, liowever

poor slie may be, would accept domestic service. What The newspapers gave an account, a few months ago, is true of the sultan's harem, is equally true on a smaller of the seizure, near Smyrna, of a slave-ship, and the scale of the households of all his subjects. Free liberation of the slaves it contained—one of those domesticity is unknown among women, and the small farces with which the Turks, from time to time, shopkeeper's wife who with us would employ a chargratify their western admirers, and amuse, or rather woman or keep a servant-of-all-work, has in Turkey abuse, the European public. No one, not even their one or two slaves at her orders. Male slaves, black bitterest enemies, can refuse them credit for the and white, are still more numerous than females, and perfection to which they carry this art of throwing they are the only servants who enjoy their master's dust in the eyes of their too lover-like protectors ; confidence. We cannot imagine a Turk without nor is their merit the less, that their success can be slaves; he would be as helpless as a child. We have accounted for by the consideration that it is the seen a Turk, one of the greatest men in the empire, only art they deign to cultivate. Like the dan- ask one of the slaves who stood before him for his gerous man of one book, they are masters in their handkerchief. The slave told him he had it by him. one art. It is the Alpha and the Omega of their The master fumbled on the cushions without finding civilisation-their way of expressing their regard it; the slave was not the less positive that he had for public opinion. To seem and not to be, is the it. He stepped forward to search for it, rolled his problem which hias been so successfully worked by unwieldy lord first to one side, and then to the other, the Sublime Porte for the last century and a half, to see if it were under him, then die searched his especially for the last half-century.

pockets, and finally drew it from his waist-band. England and English ambassadors-the only people Abbas Pacha, for it was no less a personage than the wlio exercise a disinterested philanthropy in looking late viceroy of Egypt, submitted to this search with after the domestic concerns of the Turks-have an unconcerned air, which shewed that it was a laboured for the last twenty years to persuade the common affair; and after the five or six minutes Bultan to abolish, in all its branches, this one of employed in it, resumed the conference with the liis peculiar institutions. It is instructive to mark English consul-general which it had interrupted. the progressive steps by which the power of the Our readers do not require to be told who are the charmer's voice has been made evident. First, the unhappy creatures employed by the sultan and by all fair daughters of Circassia were ordered to be kept wealthy persons to watch over the morals of their for sale henceforward only in private houses; then harems, but it is necessary to refer to them, not only the slave-market, a large airy court surrounded by to denounce the inhuman treatment they liave been small rooms, and with some fine old trees in the subjected to, to qualify them for their degrading centre, situated in the very busiest part of the bazaar, duties—and their number has of late years little, if was ordered to be closed, and the human merchandise at all, diminished—but still more to call attention to the monstrous perversion, little known or thought by their own slaves. It was from two of his white of in England, by which these poor wretches have slaves that Abbas Pacha received at last the wages of become the official guardians of the Prophet's' tomb his misdeeds. at Medina, and of the great Mussulman temple in The female slaves, in the seclusion to which they Mecca. The barbarous practice of which they are are condemned, suffer perhaps niore than the men. the victims has thus become elevated to a religious They are exposed to the caprices of their white rite, not only connecting the institution of slavery mistresses or of rival favourites, and the ill-humour with a religion whose fairest claim to our sympathy of their guardians often falls heavily upon them. We is the mitigation its author sought to effect in the remember seeing, a few years ago, in Damascus, one condition of slaves, but making slavery in its most of the black keepers of the sultan's harem. He was revolting form a part of the Mussulman ritual. living there in exile with the rank of pacha, having

Yet, while we denounce the dishonesty of a pre- fallen into disgrace for a manual correction admintended reform which can only deceive the wilfully istered to one of the reigning favourites, who had blind, we have no wish to convey to our readers a found means to persuade the sultan that it liad been false impression of the condition of the slave in undeserved. On the other hand, no slave who has Turkey. He is not, as a general rule, employed born a child to her master can be sold; her children, in field-labours; he is not driven to work by an whatever their colour, are regarded as legitimate, and overseer armed with a lash; he is subjected to few come in for an equal share of their father's inheritprivations, and he is not generally discontented with ance. If dissatisfied with their master, slaves of his lot. Bought at an early age, the young boys whatever colour or sex can oblige him, or rather have are employed only in the lightest tasks, such as a legal right to oblige liim, to sell them. Of course presenting a cup of coffee, carrying a pipe, or such a right can rarely be enforced. We know that standing for hours in silence with folded hands with all this kindness there may coexist a large before their master. They are the playfellows of his amount of tyranny and brutality, and in a large children, with whom the white slaves are frequently establishment there may be no small sum of unhappieducated. These often rise to high rank through ness. We have known slaves appear before the cadi his influence, and not seldom marry his daughters. to claim the right of being sold, but we have never Two of the present sultan's brothers-in-law were known a case where such an appeal was successful. bought in the market of Constantinople. The slave It is not, however, so much the condition of the is regarded as the child of the family-no odious slaves in their master's house which seems to warrant distinctions of colour are known in the east, though the interference of Europe, as the dreadful sufferings the negroes do not receive the same education as they are exposed to before reaching the market. The the whites, and great man would hardly choose a white slaves, at least the females, are exempt from black for his son-in-law. But even these, if accident these, and since the Circassians choose to traffic in advance them to office, as sometimes happens, become their own flesh and blood, and the Turks to violate at once the equals of the proudest Osmanli. No idea the prescriptions of their religion, which forbids the of disgrace is attached to slavery—the black slaves of purchase of Mussulmans, we need not perhaps insist a great man regard themselves, and are regarded upon a reform which Russia will sooner or later effect. by him, as infinitely above his white hired servants. But for the black slaves, we have a right to interest They belong to him; they are a part of himself; and if ourselves, because, helpless and unwilling victims, he give them their freedom, he provides for them, and they are subjected to sufferings even more horrible the relationship of adoption does not cease. When than those disclosed recently by the capture of a freed, they become at once the equals of every one. slave-ship off Jamaica. The Turks are thoroughly democratic; they have no The Egyptian frontiers are now closed to this rank but that of service, no nobility but that of traffic, and Constantinople depends for its supply money. This is the tendency, or rather the condition upon Tripoli. The slaves thence procured are of absolutism, for the sovereign is not absolute when brought from the interior of Africa, a distance of the subjects have rights he must respect; and the 1000 or 1500 miles, sometimes from even more disTurkish democracy is the most practical of all-it is tant countries. They are the victims of the wars the equality not of freemen, but of slaves.

carried on by the chieftains of the black states nearest Reared in domesticity, with no stimulus to industry, to Fezzan, for the sole sake of the prisoners, whom eating and sleeping without a thought of the morrow, they sell to dealers from the Turkish territories. the majority of the slaves are incapable of thinking or Murder stains this foul speculation in the first incaring for themselves. To free them, therefore, is stance, and yet this is the least of the horrors which the greatest punishment that can be inflicted upon disgrace it. The captives are forced to follow on foot them. One of our friends in Cairo had long suffered the caravans of their purchasers through sands hot in patience, or at least in silence, the whims and as a furnace in the daytime, and cold as ice at night. insolence of his wife's neutral attendant. At last, Men and women, boys and girls, without clothes to when his conduct became unbearable, neither exhorta- cover them, or shoes to protect their feet, journey tions nor threats having any effect, lie determined on- for weeks, sometimes for months, supplied only to punish him. He did not sell him-he gave him with the scanty fool which suffices to ward off his freedom. The poor useless wretch, when days death, and often suffering horribly from thirst in a went by, and he was not, as he supposed he must be region where wells are rare, and the heat of the sun recalled to the house where he had so long been the often dries up or corrupts the contents of the watertyrant, became as humble as he had been insolent, skin. On one route which the caravans follow there and going round to all his master's friends, besought is a distance of twelve days from one well to the next, their intercession for his restoration.

and hundreds of victims annually whiten the desert As a general rule, slaves are treated by their with their bones. If only half arrive, the profit is masters hardly indeed as reasoning beings, but with still so enormous, that the loss seems trifling to the great kindness. As children, they may be whipped ; Wardened wretches in whose eyes a slave is only but only great men venture to bastinado them when merchandise. The survivors who reach Tripoli or grown up. In fact, their masters are too completely Bengazi are carefully fed, that they may recover in their power to venture to exasperate them by flesh, but they are still left in their almost primitive harshness. In the last two years we have known two makedness, shivering from the cold of a climate so men, one the governor of a town in Asia Minor, the different from their native tropics, that the buyers other a wealthy merchant, murdered for their brutality may have ocular demonstration that they are really

freshly imported. The Turks prefer slaves who would go far towards extirpating domestic slavery; have as yet received no instruction. The slave- for the Arabian prophet teaches that the granting his trade is the principal branch of commerce in Tripoli, freedom to a slave is a meritorious work in the eyes and up to the present time it has been encouraged of God; he even enjoins it as a propitiatory sacriby the government in every possible way, even fice on certain occasions. In the opinions of all pious to the loss of more legitiniate traffic. The number Mussulmans, it is not lawful to retain a slave who of slaves exported from Tripoli in 1854 was three has embraced Islam in servitude more than a short times larger than under the independent deys number of years. It would therefore be enough to twenty years previously. About a year ago, after forbid the sale of slaves from this time forwards, the publication of the firman forbidding the trade, either publicly or privately, and to decree the freewe had occasion to speak with a merchant whose dom of all slaves whatever after the lapse of a brief house is on the south-west frontier of Tripoli, and term. This would lead to their speedy emancipawho trades to Timbuctoo. What will become of tion; for their masters would in general rather free your trade now, if this firman is enforced ?' was the them at once of their own accord, than allow them question we asked. “It would be time enough to to acquire their liberty as a right. Of course the answer you,' he said, ' when the firman is acted upon; law prohibiting the sale of slaves must be accombut in those countries there is no want of objects of panied by the fixing of express punishments for its traffic. Slaves are at present the most profitable; but transgression; its mere publication and communiwhen these will no longer pay, there remain ivory, cation to the European ambassadors would give it gold-dust, ostrich-feathers, and many other commod- no efficacy. ities. The people of the inner country cannot do The Turks are too thoughtless to consider the without the articles we carry to them, and they will sufferings of the poor slaves before they reach their soon find wherewithal to purchase them. God is hands; they only remember that they were idolaters, generous.' He seemed little disturbed by the idea of and that they have made them Mussulmans. They the suppression of the trade; but whether from a con- are persuaded that God has put them into their viction that this was not really intended, or from the power that they may save their souls. There is confidence that other profitable investments would every excuse to be made for the Turks, who seek be found, we do not pretend to say. The goods to evade a change which would revolutionise their exchanged for slaves are coarse cottons, paper, and habits of life, and whose necessity as a matter of small articles of hardware. It will be impossible humanity they cannot appreciate ; but there is no to abolish the trade in men with all its attendant excuse for their government, which thus scatters horrors, so long as slavery is permitted to exist in firmans broadcast over Europe, for the sake of proany shape in Turkey. Only its final abolition can pitiating a public opinion which it seeks to deceive; put a stop to importations which the authorities and still less is it possible to excuse the Christian both in Tripoli and Constantinople are interested in diplomacy which stands smiling by and winks, lending encouraging. Even the sultan's ships-of-war are the sanction of its silence to the bad faith of its used for the conveyance of slaves.

protegés. We can understand the desperate efforts made by the Turk to maintain this institution ; but we profess ourselves unable to understand or to forgive the luke

OÇ E O LA: warmness in the cause of abolition of his European

A ROMANCE. supporters. The very argument which induces the

CHAPTER LVIII.-OLD HICKMAN, Turk to resist the attempt, is the strongest that can be urged in its favour. The abolition of slavery The morning after, I went as usual to the recruitwould effect a radical change in Turkish society; and ing quarters. Gallagher was along with me, as if we demanded it on no other grounds, we should upon this day the volunteers were to be 'mustered call for it on this one. If Turkey has become a into service,' * and our presence was necessary at the European state, it can be permitted to take a place administering of the oath. in the congress of Christian nations only on the con

A goodly company was collected, forming a troop dition of remodelling, not the government alone, but more respectable in number than appearance. They still more the social relations of its subjects. It is were ‘mounted volunteers ;' but as each individual vain to hope for any real amelioration in these till had been his own quartermaster, no two were either slavery be abolished in every corner of the empire.

armed or mounted alike. Nearly all carried rifles, But if slavery be an essential institution of Islam, though there were a few who shouldered the old then we are bound to hunt the professors of such a family musket-a relic of revolutionary times—and creed out of Europe. Humanity has a right to be some were simply armed with single or double intolerant of a standing offence against her laws; and barrelled shot-guns. These, however, loaded with if she proclaim a crusade in their vindication, free-heavy buck-shot, would be no contemptible weapons men of all nations and of all creeds will acknowledge in a skirmish with Indians. There were pistols of that her object is holy. But this is not the case.

many sorts—from the huge brass-butted holsters to Islam found slavery established, and it mitigated its small pocket-pistols—single and double barrelled-but rigours. In Tunis, slavery has for many years been

no revolvers, for as yet the celebrated Colt't had entirely done away with—an unanswerable argument, not made its appearance in frontier warfare. Every

in favour of the independence of the bey, volunteer carried his knife-some dagger-shaped with whom our English policy seems inclined to reduce ornamented hafts; while the greater number were to his long-forgotten subjection to Turkey. If, on

long, keen blades, similar to those in use among the part of the Turkish government, the desire to

* In the United States, & volunteer corps or regiment raises abolish slavery were sincere, and not a mere pretence itself.' When the numbers are complete, and the officers to blind the people of Europe to the real nature of elected, if the government accept its services, both officers and their rule, it would not be difficult to bring it about. men are then 'mustered in'-in other words, sworn to serve The first step necessary is to cut off the supply. To for a fixed period, under exactly the same regulations as the

regular troops, with like pay, rations, &c. effect this, a couple of steamers cruising off the coast + The military corps first armed with Colt's pistols was the of Tripoli, backed by more stringent orders issued regiment of Texan Rangers. Its first trial in actual warfare to the English consul, would be sufficient; and the occurred in the war between the United States and Mexico in waters of the Mediterranean would no longer be guerrilleros were put hors de combat in less than fifteen minutes

a skirmish with the guerilla band of Padre Jaranta. stained by this traffic. The traditions of Islam itself | by this effective weapon.

by the way,

125

butchers. In the belts of many were stuck small 'In coorse—it's the hul talk o' the country. Durn hatchets, an imitation of the Indian tomahawk. me, George Randolph, if I'd let him. Yur sisterThese were to serve the double purpose of cutting the putty critter—she ur the finest an' the hansomest & way through the brushwood, or breaking in the gurl in these parts; an' for a durned skunk like thet, skull of a savage, as opportunity might offer.

not'itlistandin' all his dollars, to git her, I can't a The equipments consisted of powder-horns, bullet- bear to hear o't. Why, George, I tell you, he'll

make pouches, and shot-belts—in short, the ordinary sport- her mis’able for the hul term o' her nat'ral lifeing gear of the frontiersman or amateur hunter when that ere 's what he'll be sartint to do-durnation out upon the still hunt' of the fallow deer.

to him!' The mount' of the troop was as varied as the “You are kind to counsel me, Hickman; but I arms and accoutrements : horses from thirteen hands think the event you dread is not likely ever to come to seventeen; the tall, raw-boned steed; the plump, to pass.' cob-shaped roadster; the tight, wiry native of the Why do people keep talkin' o't, then? Everysoil, of Andalusian race; * the lean, worn-out'critter,' body says it's a goin' to be. If it wan't thet I'm an that carried on his back the half-ragged squatter, old friend o'yur father, George, I wudn't ha' tuk side by side with the splendid Arabian charger, the sich a liberty; but I war his friend, an' I im yur fancy of some dashing young planter who bestrode friend; an' thurfor it be I hev spoke on the matter. him, with no slight conceit in the grace and grandeur We may talk o' Injuns; but thur ain't ne'er a Injun of his display. Not a few were mounted upon mules, in all Floridy is as big a thief as them Ringgolds both of American and Spanish origin; and these, father an son, an' the hul kit o' them. The old when well trained to the saddle, though they may un, he's clurred out from hyar, an' whar he's gone to not equal the horse in the charge, are quite 'tain't hard to tell. Ole Scratch hez got hold o him, equal to him in a campaign against an Indian foe. an' I reck'n he'll be catchin' it by this time for the Amid thickets-through forests of heavy timber, deviltries he carried on while about hyar. He 'll where the ground is a marsh, or strewn with logs, git paid up slick for the way he treated them poor fallen branches, and matted with prostrate parasites, half-breeds on tother side the crik.' the hybrid will make way safely, when the horse will "The Powells?' sink or stumble. Some of the most experienced "Ye-es-that wur the durndest piece o' unjusbackwoods hunters, while following the chase, prefer tice I ever know'd o' in all my time. By it a mule to the high-mettled steed of Arabia.

wur!' Motley were the dresses of the troop. There were • You know what happened them, then?' uniforms, or half-uniforms, worn by some of the Sartintly I do; every trick in the hul game. officers; but among the men no two were dressed in 'Twur a leetle o' the meanest transackshun I ever like fashion. Blanket-coats of red, blue, and green; know'd a white-an' a white that called himself a linsey-woolseys of coarse texture, gray or copper gentleman-to have a hand in. By –

-, it wur!' coloured; red flannel shirts ; jackets of brown linen, Hickman now proceeded, at my request, to detail or white-some of yellow nankin cotton—a native with more minuteness than I had yet heard them, the fabric; some of sky-blue cottonade; hunting-shirts facts connected with the robbery of the unfortunate of dressed deer-skin, with moccasins and leggings; family. boots of horse or alligator hide, highlows, brogans—| It appeared by his account that the Powells had in short, every variety of chaussure known throughout not voluntarily gone away from the plantation; that, the States.

on the contrary, their removal had been to the friendThe head-gear was equally varied and fantastic. less widow the most painful thing of all. Not only No stiff shakos were to be seen there; but caps was the land of great value the best in the whole of skin, and hats of wool and felt, and straw and district—but it had been to her the scene of a happy palmetto-leaf, broad-brimmed, scuffed, and slouch- life-a home endeared by early love, by the memory ing. A few had forage-caps of blue cloth, that gave of a kind husband, by every tie of the heart's affecsomewhat of a military character to the wearers.

and she had only parted from it when driven In one respect, the troop had a certain uniformity; out by the strong arm of the law-by the staff of the they were all eager for the fray-burning for a sheriff-officer. fight with the hated savages, who were committing Hickman had been present at the parting scene, such depredations throughout the land. When were and described it in rough but feeling terms. He they to be led against them? This was the inquiry told me of the sad unwillingness which the family constantly passing through the ranks of the volunteer exhibited at parting; of the indignant reproaches of array.

the son--of the tears and entreaties of mother and Old Hickman was among the most active. His daughter-how the persecuted widow had offered age and experience had procured him the rank of everything left her-her personal property-even sergeant by free election; and I had many oppor- the trinkets and jewels-souvenirs given her by tunities of conversing with him. The alligator-hunter her departed husband - if the ruffians would only was still my true friend, and devoted to the interests allow her to remain in possession of the house-the of our family. On this very day I chanced to be old homestead, consecrated to her by long happy with him alone, when he gave proof of his attachment years spent under its roof. by volunteering a conversation I little expected from Her appeals were in vain. The heartless persehim. Thus he began :

cutor was without compassion, and she was driven May a Injun sculp me, lootenant, if I kin bar the forth. thought o' that puke a marrin' yur sister.'

Of all these things, the old hunter spoke freely and • Marrying my sister-who?' I inquired in some feelingly; for although a man of somewhat vulgar surprise. Was it Gallagher he meant ?

speech and rough exterior, he was one whose heart Why, in coorse the fellar as everybody sez is beat with humanity, and who hated injustice. He a goin' to—that cussed pole-cat o' a critter, Ary had no friendship for mere wrong-doers, and heartily Ringgold.'

detested the whole tribe of the Ringgolds. His narra• Oh! him you mean? Everybody says so, do tion rekindled within me the indignant emotions I they ?'

had experienced on first hearing of this monstrous act

of cruelty; and my sympathy for Oçeola-interrupted * The horse was introduced into Florida by the Spaniards, by late suspicions-was almost restored, as I stood

listening to the story of his wrongs.

tion;

hence the breed.

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