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education offered at a very moderate rate, but there universal in factories, of piece-work payment, as giving are also special classes for instruction in various arts; the workmen an interest in industry, and an induceand among these one, at five shillings a quarter, a ment to execute the greatest amount of work in the class for dress-making. Now, any one who has kept least space of time; such an influence even reacting servants can hardly have failed to remark, how upon day-labourers by rousing their emulation, and important an influence the being able to make a dress inducing them, in order to avoid invidious comparisons, for herself, has upon the female domestic-how much to make exertions unknown in other countries. neater an appearance she can maintain-how much Dr Ure, again, in his Philosophy of Manufactures, better able she is to restrict her expenditure to some- thus comments on the kind of employment here thing less than her earnings—and how, besides, as an chiefly followed: Occupations which are assisted by interesting occupation for her leisure hours, it tends steam-engines, require for the most part a higher, to prevent their being wasted, as is too often the case, or at least a steadier species of labour, than those on a debasing literature, if it be lawful to give it the which are not; the exercise of the mind being then name. And the visitor of the poor sees, still more partially substituted for that of the muscles constistrikingly, the vast difference this knowledge makes tuting skilled labour;' and this, as he adds, is always in a poor man's home, when his wife is ‘handy at her paid more highly than unskilled. He also observes, needle,' and out of one old gown can make two new that of all the common prejudices with regard to frocks.

factory-labour, there is none more unfounded than As another educational effort pointed out by social that which ascribes to it excessive tedium and irkscience, one mill-proprietor mentioned, that as soon someness above other occupations, owing to its being as the buildings for the purpose were completed, he carried on in conjunction with the unceasing motion intended to open a school for teaching cookery to girls. of the steam-engine. In an establishment for spinning This, it is true, has been done in London; but the or weaving cotton, all the hard work is performed by idea was not born there, for local history informs us, the steam-engine, which leaves for the attendants no that as long ago as 1720, "in order to perfect young hard labour at all, and literally nothing to do in ladies in what was then thought a necessary part of general, but at intervals to perform some delicate their education, a pastry-school was set up in Man- operation, such as joining the threads, &c. His chester, which was frequented not only by the daugh- remarks apply especially to the children, of whom ters of the towns-people, but those of the neighbouring three-fourths of the number employed are engaged in gentlemen.' It were well that young ladies in the pre- piecing; at which he computes that a child working sent century should not deem it a vulgarity to learn to even twelve hours a day, and attending two mules, make a digestible pie-crust; but the principle which would yet have six hours of inaction, occurring at makes the economical preparation of food a part of a periods of three-quarters of a minute or more at a time, factory-girl's education, is even more important. And and mentions tható spinners sometimes dedicate these considering the fact, that towards the recently com- intervals to the perusal of books.' This, one would pleted chapel in connection with these intended schools, suppose, can scarcely be generally or easily done, but the 'hands' of this one factory, in number about 1000, at least such snatches of leisure occurring so largely contributed no less a sum than L.300, it need hardly and regularly, must afford favourable opportunities for be feared that they will not appreciate any educational cultivating the reflective faculties; and that they are advantages.

thus made use of, seems to be proved by the general But social science applies itself not merely to the intelligence which prevails. claims of poverty, it is her part also to see that those While, then, this wondrous city, this giant of the who have money to spend shall have their penny's English north, is thus advancing with seven-leagued worth for their penny. The Manchester omnibus may strides in the path of progress, let no mere adventibe instanced, which provides for its general three- tious circumstances cause it to be viewed unfavourably; penny fare a lofty, well-ventilated vehicle, with fair let no unworthy jealousy prevent the full recognition room for the lower extremities of all.

of that foremost position it is pressing forward to. It has been admitted that the city's appearance is That it is a powerful rival in the race, even compared not very prepossessing; and if this be the case by day, with the proud metropolis, must be admitted when it certainly gains little by night. But all honour to we consider all it has done and is doing for social this nocturnal dimness, for it is due to the early amelioration and national prosperity; its devotion closing: and so well is this movement carried out, that at once to commerce and industry, to science and a great number of the shops are shut as early as seven; art; its fostering of kindly feeling and cultivation of and very few are open after eight. When to this daily inteilect; its attention to the requirements of those who margin, reclaimed from the labour-tide, the Saturday | can afford to purchase comfort, and the wants of those half-holiday, now so general here, is added, we may who have nothing to pay; its provision for every conceive how vast a stock of leisure is gained for all bodily demand, and every mental and moral need. classes, to afford room for social improvement and Herein, indeed, in this universality of genius which social happiness.

cares for everything, and overlooks or neglects nothing, But it may not be amiss to advert to some of the lies the great secret of its success. One of the most more latent causes that have led to the advancement eminent inhabitants of the city, accompanying a party in of this interesting city. M‘Culloch, speaking of Eng- the inspection of one of its great establishments, introland at large, says, that 'to excel in machine-making duced them to the steam-engine which keeps in motion is to excel in what is certainly the most important all the machinery on the premises, with the exclamabranch of manufacturing industry. Superiority in any tion: ‘Here is the real Manchester Man!' It may at single branch, except this, may exist simultaneously least symbolise him. Making its energy felt throughwith great inferiority in others; but eminence in the out every part, its influence as active in the remotest manufacture of machinery is almost sure to lead to corner as in its immediate neighbourhood ; not putting eminence in every other department. We may sup- forth its efforts in one mode of operation only, but pose, then, that the amount of intellect required for the doing whatever is to be done, lifting or pressing in perfecting of the processes here carried on, cannot all one place, rolling or stamping in another, taking in be expended on this primary object; and thus a surplus here, sending out there, just as need may require; is left to be devoted to other kinds of improvement. and with no capricious intermittent exertion, but in

In regard to the handiwork itself, Mr Stevenson, in steady, unwearied diligence moving all, regulating all, the article on 'English Statistics,' in the Edinburgh the tiniest pin not eluding its grasp, the hugest wheel Encyclopadia, lays much stress on the practice, almost | not beyond its capacity; this mighty worker is indeed

A ROMANCE.
CHAPTER LY.THE VOLUNTEERS.

was

no inapt image of those who evoke its powers, and visitor at the house; and the world still believed who, not only by using its services, but by imitating him the accepted suitor of Virginia. Moreover, since its action, have obtained the present high place, and his late accession to wealth and power, he had grown the prospect of a yet loftier future, for the City of Men. more than ever a favourite with my ambitious mother.

I learned all this with regret.
OÇ E O LA:

The old home appeared to have undergone a change. There was not the same warmth of affection as of yore. I missed my kind, noble father. My mother at

times appeared cold and distant, as if she believed me My sister kept her word. I saw no more of her for undutiful. My uncle was her brother, and like her that day, nor until noon of the next. Then she in everything; even my fond sister seemed for the came forth from her chamber in full riding costume, moment estranged. ordered White Fox to be saddled, and, mounting, I began to feel as a stranger in my own house, and, rode off alone.

feeling so, stayed but little at home. Most of the day I felt that I had no power over this capricious was I abroad, with Gallagher as my companion. Of spirit. It was idle to attempt controlling it. She course, my friend remained our guest during our stay was beyond the dictation of fraternal authority, on the Suwanee. -her own mistress--and evidently determined upon Our time was occupied, partly with the duties upon having her will and her way.

which we had been commanded, and partly in followAfter the conversation of yesterday, I felt no ing the amusement of the chase. Of deer-hunting inclination to interfere again. She was acquainted and fox-running we had an abundance; but I did not with my secret ; and knowing this, any counsel enjoy it as formerly; neither did my companionfrom me would come with an ill grace, and be as ardent sportsman though he was-seem to take the ill received. I resolved, therefore, to withhold it, delight in it which he had anticipated. till some crisis should arrive that would render it Our military duties were by no means of an more impressive.

arduous nature, and were usually over before noon. For several days this coolness continued between Our orders had been, not so much to recruit volunus-at which my mother often wondered, but of which teers as to superintend the organisation of those she received no explanation. Indeed, I fancied that already raised; and muster them into service. A even her affection towards me was not so tender as corps had already advanced some length towards forit used to be. Perhaps I was wronging her. She mation, having elected its own officers, and enrolled

a little angry with me about the duel with most of its rank and file. Our part was to inspect, Ringgold, the first intelligence of which had gravely instruct, and govern them. affected her. On my return I had received her The little church, near the centre of the settlement, reproaches, for it was believed that I alone was to was the head-quarters of the corps; and there the blame in bringing the affair about. Why had Idrill was daily carried on. acted so rudely towards Arens Ringgold ? And all The men were mostly of the poorer class of white about nothing? A trumpery Indian belle ? What settlers--small renting planters--and squatters who mattered it to me what may have been said about dwelt along the swamp-edges, and who managed the girl? Likely what was said was nothing more to eke out a precarious subsistence partly by the use than the truth. I should have behaved with more of their axes, and partly from the product of their prudence.

rifles. The old hunter Hickman was among the I perceived that my mother had been informed number; and what did not much surprise me, I upon most of the material points connected with the found the worthies Spence and Williams enrolled in the affair. Of one, however, she was ignorant: she knew corps. Upon these scamps I was determined to keep not who the trumpery Indian belle' was--she had a watchful eye, and hold them at a wary distance. not heard the name of Maümee. Knowing her to be Many of the privates were men of a higher class-for ignorant of this, I listened with more calmness to the common danger had called all kinds into the field. the aspersive remarks.

The officers were usually planters of wealth and For all that, I was somewhat excited by her influence; though there were some who, from the reproaches, and several times upon the point of democratic influence of elections, were but ill qualified declaring to her the true cause why I had called to wear epaulettes. Ringgold to an account. For certain reasons I Many of these gentlemen bore far higher official forbore. My mother would not have believed me. titles than either Gallagher or myself. Colonels and

As for Ringgold himself, I ascertained that a great majors appeared to be almost as numerous as privates. change in his fortunes had lately taken place. His But for all this, they did not demur to our exerfather was dead—had died in a fit of passion, cising authority over them. In actual war-time, it whilst in the act of chastising one of his slaves. A is not uncommon for a lieutenant of the 'line,' or the blood vessel had burst, and he had fallen, as if by a lowest subaltern of the regular army, to be placed in judgment of God.

command of a full colonel of militia or volunteers ! Arens, the only son, was now master of his vast, Here and there was an odd character, who perhaps, ill-gotten wealth-a plantation with some three hun- in earlier life, had “broken down'at West Point, or dred slaves upon it; and it was said that this had had gone through a month of campaigning service in only made him more avaricious than ever.

the Creek wars under 'Old Hickory. These, fancyHis aim was---as it had been that of the oldering themselves au fait in the military art, were not so Ringgold—to become owner of everybody and every- pleasant to deal with; and at times it required all thing around him-a grand money-despot. The son Gallagher's determined firmness to convince them was a fit successor to the father.

that he was commander-in-chief upon the Suwanee. He had played the invalid for a while--carrying My friend's reputation as a 'fire-eater' which had his arm in a sling-and, as people said, not a little preceded him, had as much weight in confirming his vain of having been engaged in a duel. Those who authority as the commission which he brought with understood how that affair had terminated, thought him from 'head-quarters.' he had little reason to be proud of it.

Upon the whole, we got along smoothly enough with It seemed the hostility between him and myself these gentlemen-most of whom seemed desirous of had brought about no change in his relations with learning their duty, and submitted to our instructions our family. I learned that he had been a constant with cheerfulness.

CHAPTER LVI.

MYSTERIOUS CHANGES.

There was no lack of champagne, brandy, and And yet to a stranger they might have appeared cigars. The neighbouring planters were hospitable; as lovers-almost to any one except myself. They and had my friend or myself been inclined towards were together half the day and half the night: they dissipation, we could not have been established in rode together into the woods, and were sometimes better quarters for indulging the propensity.

absent for hours at a time. I perceived that my To this, however, neither of us gave way; and our comrade began to care little for my company, and moderation no doubt caused us to be held in higher daily less. Stranger still, the chase no longer esteem, even among the hard drinkers by whom we delighted him! As for duty, this he sadly neglected, were surrounded.

and had not the lieutenant' been on the ground, Our new life was by no means disagreeable; and I fear the 'corps' would have stood little chance of but for the unpleasantness that had arisen at home, I instruction. could have felt for the time contented and happy. As days passed on, I fancied that Gallagher began

At home--at home—there was the canker: it to relapse into a more sober method. He certainly appeared no longer a home.

seemed more thoughtful. This was when my sister was out of sight. It was not the air he had worn after our arrival-but very different.

It certainly resembled the bearing of a man in love.

He would start on hearing my sister's voice from Not many days had elapsed before I observed a without-his ear was quick to catch every word from sudden change in the conduct of Gallagher; not her, and his eyes expressed delight whenever she came towards myself, or my mother, but in his manner into the room. Once or twice, I saw him gazing at towards Virginia.

her with an expression upon his countenance that It was the day after I had held the conversation betokened more than friendship. with her, that I first noticed this. I noticed at the My old suspicions began to return to me. After same time that her manner towards him was equally all, he might be in love with Virginia ? altered.

Certainly, she was fair enough to impress the heart The somewhat frosty politeness that had hitherto even of this adamantine soldier. Gallagher was no been observed between them, appeared to have lady's man--had never been known to seek conquests suddenly thawed, and their old genial friendship to over the sex—in fact, felt some awkwardness in their become re-established on its former footing.

company. My sister seemed the only one before They now played, and sang, and laughed together, whom he could converse with fluency or freedom. and read, and chattered nonsense, as they had been Notwithstanding, and after all, he might be in love? used to do in times past.

I should have been pleased to know it, could I only *Ah!’ thought I, it is easy for him to forget; he have insured him a reciprocity of his passion ; but is but a friend, and, of course, cannot have the feel. alas ! that was not in my power. ings of a brother. Little matters it to him what I wondered whether she ever thought of him as a may be her secret relations, or with whom. What lover; but no-she could not—not if she was thinking need he care about her improprieties? She is good ofcompany, and her winning way has beguiled him And yet her behaviour towards him was at times from dwelling upon that suspicion, which he must of such a character, that a stranger to her eccentrihave entertained as well as myself. He has either cities would have fancied she loved him. Even I was forgotten, forgiven, or else found some explanation mystified by her actions. She either had some feeling of her conduct that seems to satisfy him. At all for him, beyond that of mere friendship, or made events, I appear to have lost his sympathy, while show of it. If he loved her, and she knew it, then she has regained his confidence and friendship.'

her conduct was cruel in the extreme. I was at first astonished at this new phase in the re- I indulged in such speculations, though only when lations of our family circle--afterwards puzzled by it. I could not restrain myself from dwelling upon them.

I was too proud and piqued to ask Gallagher for They were unpleasant; at times even painful. an explanation; and, as he did not volunteer to give I lived in a maze of doubt, puzzled and perplexed one, I was compelled to abide in ignorance.

at what was passing around me; but at this time I perceived that my mother also regarded this there turned up a new chapter in our family history, altered behaviour with surprise, and also with a that, in point of mystery, eclipsed all the others. A feeling of a somewhat different kind-suspicion. piece of information reached me, that, if true, must

I could guess the reason of this. She fancied that sweep all these new-sprung theories out of my mind. they were growing too fond of each other-that, I learned that my sister was in love with Arens potwithstanding he had no fortune but his pay-roll, Ringgold-in other words, that she was ' listening to Virginia might fancy the dashing soldier for á his addresses !' husband.

Of course my mother, having already formed designs as to the disposal of her daughter, could not calmly

MY INFORMANT. contemplate such a destiny as this. It was natural This I had upon the authority of my faithful serenough, then, she should look with a jealous eye vant, Black Jake. Upon almost any other testimony, upon the gay confidence that had been established I should have been incredulous; but his was unimbetween them.

peachable. Negro as he was, his perceptions were I should have been glad if I could have shared my keen enough; while his earnestness proved that he bemother's suspicions ; happy if my sister had but lieved what he said. He had reasons, and gave them. fixed her affections there. My friend would have I received the strange intelligence in this wise: been welcome to call me brother. Fortuneless though I was seated by the bathing-pond, alone, busied he might be, I should have made no opposition to with a book, when I heard Jake's familiar voice that alliance.

pronouncing my name: 'Massr George.' But it never entered my thoughts that there was * Well, Jake?' I responded, without withdrawing aught between the two but the old rollicking friend- my eyes from the page. ship; and love acts not in that style. So far as Ise wanted all da mornin' to git you 'lone by yarCaptain Gallagher was concerned, I could have given self; Ise want to hab a leetle bit ob a convasayshun, my mother assurance that would have quieted her Massr George.' fears.

The solemn tone, so unusual in the voice of Jake,

CHAPTER LVII.

awoke my attention. Mechanically closing the book, "Scoose me, Massr George, 'scoose me 'gain- I tell I looked up in his face: it was solemn as his speech. you, massr, you make mistake: she a'most consent A conversation with me, Jake?'

now.' Ye, massr—dat am if you isn't ingage?'

• Why, what has put this notion into your head, my Oli, by no means, Jake. Go on: let me hear what good fellow ?' you have to say.'

• Viola, massr. Dat ere quadroon tell me all.' Poor fellow!' thought I—'he has his sorrows too. So, you are friends with Viola again ?' Some complaint about Viola. The wicked coquette “Ye, Massr George, we good friend as ebber. Twar is torturing him with jealousy; but what can I do? only my s'picion-I war wrong. She good gal—she I cannot make her love him-no. “ One man may true as de rifle. No more s’picion o her, on de part lead a horse to the water, but forty can't make him ob Jake-no.' drink." No; the little jade will act as she pleases, in 'I am glad of that. But pray, what has she told spite of any remonstrance on my part. Well, Jake?' you about Arens Ringgold and my sister ?'

Wa, Massr George, I doant meself like to inta- • She tell me all: she see somethin' ebbery day.' fere in tha 'fairs ob da family-daat I doant; but ye Every day! Why, it is many days since Arens see, massr, things am a gwine all wrong-all wrong, Ringgold has visited here ?' by Golly!'

*No, massr; dar you am mistake 'gain: Mass Arums • In what respect?'

he come to da house ebbery day-a’most ebbery day.' "Ah, massr, dat young lady-data young lady.' Nonsense; I never saw him here. I never heard Polite of Jake to call Viola a young lady.

of his having been, since my return from the fort.' “You think she is deceiving you ?'

‘But him hab been, for all dat, massr ; I see 'im * More dan me, Massr George-more dan me.' meseff. He come when you gone out. He be here

What a wicked girl! But, perhaps, Jake, you when we goes a huntin'. I see um come yest'day, only fancy these things ? Have you had any proofs of when you an' Mass Garger war away to tha bolunteers her being unfaithful? Is there any one in particular -dat he war sat'n.' who is now paying her attentions ? '

“You astonish me.' 'Yes, massr; berry partickler-nebber so partickler ‘Dat's not all, massr. Viola she say dat Missa before--nebber.'

Vaginny she have diffrent from what she used to: • A white man?'

he talk love; she not angry no more; she listen to him "Gorramighty, Massr George!' exclaimed Jake, in talk. Oh, Massr George, Viola think she give her a tone of surprise ; 'you do talk kewrious: ob coorse consent t marry him: dat would be dreadful thing it am a white man. No odder dan a white man dar -berry, berry dreadful.' shew 'tention to tha young lady.'

"Jake,' said I, listen to me. You will stay by the I could not help smiling. Considering Jake's own house when I am absent. You will take note of every complexion, he appeared to hold very exalted views of one who comes and goes; and whenever Arens Ringthe unapproachableness of his charmer by those of gold makes his appearance on a visit to the family, her own race. I had once heard him boast that he you will come for me as fast as horse can carry was the only man ob colour dat could shine thar.' It you.' was a white man, then, who was making his misery. Gollys! dat I will, Massr George: you nebber • Who is he, Jake?' I inquired.

fear, I come fass enuff-like a streak ob de greased *Ah, massr, he am dat ar villain debbil, Arums lightnin'' Ringgol?!'

And with this promise, the black left me. • What! Arens Ringgold ?- he making love to Viola?'

With all my disposition to be incredulous, I could • Viola! Gorramighty, Massr George !' exclaimed not disregard the information thus imparted to me. the black, staring till his eyes shewed only the Beyond doubt, there was truth in it. The black was whites— Viola! Gorramighty, I nebber say Viola! too faithful to think of deceiving me, and too astute -nebber!'

to be himself deceived. Viola had rare opportunities * Of whom, then, are you speaking ?'

for observing all that passed within our family circle; did I not say da young lady ? dat am tha and what motive could she have for inventing a tale young missa— Missa Vaginny.'

like this? Oh! my sister you mean. Poh, poh! Jake. That Besides Jake had himself seen Ringgold on visitsis an old story. Arens Ringgold has been paying his of which I had never been informed. This confirmed addresses to my sister for many years ; but with no the other--confirmed all. chance of success. You needn't trouble yourself What was I to make of it? Three who appear as about that, my faithful friend; there is no danger of lovers—the chief, Gallagher, Arens Ringgold! Has their getting married. She doesn't like him, Jake-! she grown wicked, abandoned, and is coquetting with wonder who does or could--and even if she did, I all the world ? would not permit it. But there's no fear, so you Can she have a thought of Ringgold ? No-it is may make your mind easy on that score.'

not possible. I could understand her having an My harangue seemed not to satisfy the black. He affection for the soldier-a romantic passion for the stood scratching his head, as if he had something brave and certainly handsome chief; but for Arens more to communicate. I waited for him to speak. Ringgold-a squeaking, conceited snob, with nought

“Scoose me, Massr George, for da freedom, but dar but riches to recommend him—this appeared utterly you make mighty big mistake. It am true dar war improbable. a time when Missa Vaginny she no care for dat ar Of course, the influence was my mother's; but never snake in da grass. But de times am change: him before had I entertained a thought that Virginia father-da ole thief–he am gone to tha udda world; would yield. If Viola spoke the truth, she had tha young un he now rich—he big planter-tha biggest yielded, or was yielding. on da ribber : ole missa she 'courage him come see "Ah, mother, mother! little knowest thou the Missa Vaginny-'cause he rich, he good spec.' fiend you would introduce to your home, and cherish

'I know all that, Jake: my mother always wished as your child.' it; but that signifies nothing-my sister is a little self-willed, and will be certain to have her own way. Printed and Published by W. & R. CHAMBERS, 47 Paternoster There is no fear of her giving her consent to marry

Row, London, and 339 High Street, EDINBURGH. Also sold by
Arens Ringgold.'

WILLIAM ROBERTSON, 28 Upper Sackville Street, DUBLIN, and
all Booksellers.

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OF POPULAR

DITERATUR EM
Science and Arts.

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBERS.

No. 225.

SATURDAY, APRIL 24, 1858.

Price 1fd.

which has been afforded to him by the publication SI R.

of his article; and the once esteemed contributor has It is doubtful whether there be another monosyllable made previous use of it, apologetically, in demanding in the language which admits of such delicate distinc- modestly to know whether the Lever was accustomed tions as that most common one which heads this paper to balance its accounts at the end of every six months -Sir. Not the trembling 'No' of the bashful maiden, or of a year. whose command of verbal inflection is so perfect that This ‘Sir' epistolary may be the herald of a comshe makes it to fill the place of Yes,' could be more pulsory marriage (when it emanates, for instance, significant: not the emphatic "There' of the dined from one of the big brothers of the three Miss alderman, who pushes his last plate an inch or two Malonies, denominated, for certain reasons, “Plague, from his encroaching stomach with a satisfied sigh, Pestilence, and Famine '); of unexpected offspring and a comfortable and firm belief in his own mind of a doubtful paternity; of death, itself, even-prothat he has, in the highest and noblest sense, said vided, at least, that there is no property bequeathed Grace: not the 'Well ?' of tlie rival conversationalist, to us, in which case we may be sure it would become interrogatively fitted in at the conclusion of your 'My dear Sir,' or 'My very dear Sir,' in proportion very best narration, as though the point were yet to the sum; but it is never by any chance the to come: not the facile • Ah!' of the debt-hardened harbinger of anything satisfactory, except perhaps borrower, when he is reminded of the little account in the extremely mitigated form of a receipt for the which, with the utmost delicacy, you have forborne second payment of a disputed bill. 'Sir' never asks to speak of until it has almost run clean out of sight | you to dinner, nor even pays you a compliment, for ever underneath the statute of limitations: not except of the most artificial character, such as that the ‘Bah!' of the attorney, so different from the same of representing somebody as your most obedient and expression in the mouth of the innocent wearers of humble servant, who, if not an utter stranger, is a his sheepskins, when you inadvertently let fall some foe determined upon your ruin. 'Sir'is the dogged moral axiom or some tender sentiment, forgetting in submission which the most savage hand is compelled whose presence you stand: not even the Chur-r-r-ch, to pay to the laws of civilisation, the transparent veil Chur-r-r-ch' of the Hyde Park democracy, when through which it strikes with undiminished power. they flung, some months ago, that elongated mono- The only social invitation which it ever heralds is syllable, with so great distinctness of meaning, at that which belongs to the duello, the pressing the titled Sabbath-breakers and miserable sinners of summons to 'pistols for two in the saw pit,' or other carriage-people' in the Ring; nothing equally brief unfrequented meeting-place; nor has it anything to had ever such variety of meaning as this · Sir.' do with love, except at the extreme fag-end of it,

Even in writing, and when it stands apart and when it sometimes announces Cupid's death and the unrelieved by 'My dear,' or 'Dear, it has a certain birth of mammon coincidently, in the notice of action unpleasant significance. It shews that the writer for breach of promise of marriage. It is the sign that has no acquaintance, and far less friendship with the the chain of friendship is broken, and that the remainperson he addresses ; that, for certain, he does not ing life-links which connect us and the writer must know anything about him, and that, in all probability, needs be formed of a far baser metal. Indeed, the he does not care. There is not only a stiffness and only sort of excellence which the 'Sir' epistolary reserve, but an absolute antagonism in a 'Sir' of this possesses, is of a decidedly negative character; it does sort. It is more than possible that it may be followed not, as far as we are aware, form part of the formula by, ‘As the legal advisers of Messrs Harpy,' &c., and of a writ. that the whole may be concluded-like an unprepos- The 'Sir' colloquial, on the other land, may be sessing scorpion, whose worst has yet to come in the urbane and graceful enough; the tongue can express tail of it-by the signature of a legal firm. One by inflection what it is not in the power of the pen has, in this case, to write back 'Gentlemen,' too, in through the same term to convey. A trivial and return for it, which, it may be, is as tremendous a common-place remark of ours—for we do make such sacrifice of truth as of inclination. The editor of the things on rare occasions, and at very long intervals— Moral Lever-by no means the talented Irish novelist to a fellow-traveller in a railway-carriage, has been of that name—begins with the 'Sir'indignant, when sometimes replied to by this little word, in a manner he writes that he is in truth astonished at his once (before our marriage, that is) which has set our heart esteemed contributor requiring compensation in dross beating, and our cheeks aflame; our youth and for that blessed privilege of elevating the masses beauty were remarkable at one period, and we have

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