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within a circle of twenty miles from the General and that the pension to be settled upon himself and Post-office, of the several amounts of one penny, four- his family should not be less than eight lacs of rupees pence, and eightpence per ton. The net produce of the - that is, L.80,000 per annum. three branches of coal-duty in 1852 was L.179,857; but After long and anxious deliberation with his prime upon this some heavy charges exist, and in the same minister and other great officers of state, the Peishwa year the city only was abl to apply L.15,305 to accepted these proposals-went with his family and its own use. All persons acting as brokers within adherents into the British camp—and Bithoor was the city must be admitted by the court of aldermen; afterwards assigned as his residence. The East and an annual payment of L.5 from each is required; India Company, with their usual grasping and also, no one can exercise any retail trade who is not illiberal spirit of covetousness, were displeased with free of the city; and upon admission to the freedom, Sir John Malcolm for his granting these terms. But a fine is imposed. These are some of the principal they, and the governor-general, Lord Hardinge, could rights and privileges now exercised by the corporation not recede from them; and they took care to limit of London; and with the exception of the coal-tax, the stipulated allowance to the smallest sum menwhich it is proposed to retain at present, they are tioned in the treaty-namely, eight lacs of rupees, or all abolished by the new bill.

L.80,000 per annum. Some great changes will also be introduced into We have stated that the pension was to be conthe constitution of the corporation itself: the number ferred upon Badjee Rao and his family. Now, before of aldermen will be reduced to sixteen, and their we proceed further, we must mention, that by the separate court altogether abolished; the number of Hindoo Shasters, or scriptures, there is a fearful common councilmen will also be lessened, and they doom awarded against those who die childless ; that with the aldermen will form only one court; but doom is, the being consigned, after death, to 'a place to them will be intrusted the election of all officers, called Put, a place of horror, to which the manes of including the lord-mayor ; and for that office all the childless are supposed to go, there to be tormented citizens with a small property qualification will be with hunger and thirst, for want of these oblations of eligible. The aldermen still retain their places as food and libations of water, at prescribed periods, police magistrates, but they and the lord-mayor will which it is the pious, and indeed indispensable duty cease to sit in the central criminal court.

of a living son to offer.' * These are the most important provisions of this Such are the principles of the Hindoo religion with bill, the object of which is to administer to the city regard to the want of natural male issue. Now, the of London that me re of reform which the other same principles, in order to remedy the defect, permit municipal corporations of the kingdom underwent the system of adoption where natural issue fails. It in the year 1835, but which London at the time was in accordance with this that Badjee Rao, in avoided. At present, nothing seems to have been his old age, finding himself naturally childless as to attempted but the remedy of its most pressing male issue, by his will declared Nana Sahib to be his defects,

eldest son, heir, and representative.

In his day, Badjee Rao, as chief of the powerful

Mahratta nation, had been a great sovereign. He NANA SA H I B.

survived his downfall-exercising civil and crimiAs we have no doubt that many of our readers would nal jurisdiction, on a limited scale, at Bithoorbe glad to be acquainted with the parentage and other thirty-five years. On the 28th of January 1851, he antecedents of the man who bears this blood-stained died. name, we propose, in the present article, to give a No sooner was his death made officially known, brief sketch of him.

than Lord Dalhousie tabled a minute at the council Nana Sahib, Rajah of Bithoor-whose correct name board of Calcutta, ruling that the pension, expressly is Sree Munt Dhoondoo Punt-is the eldest son, by guaranteed to the great Badjee Rao, and his family, adoption, of the late Badjee Rao, ex-Peishwa of the should not be continued to the latter. Nana Sahib, Mahrattas.

Badjee Rao's widows, and the other members of his For many years previous to his death, Badjee Rao family, were naturally stricken with grief and terror. had been a dethroned pensioner of the East India They saw themselves reduced to poverty. They had Company. When in the fulness of his power, he had, no other pecuniary resource than some trifling sum as a native prince, assisted the East India Company which Badjee Rao had left behind him. in their war against Tippoo Sahib, the tiger of On the 24th of June 1851, Nana Sahib forwarded Seringapatam; and, as a reward for his doing so, the a memorial to the lieutenant-governor of the NorthCompany, after years of strife with him-after nego- west Provinces of India on the subject. In reply, he tiations and exactions, and treaties, and violations of was told that the pension could not be continued, these treaties on their part-contrived, in 1817, to but that a certain tract of land would be his for get hold of his dominions. After numerous and fierce life. The commissioner of Bithoor, a public officer conflicts, Badjee Rao, at the head of 8000 men, and of high rank and standing, and who knew the cirwith an advantageous post, was prepared to do battle cumstances and claims of the ex-Peishwa's family, for the sovereignty of the Deccan; when Brigadier- forwarded an urgent appeal on their behalf; but, in general Sir John Malcolm, who commanded the a letter from the secretary of the governor-general, British army, sent a flag of truce to him, with of date September the 24th, 1851, he received a proposals for a surrender.

severe reprimand for so doing. His recommendation The proposals made on_the part of Sir John was stigmatised as 'uncalled for and unwarrantable.' Malcolm were, that Badjee Rao, the Peishwa of the After some further efforts in India, Nana Sahib Mahrattas, should renounce his sovereignty alto addressed the Court of Directors, at Leadenhall Street, gether; that he should come, within twenty-four in England. His appeal to them was dated the 29th hours, with his family and a limited number of his of December 1852. adherents and attendants, into the British camp; In the eyes of the East India Company, the appeals that they should there be receired with honour and of native princes of India do not seem to have been respect; that he should be located in the holy city of matters of much consequence. The Company appear Benares, or in some other sacred place of Hindostan; to have considered that it added to their dignity to that he should have a liberal pension from the East have the advocates of such princes waiting in their India Company for himself and his family; that his old and attached adherents should be provided for;

. Strange's Elements of Hindoo Law.

Florins.

Item wages,

.

6 12 12

12

see

anterooms. Somewhere about December 1853, the

One fettered, and set in the pillory, Company sent back Nana Sahib's memorial to the

One branded on the back, government in India, and the result was, that nothing was done.

Item road-money, It would appear that Nana Sahib, with smooth and

Item for the use of the rope,

12 gentlemanly manners, unites superior abilities; and

Item for the assistant, that to these abilities he adds passions of the strongest and most vindictive nature. His spirit is

Amount,

276 high, and his vehemence of the most determined character. At the period of the breaking out of all this, we repeat, was the work of a single day, the mutiny which has rendered his name infamous, and it came off in one public place— before the townhe seems to have become a monomaniac on the house of Amsterdam. ' The account seems to have subject of what he believed to be his wrongs.

suggested to the citizens of the time merely that the In the preceding sketch, subject, of course, to hangman-business was a thriving one (dat zulk eene correction, we have endeavoured to state facts, not executie eene goede neering zy). To us in our day with a view to advocating any cause, but simply for and generation, it is an interesting document, as a the purpose of communicating to our readers infor- fragment, and a genuine one, of the history of those mation as to some of the numerous causes which days which people in Holland and Germany, and have led to the dreadful events which have recently some other parts of the world too, are wont to call

'the good old times.' occurred in the East.

[We have been informed that an Oriental named Azimullah was in London in 1855, for the purpose of AN OLD MAID'S RETROSPECTIONS. making a last appeal in behalf of his employer, Nana Sahib. He lodged in a respectable private hotel in Look into the dreamy past, and see—what do I sce? George Street, Hanover Square, where a friend of They look, like visions now, but then, how real were they ours, living in the same house, formed his acquaint- I see my girlhood full of hope, my lover true and brave; ance, was entertained by him in gentlemanlike style in fancy still I hear his vow, as a pledge of truth he gave. at dinner, and found him a well-bred, agreeable per- It was a ring: he smiling said: “Twill serve to guard the son, of good intelligence about English matters. Our

space friend, on lately revisiting the house, learned from its Upon thy finger, till I put another in its place.' proprietor that the polite Azimullah, before departing That first love-gift, see, here it is—Oh, what a slender from England, shewed symptoms of a moody and band soured feeling, and let fall several hints to the effect Thongh tethered by a golden chain to this poor withered that England would yet regret the manner in which hand. it had used his master. This same Azimullah has since appeared in the dismal transactions connected And it was in that girlish time when I perchance might with the destruction of the Cawnpore garrison.Ed.]

A youthful mother's glance of pride at the babe upon her

knee,

I envied her that happiness, and oh, my heart beat wild AN EXECUTIONER'S LITTLE BILL. That I might one day be the matron mother of his child. The following notice of the doings of the hands of 'Twas woman's nature in me spoke ; but scarcely had the justice, in a neighbouring country, in the year 1712, Been formed, ere maiden pride and shame a mingled colour may not be without some historic interest; and cer

brought : tainly it is calculated to make one rather contented than otherwise with the state of Europe in 1858. In Vain was the guiltless blush, for thouzh these hopes of

mine might seem the year 1712, it was the custom in Amsterdam to make use of the services of an executioner from the So near fulfilment then, alas, they proved indeed a dream. neighbouring town of Haarlem ; and in order to avoid Too poor to wed, my lover true, left his own native strand, the expense of repeated journeys, the worthy magis- Thinking to win a home for me in a far distant land. trates contrived that the various sentences of the Years passed: he wrote that silver threads were mingling criminal law should be carried out as much as pos- with his hair. sible on the same day. The following is the little They were in mine—those fruits, from seed soin by the bill of the Haarlem Calcraft for the work of a single hand of Care. day:

Now, whiter than the snow-clad hill, or foam that crests AMSTERDAM, Dec. 17, 1712.

the wave,

Are my thin locks; his weary head rests in a foreign grave. To account for business donc.

Ay, maidens, you may sigh; God grant that happier be To one beheaded,

your lot; Item for the use of the sword of justice,

For me, no power could make me wish this trne-lore Item for the cloth,

dream forgot. Item for the coffin, To one strangled,

But after all my pains, my fears, my visions of the past, Taken down and put into the coffin,

One ever-present hope of mine will be fulfilled at last; To one put on the wheel, with nine strokes, at 3

And I am happy, for I know my bridal draweth nighgulden the stroke,

A union, purer, holier far in realms beyond the sky.

27 For the strangling,

6

In every dream by night and day I hear again his voice; Taken down and carried out of the town,

I fancy that he beckons me, and calls me to rejoice; To two hanged with a sword over their heads,

That, when my eyes to earth are closed, my truly-loved

will be One taken down, and carried out of the town, 9 One taken down,

The first by the Eternal sent to meet and welcome me. To four hung on the gallows, at 6 gulden apiece,

Grimsby.

Ruth Buck. One with a sword over the head, Two with letters on their breast,

Printed and Published by W. & R. CHAMBERS, 47 Paternoster To four-and-twenty scourged, at 3 gulden apiece, 72

Florins.

6 3 3

18

3 24

3 12

Row, LONDON, and 339 High Street, EDINBURGH. Also sold by

WILLIAM ROBERTSON, 23 Upper Sackville Street, DUBLIN, and Three with the sword over their heads,

all Booksellers.

F_POPULAR

LITERATURE
Science and I rt s.

CONDUCTED BY WILLIAM AND ROBERT CHAMBER S.

No. 223.

SATURDAY, APRIL 10, 1858.

PRICE 1f4d.

systems must, on pain of failure, conform; facts, by POLITICAL ECONOMY.

which their best laid schemes for the provement Men of science are rarely popular characters. With- and elevation of mankind must often be baffled and out incurring, as a general rule, much dislike or overthrown. Starting in horror from the vision, ill-will from their veighbours, they are not usually they turn indignantly upon the prophet, and charge favourites, either individually or as a class. They him with an attempt to deceive them—not because are sometimes objects of a not very friendly curiosity, they have detected any error in his demonstrationssometimes of what very nearly approaches to con- not because they can convict him of ignorance or tempt, on the part of the vulgar. The gentleman misrepresentation, but simply because he would not whose days are spent in roaming over hill and dale in prophesy unto them smooth things. They accuse search of a small fern or a rare species of grass, is him of harshness, selfishness, cruelty, as if he had considered by the wondering rustics to be wasting his created the laws which he explains. They denounce time in a strange kind of busy idleness. The chemist's him as indifferent to human wretchedness, because housemaid can barely refrain from despising, while he points out the sources from which wretchedness she pities, the master whose life is spent in a close has arisen, and from which, so long as they are room, amid glass bottles and bad smells. The con- suffered to exist, it must continue to arise. And ventional type of the scientific student, as we find their outcry is echoed by thousands, who are too him in novels and in the minds of novel-readers, is ignorant to know what it is they are criticising, and generally a subject for good-humoured pity or sarcastic too indolent for the labour of mastering a new and ridicule. Spectacles, a shabby coat, and an unclean difficult study. It does not seem to strike these shirt-collar, are his outward apparel ; the inner gentlemen, that, after all, they are only, as the man is clothed in stolid indifference to the fate of American critic says, 'screaming at the calm facts mankind, and wrapped in devotion to the study of of the universe.' As little does it occur to the herd butterflies or the calculation of logarithms. But of clamourers to inquire into the nature, the purpose, certain classes of scientific men are liable to yet and the sources of the science they denounce and worse treatment. As each department of knowledge reject. is rescued from the domain of prejudice and con- Political economy is, in very truth, the science of jecture, and made the subject of systematic inquiry, philanthropy. It is the study of human welfare, a persecution, social if not legal, is sure to be the so far as that welfare depends upon material prosdoom of the adventurous investigator. So it was in perity—the investigation of the means by which the days of Galileo with the astronomers; so it has nations attain to wealth, and classes to comfort. been, in more recent times, with the anatomists, whose It is the exposition, in a word, of those laws of practice of dissection drew down upon them a storm nature which regulate the material condition of of popular execration which has hardly yet subsided. communities and individuals of the causes But perhaps no science was ever more unpopular, which depends the question, whether this man or and no body of philosophical writers ever so heartily that body of men shall or shall not have enough to abused and decried, as political economy and the poli- spare of this world's gear-shall or shall not enjoy tical economists. Among the vulgar and ignorant of their fair share of this life's blessings. It is the all ranks, indeed, the very name of political economy science which shews how material good may be excites a shout of ridicule or a smile of contempt

. wrought, and social amelioration effected -- which Among more earnest and more observant people, there teaches us what objects can be achieved for mankind is often found a spirit of bitter and irrational hatred by human efforts, and in what manner and by what towards this obnoxious science, which argues a strong means those objects can be attained. It is perfectly though unacknowledged suspicion of its truth and true that it deals only with the grosser conditions of importance. The wholly ignorant may indeed sneer happiness. Except in so far as they bear on those at what they cannot understand; but men revile conditions, it leaves education to the schoolmaster, generally what they fear. And there is a certain and morality to the pastor. These are no more class of men, prejudiced, obstinate, ill-informed, but within the province of the economist, than within earnest and philanthropic withal, to whom the name of that of the physician or the astronomer: his busieconomical science is indeed a sound of terror, and in ness is simply to explain what are the laws of nature whose eyes an economist is an intolerable abomination. relative to the material wellbeing of mankind, not They hate the science, because it reveals to them to discuss the comparative importance of material stern laws and stubborn facts: laws, to which their I and moral advancement, or the effect of wealth upon

on

the intellect and virtue of men and nations. His that poverty, squalor, starvation, are evils which office is not to teach how men are to be made wise charity alone can no more eradicate, than it can preor good, but how they may be supplied with food vent typhus fever or cholera. Social evils and physiand raiment. It is not his function to aid and to cal diseases alike may be alleviated or averted by a advise the clergyman or the moralist, but to guide careful attention to the warnings of science: neither the labours and enlighten the path of the practical can be mitigated or extirpated by any other means. philanthropist and the social reformer.

The laws of social economy are not less certain than Such being the nature and such the functions of those of medical science. It is certain that when in political economy, it is obviously incumbent on every any place population is overcrowded, that place will one who aspires to confer immediately solid benefits be unhealthy. It is certain that when in any trade on his fellow-men, to improve their material condition, there are more labourers than suffice for the work, to study carefully the laws upon which that con- there will be low wages, hard work, scant food. dition depends. The physician does not attempt the These things must be. We cannot remove them by cure of physical suffering without cautious study, denying them. What wisdom and goodness can do, not merely of the individual disease, but of all the is only to recognise the consequence, and to attempt ills that flesh is heir to. His youth is a long train- the eradication of the cause. ing in the knowledge of the human frame; he The reason, then, of the unpopularity which attaches has made himself acquainted with every part of to the name of political economy, is simply the popular its wonderful mechanism; he has made himself aversion to painful truths. This aversion manifests familiar with all its operations; he knows the laws itself in an obstinate reluctance to recognise the diswhich regulate those operations, and the disturb- agreeable fact, and an angry denunciation of those ances to which they are liable. Not until he has who enforce its claim to attention. The economist acquired this knowledge, not until he has been demonstrates to the poor that their poverty arises qualified for the task by this course of laborious mainly from causes altogether beyond the control of study, is he intrusted with the care of patients legislature or aristocracy; and he is denounced as a and the cure of disease. The empiric who disdains partisan of existing evil by every agitator whose pet this preparation or shrinks from this toil, lays theme is the injustice and oppression of the rich. He hold of some nostrum, and vaunts it to the world explains to the ill-paid labourer that wages are not as an infallible remedy for all corporeal diseases. dependent on the caprice of the employer, but on the He finds credulous listeners : perhaps he manages condition of the labour-market; and he is hated as an to kill a few of them; but for so doing he is liable ally of the master and an enemy of the men. He to severe legal punishment, if his victims have sets forth calmly the nature of the social machinery friends more sceptical than themselves. Unhappily, which regulates the adjustment of supply and demand; the quack who practises on the social body, is and he is cursed by the socialist visionary as the liable to no such penalties: no course of study is advocate of that terrible ogre and bugbear-Compethought necessary for him; to see evil, and to be tition. It would surprise many of those who delight anxious to redress it, is esteemed a sufficient quali- in reviling what they are too impatient to study, fication. The results of this empirical philanthropy were they informed that the ablest and most imparare every day made manifest in some new form of tial summary of communistic theories and aspirations disastrous blundering. The zealous friends of some ever given to the world is contained in an economical distressed class are anxious to alleviate their suffer- treatise by one of the greatest living masters of the ings-often intolerably severe-sometimes aggravated science. But Mr John Stuart Mill takes care disby gross oppression or neglect on the part of others. tinctly to explain what may, and what may not, be Work is terribly hard; wages are shamefully low. hoped from any improvements in the organisation of These grievances must be redressed; an association industry. He indulges in no visions, and gives vent is formed, and public meetings are called on behalf to no rhapsodies. The dreamer revels in a socialistic of the sufferers. Facts and incidents of appalling paradise; the economist points out not only by what distress are brought to light, and humanity is shocked, steps that vision may be realised, if its realisation be and benevolence terrified by the revelation. Sub- possible, but how many evils there are which no such scriptions are poured in; a committee is formed; aid realisation would remove, and what its actual worth is freely given. How is it that distress is so rarely and value would be. But dreamers are ill-pleased cured ? Relieved for the time it may be ; but neither with those who thus criticise their illusions; they public benevolence nor legislative interference can cannot endure the man who coolly weighs the gold permanently eradicate it; and the earnest and large- and tests the jewels of their fairyland. It is to the hearted men who have been striving for its cure, turn man who is intent rather on doing good than on away in sickness of heart, and, according to their dreaming of it, that political economy appeals. To temper, marvel at the failure of their labours, or him it indicates the means of beneficence; it realises curse political economy, and those who warned them the intentions of the philanthropist, and teaches him that such failure was all they had to expect. They how to be charitable without being a patron of vice, had set to work with an utter ignorance and disregard and how to make his benevolence a permanent blessing of the only method in which their objects could to others, rather than a present gratification to himpossibly be attained. They had cut off the head of self. Men who are anxious rather for the praise the weed, and left the root in the soil ; what wonder and pleasure of generosity than for the solid results that it soon sprouted afresh? They had repressed the of beneficence, cannot be expected to study such a symptoms of the disease; they had cooled the fevered science, or to walk by its precepts. Men who, like skin, and healed up the unsightly sore; but they had the ostrich, think to evade the laws of nature by not even touched the seat of the evil: they were blinding their eyes to their operation, may loudly utterly ignorant of its real nature. Can they marvel denounce the exponent of truths unwelcome to them. if the patient died under their hands? The physician So in Galileo's day was the revolution of the earth stood by their side, and warned them: they would on its axis condemned as heresy, and persecuted as not hear him. They believed that all social suffering blasphemy. • Still it does move,' in spite of the was the result of human wrong, and might be amended inquisitors; and still, in spite of its unpopularity, by human justice and charity. They obstinately political economy continues to be a science, and the refused to learn that the social condition of mankind laws of nature, which it is the function of that science depends, in great part, upon laws as certain as those to explain, continue to operate. Only by regarding which regulate the motions of the planetary bodies; I those laws is there hope of effecting any permanent

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improvement in the condition of any class or com- stuffed fish, to devote the hours of the night to sleep, munity; and while they are disregarded, the more and not to gormandising ? If not-since in these good is attempted, the more evil is likely to result. respects alone have I offended—why have I thus been Truth is strong, however; and the economists may punished ? I am no longer the idol of my once appeal with confidence to Time for the justice which doting mother, the pride of my father, the boast of popular caprice now denies them, and for the respect my nurse. due to those who have conscientiously laboured at a The conversation which is now addressed to me task harsh, indeed, and ungrateful, but second to none ceases to be distinguished by those endearing epithets in human interest, or in importance to humanity. with which it was so liberally garnished, and is no

longer studiously couched in terms supposed to be THE OLD BABY.

especially suitable to the infant ear:

'Darling, warling ; did it dribble then? Dribbley TAKING advantage of the facilities afforded by the ibbley, dribbley ibbley, dribbley ibbley: tum and last transatlantic invention, the Thought-reflector- look out at the window pindow, and see the red a boon indeed to those who are too idle, or incom- soldiers go by on their gee-gees: ook at the gee-gees! petent, to express their ideas in speech, and a very Did they frighten it? (pathetically.) Was it then? great improvement upon the rude copying-machine Naughty soldiers, naughty paughty; they shall be which could only reiterate mere words-I venture to popped (with vivacity), popped, popped. Was he submit to a discerning public the grievance under which hungry, and would he have his dindin (two courses not I alone, but the vast majority of my fellow-infants of milk, over the second of which I used to get are labouring. Few and favoured are those children- uncommonly drowsy); dindin, dindin (singing), wrap in-arms who have no cause to range themselves him in a rabbit-skin; baby go to by by, byby, by by.' under my banner. Blessed is the babe whose parents Thus was I wont to be apostrophised in my earlier have preserved the unities in never associating with days. Gorgeous spectacles, always of a novel charit a rival and a usurper. Happy indeed is that ex- acter, were perpetually being submitted to my notice; ceptional infant who has never yet been stigmatised food was administered to me, if I did but open my as the Old Baby.

mouth; sleep stole upon me, to the accompaniment of I was born of the masculine gender, with a bald head, slow music and soft Lydian (or other) airs, and, in like Sir John Falstaff, and partycoloured, precisely particular, with a delicious sideways motion which three hundred and sixty-four days ago. To-morrow, I miss now extremely. It is remarkable how, as at 4.30 in the morning, to an instant, I shall have we grow older, we lose rot only the pleasures arrived at a year, if not of discretion, at least of themselves, the innocent pleasures of our youth, human experience. I shall be 'going on' for two but even the capacity for enjoying them. It is sad years old. This consideration by no means intoxicates to reflect, for instance, that that rocking of the me with a boastful joy. To live, as I have already human frame, which to the tune of 'Hushy pushy, learned, alas! is but another name for to suffer. In Baby Bunting,' was once so soothing to it, produces, this little span of life, what vicissitude of fortune when attempted at a later period, a feeling akin to have I even now endured! How Time's inevitable sea-sickness! yoke has bowed my little neck and pressed my chin The same venerable female visitors who were wont into my bib! I would that it had been permitted to to call so often about luncheon-time, and at whose me to remain for ever lobster-red, spotty, fishy-eyed, arrival I was at once equipped in my most splendid habitually or with the rarest exceptions naked, cross, attire, call now, but it is to see the Other, the new smiling (with the wind, and not with joy), exclusively arrival; a most grasping and pugnacious babe, with confined to a milk-diet-rather than have grown to no nose at all, so far as can see, and a face, indeed, what I have become. Where are the comforts of my altogether, which, if it were mine, I should be downyouth?—the warm soft sponges which were wont right ashamed to let people look at. And yet to hear to dab me daintily, the scented powders which were them talk! scattered over my then respected person, the bottles Oh, what a bew-w-tiful baby! What a char-rwith soothing liquids that welled through the softest ming baby! Only six weeks old! Is it possible, channels to my toothless but far from unappreciating nurse? What notice it takes! [This is when it gums. "Whither are they fled, the glory and the shrieks with terror and bad temper.] What an eye dream?' Where are now the gorgeous habiliments it has ! [This is very true; its left eye is always at in which, upon festive days, I was then arrayed ?— the western angle of the lid, trying, as it seems to me, the Brussels lace, the bishop's lawn, the lily train to discover a passage under its blob of a nose, by which kept my baby legs so delicately snug, so which it may join the other one.] What a duck of decently concealed, the embroidered cap, the endless a mouth! [it's much more like an oyster. I folds of flannel. Where are the troops of young- suppose its nose will get all right in time. [Ha, ha!? lady friends who were once so eager to dandle, to It's rather small at present, is it not ? [Rather.] caress me, to lay their soft fair cheeks to mine as What a chin! [They might just as well say: "What they replaced me in my couch after these endear- a couple of chins!” for there are two of them. One of ments ? Did I sob?—they kissed me; did I yell? the foolish women perhaps lays down her parasol, and --and I did hollo a bit sometimes, I fatter myself, offers to take up the little wretch, who resists franthey kissed me; did I crow ?—which was my infant ticly.] Won't it come to its — Never mind, then, method of expressing satisfaction—they kissed me my loveliest one! [Oh, to see its wrinkled, crabbed, all the same. My career was, in a word, luxurious, screaming, variegated countenance, at the moment but, alas ! it was but brief. Another reigneth in my when this epithet is conferred upon it!] Frightened stead, and I am denominated now, with bitter dis- at the bonnetty ponnetty, was it not? Now then; respect, the Old Baby. The late lord mayor, sunk to now she has taken her bonnet off, now it will come to a nameless alderman; the ex-minister of state, with its Margery Pargery! Lor bless me, nurse, if it does nothing to give, and despised by every patriot; the not think that I am its mamma! Now, isn't that last year's Bradshaw's Railway Guide ; the shoes strange?' And if the reader could see Miss Margaret which one has grown out of, and that through the Crabapple, he would think it strange too. It may upper leathers; the type of all things that have seen require some wisdom in a child to know its own their day, and will never see another—the Old Baby ! papa; but not to know one's own mother is, in

Is it, then, a sin to be old ? Is it wrong to have my humble opinion, little short of idiotic. Yet I hair, to be of a flesh-colour, to cease to stare like a remember when I was young myself—that is to say,

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