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CHAPTER XLV.

TWO

DUELS

IN OXE DAY.

moreover, that he is on the most friendly terms Only promise it, fair Maümee; your brother shall with the Ringgold family. In this will lie the main be free before the morning, and you shall have everydifficulty, but I fear not that I shall be able to thing'. surmount it.'

· Villain, villain, villain! Ha, ha, ha, ha! Ha, ha, “O, sir, your words are fine, but they have little ha, ha, ha!' worth with us now. We have waited long upon In all my life, I never heard aught so delightful as your promise to befriend us. We only wished for that laugh. It was the sweetest sound that ever fell an investigation; and you might easily have obtained upon my ears. Not all the wedding-bells that ever it ere this. We no longer care for our lands, for rang--not all the lutes that ever played—not all the greater wrongs make us forget the less. I should harps and haut boys—the clarions and trumpets-in not have been here to-night, had we not been in sad the world, could have produced such melodious music grief at the misfortune-I should rather say outrage for me. —that has fallen upon my poor brother. You have The moon seemed to pour silver from the sky-the professed friendship to our family. I come to seek stars had grown bigger and brighter - the breeze it now, for now may you give proof of it. Obtain became filled with delicious odours, as if a permy brother's freedom, and we shall then believe in the fumed censer had been spilled from heaven, and the fair words you have so often spoken. Do not say it whole scene appeared suddenly transformed into an is impossible; it cannot even be difficult for you who Elysium. hold so much authority among the white chiets. My brother may have been rude; but he has committed no crime that should entail severe punishment. A word to the great war-chief, and he would be set free. Go, then, and speak that word.'

The crisis might have been my cue to come down; Lovely Maümee! you do not know the nature of but I was overpowered with a sense of delightful the errand upon which you would send me. Your happiness, and could not stir from my seat. The brother is a prisoner by orders of the agent, and by arrow had been drawn out of my breast, leaving not the act of the commander-in-chief. It is not with us a taint of its poison—the blood coursed pleasantly as among your people. I am only a subordinate in through my veins-my pulse throbbed firm and free rank, and were I to offer the counsel you propose, I --my soul was triumphant. I could have cried out should be rebuked-perhaps punished.'

for very joy. Oh, you fear rebuke for doing an act of justice ?— With an effort, I held my peace, and waited for the to say nought of your much-offered friendship? Good, dénouement—for I saw that the scene was not yet at sir! I have no more to say, except this, we believe an end. you no longer. You need come to our humble cabin Mistress, indeed!'exclaimed the bold beauty in no more.'

scornful accent. . And this is the motive of your She was turning away with a scornful smile. How proffered friendship. Vile wretch! for what do you beautiful seemed that scorn !

mistake me? a camp-wench, or a facile squaw of the *Stay, Maümee!-fair Maümee, do not part from me Yemassee? Know, sir, that I am your equal in blood thus-doubt not that I will do all in my power'- and race; and though your pale-faced friends have

Do what I have asked you. Set my brother free robbed me of my inheritance, there is that which -let him return to his home.'

neither they nor you can take from me—the honour And if I should'

of my name. Mistress, indeed! Silly fellow! No"Well, sir.'

not even your wife. Sooner than sell myself to such * Know, Maümee, that for me to do so would be base love as yours, I should wander naked through to risk everything. I might be degraded from my the wild woods, and live upon the acorns of the oak. rank_reduced to the condition of a common soldier Rather than redeem him at such a price, my brave -disgraced in the eyes of my country-ay, punished, brother would spend a lifetime in your chains. Oh, perhaps, by imprisonment worse than that which that he were here! Oh, that he were witness of this your brother is likely to endure. All this would foul insult! - Wretch! he would smite thee like a I risk by the act.'

reed to the earth.' The girl paused in her step, but made no reply. The eye, the attitude, the foot firmly planted, the

* And yet all these chances shall I undergo-ay, fearless determined bearing - all reminded me of the danger of death itself-if you, fair Maümee'- Oçeola while delivering himself before the council. here the speaker waxed passionate and insinuating- Maümee was undoubtedly his sister. “if you will only consent.'

The soi-disant lover quailed before the withering Consent—to what, sir?'

reproac and for some time stood shrinking and "Lovely Maümee, need I tell you ? Surely you abashed. understand my meaning? You cannot be blind to He had more than one cause for abasement. He the love-to the passion to the deep devotion with might feel regret at having made a proposal so ill which your beauty has inspired me'

received; but far more at the disappointment of his "Consent to what, sir?' demanded she, repeating hopes, and the utter discomfiture of his designs. her former words, and in a soft tone, that seemed Perhaps, the moment before, he would have smothto promise compliance.

ered his chagrin, and permitted the girl to depart Only to love me, fair Maümee - to become my without molestation ; but the scornful apostrophe mistress.

had roused him to a sort of frenzied recklessness; For some moments, there was no reply. The and probably it was only at that moment that he grand woman seemed immobile as a statue. She formed the resolve to carry his rudeness still further, did not even start on hearing the foul proposal, but, and effect his purpose by force. on the contrary, stood as if turned to stone.

I could not think that he had held such design, Her silence had an encouraging effect upon the anterior to his coming on the ground. Professed ardent lover; he appeared to take it for assent. He libertine though he was, he was not the man for such could not have looked into her eye, or he would there perilous emprise. He was but a speck of vain conhave read an expression that would have hindered ceit, and lacked the reckless daring of the ravisher. him from pressing his suit further. No-he could It was only when stung by the reproaches of the not have observed that glance, or he would hardly Indian maiden, that he resolved upon proceeding to have made such a mistake.

6

extremes.

She had turned her back upon him, and was moving towards the spot where Haj-Ewa still stood. His away.

angry oaths told his deternination to slay her. Not so fast!' cried he, rushing after, and grasping It was not the soft yielding body of a woman, nor her by the wrist ; not so fast, my brown-skinned yet of a reptile, that his blade was to encounter. It charmer! Do not think you can cast me so lightly. struck against steel, hard and shining as his own. I have followed you for months, and, by the god I had thrown myself between him and his victims, Phoebus, I shall make you pay for the false smiles and had succeeded in restraining Haj-Ewa from you have treated me to. You needn't struggle; we carrying out her vengeful design. As the assailant are alone here; and ere we part, I shall'

approached, his rage, but more, the water half-blindI heard no more of this hurried speech-I had ing him, hindered him from seeing me; and it was risen from my pereh, and was hurrying down to the not till our blades rasped together, that he seemed rescue; but before I could reach the spot, another aware of my presence. was before me.

There was a momentary pause, accompanied by Haj-Ewa-her eyes glaring fiercely-with a wild silence. maniac laugh upon her lips-was rushing forward. • You, Randolph !' at length he exclaimed in a tone She held the body of the rattlesnake in her extended of surprise. hands, its head projected in front, while its long Ay, Lieutenant Scott-Randolph it is. Pardon neck was oscillating from side to side, shewing that my intrusion, but your pretty love-scene changing the reptile was angry, and eager to make an attack. so suddenly to a quarrel, I deemed it my duty to Its hiss, and the harsh óskirr-rr' of its rattles could interfere.' be heard sounding at intervals as it was carried You have been listening ?-you have heard ?forward.

and pray, sir, what business have you either to play In another instant, the maniac was face to face the spy on my actions, or interfere in my affairs ?' with the would-be ravisher-who, startled by her 'Business-right-duty-the duty which all men approach, had released his hold of the girl, and have to protect weak innocence from the designs of falling back a pace, stood gazing with amazement such a terrible Blue Beard as you appear to be. at this singular intruder.

‘By - you shall rue this.' 'Ho, ho ? screamed the maniac, as she glided up "Now ?-or when ?' to the spot. “His son, his son! Ho! I am sure of it, • Whenever you please.' just like his false father-just as he on the day he 'No time like the present. Come on!' wronged the trusting Ewa. Hulwak! It is the hour Not another word was spoken between us; but, the -the very hour—the moon in the same quarter, instant after, our blades were clinking in the fierce horned and wicked-smiling upon the guilt. Ho, ho ! game of thrust and parry. tlie hour of the deed—the hour of vengeance! The The affair was short. At the third or fourth lounge, father's crime shall be atoned by the son. Great I ran my antagonist through the right shoulder, Spirit! give me revenge! Chitta mico! give me disabling his arm. His sword fell jingling among the revenge!'

pebbles. As she uttered these apostrophic appeals, she • You have wounded me!' cried he; 'I am dissprang forward, holding the snake far outstretched- armed,” he added, pointing to the fallen blade. as if to give it the opportunity of striking the now Enough, sir; I am satisfied.' terrified man.

‘But not I-not till you have knelt upon these The latter mechanically drew his sword, and then, stones, and asked pardon from her whom you have as if inspired by the necessity of defending himself, so grossly insulted. cried out:

Never!' cried he; never!'-and as he uttered · Hellishı sorceress! if you come a step nearer, I these words, giving, as I presumed, a proof of detershall run you through the body. Back, now! Keep mined courage, he turned suddenly; and, to my off, or, by - I shall do it!'

utter astonishment, commenced running away from The resolution expressed by his tone proved that the ground ! the speaker was in earnest; but the appeal was I ran after, and soon overtook him. I could have unheeded. The maniac continued to advance despite thrust him in the back, had I been sanguinarily the shining blade that menaced her, and within reach inclined; but instead, I contented myself with giving of whose point she had already arrived.

bim a foot-salute, in wliat Gallagher would have I was now close to the spot; I had drawn my own termed his `postayriors,' and with no other adieu, left blade, and was hurrying forward to ward off the fatal him to continue his shameful flight. blow which I expected every moment would be struck. It was my design to save Haj-Ewa, who seemed recklessly rushing upon her destruction.

In all probability, I should have been too late, had the thrust been given; but it was not.

Now for the love, the sweet young love, Whether from terror at the wild unearthly aspect

Under the tala tree,' &c. of his assailants, or, what is more likely, fearing that she was about to fling the snake upon him, the man It was the voice of Haj-Ewa, chanting one of her appeared struck with a sudden panic, and retreated favourite melodies. Far sweeter the tones of another backward.

voice pronouncing my own name: A step or two brought him to the edge of the water. George Randolph!' There were loose stones strewed thickly along the

Maümee!' sliore; among these his feet became entangled; and, Ho, ho! you both remember 3–still remember? balancing backward, he fell with a plash upon the Hinklas ! The island—that fair island-fair to you, pond!

but dark in the memory of Haj-Ewa. Hulwak! I'll The water deepened abruptly, and he sank out of think of 't no more—no, no, no! sight. Perhaps the sudden immersion was the means

Now for the love, the sweet young love, of saving his life; but the moment after, he rose

Under above the surface, and clambered hastily up on the bank.

It was once mine-it is now yours: yours, mico! He was now furious, and with his drawn sword, yours, haintclitz! Pretty creatures ! enjoy it alone; which he had managed to retain hold of, he rushed you wish not the mad queen for a companion ? Ha,

CHAPTER XLVI.

A SILENT DECLARATION.

ha! Cooree, cooree. I go; fear not the rustling wind, But the past was past, and could not be re-enacted. fear not the whispering trees; none can approach A more righteous future was opening before me; and while Haj-Ewa watches. She will be your guardian. silently in my heart did I register vows of atonement. Chitta mico, too. Ho, chitta mico !

Never more should I have cause to reproach myself Now for the love, the sweet young love;'

-never would my love-never could it-wander

away from the beautiful being I held in my embrace. and again renewing her chant, the strange woman Proudly my bosom swelled as I listened to the glided from the spot, leaving me alone with Maümee. ingenuous confession of her love, but sadly when

The moment was not without embarrassment to other themes became the subject of our converse. me-perhaps to both of us. No profession had ever The story of family trials, of wrongs endured, of passed between us, no assurance, not a word of love. insults put upon them, and more especially by their Although I loved Maümee with all my heart's white neighbours, the Ringgolds—caused my blood to strength, although I now felt certain that she loved me, boil afresh. there had been no mutual declaration of our passion. The tale corresponded generally with what I had The situation was a peculiar one, and the tongue felt already learned; but there were other circumstances restraint.

unknown to public rumour. He too-the wretched But words would have been superfluous in that hypocrite-had made love to her. He had of late hour. There was an electricity passing between us desisted from hiis importunities, through fear of her -our souls were en rapport, our hearts in happy brother, and dared no longer come near. communion, and each understood the thoughts of the The other, Scott, had made his approaches under other. Not all the words in the world could have the guise of friendship. He had learned, what was giren me surer satisfaction that the heart of Maümee known to many, the position of affairs with regard was mine.

to the Indian widow's plantation. From his relationIt was scarcely possible that she could misconceive. ship in high quarters, he possessed influence, and With but slight variation, my thoughts were hers. had promised to exert it in obtaining restitution. It In all likelihood, Haj-Ewa had carried to her ears was a mere pretence-a promise made without any my earnest declaration. Her look was joyful-assured. | intention of being kept; but, backed by fair words, it She did not doubt me.

had deceived the generous trusting heart of Oceola. I extended my arms, opening them widely. Nature Hence the admission of this heartless cur into the prompted me, or perhaps passion—all the same. confidence of a family intimacy. The silent signal was instantly understood, and the For months had the correspondence existed, though moment after, the head of my beloved was nestling the opportunities were but occasional. During all upon my bosom.

this time had the soi-disant seducer been pressing his Not a word was spoken. A low fond cry alone suit-though not very boldiy, since he too dreaded the escaped her lips as she fell upon my breast, and frown of that terrible brother-neither successfully: twined her arms in rapturous compression around me. he had not succeeded.

For some moments we exchanged not speech; our Ringgold well knew this when he affirmed the hearts alone held converse.

contrary. His declaration had but one design-to Soon the embarrassment vanished, as a light cloud sting me. For such purpose, it could not have been before the summer sun: not a trace of shyness made in better time. remained ; and we conversed in the confidence of There was one thing I longed to know. Surely mutual love.

Maümee, with her keen quick perception, from the I am spared the writing our love-speeches. You girlish confidence that had existed between themhave yourself heard or uttered them. If too common. surely she could inform me. I longed to know the place to be reported, so also are they too sacred. I relations that had existed between my sister and her forbear to detail them.

brother. We had other thoughts to occupy us. After a Much as I desired the information, I refrained while, the transport of our mutual joys, though still from asking it. sweet, assumed a more sober tinge; and, half- And yet we talked of both-of Virginia especially, forgetting the present, we talked of the past and the for Maümee remembered my sister with affection, future.

and made many inquiries in relation to her. Virginia I questioned Maümee much. Without guile, she was more beautiful than ever, she had heard, and gave me the history of that long interval of absence. accomplished beyond all others. She wondered if She confessed, or rather declared—for there was no my sister would remember those walks and girlish coquettish hesitation in her manner—that she had amusements—those happy hours upon the island. loved me from the first-even from that hour when I . Perhaps,' thought I, too well.' first saw and loved her: through the long silent It was a theme that gave me pain. years, by night as by day, had the one thought held The future claimed our attention; the past was possession of her bosom. In her simplicity, she now bright as heaven, but there were clouds in the wondered I had not known of it!

sky of the future. I reminded her that her love had never been We talked of that nearest and darkest-the imdeclared. It was true, she said; but she had never prisonment of Oçeola. How long would it last? dreamt of concealing it. She thought I might have What could be done to render it as brief as possible ? perceived it. Her instincts were keener: she had I promised to do everything in my power; and I been conscious of mine !

purposed as I promised. It was my firm resolve to So declared she, with a freedom that put me off leave no stone unturned to effect the liberation of my guard. If not stronger, her passion was nobler the captive chief. If right should not prevail, I than my own.

was determined to try stratagem. Even with the She had never doubted me during the years of sacrifice of my commission--even though personal separation. Only of late; but the cause of this disgrace should await me—the risk of life itselfdoubt was explained: the pseudo-lover had poured I resolved he should be free. poison into her ears. Hence the errand of Haj-Ewa. I needed not to add to my declaration the em

Alas! my story was not so guileless. Only part phasis of an oath; I was believed without that. A of the truth could I reveal; and my conscience smote flood of gratitude was beaming from those liquid me as I passed over many an episode that would have orbs; and the silent pressure of love-burning lips given pain.

was sweeter thanks than words could have uttered.

It was time for parting; the moon told the hour of less healthy than those exposed to light. When we midnight.

consider the invisible phosphorescence which must On the crest of the hill, like a bronze statue radiate from the walls and furniture, when we outlined against the pale sky, stood the mad queen. consider the effects of light on animal tissue, and the A signal brought her to our side; and after another probable ozonizing or other minute chemical changes embrace, one more fervid pressure of sweet lips, in the atmosphere effected by light, it becomes probMaümee and I parted.

able that it is far more immediately influential on Her strange but faithful guardian led her away by the health of the animate world than is generally some secret path, and I was left alone.

believed.' I could scarcely take myself away from that con- Then, as regards electricity: gaseous atmospheres secrated ground; and I remained for some minutes are changed by passing a current of electricity through longer, giving full play to triumphant and rapturous them : letters cut from thin paper, placed between reflections.

two sheets of electrified glass, leave an impression The declining moon again warned me; and, which becomes visible by breathing on them, or percrossing the crest of the hill, I hastened back to manently fixed by exposure to the vapour of hydrothe Fort.

fluoric acid : a proof that some molecular change is produced on the surface of the glass. In connection

with these phenomena, Mr Grove suggests an importTHE MONTH:

ant application of photography to astronomy, derived

from the fact that, by means of the electric lamp, SCIENCE AND ARTS.

photographs of the moon may be made to give an Among the Friday-evening lectures which have been image six feet in diameter, with details and lights delivered at the Royal Institution, there is one remarkably distinct. Observers, even with the best especially worthy of notice. Those lectures, by the instruments, are always baffled in making out the way, are more or less popular expositions of the minute features of a distinct object for want of progress of science, highly interesting to those who sufficient light. Mr Grove's suggestion is, that if a have the good-fortune to hear them; but the two in photograph of the object were taken, and illuminated question are of the kind not easy to be followed by a

indefinitely by adventitious light, the image might general auditory. Neither can we do more here than is the photographic eye more sensitive than the living

then be examined microscopically. 'In other words, make brief mention of them; but that will answer

eye, or can a photographic recipient be found which our purpose of recording the advances made by will register impressions which the living eye does science. One on “Molecular Impressions by Light not detect, but which, by increased light or by and Electricity,' was by Mr Grove, who is well developing agents, may be rendered visible to the known as a philosophical savant of a high order; and living eye?? There is something highly suggestive it demonstrates that the science of molecular physics, in all this ; it creates quite a new world of thoughts

concerning the operations of nature. though rich in results gained within the past fifty years, is yet richer in promise for the future. In the cope, which he intends to take to Malta, and there

Mr Lassell is finishing a forty-feet reflecting telescase of light and electricity, their effect on bodies devote himself to three or four years' observations with which they come in contact depends on the mole of the nebulæ. He has already explored the sky cular structure of those bodies. “Carbon, in the form from that island with a twenty-feet reflector, and to of diamond, transmits light, but stops electricity. good purpose; but we shall hear of yet greater Carbon, in the form of coke or graphite, into which achievements with the forty feet. As for little the diamond may be transformed by heat, transmits planets, they will soon become a drug in the astro

nomical market: the number is now fifty-two; and electricity, but stops light. All solid bodies (approxi

no sooner are they noted, than their orbits are calcumately speaking) which transmit light freely, or are lated, and their movements accurately determined; transparent, are non-conductors of electricity, or may and yet a certain rector in Saxony declares the be said to be opaque to it; all the best conductors Copernican system to be false, and maintains that of electricity, as black carbon and the metals, are the earth does not move round the sun. opaque or non-conductors of light.' Every one knows There is something to record of photography the effect of insolation, or exposure to the sun, on

which can hardly be described as otherwise than colours and on plants—one is bleached, the other wonderful. It is a discovery made by that skilful becomes green; and Mr Grove thinks that had he some four or five months ago, and now that there is

pioneer of photographic art, Niepce de St Victor, given his lecture in the summer, he could have shewn that it was really possible to extract sunbeams from Grove mentioned it in his lecture, as a striking

no room to doubt, we give an outline of it. Mr cucumbers. The science of Laputa is therefore not example of the effect of light. Marvellous as it may all fallacious.

appear, light can actually be bottled up for use. The old philosophers would have scouted the idea Take an engraving which has been kept for some of the imponderables materially affecting the ponderis, insolate it-for fifteen minutes; lay it on sensitive

days in the dark; expose it to full sunshine-that ables ; but modern science finds reason to believe that paper in a dark place, and at the end of twenty-four all bodies are, in a greater or less degree, changed hours, it will have left an impression of itself on the by the impact of light. Here a hygienic question sensitive paper; the whites coming out as blacks. comes into play, and an important one, looking at the If insolated for a longer time, say an hour, till registrar-general's bills of mortality, and the recently thoroughly saturated with sunlight, the image will published report upon the health — or rather the appear much more distinct. Thus there seems to neglect of it—of the army; and the means whereby be no limit to the reproduction of engravings. barrack-life in England has been rendered more shine into it for an hour, place it erect on sensitive

Take a tin tube lined with white, let the sun fatal than service in the field. Mr Grove says: "The paper, and it will give the impression of a ring, or effect of light on the healthy growth of plants is well reproduce the image of a small engraving and of a known; and it is generally believed that dark rooms, variety of objects at pleasure-feathers, figured glass, though well heated and ventilated, are more close or porcelain, for example. Take, moreover, a sheet of paper, which has been thoroughly exposed to the sun, dyers are no longer to be dependent on combinations seal it up hermetically in a dark tube, and the paper of blue and yellow, but on a substance new to the will retain the light so effectually, that after two English market, imported as 'green indigo,' from weeks, perhaps longer, it may be used for taking China, and in the use of the green colouring matter photographs. The Lord Chief Baron, President of of plants-chlorophyll, as botanists call it. This prothe Photographic Society, in his recent anniversary duct is actually obtained from grass by boiling, and a address to the members, might well say of these facts, course of chemical treatment which causes a green that hardly anything can be more extraordinary.' precipitate to fall. Another product is ‘patent gum, It is satisfactory to hear that the Society is flourish- also for the use of dyers, to be employed instead of ing, gaining strength as well as experience, fruits of the flour and other farinaceous substances which they which appear in their Journal. We take the oppor- now have recourse to for thickening their mordants, tunity to mention here that the Society's Exhibition consuming annually hundreds of tons. “The patent is at the South Kensington Museum, where ample gum is manufactured by adding to one ton of dry space and light are available, and not at Coventry farina sixty gallons of buttermilk, and calcining the Street, as inadvertently stated in our last.

whole in the ordinary way.' Mr Calvert further Photography is now applied to the reduction of made public a process for preparing sulphurous acid the Ordnance Survey maps for engraving; and as on a large scale without danger, at the rate of thouthe officers of the corps of engineers are instructed sands of gallons a day if necessary; and he finds that in the art, a considerable saving of expense will sulphurous acid is an excellent refiner in the manu. accrue to the nation. Apropos of this subject, a facture of sugar; and that if brewers will be careful commission has been appointed to take the Ordnance to wash their casks and coolers with a solution of Survey, the scale on which the maps should be this acid, they will not have to complain of their beer engraved, and other details, into consideration. The turning sour. These instances will convey a notion names of the commission-Airy, Wrottesley, Rosse, of the nature of Mr Calvert's paper, and shew, moreBrunel, Vignoles, &c.—are a guarantee that the over, what important practical and useful conseservice required will be well and thoroughly done; quences may follow from refined and abstract studies. and for our part we cannot help hoping that no The philosophical chemist working out subtle concluignorant member of parliament will be allowed to sions in his laboratory, inspires the genius of applicabet aside by a hasty vote the conclusions of mention, and in due time commerce and the working wiser than himself.

population have a new resource. Twenty years ago, A paper by Captain Moorsom, 'On the Practical M. Gaudin shewed to the Academy of Sciences at Use of the Aneroid Barometer,' read before the Royal Paris specimens of artificial rubies manufactured by Society, is worth notice, because of its shewing that himself; he has recently laid before them specimens the instrument—the aneroid barometer-is still used of artificial sapphires. and in certain cases with manifest advantage. The question of steel railway bars is still under Captain Moorsom used it in a survey for lines of discussion : iron rails wear out much too fast; but, railway in the interior of Ceylon, and found that up except for the 'points' or switches, the harder metal to about six thousand feet-the highest points of his has not come into use. Some engineers contend that survey-its indications might be regarded as trust- its introduction would effect a great economy, as is worthy. As manufactured in London, the aneroid shewn by instances of another kind. A peculiar sort presents an advantage over the French invention by of steel made in a puddling furnace is now used for the compensation for temperature which replaces the steam-boilers, under the name of boiler steel' and rigid bar of the index. The Marine Departinent of homogeneous metal.' Made into boiler-plates, it is the Board of Trade have had the instrument under much lighter and stronger than iron; and having careful scrutiny for some years with a view to its been satisfactorily tried on board a war-steamer, three employment for purposes of accurate observation. sets of boilers for other government vessels have been At present, it can only be regarded as a not very constructed at Woolwich. Where quick action is capricious journeyman to a mercurial barometer. required, the “homogeneous metal' has a decided supe

The Society of Arts announce their tenth annual riority; moreover, it does not rust. We hear that exhibition of inventions for the month of April; and the plates for Dr Livingstone's steam-launch are they offer a special prize of L.20 and a silver medal

, made of it.—Concerning iron : at the last meeting of 'for a writing-case suited for the use of soldiers, sailors, German naturalists, a piece of fossil iron was shewn; emigrants, &c.,' which shall combine lightness with and a fossil tree, found in a floating island off the smallness of size, durability, cheapness, and the avoid-coast of Sweden, in which the minute cells were ance (if possible) of fluid ink.' Mr Crace Calvert's replaced by native iron. These are facts of high paper. On Recent Scientific Discoveries as applied to interest to geologists, especially the latter, as it Arts and Manufactures,' was especially interesting from furnishes additional evidence that iron is an aqueous its practical applications. Coal-tar has been of late a deposit. fertile mine of discovery to the chemist; and now Professor Bailey (United States) brings forward from the alkaloids of coal-tar and from naphthaline, new facts to shew that green-sand is a formation prosubstances are obtained which, in dyeing, give a duced by shells of those tiny creatures Polythalamia ; beautiful purple. They are called nitroso-phenyline and in the course of the oceanic survey, it has been and nitroso-naphthaline; and their colour has the discovered that a similar formation is now going on invaluable property known to economical house at the bottom of the Atlantic, chiefly in the line of wives as fast.' But this is not all; the coal-tar the Gulf Stream. Hence, like coral, green-sand is of yields also safflower pinks and cochineal crimsons, organic origin. Another geological fact from the same with variations into violet, chocolate, and red; and quarter is that artesian wells have been bored by the here again the imitation of safflower colour stands army-engineers in the great arid plains between the soap and light, whilst safflower colours do not.' Next, Mesilla Valley and New Mexico, and with perfect we hear of 'a magnificent crimson colour,' called success. When Congress can be persuaded to vote a murexide, obtained from—the reader will hardly sufficient sum, wells will be opened all along the line guess—from guano! This remarkable result may be of travel, and the manifest destiny' will cease to said to have been initiated by Prout's discovery of fear perishing by thirst while accomplishing itself in purpurate of ammonia in the fæces of serpents: hence that direction. years of patient research by the expertest of chemists The culture of the vine-viniculture, as some call have been spent in working it out. And for green, Iit-is spreading in the States. There are more than

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