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most, is as much as should be ventured upon. In 'as Rogers says;' besides the advantage of setting the public speaking, upon the contrary, eight or ten lines general reader thinking of who the deuce did write may be hazarded, and it is a chance if anything else in the Pleasures of Memory, and perhaps of even delighting the speech be so well received; the reason of which him with the discovery. difference is obvious, inasmuch as in the one case We come now to the two highest branches of our many persons lay a claim to the time of the audience subject-the one, that of introducing a quotation as besides him who is holding forth; and in the other, a something of our own; the other, that of introducing number of folks who have no taste at all for poetry, something of our own as a quotation. The first are flattered by being presumed to have an exquisite requires the very greatest delicacy of conduct. There appreciation of it.
are a number of sagacious people, it must be rememMost of us, without being such comparative sweet bered, in society, too lazy to say anything themselves, young' persons as Prince Hal was, have more or less who have their ears wide open, nevertheless, to all of his damnable trick of iteration ;' and the humblest that is said by others. These are jealous and maliof us is ready to repeat somebody else's words, if it becious men-not women, who, indeed, are industrious only to strengthen a position, or to avoid the responsi- enough in this respect—who will let you display all bility of having any opinion of our own.
your stolen gems to the last jewel, and then turn An ignorant young friend of ours going in for exam
police-constal in the brutal overhauling of your ination, almost without a chance, for one of the open whole pack. Your bon mots, they will swear, were civil service appointments, remarked to us: 'I hope tees those in the Punch newspaper of 1852—which it
Jerrold's ; the epigrams, Tom Moore's; and the reparfor the best, but expect the worst, as the old woman said is very likely they were. Now, as the true genius-as when she was buying the pound of tea.' Who was the old we remember to have read in every essay upon the woman in question, or what the particular tea, is writings of our greatest dramatist-makes everything immaterial; the quotation was as apt as though it he touches his own, whether it previously belonged to came from Machiavelli or Montaigne; and in the same anybody else or not, so the first-rate conversationalist manner, upon the very vaguest authority, we often may reproduce with effect the efforts of bygone wits, in get the most perfect illustrations. “You force me to such a way that the parents themselves should not be proceed to extremities, as the nobleman said when he able to recognise their offspring. In ordinary cases, howcracked the periwinkle in the door,' is an admirable the most wholesale plagiarisms may be made by the
ever, extreme precaution is by no means necessary, and instance of this; and similarly, “the Man,' "the Irish-self-possessed and dexterous, who have only to confess, man' (who is habitually employed in this capacity), upon detection, that of course the thing was Jerrold's; the Scotchman,' the Frenchman' (also a great they should have supposed everybody knew that; favourite), and the Poet,' are made use of when there was no more necessity for inverted commas, than memory fails as sponsors for fatherless sayings. All for saying “Macbeth” after quoting the dagger-scene." we sometimes get, after the delivery of an apo- It is sometimes expedient to borrow a great name to
Finally, the reverse of this has to be considered. thegm, by way of acknowledgment to its proprietor, edit,' as it were, the production of one's own native is an 'as they say,' or 'as the saying goes,' which talent; and there are some people so conventional that is unsatisfactory, indeed; but in such a case the they will listen to nothing unless it be spoken by the plagiarism is not generally of great value. The Prince lips of authority, having less regard to the merit of Regent and Mr Theodore Hook are so continually a remark than to the fame of him who is supposed to invoked upon these occasions, that a true conversa- utter it; and there are others so miserably envious as tionalist would no more dream of referring to them
to deride or treat with contemptuous indifference all than to Mr Joseph Miller himself: the very mention the efforts of a contemporary to amuse or instruct of their names before a quotation has become a signal deus ex machina is, in these cases, not only expedient
them. A judicious interposition of a supposititious for inattention and contempt, and is almost as much but excusable. We may be (we are) very brilliant, and an assistance to it as the autograph of a bankrupt to yet need sponsors now and then to answer for us the back of a bill. Mr Charles Lamb has fallen very before an unbelieving world. Our bills may be good low, indeed, in the quotation market, and Sydney enough (they are), and yet require a good name at Smith and Rochefoucauld
are drugs. The
Dickens was ful thing exhibited by some quotators is the reverse of this — namely, the ingenious concealment of an publisher,' are very good letters of introduction indeed.
to a friend of mine,' 'as Macaulay replied to his authority who is perfectly well known. For instance, These experiments are interesting, not only as illusin making use of that philosophical paradox, the trative of the weakness of human nature in our child is father to the man,' they would think it unwise, fellow-creatures, but also of its strength in ourselves. and, indeed, extravagant, to add, as Wordsworth We have to behold without a groan or outward sign of says,' displaying all that learning in an instant, like agony, one of our very best jeux d'esprit perhaps swept the flash of a cracker: they prefer to herald it with, up into the great treasure-house of an acknowledged as the bard of the lake-country has well expressed it;' and made absolutely dangerous for us to claim as
genius, who has no need of an addition to his wealth, or, 'as the greatest metaphysical poet of the century has
our own for evermore. We hear peals of laughter or remarked ;' or, 'as the restorer of natural poetry truly murmurs of applause paid to persons who have neither sings ;' or even with a combination of these three desire for nor right to them, while we sit poor and expressions, if they be of rank and wealth enough to unappreciated-mere spoons for ladling out that honey venture so far. A good deal of verbosity is permitted which we have in reality ourselves collected and hived to lords and capitalists in this respect.
from the very first. How we long to cast off our In writing, we need not point out to those who disguise, and proclaim ourselves to be indeed the
exceedingly clever fellows we are! But should we contribute to reviews, &c., how much more space do so, we are well aware that joke of ours would can be profitably taken up by, 'as the graceful author be the very last that would be listened to. Moreof the Pleasures of Memory has told us,' than by, over, in this secret knowledge of our actual merit,
in this patient surrender of our laurels to other brows, superabundance of fresh meat, and especially of those is there not something generous, Spartan-like, besides portions of the animal not fit for preservation, at these a very exquisite flattery of our self-love ?
autumnal slaughterings, a gross but most graphic
description may be found in Rabelais. Another and CATTLE EPIDEMICS.
more cleanly recognition of the annual event is given
in the old festival of Candlemas, when the accumulated DURING the past spring and summer, the chief subject stock of tallow, from the summer pasturage of the of interest to the agricultural mind,' both at home herds, was formally blest by the priest before its conand abroad, has been the fact or the apprehension of version into candles for the long nights of winter. The some infectious disease, popularly called "murrain,' world in those days was a long way removed even among the horned cattle. On many parts of the con- from the possibility of a 'fat-cattle show' at Christmas, tinent, the prevalence of a very destructive epizootic in the Baker Street Bazaar, or elsewhere. was no matter of doubt. Throughout Denmark and The cattle-murrains, in olden times, were attributed Prussia, in the districts skirting the south shore of to moral and supernatural causes. Homer describes the Baltic, and in the Rhenish states of Germany, the the vengeful Apollo visiting the Greeks before Troy cattle-breeders have suffered very severely from the with a pestilence, which began with the dogs, and ravages of a disease among their herds, whose cause passed on through the horses and horned beasts to the and cure alike seem to have baffled research, but human race. It shewed some knowledge of the real which was generally supposed to be disseminated source of malady, that the calamity was assigned to by infection. The British farmers have been more the divinity who governed the sun, the atmosphere, frightened than hurt by this calamity; but as the and other climatic conditions. Among the Jews, countries where the murrain was most prevalent were an epidemic in cattle was attributed to some national precisely those from which the English market was sin-the presence of an Achan in the camp, or the chiefly supplied, an Order in Council was issued some rebellious idolatry of a king. In later times, many months since, by way of precaution, prohibiting the singular accounts of epizootical disease are handed import of live-stock, carcasses, or raw hides, from the down to us by historians; and if their narrative must Gulf of Finland, the Russian, Prussian, Mecklenburg, sometimes be considered more legendary than authenand Lubeck ports on the Baltic, and sundry other tic, they present at all events a vivid picture of the quarters whence infection might be apprehended. This vicissitudes to which society was exposed in times regulation provoked much criticism. Medical author- when the production of food, whether for the human ities are indeed altogether at variance on the whole race or for their flocks and herds, was so little underquestion of epidemics, either as regards man or stood, and remained so much more completely at the beast. It is even contended that there is no such mercy of the season than at present. For the examples thing as infection—that cholera, yellow fever, or even we are about to give, let us at once confess our oblithe plague itself, have nothing contagious in their gations to the copious details so industriously collected character, but spread merely through the medium of by the census commissioners of Ireland, touching atmospheric miasmata, impure water, unwholesome pestilences and famines, plagues, inclement seasons, conditions of heat, damp, dirt, and other predisposing atmospheric phenomena, epizootic disease, and other causes,' wholly distinct from the influences by which, visitations, published in the fifth volume of their according to the ancient doctrine, epidemic diseases elaborate Report to parliament. were diffused among a whole population.
Not to linger too long in the legendary periods of When doctors differ 80 essentially, we shall not British, or rather Celtic history, we shall give but a presume to settle the controversy. Certain it is, that single specimen of cattle-murrain as recorded to have the so much dreaded murrain has not visibly extended occurred in these isles before the Christian era. This to England; though whether the disease was kept at epidemic visited England and Ireland, so far as the arm's length by the Order in Council, or was safely vague annals of the event can be interpreted, at a defied by the better feeding, the more careful breeding, period about contemporary with the last Punic Warand the greater skill in management practised by that is, 150 years B.C. The contemporary king of English farmers, is still problematical. In many cases Ireland—for the histories of the period are all Irishof epizootic mortality occurring during several years was named Breasal, and surnamed Bod-hio-Bhadh, or past-ever since agriculture became a science-the Cow-destroyer,' in commemoration of the event. In most experienced practitioners have been altogether at his time, so the record runs in the Annals of Clonmacfault. The loss of many thousand sheep by the 'rot,' noise, “there was such a morren of cows in the land as or of cattle by some mysterious complaint, can some- there were no more then left alive but one bull and times be traced to the influences of weather or food, one heifer in the whole kingdom, which bull and heifer but just as often proves wholly inexplicable. Science, lived in a place called Gleann-Samasge.' It is menon these occasions, is totally bewildered; while the tioned, by way of testimony to the truth of this legend, most careful tending of the husbandman proves vain. that the locality named is to this day known to the
One result, however, dominates over all morbologi- dwellers in the neighbourhood as Glensamish, or the cal theories-namely, that in modern eras the access Glen of the Heifer, and is situated in county Tyrone. of murrain among cattlế has become as rare in recur- The description of some devastating catastrophe as rence and mitigated in severity, as that of 'plague, leaving only a single 'survivor, belongs to the hyperpestilence, and famine' among the human race. It is bolical language employed by all oriental races and impossible to dissociate this undeniable fact from the their descendants. The image recurs more than once improvement in food and nurture which the advance in the book of Job. In the Celtic annals, from whence of agricultural science has enabled us to command. the above record is taken, it is subsequently stated as Three centuries ago, for example, the very idea of the consequence of an inclement season, that only keeping cattle in a state fit for the butcher through one'shock of corn was left in the fields, or only one' the winter months, had never dawned on the human fruit on the tree. Thus, in the time of Cairbre, the mind. Where was the food to come from, while the Cat-headed,' it is chronicled that the earth did not pastures were covered with snow, or iron-bound with yield its produce, insomuch that there used to be but frost ? At that era, the fatted kine were all killed in one grain upon the stalk, one acorn upon the oak, November at latest; and the whole world, from the and one nut upon the hazel.' As a contrast to the lord in his castle to the servitor at his lodge-gates, calamitous visitation in the reign of Breasal, it is lived upon salted meat until the ensuing May. Of related that about fifty years afterwards, in the time the gluttonous feasts occasioned and justified by the of his successor, King Conaim, the cattle were without keepers in Ireland, on account of the greatness of the upon cattle, birds, and salmon.' Of that year it is peace and concord.' The weather seems also to have related that many evil signs' were manifested. The sympathised in this general harmony, since we find it heavens seemed to glow with comets : a flame of fire added that the wind did not take a hair off the cattle arose from beyond the west of Ireland until it passed from the middle of autumn to the middle of spring.' over the sea eastwards. A few years later, a terrible During the reign of this plenty-giving monarch, mortality occurred, which included “men, cattle, and nothing bent but the trees, from the greatness of bees.' Long subsequently, the Italian writer Ramaztheir fruit in his time.'
zani describes a murrain which extended even to bees During several centuries of what may be termed and silkworms. On that occasion, also, the disteniper the twilight period of the historic era, it is curious to among animals was contemporaneous with blight in notice the rarity of any account of epidemic mortality the vegetable creation. Early in June, this author among the cattle, as compared with the records of relates that all the springing corn was spotted with famine or pestilence among mankind. The apparent mildew; grapes and other fruits were spoiled or exemption of other and lower animals from these destroyed; and the leaves of herbs and shrubs eaten visitations does not arise from any idea, on the to the stem by various insects.' Wholly unable to part of the chronicler, that the subject was beneath appreciate the true influence of natural phenomena, his notice; on the contrary, we find particular the chroniclers of that age are just as apt to exaggerate mention made, when occasion occurs, of mortality some consequences as to ignore others. Lightning is among the cattle. The pestiferous air to which is made to play a frequent part in the destruction of assigned the plague of 547 A.D., is said to have living beings, and even of whole towns. In 1184, the 'raged not only against men, but against beasts and Annals record how the castle of Lough Keg, the reptiles. Not very long afterwards, it is recorded stronghold of the Mac Dermotts, was destroyed by that a 'poisoned pool made its appearance through a fire from heaven, wherein six or seven score of chasm of the earth,' from which a vapour proceeded distinguished persons perished, together with fifteen that proved fatal to men and beasts of burden. During of kingly or chieftain descent. In 966, a ball of fire the terrible famine which scourged Britain in 446, is said to have passed through Leinster and killed Gildas relates that no animals remained on which men 1000, or, as another account gives it, 100,000 persons, could feed, save such as could be procured in the and flocks, besides burning the houses of Dublin. chase.' This destruction of the flocks and herds, Narrations of tempests frequently occur, in which the however, does not seem attributable to disease, but to wind blew down hundreds of dwellings; though this, the fact that they were all eaten up by the famished perhaps, does not imply that the blasts were stronger, population. Altogether, it is evident that in the but that the buildings were weaker than at present. times of which we have hitherto treated-and, indeed, Making every allowance for the ignorance or the for long after-sheep and kine escaped many of the credulity of the reporters, it seems impossible to avoid evils that decimated the human dwellers in this and the conclusion, that in these periods, frosts, rains, other lands. As animals, they were considered more and tempests, and other meteorological phenomena, valuable, and therefore were better cared for, and en- evinced an intensity of which we have had no recent joyed, besides, exemption from the political convulsions experience. which so repeatedly swept over" whole kingdoms, One phenomenon frequently recorded, and always as destroying thousands of the human race in their a sign of special wonder, is that of a shower of blood. passage, and leaving famine and pestilence behind The portent was naturally considered very terrible. them to complete the work of devastation.
Once, indeed, the prodigy seems to have occasioned The numerous records of epizootic disease which no alarm. Red snow having fallen in the reign of have occurred in later eras in different parts of Europe, King Elim, the people fancied that it had both the are seldom unaccompanied by incidents, mentioned, as taste and colour of wine. The phenomenon was it were, accidentally, that give some insight into the accordingly regarded in a jovial aspect, and the king real cause by which the epidemic was produced. For was styled Elim Oillfinshneacta, or Elim of the Great example, in the collection of Irish chronicles, entitled Wine-snow. At other times, the occurrence is related the Annals of The Four Masters, it is stated that in in terms that prove the utmost dismay. Lough Neagh 684 A.D., there was a mortality upon all animals was turned into blood several times within a period throughout the world, so that there escaped not one of a century or two, the event being recorded in the out of the thousand of any kind of animals. After- same style of alarm as that used when the moon also wards, however, it is recorded of the same year, that turns into blood; and occasionally, the phenomena a great frost occurred, even so that the lakes and seem to have been supposed related to one another. rivers were frozen, and the sea between Scotland and On one occasion, Loch Lephim-now Leam-in Ireland was frozen, so that there was a communication Westmeath, 'was turned into blood, so that it appeared between them on the ice.' These intense frosts seem to all as if it were lumps of blood all round the edge.' to have been very frequent at that era. Mention is This appearance has lately been thoroughly investioften made of reciprocal visits paid by the Irish and gated and explained. Red snow was found by Captain Scots to one another across the ice. Elsewhere we find Parry and Sir John Franklin, and the colour traced to it related that the inland waters were frozen up; that the presence of microscopic plants of the cryptogamic the river Boyne was passable on the ice; that'horses order. As this occurred in high latitude, and no and hunters went on Lough Neagh to chase the wild red snow is mentioned as having fallen in Ireland deer;' that in the winter of 939-40, the foreigners' in modern periods, we find another cause to infer that —that is, the Danes—plundered Inis-Mochta on the the climate of the British Isles has become mitigated. ice.' This was an island containing a church which Respecting the blood-coloured water, some curious formerly existed at a place still called Inishmet, in facts were told in a paper read a few months since Meath. Seldom also do we find the record of these before the Royal Society by Mr Macdonald, a gentlesevere frosts, or of heavy floods, long-continued wet man who was attached Her Majesty's surveyingor drought, or other tokens of inclement seasons, ship Herald. The colouring matter is a minute plant without meeting an account very shortly afterwards popularly called the Sea Sawdust, and accounts were of some murrain among cattle. These accounts shew given of its appearance in various parts of the ocean various forms of disease, extending sometimes to the besides the Red Sea, to which it has actually given its lower animals. Thus, one year we are told of a great name. destruction among the birds.' In 916, after a 'great Quitting these earlier chronicles, we pass to the snow and unusual frost, destruction was brought records of the two great cattle-murrains which took place in the last century. Of them, the first began Some of their skins being dried, and the hair taken in 1711. In that year, as Short relates, a pestilential off by lime, 'appeared full of small holes, caused by plague broke out among the cattle in Hungary, Italy, worms or insects. When seized with the distemper, Germany, and Central Europe generally, of so infec- the poor animals appear to be in the greatest agony. tious a character, that it spread from their saliva Contemporaneously with this cat-murrain, mention
wherever they licked the grass, laid down their is made of a comet in the heavens, and a dreadful mouths, or came near other animals. In Holland this gale in the Channel. Evidently the year was an epizootic lasted for three years, and killed 300,000 ill-starred one for the witches. The cat-disease of cows, oxen, and bulls. Passing into England, the dis- this year was epidemic in England, France, and ease reached its acme during the years 1713-14-15, even America. Webster relates that in England a contemporaneously with the accession of the House pestilence among cats swept away those animals in of Hanover. Great multitudes of cattle were lost in thousands. The same cat-plague was
soon after the metropolitan districts, and large sums were paid epidemic in France; it appeared in Philadelphia in to various farmers and graziers by the state as June, and was very fatal throughout the States. Fish compensation-money, in consideration of their sub- died in some of the rivers, and hydrophobia was again mitting to various precautions intended to prevent epidemic.' the epidemic extending to other parts of the kingdom. Modern improvements in agricultural science, if Nevertheless, in 1715, it appears that the pestilence they have not rendered murrain among cattle imhad spread over various counties previously unaffected. possible, have at anyrate limited the range and largely The second epizootic of the eighteenth century began diminished the frequency of these visitations. There in the celebrated year when the young Pretender is no doubt still plenty to do in the way of sanitary invaded Scotland, 1745. Bascombe relates that the reforms, both for man himself and the inferior animals plague 'began in Turkey, thence passed over Europe, whom he has subdued to his use. Still, a great deal has and ultimately spread to England. Here, however, been already done in that direction-more, perhaps, in as elsewhere, we find many local circumstances to proportion for the brutes than for their human keepers account for the calamity. The spring and summer and owners. By skilful crossing of breeds, we obtain a of that year were most inclement-storms and floods far hardier and healthier stock; and wholesome fodder are stated to have taken place all over the British is now procurable even in the most inclement seasons. Islands. In the Dublin district, there was not a The epizootics which heretofore ravaged the 'flocks brook or rivulet which was not swelled to an extra- and herds for years together, have almost disappeared ordinary height.' In natural sequence, we hear that at anyrate from the more civilised countries of Europe. corn, potatoes, and oats were very dear; then that As constituting so valuable a possession to a large
there was a famine among the black-cattle;' and class of the community, and of nutritious food to all, afterwards, of the frightful mortality of kine, sheep, this comparative exemption of cattle from the murrains and horses. But the infection doctrine still prevailed. which once so often nearly destroyed them, must prove In Faulkners' Journal it is told how, in 1747, from fear no small addition to the sum of human happiness.' of contagion, the removal of horned cattle from one town to another was prohibited. Berkeley, the famous Bishop of Cloyne, wished to make this cattle-distemper
THE LAKE ON THE MOORS. a means of introducing his favourite remedy, tar- We were a cosy little party of six-three on horseback,
He writes : ‘If I can but introduce the general and three in a pony-carriage. We started courageously, use of tar-water for this murrain, which is in truth in the teeth of sundry prophecies of rain, and of the & fever, I flatter myse this may pave the way for its general use in all fevers whatever. Continuing moors being full of swamps from the rain that in 1751, of which the spring was stormy and cold, had already fallen. Cornish people have a natural the summer wet,' the 'murrain proved unusually talent for prophesying bad weather, so we declined destructive. Webster reports of this year that there to place too much stress on these forebodings; and were 'great inundations in England and France,' and though the sun only shone between great masses of that a mortal distemper prevailed among horses and cloud, and the blue sky only shewed itself in rifts, we cattle in England; 30,000 cows are said to have died declared that a cloudy day was better than one all of it in Cheshire alone. During the following year, sunshine ; that even if it rained, we wouldn't mind; when the summer was again 'exceedingly wet,' a great and, in short, we spoke so bravely, and looked so rot occurred among the sheep, and we are informed determined, that the foe succumbed, with a parting by a journal of the period, that 'the distemper rages fire of, "Well, don't blame me if you get drenched," about the skirts (of London), insomuch that last which we received with fortitude. Saturday several cows were buried in the fields at the So, about two o'clock on this doubtful September bottom of Gray's Inn Lane.' The scourge ceased afternoon, we set off to see the lake on the moors. about a hundred years ago. In 1756, it is recorded Much had we heard of it, one of the most curious that 'the mortality among the horned cattle, which phenomena of this western land, which is so rich in hath raged more or less for these ten years past, marvels. We had heard that not only was it a large seems to have departed.' This announcement appears pool of water on the very highest ground upon the in the Dublin Medico-Philosophical Memoirs; and the moors, completely isolated, and with no visible spring writer proceeds to explain the cause, according to or source of supply, but-popular taste being always the vague theories current at that day, by attributing inclining to paint the lily, and add impossibility to the the disappearance of the epizootic to certain heavy wonderful—that its waters were salt; that it ebbed rains and overflowings of the meadows, which they and flowed with the tides of the sea; and that on its think has washed off any remaining infection in the shores sea-weeds and shells, and other marine waifs and grass and herbage.'
strays, were to be found. Happily, however, our ideas The last record of epizootic for which we can afford had been set to rights by the perusal of a very interspace, relates to an epidemic among a different species esting record of the parish in which the lake is of animal to any before mentioned. Towards the situated, and when we went on our way to see it, we close of the last century, the cats were visited with were perfectly 'up'in what we were to expect. We a strange pestilence. The feline race, in Ireland, are knew that the lake was about a mile in circumference, reported to have died in numbers during the year surrounded with barren heaths and desolate moors ;' 1797, of a mere murrain similar to that which that the road to it lay across the wildest and dreariest sometimes seizes and spreads among the black-cattle.' scene in Cornwall. Also we knew that there were
two traditions attached to the spot, both connected He marked each daye with some horrible deede; with a certain Tregeagle, who is to be heard of in Some mansyon must burne, or some traveller bleede, many parts of Cornwall, and generally in connection Or hatefulle that daye to his sighte. with the most disreputable character known in modern
But now comes the central interest' of the story, or ancient history, and whose occupations are numer
which is thus ominously heralded : ous enough, though always partaking of the same character. These appear chiefly to be of some such It chaunced one evenynge as homewarde he wendes, light nature as making trusses of sand, binding them Deepe muttered the Hagg of the Storme; with ropes of the same, conveying them from one Earth trembles as boundynge the skyes she ascendesplace to another; or, as in the case of this moorland The welkyn acrosse her blacke winges she extendes, pool, dipping an unfathomable depth of waters dry, by And nature with darkness deformes. means of a limpet-shell with a hole in it. As to the
And nowe the bold hunters theye stoode alle aghaste, cause of his being appointed to such onerous com
Their stoute heartes with feare overawed : missions, we have said there are two legends of him
The rede lyghtninges glared, the rayne poured faste, connected with this one place. The first, which we
And loude howled
the demons that rode on the blaste, indignantly scouted as being a great deal too legal for
And Terrour the tempeste bestrode! romance, and more like a law report than a tradition, affirms that he was a steward who defrauded his Whene swifte frome the woode, and all wylde with master by not entering a certain sum of money
affryghte, in his books. After his death, therefore, ensued a A damsele advancinge they spyed; lawsuit; but when the cause was brought on at All whyte were her garments, her palfrey was whyte, the assizes, the supposed debtor raised the spirit of Wyth sylver and golde, and wyth jeweles bedyghte, Tregeagle, and brought him as a witness into court.' And a lyttle payge rode bye her syde. (Is any one credulous enough to believe in such a ghost as this ? The idea is preposterous.) Being" castle to the storm-surprised wayfarers, who prove to be
Tregeagle proffers the shelter and hospitality of his questioned concerning the affair in debate, proceeds Goonhylda the fayre, the daughter of Earl Cornwaile, this remarkable legend, 'Tregeagle admitted the pay who, with her trusty page, had lost the rest of the ment, and the plaintiff was nonsuited. On returning hunting-party with whom she had set forth in the from the bar, this singular witness
was left behind in morning. Of course, the wicked knight loves Goonthe court; for the defendant on being requested by hylda straightway, and while she is innocently full of some of the gentlemen of the long robe to take him gratitude to him for the kind hospitality he extends to away, replied sternly, that as he had been at the pains her, he villainously causes her father to suppose that of bringing the witness, those who complained might his child has been torn to pieces by the ravenous take the trouble to remove him.' Hence, since they could not banish this perturbed and his possessions to the fayre mayden than floweres
beastes of the nyghte.' This done, he proffers himself spirit, there arose the necessity of finding some employ the fayrest more fayre,' who, however, modestly ment for it; and to empty the moor-pool, on the terms informs him that she is already betrothed to a knight, previously set forth, was the first task appointed and that since fayre is the daye and refulgente the During this work, whenever the wind was easterly, morne," she fain would hasten to depart home, and
the wicked one was thought to pursue him three times relieve her father's heart of fears for the safety of round the pool, from which place he was always obliged his Goonhylda. to escape to Roach Rock, where, on putting his head shews himself in his true colours, 'smyles insydious,
Upon which the treacherous knight into one of the chapel windows, he was safe.' So much for tradition number one. The second is the that she cannot be permitted to depart, and that he
and bendes hys darke browe,' and boldly announces real and genuine one, which enlists our sympathies, has prevented the possibility of rescue by causing the commands our attention, and takes our credulity by powerful Earl Cornwaile to suppose her dead. Affairs storm. It is set forth in a ballad of some seventy thus seem desperate enough for the unfortunate lady; verses (be not alarmed, good reader ; we purpose not but all is not over, for the little payge, to quote it entire), which, whether or not it is veritably as ancient as its language would indicate, possesses
Though few were his yeares, much of those quaint and picturesque elements which Yet cunnyng and shrewde was the boye; generally distinguish old ballad poetry, and in which Where he satte in a corner, thys speech overheares, consists its most special and peculiar charm. So we And faythefulle as swift to the stable repayres, will take it with us, and dip into it as we ride along And seyzes his courser wyth joye. these pleasant Cornish lanes, with their high banks, and whereon the various ferns flourish with tropical castle
, spurs on his fleet horse to Duneoyd's high gate,
How this gallant little Roberto steals from the luxuriance, and where the honeysuckles are perpetual and tells the earl the real state of the case; how the temptations to linger and gather, and so become old earl buckles on his armour, and summons his possessed of their glories more than by the eye.
To commence at the commencement, we learn horsemen 89, valyante and bold; and how the troop set that 'in Cornwaile's famed land, by the poole forward, and reach Tregeagle's gate before the "greye
morne peeped the easterne hills o'er :' all this can be on the moore, Tregeagle the wickede did dwelle;' wished for wealth; and finally, one moonlit night, horn with which they summon Tregeagle, the horrified also, that he was a shepherd, that he grew ambitious, readily imagined, as detailed by the next half-dozen
But while they wait reply to the blast on the on the wide, lonely heath, made a compact with the Individual before alluded to in this chronicle, who company hear instead that shrylle blast from the appeared before him like a gigantic knight in armour, confoundes. It is the Black Hunter come to claim
farre dystante heathe, whych the eares of alle mortales riding on a black steed, and with black lance, bugle, &c., Tregeagle, the time stated in the terms of the bargain and two hideous dogs, complete. The bargain concluded, Tregeagle became a grand knight, with a
between them having expired. splendid castle, which stood exactly where the moor Then forthe came Tregeagle all palsyed wyth feare, lake now appears--retainers, horses, huntsmen, min- And fayne woulde more favoure have founde, strels, and every requisite for a nobleman's family, in But loude roared the thundere, and swyfte through the those days. Not content with these possessions, how
ayre ever, he seems to have indulged a disposition the The rede bolte of vengeance shot forthe wyth a glare, reverse of amiable; for we are told that
And strooke him a corpse to the grounde!