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the waves. All travellers have seen it; but it appears consented to overlook the disparity of position. But to me that very few, if any, have infused into their Girolamo had rendered himself remarkable by the descriptions anything like the grandeur of the rock wildness of his life, and was even suspected of piracy. itself." Perhaps, with all their experience, they have At anyrate, he made voyages to the African coast, found it impossible. To guard against similar failure, and came back from time to time laden with wealth. I shall not attempt a description, but merely state Some said he plundered the Moors; others, that he two or three facts which may assist the fancy in made no distinction between Moslems and Christians, representing the scene to itself. When the moon but filled his coffers indiscriminately at the expense of shines over Naples, over its white buildings, its vast all whom he encountered at sea. Influenced by these bay, its woods, its promontories, the eye wanders along rumours, the king refused him his daughter; upon delighted from Vesuvius outwards until it is arrested which Girolamo spoke thus: by the dark frowning mass of Capri. Scarcely can “Your majesty's decision is perhaps the best. I it be said to be delighted then. The imagination have led a wild and wayward life; and though my experiences a rough, abrupt, strong, almost painful fortune is great, and daily on the increase, I ought not, shock, as it beholds this abode of Tiberius rearing its perhaps, to desire a connection with your family. Still, Titanian proportions into the sky. Cliffs of giddy as I and my forefathers have always been faithful altitude hang beetling over the waves, with sea-mews subjects to the crown of Naples, you will not, I feel skimming about their bases, and eagles rising with convinced, refuse to grant me a smaller favour.” difficulty to their summits. Behind them stretch "The king, glad to perceive that the Count Girolamo boundless expanses of ether, of the tint of amethyst had not taken his refusal to heart, was willing to tinged with smoke. Stars of liquid brilliance hang conciliate him by any concession he considered reaover the summit of the rock like a coronet, while the sonable. moon here and there paints with white light the “Well," replied Girolamo, “in a week from this time smooth parts of the rock, which appear to hang like I intend giving a party in the Blue Cave, and shall polished tablets against a vast dusky wall.

have it boarded over and lighted up brilliantly, so that When we had gazed for some time at this prospect, we may dance over the waves and banquet amid the the boatmen began of themselves to row towards the rocks.” Blue Cave. Has any one ever rounded the north- . The idea appeared at once new and striking to the western point of Capri without encountering a breeze king, and he promised to attend the party with his more or less active? I have never known anybody whole family. It is unnecessary for me to dwell upon who has. Let the Mediterranean be ever so calm, the the preparations made by Count Girolamo: they were Parthenopeian Bay ever so lustrous and lovely, you on a scale of great magnificence; and on the appointed no sooner approach the rocks of Capri, than the winds night, the royal barge, accompanied by numerous begin to blow, the surges to moan, and the caves to boats, filled with ladies and gentlemen, arrived at the reverberate their murmur. At every pull of the oar, entrance to the cavern. There, to their surprise, our hearts beat as we beheld the rocks throw up their they found a series of steps, covered with costly stupendous masses above our heads. We approached carpets, leading up to what might be called the great the cave; we saw the tiny billows roll in and break saloon, then filled with a blaze of lights, adorned with silvery foam against the black slippery rocks here and there with hangings, and in recesses of the which defend it on the sea-side. Presently the oars rock, abounding with refreshments, wine sparkled in were drawn into the boat, which, by the impulse crystal goblets, and delicacies of various kinds tempted already communicated to it, glided in between the the appetite. After a while, the hall was cleared for a rocks, where we found ourselves plunged for a moment dance, and, as a special favour, Count Girolamo was in more than Egyptian darkness. By degrees, how- permitted to leail out the queen. He was all gaiety, ever, the eye recovered its power, and then we could all smiles, and the whole company of dancers appeared perceive the moonlight stealing in through chinks and intoxicated with delight. At length, as the evening drew crannies, as if forcing its way through some diaphanous on, the count enjoyed the pleasure of leading out the substance, which altered its nature and gave it a princess upon whom his heart had been fixed. It is magical power over the mind. Still advancing, we not known whether the lady lierself felt any attachment reached a narrow ledge, upon which we landed. The for Girolamo, though it is believed she did. Whatever boat then put back, while I stood with the doctor may have been the case, as they were gliding along gazing out upon the moonlit sea. Rays of light fell the floor, the count took her in his arms, and stamping here and there upon the dark waters which formed violently, a trap-door opened beneath his feet, and the floor of the cavern. Presently, as I gazed, blue down he went with his companion into the dark waves streams shot from both sides of the rock, mingling below. The terror and confusion that followed may and traversing each other, glancing, quivering, flashi- be easily imagined—the whole party rushed towards ing, and partly illuminating the lofty irregular arch the opening in the floor, and lights being brought, they extending over our heads. Far in the distance, on sought to discover the bodies, but without effect. The the right, stretched a green avenue, which terminated waves had sucked them out; and it was not until the in a red point; while on the left, a corridor of sapphire next morning that they were discovered, locked in each led the eye towards an opalescent point. My surprise other's arms, beyond the entrance of the cavern.' and pleasure were great and unfeigned, and I expressed As the doctor spoke, the light on both sides of the my astonishment that so little should have been said cave became more powerful, and shewed the surface of by strangers of so wonderful a place. Instead of the water in the most distinct and vivid manner. The replying directly to my observation, my companion rocks seemed to have been transformed into pillars, said :

with niches and hangings of gorgeous tapestry. Pre‘On the very spot on which you and I are now sently a hissing sound ran along the sides of the cave, standing, a terrible catastrophe took place many years and we were left in total darkness. The boat then ago. A young nobleman of dissipated habits and approached, and groping our way into it, we pushed fierce character entertained a passion for one of the out silently into the moonlight. king's daughters. Being himself of high rank, he • What we have just seen,' observed the doctor, 'is a thought it scarcely an act of condescension on the mere contrivance of my own. I often visit this cave, part of the monarch to give him the girl in marriage; and have invented an apparatus for lighting it up; and accordingly, without the least ceremony, went to but be persuaded that it is often converted into a blaze the palace and demanded her hand. Had his character of splendour by other than human hands, and that been more respectable, the king might perhaps have Count Girolamo and the princess are beheld sitting side by side at its extremity. Before them, the waves beyond the power of the keenest vision there lay an grow still, and appear to be converted into a marble unsuspected world of life, surpassing in number all the Hoor, upon which hundreds of spirits whirl round in united occupants of air, earth, and water. Examined the mazes of the dance, while music breathes in through his lenses, the smallest speck of the green through every crevice of the rock, and inspires them mantle of the standing pool resolved itself into myriads with unceasing activity.'

of individual existences. It has been reserved to his I thanked the doctor for the interesting account he successors to discover that the waters of the seas, had given me, and returned to Naples, fully persuaded lakes, and rivers, are equally prolific-a view of the that he would soon need to be taken care of by his boundlessness of animated nature which it is almost friends.

impossible to comprehend.

From the facility afforded by vegetable infusions for

procuring these little animals, they came to be known POLYGASTRIC ANIMALCULES.

as Infusoria. This generic name is still retained ; The wits of London, better able to discuss the merits but, by the more scientific arrangement of the great of a fable by Dryden or a comedy by Congreve, long Prussian naturalist, Ehrenberg, the class is divided continued to amuse themselves with the wonderful into Polygastria, or many-stomached, and Rotifera, or discoveries of a body of philosophers that, under the wheel-shaped animalcules. It is to the former class title of the Royal Society, held frequent meetings at that we ask the reader's attention, as the rotifers, Gresham College. The enthusiasm for research that from their more advanced organisation, are objects of prompted men endowed with ordinary judgment to inferior interest. The polygastrians are so low in the dissect mal-formed calves—to study critically the scale of being as to have no fixed type of form. Many motions of spiders, snails, toads-or to feel interested in important organs they want altogether, and such as learning whether there were in certain foreign countries they possess are very defective. They have neither blue bees that made black wax and white honey, and brain nor spinal cord; nor eyes, blood, nor proper similar subjects of investigation, appeared to the man organs of locomotion. Many species have neither of fashion in those days a deplorable delusion-pardon- inouth nor digestive canal; and yet with all these able perhaps in the gloomy time of Old Noll, when defects, they are lively and playful, great eaters, and playhouses were closed, and all sorts of amusement very fond of their ease. They have managed, in the forbidden, but certainly unbecoming such as had the successive eras of geological change over the globe, good-fortune to live in the reign of the Merry Monarch. to avoid destruction. They are thus at once the Nor needs such an estimate of the infancy of the dis- tiniest and oldest inhabitants of the earth; nay, nottinguished Society surprise us when we bear in mind withstanding their subordinate position, they claim, the apparent uselessness of many of its experiments through that wonderful chain of analogy that connects and researches, and the indifference of its most exalted all nature, kindred with the representatives of the patrons to the true advancement of science. The chief most exalted. Their vitality is so strong, that they are delight of its royal founder was to put such puzzling easily revived after several years' apparent death. queries as neither common sense nor philosophy could Absence of air is the most favourable condition for satisfactorily solve, or to gratify his curiosity by wit- their preservation; in fact, paradoxical as it sounds, nessing an 'anatomical administration,' as the rather interment is the surest way of keeping them alive. rare spectacle of a dissection was called in those days. From their abundance and antiquity, we are not Surely some apology was afforded to the idle for surprised to find that these animals have an important scepticism regarding the utility of Prince Rupert's function to discharge in the economy of nature. The glass manufactory, or such a contribution in natural preservation of life in other beings depends directly history from the Duke of Buckingham as 'the horne upon them. The ceaseless appetite of the polygastrian of a unicorne.' Moreover, its Transactions, which, under is employed in reducing the vast mass of effete vegetthe ponderous title of "An accompte of the present able and animal matter in the globe that is always undertakings, studies, and labours of the ingenious in hastening to decomposition, and which, if allowed an many considerable parts of the world, the Society unopposed development, would speedily make its began regularly to publish, contained not a little that noxious properties known. This view of their utility must have appeared extremely ludicrous to such-at enables us to appreciate the fitness of the homely the time the majority of the public-as could not name given to them by Professor Owen-the scavengers sympathise with the many errors through which expe- of the atmosphere. Nay, further, the effete substances rimental philosophy had to struggle in its progress so intercepted become, from assimilation in the system towards maturity. Among the papers that appeared of the polygastrians, adapted to the support of more in the Transactions during the year 1675, was one that bighly organised animals. It may not be out of place caused almost as much amusement to the Society as to to observe here that the objections made against such the loungers of the Mall. It was from a Dutch contri- water as is seen through the microscope to abound in butor, Anthony Leuwenhock of Delft, whose ingenuity animalcules, has been frequently urged in forgetfulness in improving microscopes—instruments to which the of the dependence of pure water upon the presence of Society very wisely gave much attention-had pro- a certain number of such beings. cured him honourable distinction among his English Let us now consider a little in detail the organisation associates. The curious observations which the supe- of a polygastrian. The animal essentially consists of riority of his glasses enabled him to make, had not a cell. A cell we know to represent the lowest order of hitherto overstepped the limits of belief, but when, in vegetable or animal life. The polygastric cell is only a the year mentioned, he declared himself as having stage removed from the Gregarina, which stands upon discovered certain animals of such extreme minuteness the very border of the two divisions, and is only known that many thousands of them did not equal a grain not to be a vegetable from its power of independent of sand, his statement was received with derision. existence, and never advancing to a further stage of It is not impossible, from the proneness universally development. Some polygastric species are bare; that shewn by mankind to treat as profane such observa- is, the cell has no investment, but the majority are tions as reveal an elevated physical organisation in provided with a shell-covering either silicious or calother beings, that the daring microscopist might in an careous. This shell, fashioned after a variety of quaint earlier age have met the reward of Galileo.

patterns, is ingeniously adapted to the peculiar form The splendour of Leuwenhock’s discovery might well of its wearer. Across some, it is placed horizontally; compensate him for an indifferent reception. He had in others, it shoots out as a conical prominence over the high fortune to have been the first to observe that the tiny occupant; while in a third variety, this defensive armour expands in the shape of a shield. glutton removing every trace of his temporary mouth. Immense accumulations of these shells are found in In a few of the more advanced species—and we should different parts of the world. Strata of great depth always remember that the difference between the occur in Bohemia and the United States, entirely made larger and smaller polygastrics is as great as between up of infusorial shells. Sometimes their abundance an elephant and a mouse-there is a regular form of occasions their being applied to unexpected purposes. mouth, and even a complicated dental apparatus. Thus the berg-mehl, or mountain-meal, a white powder The most common mode of reproduction is by gathered by the people bordering upon Lake Lett- spontaneous fissure. A longitudinal or transverse divinaggsjon, near Urnea, in Sweden, and much esteemed sion shews itself in some part of the animal, rapidly as an article of diet when mixed with flour, consists advances, and, when complete, two individuals result, entirely of these. In animals that live in water, both equal in size. Not unfrequently, the young, if having neither fins, tail, nor any fixed form of limb, we may so call it, begins immediately to divide. In it becomes a curious subject to inquire into their the next most frequent process, that of gemmation, we means of locomotion. In such polygastrians as are are reminded of the vegetable kinship of the polygasattached to foreign bodies, no mechanism of the kind trian. Here separate animals are thrown off in the is required; but, in the greater number, progression form of buds, which differ from those produced by the is generally maintained by cilia or hair-like processes. former method in not attaining maturity for some Some, indeed, have such a mobility of substance as time after leaving the parent cell. Omitting any enables them to furnish an extempore limb upon an notice of a third, or the oviparous process of reproemergency, but this agreeable power of improvising duction, since its existence is disputed, we may mention a hand or foot is not frequently met with. Thanks, the curious phenomenon observed in the volvox globator. however, to its ciliary apparatus, the polygastrian can In this little animal, the young may be seen through row nimbly through the water, seize firmly upon his the transparent texture of the mother. Like her, they prey, or, if none be at hand, make a slighi agita- are provided with cilia, that enable them to swim tion of the water that will soon accumulate sufficient almost as actively as after birth. In no long time, materials for a meal. The manner of connection of these, in their turn, become the recipients of indethese cilia with the body of the animal is not clearly pendent existences. Well may Professor Owen say understood. According to Ehrenberg, they are fixed that “Malthusian principles, or what are vulgarly so by distinct muscular processes ; but to grant that, were called, have no place in the economy of this department to claim for the order a higher degree of development of organised nature.' in the animal kingdom than other observers are We shall, in conclusion, state shortly the connection disposed to admit. The cilia are sometimes arranged existing between the polygastria and more superior in sets, but more frequently they are scattered irregu- beings, as observed in the great law of unity of larly over the animal. They occur in greatest number organisation. The infusorial monad is the sole unat the neighbourhood of the mouth, for the obvious changing organic form in the animal world. Every purpose of facilitating the seizure of food. The cilia member of the four great sub-kingdoms-Radiata, are also of use in the peculiar respiration of the Mollusca, Articulata, Vertebrata-has been a monad animal, by causing successive currents of water to at some period of its existence. The little nervous strike against it.

dot of the polygastrian, its rude circulating apparatus Although destitute both of brain and spinal cord, and fluid, its displaceable stomachis, are but permanent the polygastrian is not without an analogue of these representations of the temporary forms of the comorgans. A little red dot, once considered an eye, is plicated nervous system, the highly organised blood, now known to compose its limited nervous system. and the powerful digestion found in the most advanced The functions of this part of the organisation are class of animals. Even the similarity that exists obscure, and to this may be ascribed the difference of between the human embryo and the polygastrian is opinion among naturalists respecting the movements retained in certain respects throughout life, for the of the animal. These are said by some to be auto-cilia that line the nasal passages, the larynx, and matic, and not the result of volition—a view apparently bronchiæ of the adult man, are identical with those based upon the fact of the animal never having been of the invisible monad. observed in a state of quiescence. But even if there were not many ways of accounting for such restlessness, the evidence in favour of a contrary belief appears

CONVENTIONAL REPUTATIONS. pretty conclusive. The most diminutive monad shrinks Literary life is full of curious phenomena. I don't know into a less form from the effect of fear, and carefully that there is anything more noticeable than what we may avoids, in his merry dance through the water, all call conventional reputations. There is a tacit undercontact with his playmates.

standing in every community of men of letters that they Though the polygastrians have no blood or proper will not disturb the popular fallacy respecting this or circulating apparatus, there is a fluid, intermediate that electro-gilded celebrity. There are various reasons between blood and chyme, which circulates in a little for this forbearance: one is old; one is rich; one is central organ or heart, several pair of which lie along good-natured; one is such a favourite with the pit that the backs of the larger varieties. But the most extra- it would not be safe to hiss him from the manager's box. ordinary parts of the organisation of these animals The venerable augurs of the literary or scientific temple are those by which their digestion and reproduction may, smile faintly when one of the tribe is mentioned; are maintained. Although the view once held that but the farce is in general kept up as well as the Chinese the polygastrian consisted, as the name indicates, of with you, with the implied compact between you that he

comic scene of entreating and imploring a man to stay an aggregation of stomachs, has not been confirmed shall by no means think of doing it

. A poor wretch he by further observations, it is not without a certain

must be who would wantonly sit down on one of these amount of correctness, so far as the existence of a bandbox reputations. A Prince Rupert's drop, which is series of movable sacs or stomachs is concerned. Of a tear of unannealed glass, lasts indefinitely, if you keep these, which are dependent upon that mobility of it from meddling hands ; but break its tail off

, and it texture noticed in connection with the means of loco- explodes, and resolves itself into powder. These celebrities motion, there may be from three or four to as many I speak of are the Prince Rupert's drops of the learned hundreds. Occasionally, when the animal wishes to and polite world. See how the papers treat them! What gorge upon a victim as large as himself, these stomachs

an array of pleasant kaleidoscopic phrases, that can be are all displaced-an opening is made at the most arranged in ever so many charming patterns, is at their convenient position, and the prey enclosed, the little service! How kind the Critical Notices '-where small

authorship comes to pick up chips of praise, fragrant, sugary, and sappy-always are to them! Well, life would be nothing without paper-credit and other fictions; so let them pass current. Don't steal their chips; don't puncture their swimming-bladders; don't come down on their pasteboard boxes; don't break the ends of their brittle and unstable reputations, you fellows who all feel sure that your names will be household words a thousand years from now.Atlantic Monthly.

And late on the bulwark's side a-lee

Tarried a little band
Of those who could not sleep at sea

In a ship so near to land.
Looking, you saw a white low line-

A long low line of foam,
While they talked of the cheerful frost and snow,

And the Christmas fires at home.


The practice, which seems so unaccountable, if it be once seriously thought upon, of worshipping some of the lower animals, was not unknown on the coast of Cumana, and their treatment of toads may be mentioned as a ludicrous instance of that kind of superstition. They held the toad to be, as they said, 'the lord of the waters,' and therefore they were very compassionate with it, and dreaded by any accident to kill toad; though, as has been found the case with other idolaters, they were ready, in times of difficulty, to compel a favourable hearing from their pretended deities, for they were known to keep these toads with care under an earthen vessel, and to whip them with little switches when there was a scarcity of provisions and a want of rain. Another superstition worthy of note was, that when they hunted down any game, before killing it, they were wont to open its mouth and introduce some drops of maize-wine, in order that its soul, which they judged to be the same as that of men, might give notice to the rest of its species of the good entertainment which it had inet with, and thus lead them to think that if they came too, they would participate in this kindly treatment.--Helps's Spanish Conquest in America.

THE GOOD SHIP MARSHAL, 'Twas the red sundown of Christmas Day,

And off Cape Otway Head, That the Marshal stood for Melbourne port

With canvas sparely spread.

Slowly the headstrong ship wore in

With the steadfast undertow;
While the mistress moon smiled up above,

And the master laughed below.
Over the Marshal's shining deck,

And her low shrouds traced so fair, There fell such calm, that spoken words

Seemed to linger in the air.
Steadily yet her topsails drew,

Stood · Pilot !' from the truck,
And the helm to a-steady hand was true,

When the good ship Marshal-struck.
The Marshal struck on her larboard bow,

And a hollow sound came, then
She heavily reeled till she shewed her keel,

And heavily grounded again.
Then did the startled master's shout,

And the mate, with word and blow,
Hurry the men to work aloft,

And the women to weep below:
Nearer the plunging vessel's keel,

Nearer the depths beneath;
To try the hold of their hearts on hope ?

And to keep the watch of death?
The short night passed in the settling ship;

It passed-what more to say ?
Terrors full as a dreadful dream

Pass as a dream away.
Crossing an early angry sun,

Rose something faintly dark;
And answering back to the Marshal's gun

Came the gun of an outbound bark.
Close in her cabin's scanty space,

Swarming her slipp’ry deck,
Through a stormy air and a seething sea,

All sailed from the lonely wreck.
Then the young hand with the old was crossed,

And the brown head helped the gray;
For their all but life was lost, was lost

Sad salt-sea miles away. *
Good ships, your ribs are stanch and tried;

For all day long it blew a gale,

And they looked for land a-lee; Yet under short and steady sail

The ship went bowlingly.

And all day long through send and wave,

And long swell flecked with foam,
Right on and on the Marshal held,

Like a courser heading home.
With sundown passed the driving wind-

It passed off gustily :
And slowly down to its deep, deep rest

Sunk the sultry austral sea.
Then the thoughts of all were full in port;

All hopes stood high and dry; As specks in the good ship’s gleaming wake

Shewed the seventy days gone by. How strange the sound of 'Land, ho! land!'

(How full the round words fall) They seemed to have wedded hand to hand,

As all wished joy to all.
In the speech of home, heart spoke to heart;

And friendlily eye met eye:
Wcek on week they had walked apart

Whom this parting hour drew nigh.

Nigher yet, and a flaunting group

Broke from the master's door; Sweeping the ship from stern to poop

For a sight of the golden shore.

Your spars are tough and tall :
But a heart of oak in the master's side

Were the bulwark best of all.

* One needs to know but little of the ways and means of the poorer emigrants to be aware that few venture to bear anything of value on their persons. Taught by the reported experience of others that their class of passengers is almost certain to be robbed, gold, silver, even billy, as well as other valuables in their little stock, are stowed away in the strong box, safe in the hold while the voyage is safe ; and when the ship goes down, all goes with it.

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Science and Arts.


No. 210.


PRICE 14d.

gentlemen,' he exclaimed, on one occasion, after failing QUOTATION.

in the fifteenth line of an extract which none of us had The faculty of quotation is one of the most terrible ever so much as set eyes upon before, and you have weapons of social life; "an engine of colloquial oppres- absolutely never read his Age of Bronze!' Is not this sion' only less tremendous, perhaps, than the asking at least as abominable as the conduct of the asker of of riddles and the narration of anecdotes, and some- rebuses, whom Sydney Smith recommends should be times partaking of the worst qualities of both; for delivered over to immediate execution, without being often a quotator, who must needs have his lion's share suffered to explain the connection between his seventh in the conversation at all hazards, whether he be and his eighth ? certain or not of getting safe out at the other end of Nor, again, is that noxious person, 'a man of anechis selected passage, will stop in the middle of it dote,' to be looked upon with less disgust when he (especially if it be poetry), and appeal to the general | attacks society under the thin disguise of a quotator: company to assist him in that strait to which his own for where is the difference whether conversation be imprudence has reduced him. This has all the ill effect interrupted by his avowal that 'that reminds him of of a conundrum in creating a dead silence, and is even an anecdote,' and he at once blockades us by means of destitute of that meagre hope which exists in the such regular approaches; or if he silence the company latter case of arriving at something amusing at last. from some masked but not less fatal battery, such as : Old gentlemen may be permitted to quote the classics 'Ah, you know, that's what Sheridan said to Brumto boys—' Arma virumque, what? You young dog! In mell when they were going down Pall Mall. “I'll bet my time, sir, I should have been flogged if I had not you,” says he; .... and so on for perhaps a quarter supplied the word by this time!'-because boys have of an hour.' This description of person, in case of his no real relish for conversation : but learned persons dramatis personæ being celebrated and popular, will and others should be very chary of indulging in this often introduce them with an air of easy patronage--as, practice in real life, and among ordinary society. It that queer old Barham,' or 'that dear Leigh Hunt'is a pitiable spectacle to see an entire company, half of very hard to listen to; and when he begins in this whom, perhaps, are ladies, put in abeyance, as it were, fashion, he is particularly difficult to stop. If he do while a gentleman who has forgotten his Greek is chance to set before us a good thing tolerably new, he depending upon people who never knew any to fill up spoils the effect of it by following it up with a course the vacuum in some sonorous sentence which, after all, of ancient jokes, the entire contents of his jest-box may be, is by no means illustrative of the matter in putting them back, alas, very carefully afterwards, hand. Instead of being sorry for what he has done, too, for another time, but perhaps for the same people. this sort of character is commonly enraged with the Apropos of, it may be, pepper, he will remark: audience, protesting not only that he shall forget his Poor Tom Hood, during his last illness, was much own name next, but that they are foolish and ignorant attenuated; and upon the doctors applying mustardto an extreme degree. Every school-boy knows it,' plasters to his feet, observed : “Ah, sirs, there is very cri he, without remembering that if that really be little meat for your mustard.”' Now, not above onethe case, there was no need for him to be so superfluous third of a company may have heard this before; and as to repeat it. We do not mean to state that a the kind of quotator of whom we speak is so elated by very first-rate conversationalist may not make himself that unusual circumstance, that he goes on to tell of appear to understand and appreciate a Greek quota- the bottle of ink being taken instead of the medicine, tion, but such a one must be near the top of his and the piece of blotting-paper the patient volunteered profession; nor can even he pay tribute to one only to swallow in order to neutralise it, and things even half delivered. Moreover, we are speaking of general | older yet. Still, quotation of some kind we must have. society; amongst which are females who cannot divest The apt use of it, with judgment and in moderation, is themselves of an uneasy but not unnatural feeling, pleasant both to the talker and the hearer. If the that what needs concealment in a dead language, must latter recognise the selection,' his self-love is gratified eertainly be something they ought not to hear. almost equally with that of the former; but he must

Difficulties in finishing occur by no means unusually be careful not to display his rival knowledge by in English. A revered friend of our own is perpetu- encumbering the first speaker with aid, and running ally entangling himself in verbose selections from along, as it were, by the side of the other's hobbyhorse the works of Lord Byron; and as that poet is by with an unnecessary leading rein: one man is, in no means so universally read now as his admirer ordinary cases, sufficient for one quotation. In general imagines, release is often hopeless. Good Heavens, conversation, a single line of poetry, or a couplet at

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