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Truly, I might have felt terror, had this singular | Sun? He would consume them like a forest fire. appearance been new to me. But I had seen all Fear not the red men—your enemies are not of that before-the green snake, and the crotalus, the long colour.' hanging tresses, the wild flash of that maniac eye- “Ha! not red men? What, then ?' all before, all harmless, all innocuous—at least to me. Some white—some yellow.' I knew it, and had no fear.

'Nonsense, Ewa! I have never given a white man * Haj-Ewa!' I called out, as she advanced to cause to be my enemy.' where I was standing.

* Chepawnee ! * you are but a young fawn, whose I-e-ela!'* exclaimed she with a show of surprise. mother has not told it of the savage beasts that roam • Young Randolph! war-chief among the pale faces! the forest. There are wicked men who are enemies You have not then forgotten poor Haj-Ewa ?' without a cause. There are some who seek your life,

“No, Ewa, I have not. What seek you here ?' though you never did them wrong.' *Yourself, little mico.'

"But who are they? And for what reason ?' "Seek me?'

Do not ask, chepawnee! There is not time. "No-I have found you.'

Enough if I tell you, you are owner of a rich plant. And what want you with me?'

ation, where black men make the blue dye. You Only to save your life--your young life, pretty have a fair sister-very fair. Is she not like a beam mico—your

fair life--your precious life-ah! precious from yonder moon ? And I was fair once-so he to her, poor bird of the forest! Ah! there was one said — Ah! it is bad to be beautiful. Ho, ho, ho! precious to me--long, long ago. Ho, ho, ho!

Why did I trust in a pale-faced lover?
O why did I trust in a pale-faced lover?

Ho, ho, ho!
Ho, ho, ho !

Why did I meet him—
Why did I meet him in the wild woods' cover ?
Ho, ho, ho !

* Halwuk l' she exclaimed, again suddenly breaking Why did I list to his lying tongue,

off the strain : 'I am mad; but I remember. Go! That poisoned my heart when my life was young?

begone! I tell you, go: you are but an echochee, † and Ho, ho, ho !+

the hunters are upon your trail. Back to the topekee

-go! go!' *Down, chitta mico!'I she cried, interrupting the strain, and addressing herself to the rattlesnake, that at my remain till some one comes.'

I cannot, Ewa; I am here for a purpose; I must presence had protruded his head, and was making demonstrations of rage-down, great king of the

*Till some one comes! halwuk! they will come

soon.' serpents ! 'tis a friend, though in the garb of an

Who?' enemy-quiet, or I crush your head !! • I-e-ela!' she exclaimed again, as if struck by then the pretty doe will bleed-her poor heart will

*Your enemies—they who would kill you; and some new thought; “I waste time with my old songs; bleed : she will go mad—she will be like Haj-Ewa.' he is gone, he is gone! they cannot bring him

“Whom do you speak of ?' back. Now, young mico, what came I for? what

Of Hush ! hush ! hush! It is too late--they came I for? As she uttered these interrogatives, she raised her

- they come! see their shadows upon the

water!' hand to her head, as if to assist her memory.

I looked, as Haj-Ewa pointed. Sure enough there *Oh! now I remember. Halwuk. I lose time. You may be killed, young mico-you may be killed, hers

. They were the figures of men-four of them.

were shadows upon the pond, just where I had seen and then Go ! begone, begone, begone ! back to They were moving among the palm-trees, and along the topekee.|| Shut yourself up; keep among your the ridge. people: do not stray from your blue soldiers ; do not

In a few seconds, the shadows disappeared. They wander in the woods! Your life is in danger.'

All this was spoken in a tone of earnestness that who had been causing them had descended the slope, astonished me. More than astonished, I began to

and entered among the timber. feel some slight alarm, since I had not forgotten at that moment in full possession of her intellect.

It is too late now,' whispered the maniac, evidently the attempted assassination of yesterday. Moreover, you dare not go out into the open woods. They I knew that there were periods when this singular would see you-you must stay in the thicket. woman was not positively insane. She had her lucid There!' continued she, grasping me by the wrist, intervals, during which she both talked and acted and, with a powerful jerk, bringing me close to the rationally, and often with extraordinary intelligence. trunk of the live oak: "this is your only chance. This might be one of those intervals. She might be Quick-ascend! Conceal yourself among the moss. privy to some scheme against my life, and had come, Be silent-stir not till I return. Hinklas ?' I as she alleged, to defeat it. But who was my enemy or enemies ? and how under the shadow of the tree; and, gliding into the

And so saying, my strange counsellor stepped back could she have known of their design?

umbrageous covert of the grove, disappeared from my In order to ascertain this, I said to her:

sight. 'I have no enemy, Ewa; why should my life be in

I had followed her directions, and was now ensconced danger?' “I tell you, pretty mico, it is—you have enemies. hidden from the eyes of any one below by festoons of

upon one of the great limbs of the live oak-perfectly I-e-ela! you do not know it?'

the silvery tillandsia. These, hanging from branches 'I never wronged a red man in my life.' • Red-did I say red

still higher up, draped around me like a set of gauze

man? Cooree, T pretty curtains, and completely enveloped my whole body; Randolph, there is not a red man in all the land of while I myself had a view of the pond—at least, that the Seminoleé that would pluck a hair from your side head. Oh! if they did, what would say the Rising of a small opening between the leaves.

it on which the moon was shining-by means * An expression of astonishment, usually lengthened out in a

At first I fancied I was playing a very ridiculous rôle.

The story about enemies, and my life being in danger, + Literally, Yes, yes, yes !

might, after all, be nothing more than some crazy fancy Chief of the snakes'-the rattlesnake is so styled by the of the poor maniac's brain. The men, whose shadows Seminoles, being the most remarkable serpent in their country. They have a superstitious dread of this reptile. ģ It is bad.

come

sort of drawl.

It is good-it is well.

| Fort.

I No.

# Boy.

+ Fawn.

I had seen, might be the chiefs on their return. they smell of groceries, of brown papers filled with They would reach the ground where I had appointed greasy cakes and slices of bacon, and of fryings in to meet them, and not finding me there, would go frowsy back-parlours.' No wonder that there was a back. What kind of report should I carry to head- prejudice against German literature in days when & quarters? The thing was ridiculous enough-and for Schiller would have figured as a High-Dutch poet :' me, the result might be worse than ridiculous.

the name would have been fatal. Hollandish or Under these reflections, I felt strongly inclined to Batavian would have been comparatively respectable. descend, and meet the men—whoever they might be in the ages of erudition, when Holland was, in the face to face.

words of Hallam, "pre-eminently the literary country Other reflections, however, hindered me. The of Europe,' the Dutch writers were well aware of the chiefs were only two-there were four shadows. True, advantage of bearing a good name. Nowhere did the chiefs might be accompanied by some of their humble patronymics find themselves Latinised or followers-for better security to themselves on such a Hellenised into greater splendour than in Holland; traitorous mission-but I had noticed, as the shadows syllables that Fame would have been ashamed to were passing over the pond--and notwithstanding the whisper, acquired a grandeur that rendered them rapidity with which they moved—that the figures worthy to be bawled in her best trumpet-tones ; the were not those of Indians. I observed no hanging controversialists of the times assumed titles which drapery, nor plumes. On the contrary, I fancied bore the same relation to their original names that the there were hats upon their heads, such as are worn classic toga bears to the gent's paletot; and even the only by white men. It was the observation of this author of a work proving that Adam and Eve talked peculiarity that made me so ready to yield obedience Dutch in Paradise, inflated his simple appellation of to the solicitations of Haj-Ewa.

Jan Van Gorp into Toropius Becanus. Other circumstances had not failed to impress me: Certainly Dutch cognomens are not remarkable for the strange assertions made by the Indian woman- dignity. Nor is it in its proper names alone that the her knowledge of events, and the odd allusions to language is at fault; there is something ludicrous about well-known persons—the affair of yesterday: all the sound and the aspect of many of its words: only these, commingling in my mind, had the effect of to a native eye can a Dutch sentence convey a pleasing determining me to remain upon my perch, at least sensation; the superfluity of r's gives it a cumberfor some minutes longer. I might be relieved from some and lazy look: the vowels seem constantly to be my unpleasant position sooner than I expected. jostling each other; as, for instance, in the epithet

Without motion, almost without breathing, I kept blaauwoogig-what a term to apply to the blue-eyed my seat, my eyes carefully watching, and ears keenly object of a poet's raptures!—and the frequent elision bent to catch every sound.

of vowels sometimes reduces a verse to little more My suspense was brief. The acuteness of my eyes than a row of consonants, hooked together by a series was rewarded by a sight, and my ears by a tale, that of apostrophes. caused my flesh to creep, and the blood to run cold But if the language has its drawbacks, it can boast in my veins. In five minutes' time, I was inducted its merits also. A Dutchman is never weary of singing into a belief in the wickedness of the human heart, the praises of his native tongue-its strength, its exceeding in enormity all that I had ever read or serene majesty, its copiousness, its power of expressing heard of.

the sense by the sound; its store of diminutives and Four demons filed before me--demons, beyond a terms of endearment; and of contrasting all these doubt: their looks, which I noted well—their words, glories with the mean, weak poverty of the detested which I heard--their gestures, which I saw-their language of France. He might mention, as designs, with which I in that hour became acquainted additional merit, its likeness to our own speech, - fully entitled them to the appellation.

although the resemblance may remind a prejudiced They were passing around the pond. I saw their Englishman of that which the monkey bears to man. faces, one after another, as they emerged into the Many of its words look remarkably like caricatures of moonlight.

ours, and every Dutch newspaper bears a certain Foremost appeared the pale thin visage of Arens likeness to the Fonetic Nuz. Ringgold; next, the sinister aquiline features of A very ingenious theory was propounded, some Spence; and, after him, the broad brutal face of the years ago, by a gentleman who wrote four volumes bully Williams.

in order to prove that all our nursery-rhymes were There were four-who was the fourth ?

originally Dutch satires upon the clergy; as, for Am I dreaming? Do my eyes deceive me? Is it example: real? Is it an illusion? Are my senses gone astray

Jack Sprat -or is it only a resemblance, a counterpart? No

Had a cat; no—no! It is no counterpart, but the man himself!

It had but one ear; that black curling hair, that tawny skin, the form,

It went to buy butter the gait-all, all are lis. O God! it is Yellow Jake!'

When butter was dear.

This simple narrative is metamorphosed by Mr DUTCH POETESSES.

Bellenden Ker into the following epigram : The application of a bad name to a dog is said to be

Jackes Praet equivalent to capital punishment. In the case of Holland, a whole people has suffered from the effects

Huydt er guit;

’Et huydt bot wan hier; of an unfortunate designation. It is difficult to conceive

'Et wint toe baei bot er; that anything Dutch can be poetic, or that any man

Wee’n bot er! wo aes dij hier? who is a Dutchman can be a hero of romance. It seems to be a generally admitted fact, that Holland is the which he paraphrases: “The churchian's tales, while country of dulness and common-place respectability, they serve to fill the rogue's belly on the one hand, where all the women are fat and all the men are stupid, serve to pinch that of doltish cloddy on the other; where a dike is the nearest approach to Parnassus, they convert the cloddy-dupe into the provider of the and where the only use of Pegasus would be to tow a woollen-gowned gentry (the friars),' &c. trekschuit. Against Dutch books might be urged, Holland is styled “the land of song' by its inhabitwithont fear of contradiction, the charge that was ants, who have ever been greatly addicted to the habit formerly brought against those of Germany, that of rhyming, and who hold a poet in high esteem. Their

an

6

TEARS.

literature is very rich in popular lyrics, lovingly pre

But mine eye, through shadows straining, served and handed down from generation to generation;

Sees where lights with shadows blend; and few songsters have maintained so firm a hold over

Sees the hour of rest remaining the affections of posterity, as Father Jacob Cats, whose

Steadfast for me at the end. memory and whose verses are embalmed in the heart

The verses on 'Tears' are by a lady of the name of of every true Dutchman. For more than two centuries, the songs of this Franklin of Holland have been 1828. In addition to her lyric and dramatic com

Van Streek, née Brinkman, who also died in the year the delight of his countrymen, and to know Cats by positions, she published a romance called Julius ex heart is said to be necessary before the student can pretend to any knowledge of the Dutch language.

Amalie, and translated the Æneid. In the palmy days of Holland, the vernacular tongue was almost surrendered to the unlearned, and the literary giants of the age clothed their thoughts only

O tears! When we are sunk in sorrow, in a Roman garb; but with the political decline of the

"Tis you that soothe us, you that bless; state came a reaction in favour of the national tongue.

You bring to those a lighted morrow In Belgium, the vernacular was fast becoming obsolete,

Who swoon in darkness and distress: and it seemed that French was destined to be the

And they whose bleeding bosoms languish language of the country, when a revival of the decay

From wounds that never cease their flow, ing speech was commenced about the middle of the Find,' in their own sad drops of anguish, last century. This gave rise to the division between

A tender anodyne of wo. Flemish and Dutch, as the dialect of Antwerp was

To every tear of mute compassion adopted, and became general throughout the Austrian Netherlands. For a long time it was considered

The poor with grateful smiles reply,

And welcome, in their homely fashion, unworthy the attention of literary men; but lately a

The magic of a moistened eye. band of zealous national authors, first among whom stands Hendrik Conscience, have written in it with When friends o'er some green grave are weeping, marked success.

By no funereal pomp defiled,
Holland has been peculiarly rich in authoresses. Their tears descend to him that's sleeping,
Many of its most distinguished men of letters have

Pure as the kisses of a child. transmitted the flame of genius to their daughters ;

Therefore, when next the dark ’ning hours and from the time of Anna Byns to the present day,

To me some mournful message bring, there has been a succession of poetesses, whose statues

Flow fast, sweet tears, and give your showers would fill no inconsiderable space in the Dutch

The breezy coolness of the spring! Pantheon.

A work has lately been published at Amsterdam, We conclude with a few lines to Death by Albertine by Mr Van der Aa, containing a selection from the Rijfkogel, who died at the age of twenty years, after a poems (Pearls') of these ladies, and may serve to long and painful illness, during which slie dictated a correct the popular ideas concerning the women of number of simple and touching poems to her father, Holland. The poetry is not of the highest order of who published them after her death. merit; there is no great originality of conception or vigour of execution to be found in the book, through which, as in most poetry written by the gentler sex, Thee Folly waits with fear : but Wisdom smiling meets a strain of melancholy prevails ; but much of it is thee, graceful and touching. We select a few of the shorter And finds in thee the best, the trucst of all friends; pieces, which may convey an idea of the works of these From many a couch of pain the weary sufferer greets ladies of Holland, and may perhaps avail to sweep thee, away a few of the prejudices that must cling around Thy sympathising hand his term of sorrow ends. the dreadful name of Vrouw.

I think of thee with joy, with patient expectation, The following poem is by Adelaide Kleyn, authoress Until thy gentle touch shall lull me into rest ; of Oden en Elegien and Nieuwe dichterlijke Mengelingen,

Come, kindly friend, subdue my heart-string's last who died at Leyden in 1828 :

vibration,

And lap me in soft slumber, pillowed on thy breast.
THE WATCHMAN.
Watchman ! thou whose salutations

THE MONTH:
Lonely through the darkness ring,
Who in saddest tribulations

SCIENCE AND ARTS.
Still must force thy lips to sing-

Art has been making its usual winter-season demon-
Whom, though toils by day may woary,

strations, perhaps with clearer purpose than hereNo sweet rest awaits at night,

tofore. Lectures by the ablest men on art, ancient Till thine eye through watchings dreary

and modern-on Gothic Architecture, at the Royal Find the morning's rosy light:

Academy and at the South Kensington Museum-on

Colour as applied to Architecture, at the Institute in Thou to me art Hope's 'revealer

Grosvenor Street-an Architectural Exhibition at the Let me keep thy duteous way,

rooms in Suffolk Street-the Photographic Society's Whether through the dusk I steal, or

Exhibition at their rooms in Coventry Street, shew; Front the cheerful light of day.

ing unmistakable signs of progress—and Schools of

Design as unmistakably flourishing-all testify to the
I through all the wide horizon
Seek a better Fatherland,

growing interest of the people in the subject. Then But the seas I fix my eyes on

we are to have a Great Exhibition memorial, and a Hide as yet that sunny strand.

Crimean monument, both probably in Hyde Park;

and Sheffield is erecting a Crimean monument, which, Round me, round me, creeps the gloaming, in spite of the smoke, could not have a better site. Auxious cares upon me throng ;

It is to be sixty feet high, a handsome arched canopy 1, like thee, alone am roaming,

finished with crockets and finials, within which, or Sing, like thee, a lonely song.

the solid base, will be placed å sitting figure of

TO

THE

BROTHER OF

SLEEP.

Victory. If we cannot be made a nation of artists extending over several years, on wheat-on the by cultivation, it will clearly not be from want of causes which alter and deteriorate it, and the means endeavour.

of its preservation—which admits of practical appliSo far as can be foreseen, a new style of architec- cation. He has exainined the grain under every posture is not likely to be invented in the present sible condition of heat, moisture, dryness, and cold, century; and the best that architects can do is to aggregation and diffusion. Among his conclusions, work, with an enlightened eclecticism, upon the most we find that the hygrometric condition of wheat beautiful of that which was produced either in the varies 8} per cent. in an ordinary atmosphere; that, dark or classical ages, according to the building they however carefully heaped, there is always one-third of have in hand, and conform our modern, our new empty space in the heap; that soaking in water for buildings to it; for there is no good reason why eight days facilitates the growth of wheat ; that imbeauty should not combine with utility. One of prisonment in ice for six months will not destroy its the ramifications of this subject has been discussed vitality; that when perfectly dried, it will keep for before the Society of Arts in a paper ‘On House- an indefinite time; that in a temperature of 103 construction, and its bearing on Social Welfare.' degrees, it is completely spoiled in a month; and As regards the wholesomeness of buildings, we notice that heat and damp combined are the sole causes of a paper by Dr H. E. Roscoe, Professor at Owen's corruption in wheat. If precautions are taken based College, Manchester, which, though it contains little upon these facts, there will be nothing to fear, for that was not already known, is nevertheless valuable instance, from insects. as recording facts and defining principles. The paper Fresenius, a' German chemist, has made experiis entitled, “Some Chemical Facts respecting the ments on various kinds of fruits, demonstrating which Atmosphere of Dwelling-houses ;' and first, we are are best, and why. The more a fruit contains of told that the quantity of carbonic acid given off by soluble matter, the more is it esteemed—such as the an adult man is rather more than nineteen litres an peach and greengage.. And the more a fruit is hour, and that it is not so much the diminution of cultivated, the more does it contain of sugar, and the the oxygen in a room that deteriorates the air, as the less of free acid and insoluble matter. These facts charging it with foul and waste matters. The normal may serve for household hints.-A French chemist amount of carbonic acid in the open air is 4 parts in has investigated the poisonous principle in the 10,000, and the air indoors should as much as possible oleander, with a view to discover its medicinal probe kept in the same condition. Carbonic oxide-one perties. This tree grows abundantly in Algiers and of the products of combustion-is immediately fatal in Spain. During the Peninsular War, many deaths when present in an atmosphere to the amount of 1 per occurred in Marshal Suchet's division from poison, cent. only. Dr Roscoe agrees with Dr Arnott that at owing, as was reported, to the men having roasted least 20 cubic feet of fresh air are required for each their meat on oleander spits at oleander fires.person every minute, to remove all the noxious and Rudolf Wagner shews that a solution of decomposed disagreeable effluvia, especially in crowded habitations, salicylate of potash yields a liquor strongly charged schools, barracks, and the like. But he finds that with the scent of roses ; and if this be distilled, it certain natural causes operate to weaken the hurtful becomes an excellent artificial rose-water. Out of consequences of bad ventilation-namely, diffusion this, a new branch of industry may perhaps be through the walls. It appears from experiment, that created, for the substance is comparatively cheap, carbonic acid actually escapes in that way through and rose-water is in much request as a luxury for the brick and mortar, and maintains the atmosphere in toilet. something like its proper condition. Hence the The Bulletin of the Acclimation Society at Paris unhealthiness of new damp houses, and of iron houses, has an account of the quillay (Quillaga Saponaria), through the walls of which no diffusion can take place. a tree which grows in the Cordilleras of South Emigrants and travellers, who trust in iron houses, America, and of which the bark constitutes an would do well to hold this fact in remembrance. important article of trade in Chili. Silks washed in

The launch of the Leviathan has inspired an in- water in which this bark has been macerated, preserve ventor with the notion of a gas-ram, simple enough their colour a long time unaltered ; but the principal in construction, but requiring demonstration. Gas is use made of it is as a wash for the head once or twice admitted into a cylinder to raise a piston by which a week. To this the women of Chili and of adjacent the lift or push is to be effected.—Gas is now suc- countries are indebted for the beauty and luxuriance cessfully used to heat green-houses, and with manifest of their hair ; and it is said that not a few of the men advantage, as it admits of regulation with nicety to make use of it also. It has, besides, a medicinal any degree of temperature. And, if the statement be property, and is administered as a febrifuge. true, gas is a preventive of contagion; for, according A new kind of gutta-percha, and, as is said, the best, to accounts from Lisbon, the yellow fever did not visit has been imported into Holland from Surinam. It is the houses in that city which are lighted with gas. a product of a species of eapodilla which grows on the

The application of steam to agriculture is becoming higher parts of the great savannas, and in such more and more an accomplished fact. The Society abundance, that for years to come the supply will be of Arts have given an evening to steam-cultivation;' equal to the demand. The Americans have made and sundry enterprising farmers are making trial | themselves busy in that quarter of late ; have surof the 'Guideway' steam-machinery, which includes veyed a number of excellent harbours in the north of Tails, whereby the trampling of the field during the Sumatra, which were before scarcely known, and have ploughing is avoided. We think it probable that in contrived to get the principal share of the spice-trade the course of another ten years, steam-ploughing of that island. We, on the other hand, have taken will be general on all our large farms—and few are possession of the Keeling, or Cocos Islands, and find small now.

them to be a convenient half-way station between Pisciculture is to have a chance in the south as Ceylon and Western Australia. The inhabitants well as in the north. The Regius Professor of Medi- number about twenty European families, and a huncine at Oxford, jointly with Sir W. C. Trevelyan, dred Malays.-Our government and that of the offer a prize of L.20 to a bonâ-fide resident in the United States are about to send a large party to counties of Oxon or Berks, 'for the best essay on the make a joint survey of the boundary-line between methods of introducing and rearing fish in the waters the British and American territory on the Pacific of the Cherwell and the Isis.'

side of the Rocky Mountains : our own party will M. Menigault has made a series of experiments, subsequently explore Vancouver's Island, and in order to get the best knowledge of the country, and We are glad to learn that the ways and means for to benefit science, the Foreign Office has asked the Mr Robert Mallet's journey to Italy were supplied Royal Society to suggest inquiries and observations, out of the government grant fund administered by and to recommend competent persons to carry them the Royal Society. This gentleman's name appeared out.-And talking of explorations, we are reminded in our last. We recur to the subject, because at the that the party which accompanies Dr Livingstone latest accounts the earthquake phenomena were still comprises his brother, a skilled economic botanist, and recurring, and he is well qualified to describe them, a mining geologist, besides an engineer for the steam- and judge of their geological relations. Among his launch, and qualified persons for other duties. They credentials, he carries an encyclical letter from his take with them an iron house, which is to be set up eminence Cardinal Wiseman, which perhaps, more in the highlands at the confluence of the Kafue with than any other, will facilitate his inquiries in country the Zambesi, where land is to be cultivated, so as to districts where the village-priest is the only man become the nucleus of a permanent settlement. Hence able to give information. We may hope to hear of we may hope to gain a practical knowledge of the the results in about two months. mineral and vegetable productions of Eastern Africa. The counter-shock of these Neapolitan earthquakes - The news from the Niger is not encouraging. Dr has been felt in places far distant: near the Adriatic, Baikie had lost his steamer on rocks in the river; we and onwards into Carinthia, Illyria, and the Carpahear, however, that another vessel has been sent out thians. The general direction was north and south; to enable him to resume his explorations.

but when the movement struck the Alps, lateral We mentioned, some time since, that the New vibrations were sent off from east to west. Some Zealand government had advertised considerable accounts state that there are signs of upheaval along money-prizes for the best samples and quantities parts of the coast of Naples.- In the Indian Archiof native flax, in the raw and dressed state. We pelago also, and in America, great convulsions have are glad to add, that response has been made in the taken place. At Payta, the results were surprising. way desired, and that the samples sent in for com- The bay was observed to be swarming with crabs of a petition have been forwarded by the colonial govern- species rarely seen; after some days, an earthquake ment to the Society of Arts, where they may be was felt, and a week later, there was a bank of crabs examined by all who are interested in the important from three to four feet wide, and three feet high, question of fibrous materials. If carried out as it has thrown up all round the bay, and the water changed begun, there is no doubt that the flax-trade will be from a clear blue to a blackish green colour.-And as beneficial to the New Zealanders as to manu- in North America, as described by Professor Cook at facturers in this country. One of the competitors, the last meeting of the American Association for the Baron de Thierry of Auckland, gives an interesting Advancement of Science, subsidence is going on all description of his mode of treatment: boiling and along the coast from Delaware Bay to Boston. In alkali alike failed to convert the plant Phormium tenax New

Jersey and Long Island, the effects are especially into a fit state; but he succeeded with steam, and observable. Hundreds of thousands of acres of subcan make flax for sale at L.15 per ton at a large merged forest lie a few feet below the swampy surface, profit.' He claims, moreover, to have discovered a and many farms are diminished in extent by the tide new kind named Tä, which can be sold at L.12 a ton, flowing further over the uplands than was formerly and 'will be found applicable to the finest textures, the case. Professor Cook estimates the subsidence at from lace downwards.' Dundee, and some other of two feet in a century.—Mr Leonard Horner has just our manufacturing towns, will hear of this with read the second part of his paper on the alluvial land pleasure, and with visions of profit. For their infor- of Egypt, to the Royal Society. He laid on the table mation, we quote an interesting passage from the a piece of pottery brought to light by his researches, Society's Journal. "The Ti, says the baron, “is a which he believes was made by human hands 13,000 tree which grows as high as twenty to thirty feet, years before the Christian era. and the flax is the product of the leaves, which are In connection with these phenomena, we may about three feet long, and from three-quarters to an notice those of the weather; for the fact that half the inch in width. The whole tree is of a stringy nature. winter quarter has passed without snow or severe It is very hardy, and cuttings upwards of six inches frost is remarkable; and it would appear, as M. diameter will take root in moist land. It grows in Babinet told the Academy of Sciences at Paris, that swamps where nothing else will stand; it makes an an unusual broadening of the Gulf Stream, whereby impenetrable live fence; it grows either in or out of the warm water has come nearer to our shores, is the water, and prospers on the highest hill and in the cause. Rain has been scant; and the Rhine, Danube, deepest gully. Here is an element of trade and and Loire are lower than at any time within the prosperity! Only get the shrewd natives, so alive present century. But then the New Yorkers, on their to their own interests, to cultivate the Ti, and there side of the ocean, complain that their winter is too will be no lack of flax in our markets.

mild; they have not been able to use their sleighs, As we have from time to time noted the movements and are uneasy about their ice-harvest. On the of the Pitcairn islanders, we take the opportunity other hand, it has been excessively cold in Piedmont, here to mention that Sir W. Denison, governor of at Malta, and other parts of the south. Perhaps Tasmania, has paid them a visit in their new home our turn is to come when our north-east monsoon on Norfolk Island, and established a form of govern- (for such it is) begins to blow in the spring. ment for them. It is essentially democratic. On the The Canadian Institute are trying to organise a day after Christmas-day in every year, they are to plan proposed by Professor Kingston of Toronto, for meet to elect their chief-magistrate, who must not be telegraphing the approach of storms. Twenty stations under the age of twenty-eight. Every man of twenty- are fixed on, ranging from Halifax to Goderich in one is entitled to vote. The chaplain is intrusted | Upper Canada ; and it is thought the plan may be with considerable powers; he is the returning-officer, worked at a cost of two hundred dollars a year. One and has the entire charge of education. Among the of the data on which it is based is, 'that gales prevail regulations for preserving the moral and physical in some localities many hours, sometimes two or welfare of the singularly interesting community, one three days, before they reach other places only a few is, that no beer or spirits shall be used on the island hundred miles distant.' Hence half-hourly signals except as medicine. What will become of their old may be flashed along the coast of the sea and of the home, the lonely islet? left now to the care of Nature, great lakes, and mariners may prepare for the blast, or to be a resort of whalers ?

or get out of the way; and landsmen may be warned

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