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So far as the policy of this measure was concerned, it even to the death, and that, too, for not more than might have worked to much advantage; but, unfor- copper coin-a few annas only, less than a sixpence tunately for the real progress of the country, not a due upon a balance of rent. So much is this the word was said in this famous settlement as to the rate system amongst natives of Bengal, that we much doubt at which the zemindars might assess the ryots on their whether there be any zemindary in which torture is land; at the same time, the most arbitrary and sum- not employed in the collection of rents. We must not mary powers were given the former, to enable them wonder at this, for Bengalees are proverbially cowards, to enforce their demands against their unfortunate and all cowards are cruel—and who such promising tenants. It is quite true that the act of settlement victims as the poor ryots? provided that an assessment, once made, could not be There is no physical wretchedness nor abject misery altered by any zemindar or other landholder-with within European limits that can in any way compare only one exception, which was on the occasion of with the utter prostration and broken-down degraan estate changing proprietors. This one exception dation of the great bulk of the Bengal ryots. The land was quite sufficient for all purposes of extortion. "If a how fertile, the climate how favourable, the rivers and zemindar wishes to raise the assessment of his land, canals how enriching for the production of the finest he has but to make a pretended sale to some friend or silks, the richest dyes, the most delicate fibres, the relative, and the screw is at once put on, and, as a most valuable grain that nature has ever enabled man matter of course, submitted to; for who has ever heard to produce for the markets of the world ; and yet, of a ryot opposing the will of his zemindar? Some- amidst all this abundance of blessings, how miserable times, indeed, the labourer will be too poor, or too the condition of those who should be sharers in the broken-spirited to work on at a higher rate, in which general wealth! A stranger in the land might well case he will be at once ejected, to wander homeless mistake an ordinary ryot, in his pristine rags, and dirt, and hopeless, with no relief but such scanty charity as and squalor, for some wandering outcast from a jail, neighbours may care to dole out to him.

a hospital, or a lunatic asylum. It is not merely in this way that the labouring The oriental, of whatever grade, or caste, or calling, population of Hindostan are placed at the mercy of a has an instinctive love for landed property. If it grasping, relentless race of men. Between the great be but the most miserable corner of the poorest zemindar and the people there is a little army of holding, the most wretched hovel that man could take middlemen, the devourers of other men's substance, shelter in, the Asiatic is still most anxious to be wlio act sometimes as his agents or bailiffs, sometimes considered as the owner. It may be that the Indian as sub-renters, who take the trouble off his hands for tenant-farmer dwells in a place that might in Europe a round sum for the year. In these cases, the extor- be deemed fit only for dogs; it may be that on the tions are generally doubled, for the farmer of the rents limited slip of soil encircling his lovel, a sickly mangofor the time being cares far less for the welfare of the tree, a few date-palms, a cluster of plantains, or a ryots on the land than the zemindar. It is difficult knot of sugar-cane, may be seen; it may be that culfor any one who has not resided for some time amongst tivated fields grace the environs in rich luxuriance; an agricultural population in British India, to form a but be this as it may, the owner or renter is equally right conception of the exactions to which they are delighted, so that he may feel that he is the possessor exposed, and the utter impossibility of escape for of the homestead, the garden, or the field. them under the present administration of the laws. Of course, there are many grades of ryots, all The renter has not a want in his household that the differing as much in their material position as in villagers are not compelled to supply. Every article their habits and inclinations. Besides the mere of daily consumption-rice, oil, milk, ghee, cotton-all renter or the day-labourer, there are men who, must be found him by the ryots of his district. How holding no land of their own, yet possess a pair of heavily this presses upon thie half-fed, half-clad people, bullocks, a plough, and a kodalie or hoe, with which only those can say who know their utter poverty. they undertake to plant and tend the land of others,

The advocates of the present system, and amongst who are either too idle or too busy to cultivate it these are to be found many Europeans, maintain that themselves, receiving half of the produce for so doing. the Indian ryot is a poor degraded creature, incapable There are, besides these, many others who hold land of better things, unfit for progress, and reckless of the either as members of a family in common, or in their future. Alas! he has never had a trial, under British individual right, and who hold some appointment or rule, of what he is capable, nor of what he might be office, whilst they leave others to cultivate for them, under a better system. We are not among those who receiving, of course, their share of crops. It is scarcely predict a rapid advance of civilisation amongst any too much to say, perhaps, that in Bengal, if not in Asiatic race, much less amongst the Hindoos, but we the upper provinces, there are very few Hindoos, believe they might be made a prosperous and thriving and not many Mussulmans, who have not a holding people if the whole race of zemindars, putindars, and of some sort. otlier middlemen were swept from the face of the land, It would not interest the general reader to be told and the ryots left in possession of the fruit of their at what rate per beegah the generality of these tenures daily toil.

are held, nor to hear how the holdings vary in different Wherever European capital has been introduced parts of the country; it may, however, be stated, that throughout the Mofussil, and brought in contact with the ryot who holds a jumma or tenure equal to fifty the village population, there a marked improvement is rupees per annum, is supposed to be in a tolerably to be seen in their condition. A good deal has been good position. Wlien he has paid his rent, his said about the oppression of English indigo-planters : abwabs or presents, his fees to village chowkedars or possibly some part of the statements may be correct, watchmen, the interest on borrowed money, the value but the tyranny of a European is mercy beside the of his seed, repairs of tools, &c., he may have perhaps moderation of a Bengalee landholder. Many a hard twenty rupees left for liis year's family expenses, being bargain is doubtless driven by the planter with his about one penny a day. ryots, but no one supposes him capable of the cruelties It is true, his wants are few in number compared practised by the native renters, to wring the last with those of a European labourer; but if he have copper pice or cowrie from the helpless dependent. more than one child, the above small sum cannot go far

In India, proof of guilt is at all times difficult to to supply his household wants. The article of clothing obtain, but doubly so against the wealthy; yet evidence is indeed almost a superfluity; their cooking utensils, has not been wanting of the most barbarous tortures a few earthen vessels and wooden implements, value inflicted by zemindars of the soil upon their dependents, not above a few pice; his agricultural tools, plough,



harrow, and hoe, such as they are, of the pattern of combined opposition to every lawful authority. As the first Pharaohs and Nimrod, may be worth about for extravagance on particular occasions, such as a three rupees, and perhaps cost him a shilling during marriage, leaving the ryot in debt for years to come, the year for repairs. As for dress, the slips of dirty perhaps for a lifetime, that folly can scarcely be cloth about his and his wife's waist are scarcely worthy spoken of as exceptional; it is unfortunately the rule the name; their value cannot be more than a few amongst both 'good and bad, high and low. The pence.

Hindoo indifference to all improvement is likewise not What shall we say of his food ? Surely he who tills the less general. An Asiatic is from habit opposed to the ground, who rears the bread of millions, cannot any expenditure of labour that does not yield a speedy want a sufficiency of food. The ryot does not really return, or lead to some immediate perceptible good. starve, save in very extreme cases, but he feeds on the These are amongst the most prominent of the ryot's merest pittance of the poorest grain and vegetables. defects, shared in by other classes of the Indian Rice is a luxury in many cases: parched grain, millet, community, but more keenly felt in his own case from and the smaller fish of tanks and streams, with veget- the general abjectness of his social position. ables and roots, make up the ordinary meals of these people. It must be remembered, however, that we speak only of the professional ryot; and even amongst

O ÇEOLA: these there are remarkable exceptions of successful industry and agricultural prosperity: these are mostly to be met with near the larger towns and cities; but the bulk of the population must not be judged from Soon after, I retired from the mess-table, and strolled them.

out into the stockade. In the Mofussil of India, one great want is that of

It was now after sunset. Orders had been issued roads. Away from the influence of rivers, the tiller for no one to leave the fort; but, translating these as of the soil finds it all but impossible to convey his only applicable to the common soldier, I resolved to produce to distant marts. Hence arise those fearful sally fortlı. famines which have at frequent intervals desolated

I was guided by an impulse of the heart. In the the land. One district with a failure of grain-crops Indian camp were the wives of the chiefs and warriors lacks food, another province commands an abundance --their sisters and children-why not she among the of rice; yet, without roads, how can the two effect rest? any exchange. In this way, even in ordinary times, I had a belief that she was there--although, during a superabundant crop has so glutted the local market, all that day, my eyes had been wandering in vain as to reduce the value of grain to the merest trifle- search. She was not among those who had crowded so low as to be unequal to the amount of rent and around the council: not a face had escaped my charges on the land, thus making a curse of a blessing, scrutiny: Rice has been known to fall to one rupee the hundred I resolved to seek the Seminole camp-to go among scers, or one shilling for a hundred pounds-weight; the tents of the Micosaucs—there, in all likelihood, while a hundred miles away it was selling at four and I should find Powell—there I should meet with five times that price; yet the owners of the cheap rice Maümee. could not sell it to the buyers of dear grain, simply There would be no danger in entering the Indian because the cost and difficulty of transport was so camp--even the hostile chiefs were yet in relations of great.

friendship with us; and surely Powell was still my The railway, it is clear, will prove one of the friend? He could protect me from peril or insults. greatest boons to India. With it, famines will be all

I felt a longing, to grasp the hand of the young but impossible, and the fruit of labour on the soil far warrior, that of itself would have influenced me to more certain. We are not amongst those who augur seek the interview. I yearned to renew the friendly rapid changes and complete reformation amongst the confidence of the past-to talk over those pleasant natives of India, from the consequences of recent times to recall those scenes of halcyon brightness. events, from what is termed the Anglicising of British Surely the sterner duties of the chief and war-leader India. But, on the other hand, we do firmly believe had not yet indurated a heart, once mild and amiable? in a gradual and lasting improvement, not by legisla- No doubt the spirit of my former friend was imbittive enactments, nor Orders in Council, but by many tered by the white man's injustice; no doubt I should concurrent means—by the gradual enlightenment of find him rancorous against our race; he had reasonthe mass of the people; by the spread of vernacular still I had no fears that I myself was not an exception education through village-schools, thus teaching the to this wholesale resentment. ryot what will in time lift him above his present

Whatever the result, I resolved to seek him, and misery, and take him out of the hands of the mahajun once more extend to him the hand of friendship. and the usurer; by the introduction of better imple.

I was on the eve of setting forth, when a summons ments, and a better system of agriculture; by a better, from the commander-in-chief called me to his quarters. a more honest police; by railways and cart-roads With some chagrin, I obeyed the order. helping to bring remote places near, and rendering the I found the commissioner there, with the officers of value of produce in different districts more equal, and higher rank—the Ringgolds and several other civilians less liable to sudden and disastrous convulsions; above of distinction. all, by the gradual spread of Christianity, and with it On entering, I perceived that they were in 'caucus,' the rooting out of the old leaven of heathenism, with and had just ended the discussion of some plan of all its accompanying social evils. We are careful to

procedure. speak of this as a gradual change: those who look for

"The design is excellent,' observed General Clinch, anything like rapid progression will be disappointed. addressing himself to the others ; but how are The work of a thousand years cannot be undone in Omatla and “Black Dirt"* to be met? If we sumone, nor in ten. As well might we attempt to bleach mon them hither, it may create suspicion: they could their skins.

not enter the fort without being observed.' It should not be assuined from what we have here

• General Clinch,' said the elder Ringgold-the written that we consider all ryots as impoverished and most cunning diplomatist of the party--if you and oppressed, and fitting objects of compassion. We are well aware of the vicious character of many village

* So Lusta Hajo was called by the Americans. His full name communities, of their obstinate idleness, and their was Fuehta-Lusta-Hajo, which signifies · Black Crazy Clay.'

General Thompson were to meet the friendly chiefs Back to his town.' outside ?'

"And his people?' • Exactly so,' interrupted the commissioner. I Most of them gone with him.' have been thinking of that. I have sent a messenger For some moments the two generals communicated to Omatla, to inquire if he can give us a secret meet- together in a half-whisper. They were apart from ing. It will be best to see them outside. The man me: I did not hear what they said. The information has returned-I hear him.'

just acquired was of great importance, and seemed At this moment, a person entered the room, whom not to discontent them. I recognised as one of the interpreters who had Any other chief likely to be absent to-morrow?' officiated at the council. He whispered something they asked, after a pause. to the commissioner, and then withdrew.

Only those of the tribe of “redsticks."' * ‘All right, gentlemen!' exclaimed the latter, as the Hoitle-mattee?' interpreter went out; .Omatla will meet us within the No-he is here-he will remain.' hour. Black Dirt will be with him. They have Ask them if they think Oceola will be at the named the “Sink" as the place. It lies to the north council to-morrow.' of the fort. We can reach it without passing the From the eagerness with which the answer was camp, and there will be no risk of our being observed. expected, I could perceive that this was the most Shall we go, general ?'

interesting question of all. I put it directly. 'I am ready,' replied Clinch, taking up his cloak, "What!' exclaimed the chiefs, as if astonished at and throwing it over his shoulders ; but, General the interrogatory. "The Rising Sun! He is sure to Thompson,' said he, turning to the commissioner, be present: he will see it out!' "how about your interpreters ? Can they be intrusted "Good !' involuntarily ejaculated the commissioner, with a secret of so much importance ?'

and then turning to the general, he once more The commissioner appeared to hesitate.

addressed him in a low tone. This time, I overheard 'It might be imprudent,' he replied at length, in what passed between them. a half-soliloquy.

• It seems, general, as if Providence was playing 'Never mind then-never mind,' said Clinch ; 'I into our hands. My plan is almost sure to succeed. think we can do without them. Lieutenant Ran- A word will provoke the impudent rascal to some dolph,' continued he, turning to me, 'you speak the rudeness—perhaps worse—at all events, I shall easily Seminole tongue fluently?'

find a pretext for shutting him up. Now that Onopa Not fluently, general; I speak it, however.' has drawn off his following, we will be strong enough *You could interpret it fairly.'

for any contingency. The hostiles will scarcely out“Yes, general; I believe so.

number the friendlies, so that there will be no chance *Very well then ; that will do. Come with us!' of the rascals making resistance.'

Smothering my vexation, at being thus diverted from "Oh! that we need not fear.' my design, I followed in silence—the commissioner “Well—with him once in our power, the opposition leading the way, while the general, disguised in cloak will be crushed-the rest will yield easily-for, beyond and plain forage-cap, walked by his side.

doubt, it is he that now intimidates and hinders them We passed out of the gate, and turned northward from signing.' around the stockade. The tents of the Indians were “True,' replied Clinch in a reflective tone ; but upon the south-west, placed irregularly along the how about the government, eh? Will it endorse the edge of a broad belt of 'hommocky' woods that act, think you ?' extended in that direction. Another tract of hom- • It will-it must-my latest dispatch from the mock lay to the north, separated from the larger one President almost suggests as much. If you agree to by savannas and open forests of pine-timber. Here act, I shall take the risk.' was the “Sink. It was nearly half a mile distant Oh, I place myself under your orders,' replied the from the stockade; but in the darkness we could commander-in-chief, evidently inclined to the comeasily reach it without being observed from any part missioner's views, but still not willing to share the of the Seminole camp.

responsibility. It is but my duty to carry out the We soon arrived upon the ground. The chiefs will of the executive. I am ready to co-operate with were before us. We found them standing under the you.' shadows of the trees by the edge of the pond.

• Enough then--it shall be done as we have My duty now began. I had little anticipation that designed it. Ask the chiefs,' continued the speaker it was to have been so disagreeable.

addressing himself to me, 'ask them, if they have Ask Omatla what is the number of his people, any fear of signing to-morrow.' also those of Black Dirt, and the other chiefs who No-not of the signing, but afterwards.' are for us.'

* And what afterwards?' I put the question as commanded.

“They dread an attack from the hostile party'One-third of the whole Seminole nation,' was the their lives will be in danger.' ready reply.

• What would they have us do ?' “Tell them that ten thousand dollars shall be given 'Omatla says, if you will permit him and the other to the friendly chiefs, on their arrival in the west, to head-chiefs to go on a visit to their friends at Tallabe shared among them as they deem best—that this hassee, it will keep them out of danger. They can sum is independent of the appropriation to the whole stay there till the removal is about to take place. tribe.'

They give their promise that they will meet you at *It is good,' simultaneously grunted the chiefs, Tampa, or elsewhere, whenever you summon them.' when the proposition was explained to them.

The two generals consulted together-once more in Does Omatia and his friends think, that all the whispers. This unexpected proposal required conchiefs will be present to-morrow ?'

sideration. No-not all.'

Omatia added : "Which of them are likely to be absent ?'

"If we are not allowed to go to Tallahassee, we "The mico-mico will not be there.' Ha! Is Omatla sure of that?' "Sure . Onopa's tents are struck: he has already setting up red poles in front of their houses when going to war.

* A name given to the Micosaucs, from their custom of left the ground.'

A similar custom exists among other tribes; hence the name Whither has he gone?'

• Baton rouge,' applied by the French colonists.


cannot, we dare not, stay at home; we must come flies swarmed under the shadows of the trees, their under the protection of the fort.'

bodies lighting up the dark aisles with a mingled • About jour going to Tallahassee, replied the com- coruscation of red, blue, and gold-—now flitting in a missioner, we shall consider it, and give you an direct line, now curving, or waving upward and answer to-morrow. Meanwhile, you need not be downward, as though moving through the mazes of under any apprehension. This is the war-chief of some intricate cotillon. the whites; he will protect you.'

In the midst of this glittering array, lay the little “Yes,' said Clinch, drawing himself proudly up. tarn, shining, too, but with the gleam of plated glass — 'My warriors are numerous and strong. There are a mirror in its framework of fretted gild. many in the fort, and many more on the way. You The atmosphere was redolent of the most agreeable have nothing to fear.'

perfumes. The night was cool enough for human It is good !' rejoined the chiefs. "If troubles arise, comfort, but not chill. Many of the flowers refused we shall seek your protection; you have promised it to close their corollas—for not all of them were brides -it is good.'

of the sun. The moon had its share of their sweets. • Ask the chiefs,' said the commissioner, to whom a The sassafras and bay trees were in blossom, and new question had suggested itself—ask them if they dispensed their odours around, that, mingling with know whether Holata Mico will remain for the council the aroma of the aniseed and orange, created a of to-morrow?'

delicious fragrance in the air. • We cannot tell now. Holata Mico has not declared There was stillness in the atmosphere, but not his intention. We shall soon know it. If he design silence. It is never silent in the southern forest by to stay, his tents will stand till the rising of the sun; night. Tree-frogs and cicadas utter their shrillest if not, they will be struck before the moon goes down. notes after the sun has gone out of sight, and there The moon is sinking-we shall soon know whether is a bird that makes choice melody during the moonHolata Mico will go or stay.'

light hours—the famed mimic of the American woods. • The tents of this chief are not within sight of the One, perched upon a tall tree that grew over the edge fort ?'

of the pond, appeared trying to soothe my chafed "No—they are back among the trees.'

spirit with his sweet notes. . Can you send word to us ?'

I heard other sounds—the hum of the soldiery in Yes, but only to this place; our messenger would the fort, mingling with the more distant noises from be seen entering the fort. We can come back here the Indian camp. Now and then some voice louder ourselves, and meet one from you.'

than the rest, in oath, exclamation, or laughter, broke * True—it is better so,' replied the commissioner, forth to interrupt the monotonous murmur. apparently pleased with the arrangement.

How long should I have to wait the return of the A few minutes passed, during which the two chiefs? It might be an hour, or two hours, or more ? generals communicated with each other in whispers, I had a partial guide in the moon. They said that while the chiefs stood apart, silent and immobile as a Holata would depart before the sliining orb went pair of statues.

down, or not at all. About two hours, then, would The commander-in-chief at length broke silence: decide the point, and set me free.

'Lieutenant ! you will remain upon the ground I had been standing for half the day. cared till the chiefs return. Get their report, and bring it not to keep my feet any longer; and, choosing a direct to my quarters.'

fragment of rock near the water's edge, I sat down Salutations were exchanged; the two generals upon it. walked off on the path that led to the fort, while the My eyes wandered over the pond. Half of its chiefs glided silently away in the opposite direction. surface lay in shadow; the other half was silvered I was left alone.

by the moonbeams, that, penetrating the pellucid water, rendered visible the white shells and shining pebbles at the bottom. Along the line where the light and darkness met, were outlined several noble

palms, whose tall stems and crested crowns appeared Alone with my thoughts, and these tainted with stretching away towards the nadir of the earth-as considerable acerbity. More than one cause contri- though they belonged to another and brighter firmabuted to their bitterness. My pleasant purpose ment beneath my feet. The trees, of which these thwarted—my heart aching for knowledge—for a were but the illusory images, grew upon the summit renewal of tender ties-distracted with doubts- of a ridge, which, trending along the western side of wearied with protracted suspense.

the pond, intercepted the rays of the moon. In addition to these, my mind was harassed by I sat for some time gazing into this counterpart of other emotions. I experienced disgust at the part I heaven's canopy, with my eyes mechanically tracing had been playing. I had been made the mouthpiece the great fan-like fronds. of chicanery and wrong; aiding conspiracy had been All at once, I was startled at perceiving a new the first act of my warlike career; and although it image upon the aqueous reflector. A form, or rather was not the act of my own will, I felt the dis- the shadow of one, suddenly appeared among the agreeableness of the duty—a sheer disgust in its trunks of the palms. It was upright, and evidently performance.

human, though of magnified proportions — beyond Even the loveliness of the night failed to soothe doubt, a human figure, yet not that of a man. me. Its effect was contrary: a storm would have The small head, apparently uncovered, the gentle been more congenial to my spirit.

rounding of the shoulders, the soft undulation of the And it was a lovely night. Both the earth and the waist, and the long, loose draping which reached air were at peace.

nearly to the ground, convinced me that the shadow Here and there, the sky was fleeced with white was that of a woman. cirrhi, but so thinly, that the moon's disk, passing When I first observed it, it was moving among the behind them, appeared to move under a transparent stems of the palm-trees; presently it stopped, and for gauze-work of silver, without losing one' ray of her some seconds remained in a fixed attitude.' It was effulgence. Her light was resplendent in the extreme; then I noted the peculiarities that distinguish the and, glancing from the glabrous leaves of the great sex. laurels, caused the forest to sparkle, as though beset My first impulse was to turn round, and, if poswith a million of mirrors. To add to the effect, fire-sible, get sight of the figure that cast this interesting




my view.

nor woman.



shadow. I was myself on the western edge of the jectures that sprang into my thoughts on beholding
pond, and the ridge was behind me. Facing round, that mirrored form.
I could not see the summit nor yet the palms. Rising The pain was of short duration ; almost instant-
to my feet, I still could not see them: a large live aneous was the relief. A shadowy figure was seen
oak, under which I had seated myself, intercepting gliding around the edge of the pond; it emerged

into the open moonlight, not six paces from where I I stepped hastily to one side, and then both the stood. I had a full and distinct view of it. It was outline of the ridge and the palm-trees were before a woman-an Indian woman. It was not Maümee. my eyes; but I could see no figure, neither of man

I scanned the summit carefully, but no living thing was there; some fronds of the saw-palmetto, standing along the crest, were the only forms I could perceive.

I saw before me a woman of middle age--someI returned to where I had been seated; and, placing where between thirty and forty-a large woman, who myself as before, again looked upon the water. The once possessed beauty-beauty that had been abused. palm shadows were there, just as I had left them; She was the wreck of a grand loveliness, whose but the image was gone.

outlines could not be effaced-like the statue of some There was nothing to be astonished at. I did not Grecian goddess, broken by Vandal hands, but whose for a moment believe myself under any delusion. very fragments are things of priceless value. Some one had been upon the ridge-a woman, I

Not that her charms had departed. There are men supposed—and had passed down under the cover of who affect to admire this ripe maturity; to them, the trees. This was the natural explanation of what she would have been a thing of peerless splendour. I had seen, and of course contented me.

Time had made no inroad upon those large rounded At the same time, the silent apparition could not arms, none upon the elliptical outlines of that noble fail to arouse my curiosity; and instead of remaining bust. I could judge of this—for it was before my seated, and giving way to dreamy reflections, I rose eyes, in the bright moonlight, nude, from neck to to my feet, and stood looking and listening with eager waist, as in the hour of infancy. Alone the black expectation.

hair, hanging in wild dishevelment over the shoulders, Who could the woman be? An Indian, of course. formed a partial shrouding. Nor had time laid a It was not probable that a white woman should be in finger upon this : amidst all that profusion of rich such a place, and at such an hour. Even the peculiar raven clusters, not a strand of silver could be outlines of the shadow were not those that would have detected. been cast, by one habited in the garb of civilisation :

Time could not affect, nor had it, that fine facial beyond a doubt, the woman was an Indian.

outline. The moulding of the chin; the oral of those What was she doing in that solitary place, and lips ; the aquiline nose, with its delicate spirally alone ?

curved nostril; the high, smooth front; the eye-the These questions were not so easily answered ; and eye-what is it? why that unearthly flash? that yet there was nothing so remarkable about her pres- wild unmeaning glance? Ha! that eye- Merciful ence upon the spot. To the children of the forest, heavens! the woman is mad! time is not as with us. The hours of the night are Alas! it was true-she was mad. Her glance as those of the day-often the hours of action or would have satisfied even a casual observer, that enjoyment. She might have many a purpose in being reason was no longer upon its throne. But I needed there. She might be on her way to the pond for not to look at her eye; I knew the story of her water—to take a bath; or it might be some impas. misfortunes, of her wrongs. It was not the first sioned maiden, who, under the secret shadows of this time I had looked upon that womanly form--more secluded grove, was keeping assignation with her than once I had stood face to face with Haj-Ewa, * lover.

the mad queen of the Micosaucs. A pang, like a poisoned arrow, passed through my

Beautiful as she was, I might have felt fear at her beart: Might it be Maümee?'

presence-still worse than fear, I might have been
The unpleasantness which this conjecture caused terrified or awed--the more so on perceiving that her
me is indescribable. I had been all day the victim of necklace was a green serpent; that the girdle around
dire suspicions, arising principally from some half- her waist, that glittered so conspicuously in the light
dozen words, casually dropped from the lips of a of the moon, was the body of an enormous rattlesnake,
young officer, and which I had chanced to overhear. | living and writhing!
They had reference to a beautiful girl among the Yes, both were alive—the smaller serpent wound
Indians, apparently well known at the fort; and I about her neck, with its head resting upon her bosom ;
noticed that the tone of the young fellow was that the more dangerous reptile knotted around her waist,
of one either triumphant or boasting. I listened its vertebrated tail hanging by her side, while its
attentively to every word, and watched not only the head, held in her hand, and protruding through her
countenance of the speaker, but those of his auditory fingers, exhibited a pair of eyes that scintillated like
-to make out in which of the two categories I should diamonds.
place him. His vanity appeared to have had some On the head of Haj-Ewa was no other covering
sacrifice made to it—at least by his own statement; than that which nature had provided for it; but
and his listeners, or most of them, agreed to concede those thick black clusters afforded ample protection
to him the happiness of a bonne fortune. There was against sun and storm. On her feet she wore mocca-
no name given-no bint that would enable me to sins, but these were hidden by the long 'hunna' that
connect the subject of the conversation with that of reached to the ground. This was the only garment
my own thoughts; but that the girl was an Indian, she wore. It was profusely adorned with beads and
and a beauty,' were points, that my jealous heart embroidery-with the bright plumage of the green
almost accepted as sufficient for identification. parroquet-the skin of the summer-duck, and the fur

I might easily have become satisfied. A word, a of various wild animals. It was fastened round her
simple question, would have procured me the know. waist, though not by the girdle already described.
ledge I longed 'for; and yet I dared not say that
word. I preferred passing long hours—a whole day

* Literally, 'crazy wife,' from Hajo, crazy, and Eva or

Awah, wife. Philologists have remarked the resemblance of -upon the rack of uncertainty and suspicion.

this Muscogee word to the Hebraic name of the mother of Thus, then, was I prepared for the painful con- mankind.

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