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*Suppose—what is, however, impossible—that you British crown upon his head-a relic of the American could be permitted to remain here for a few years revolution. But Onopa' was no orator, and waved longer, what would be your condition? This land his right to reply in favour of Hoitle-mattee-his will soon be surveyed, sold to, and settled by the son-in-law. whites. There is now a surveyor in the country. The The latter had the double reputation of being a wise jurisdiction of the gorernment will soon be extended councillor and brave warrior; he was, furthermore, over you. Your laws will be set aside-your chiefs one of the most eloquent speakers in the nation. He will cease to be chiefs. Claims for debt and for your was the prime-minister' of Onopa, and, to carry the negroes would be set up against you by bad white comparison into classic times, he might be styled the men; or you would perhaps be charged with crimes Ulysses of his people. He was a tall
, spare man, of affecting life. You would be hailed before the white dark complexion, sharp aquiline features, and someman's court. The claims and charges would be what sinister aspect. He was not of the Seminole decided by the white man's law. White men would race, but, as he stated himself, a descendant of one be witnesses against you. Indians would not be of the ancient tribes who peopled Florida in the days permitted to give evidence. Your condition in a few of the early Spaniards. Perhaps he was a Yamassee, years would be hopeless wretchedness. You would be and his dark skin would favour this supposition. reduced to abject poverty, and when urged by hunger His powers of oratory may be gathered from his to ask-perhaps from the man who had thus ruined speech: you-for a crust of bread, you might be called an * At the treaty of Moultrie, it was engaged that we Indian dog, and spurned from his presence. For this should rest in peace upon the land allotted to us for reason it is that your “Great Father (!)” wishes to twenty years. All difficulties were buried, and we remove you to the West—to save you from all these were assured that if we died, it should not be by the evils.'
violence of the white man, but in the course of nature. And this language in the face of a former treaty- The lightning should not rive and blast the tree, but that of Camp Moultrie—which guaranteed to the the cold of old age should dry up the sap, and the Seminoles their right to remain in Florida, and the leaves should wither and fall, and the branches drop, third article of which runs thus:
and the trunk decay and die. “The United States will take the Florida Indians * The deputation stipulated at the talk on the under their care and patronage; and will afford them Oclawaha to be sent on the part of the nation, was protection against all persons whatsoever.'
only authorised to examine the country to which it was O tempora, O mores!
proposed to remove us, and bring back its report to The speech was a mixture of sophistry and implied the nation. We went according to agreement, and menace-now uttered in the tones of a petitioner, saw the land. It is no doubt good land, and the fruit anon assuming the bold air of the bully. It was by of the soil may smell sweet, and taste well, and be no means clever—both characters being overdone. healthy, but it is surrounded with bad and hostile
The commissioner felt no positive liostility towards neighbours, and the fruit of bad neighbourhood is the Seminoles. He was indignant only with those chiefs blood that spoils the land, and fire that dries up the who had already raised opposition to his designs, and brook. Even of the horses we carried with us, some one, in particular, he hated; but the principal animus were stolen by the Pawnees, and the riders obliged by which he was inspired, was a desire to do the to carry their packs on their back. You would send work for which he had been delegated—an ambition to us among bad Indians, with whom we could nerer be carry out the wish of his government and nation, and at rest. thus gain for himself credit and glory. At this shrine “When we saw the land, we said nothing; but the he was ready-as most officials are-to sacrifice his agents of the United States made us sign our hands personal independence of thought, with every principle to a paper which you say signified our consent to of morality and honour. What matters the cause so remove, but we considered we did no more than say long as it is the king's? Make it congress' instead we liked the land, and when we returned, the nation of ‘king's, and you have the motto of our Indian would decide. We had no authority to do more. agent.
Your talk is a good one, but my people cannot say Shallow as was the speech, it was not without its they will go. The people differ in their opinions, and effects. The weak and wavering were influenced by must be indulged with time to reflect. They cannot it. The flattering sketch of their new home, with the consent now; they are not willing to go. If their contrasted awful picture of what might be their future tongues say yes, their hearts cry no, and call them condition, affected the minds of many. During that liars. We are not hungry for other lands—why should spring the Seminoles had planted but little corn. The we go and hunt for them? We like our own land, summons of war had been sounding in their ears; we are happy here. If suddenly we tear our hearts and they had neglected seed-time: there would be no from the homes round which they are twined, our harvest-no maize, nor rice, nor yams. Already were heart-strings will snap. We cannot consent to gothey suffering from their improvidence. Even then we will not go!' were they collecting the roots of the China briar,* and A chief of the removal party spoke next. He was the acords of the live-oak. How much worse would be 'Omatla, one of the most powerful of the tribe, and their condition in the winter ?
suspected of an 'alliance' with the agent. His speech It is not to be wondered at that they gave way to was of a pacific character, recommending his red apprehension; and I noticed many whose countenances brothers not to make any difficulty, but to act as bore an expression of awe. Even the patriot chiefs honourable men, and comply with the treaty of the appeared to evince some apprehension for the result. Oclawaha.
They were not dismayed, however. After a short It was evident this chief spoke under restraint. interval, Hoitle-mattee, one of the strongest opponents He feared to shew too openly his partiality for the of the removal, rose to reply. There is no order of plans of the commissioner, dreading the vengeance of precedence in such matters. The tribes liave their the patriot warriors. These frowned upon him as acknowledged orators, who are usually permitted to he stood up, and he was frequently interrupted by express the sentiments of the rest. The head-chief Arpiucki, Coa Hajo, and others. was present, seated in the middle of the ring, with a A bolder speech, expressing similar views, was
delivered by Lusta Hajo (the Black Clay). He added * Smilax pseudo-China. From its roots the Seminoles make the little to the argument; but by his superior daring, conti, a species of jelly-a sweet and nourishing food.
restored the confidence of the traitorous party and the equanimity of the commissioner, who was beginning to tell that he was one: there was that in his look to exhibit signs of impatience and excitement.
and bearing which at once pronounced him a leader of ‘Holata Mico' next rose on the opposite side—a men. mild and gentlemanly Indian, and one of the most His dress was rich, without being frivolous or gay. regarded of the chiefs. I was in ill health, as his His tunic, embraced by the bright wampum sash, hung appearance indicated; and in consequence of this, his well and gracefully; and the close-fitting leggings of speech was of a more pacific character than it might scarlet cloth displayed the perfect sweep of his limbs. otherwise have been; for he was well known to be a His form was a model of strength_terse, well-knit, firm opponent of the removal.
symmetrical. His head was turbaned with a shawl of “We come to deliver our talk to-day. We were all brilliant hues ; and from the front rose three black made by the same Great FATHER; and are all' alike ostrich plumes, that drooped backward over the crown his children. We all came from the same mother; till their tips almost touched his shoulders. Various and were suckled at the same breast. Therefore, we ornaments were suspended from his neck; but one are brothers; and, as brothers, should not quarrel upon his breast was conspicuous. It was a circular and let our blood rise up against each other. If the plate of gold, with lines radiating from a common blood of one of us, by each other's blow, should fall centre. It was a representation of the rising sun. upon the earth, it would stain it, and cry aloud for His face was stained of a uniform vermilion red; vengeance from the land wherever it had sunk, and but despite the levelling effect of the dye, the lineacall down the frown and the thunder of the great ments of noble features could be traced. A wellspirit. I am not well. Let others who are stronger formed mouth and chin, thin lips, a jawbone expressive speak, and declare their minds.'
of firmness, a nose slightly aquiline, a high, broad Several chiefs rose successively and delivered their forehead, with eyes that, like the eagle's, seemed opinions. Those for removal followed the strain of strong enough to gaze against the sun. Omatla and the Black Clay. They were 'Ohala' (the The appearance of this remarkable man produced big warrior), the brothers Itolasse and Charles Omatla, an electric effect upon all present. It was similar to and a few others of less note.
that exhibited by the audience in a theatre on the In opposition to these, spoke the patriots 'Acola,' entrée of the great tragedian for whom they have * Yaha Hajo' (mad wolf), Echa Matta' (the water- been waiting. serpent), 'Poshalla' (the dwarf), and the negro Not from the behaviour of the young chief himself
Abram.' The last was an old 'refugee,' from Pensa- withal right modest—but from the action of the others, cola; but now chief of the blacks living with the I perceived that he was in reality the hero of the hour. Micosauc* tribe, and one of the counsellors of Onopa, The dramatis persone who had already performed their over whom he held supreme influence. He spoke parts were evidently but secondary characters; and English fluently; and at the council-as also that of this was the man for whom all had been waiting. the Oclawaha-he was the principal interpreter on the There followed a movement-a murmur of voicespart of the Indians. He was a pure negro, with the an excited tremor among the crowd-and then, simulthick lips, prominent cheek-bones, and other physical taneously, as if from one throat, was shouted the peculiarities of his race. He was brave, cool, and name: sagacious; and thoughı only an adopted chief, he
OÇEOLA! proved to the last the true friend of the people who had honoured him by their confidence. His speech was brief and moderate; nevertheless, it evinced a firm
CAPTAIN VERSUS CREW. determination to resist the will of the agent.
The traditional sailor has a place only in the meloAs yet, the king' had not declared himself, and to drama. There he rolls about the stage like a graceful him the commissioner now appealed. Onopa was a porpoise, shivering his timbers, and scattering his large, stout man, of somewhat dull aspect, but not money with a feeling of equal benevolence, faithful without a considerable expression of dignity. He was alike to his lass and his grog, and ready at any moment not a man of great intellect, nor yet an orator; and to sink with his ship, to him the Image of a Catholic although the head .mico' of the nation, his influence idolatry, the symbol of love, loyalty, and honour, with the warriors was not equal to that of several | The actual sailor is not so fine an animal by half. chiefs of inferior rank. His decision, therefore, would He is still brave, still fond of battle at the rare time by no means be regarded as definitive, or binding upon he can get it; but the traditions, of which he once the others; but being nominally 'mico-mico' or chief- formed a part, are gone, and the poetical part of his chief, and actually head of the largest clan-the Mico- character is gone with them. The ship is now too saucs-his vote would be likely to turn the scale, one costly for a rough seaman's devotion. Since it canway or the other. If lie declared for the removal, the not be floated about the waters in a bandbox, it patriots might despair.
must be anxiously taken care of, and kept quite There was an interval of breathless silence. The out of the way of rocks, shells, and other marine eyes of the whole assemblage, of both red men and curiosities. The money value of a thing is what white men, rested upon the king. There were only Jack is taught to venerate, and the lesson goes a few who were in the secret of his sentiments; and home to his own business and bosom. His wages how he would decide, was to most of those present a occupy his thoughts, in the way of getting, not spend. matter of uncertainty. Hence the anxiety with which ing; his very grog is to some extent stopped, and they awaited his words.
he gets elevated instead with books; and even his At this crisis a movement was observed among the unthinking lass, disliking the prosaic turn he has people who stood behind the king. They were making taken, deserts him for the song. making shoemaker or way for some one who was passing through their the taproom-haunting tailor. All influences, whether midst. It was evidently one of authority, for the of soul or sense, whether good or bad, work against the crowd readily yielded him passage.
sailor, because they are all jumbled and inconsistent. The moment after, he appeared in front-e young For some time past, a new source of sympathy has warrior, proudly caparisoned, and of noble aspect. been sought to be opened on his behalf. The captain He wore the insignia of a chief; but it needed not this turns out to be a sea-ogre, and the moment the
innocent and unhappy crew are in blue water, they • The Micosauc (Mikosaukee) or tribe of the 'redstick' was the are subjected to all manner of cruelties and tyrannies. largest and most warlike clan of the nation.
It was under the Sometimes they are even driven to mutiny, and meloimmediate government of the head-chief Onopa-usually called Sliconopa.
dramatic Jack, for this enforced infidelity to his salt (water), finishes the voyage in irons. Unluckily, how- all its branches, from plane trigonometry to great ever, as it is now said, the insubordinate spirit of the circle-sailing, and from finding the latitude by a crew goes on all the same, whatever be the character meridian altitude to the longitude by a lunar observ. of the captain ; and in the merchant-service, more ation. He must be able to conduct his ship to all especially, it is described as getting worse every day, parts of the world, and to keep her clear of lee-shores, and that from the most mean and sordid motives. The rocks, shoals, and sand-banks. Many captains are subject is treated incidentally in a pamphlet printed even kept on shore by owners to see a new ship built in Bombay by W. Walker of that city, the object of from keel to top-rail. By this experience, thus gained, which is to examine critically the various descriptions he becomes an adept in applying a remedy when a of goods imported into India from this country.* Mr defect appears. He must be perfectly acquainted with Walker seems to be a man of large experience—an various trades, such as sailmaker, carpenter, cooper, experience,' he tells us, “gathered at sea and on shore, blacksmith, and sometimes cook. As a doctor, he has in the army, in the navy, and the merchant-service, in to prescribe medicines for his crew, and if, like his all quarters of the globe'--and as he has now retired prototype on shore, he kills his patient, as a clergyman into some civil employment connected with ships and he has to read the funeral-service over his remains. merchandise, his testimony is the more trustworthy. He must be thoroughly conversant with the maritime
Our author by no means denies the existence of laws of all nations. Many of them are invested with tyrannical captains, and it would be absurd to do so. the full duties of the merchant, in which capacity he Why should there not be tyrants at sea as well as on has to exhibit the care and cunning of the lawyer in shore ? Why should there not be tyrants in ships drawing charter-parties, bills of lading, &c. He is as well as in barracks, warehouses, and mills? Mr supposed to be a kind and humane man, slow to anger, Walker, however, denies that salt water breeds more and of great command of temper; he must on no ogres than solid land. He says that in the course of account ever allow himself to be so irritated as to lift his own multifarious experience, he never met with his hand (be the provocation ever so great) against more than one cruel captain, and he was in the navy; one of his crew. So sure as he does, the poor ill-treated and that he never heard from man or boy he sailed (and insolent) sailor gets public sympathy, and a with that he had ever experienced much rougher reward for his conduct; while the brutal captain gets fortune.' Public sympathy and public indignation are either a heavy fine or imprisonment, or both, and awakened, then, by exceptional cases which, occurring public censure, for his conduct, without any considerat sea, and in the peculiar community thrown together ation as to the heavy responsibility, anxiety, and in a ship, have a strong and strange interest of their own. frequent difficulty of governing unruly crews.'
It was thought that the Mercantile Marine Act of What is the difficulty of governing unruly crews ? 1850 had defined and protected the respective rights Is it not looked to in the Mercantile Marine Act? To of captains and seamen ; but the puzzling thing is, this extent—that insolence or contemptuous language that it is precisely since then that the semi-mutinous or behaviour to the master or any mate, is punishable conduct of the crew has grown to the worst, while the by a fine of one day's pay; and striking or assaulting bearing of the officers has become more refined and any person on board, two days' pay. An unruly sailor, gentlemanly. We would suggest in explanation, that therefore, is kept in check by the knowledge that he the difference may be merely that of education—that cannot indulge in pummelling his captain at a smaller the officers understand their position, while the more expense than three shillings and fourpence. When the ignorant men abuse their advantages, since they captain imposes the fine, he is obliged to enter the enjoy them in spite of their superiors. But a more crime in the log-book, call the offender into the cabin, alarming change is behind. 'Not only has the conduct and read the entry to him. This is still more injurious of the seamen deteriorated,' says Mr Walker, but to discipline than the inadequacy of the punishment; they are deficient in seamanship as compared with for it shews the ruffian that nothing is trusted to the sailors of ten or fifteen years ago, and to an extent captain, that his displeasure is of no consequence, which is quite startling to old-salts. I do not exag- except in the literal matter of the three shillings and gerate in putting forward these opinions. I feel sourpence. The captain is thus reduced to a state of confident that the truth can be vouched for by many helplessness: he has no power like him of the navy to foremast hands themselves, and certainly by all com- enforce his orders; and he is deprived by the laws of manders of ships now serving, as well as those who the prestige which formerly served as his protection. have retired from a maritime life.'
The Mutiny Act, for extreme cases, is the sole guard One cause of this unhappy change seems to be the of life and ship. partial abandonment of the apprenticeship system-a Melodramatic Jack is content and ready to sink system which is no longer compulsory. “It is but just with his ship whenever her time comes; but actual to observe that many shipowners were far-sighted Jack has no ship in particular to sink with. He enough not to avail themselves of this privilege, as changes every voyage, if he can, and gets up a row to they probably well knew that unless they trained accomplish it. The modern merchant-sailor slips in a sealads they would fall off in the number of seamen to vessel for a foreign port, and as soon as cables are man their ships. This has now come to pass; and the unbent and anchors stowed, he is ready for his game captains of ships are loud in their complaints as to the of insolent insubordination, with a view to his diswant of seamanship in men who now unblushingly charge and re-entry into some other service that may enter ships as able seamen, and when they get to sea the captivate his vagrant fancy. If he can find no fault captain finds they are unable to take the helm, or a with the captain, and if the ship is unexceptionable, he cast of the lead. The apprentice system, thus left to has recourse to the bad-provision dodge; and in some the discretion of the shipowners, has officered our ships; cases he is known to have himself tampered with the or, as Mr Walker expresses it, 'has found a captain articles complained of to gain a verdict. But money for every one of the splendid fleet of merchant-ships is the grand motive for leaving his ship. When a (100 sail) now in our harbour' (Bombay). And what seaman enters this port, and learns that, whilst he is are the qualifications demanded in these captains, working for L.2, 108. a month, the wages given out of requiring the development of apprenticeship? A Bombay is L.4, he braces up his mind for a row, refusal captain is required to be well versed in navigation in to do duty, and their consequent penalties—the shadiest
wall lounge of the House of Correction, where he can
smoke the calumet of peace without its moral binding * Facts for Factories; being Letters on Practical Subjects, suggested by Experiences in Bumbay. Printed at the Education conditions. This costs him but a trifle of the wages Society's Press, Byculla. 1857.
due to him, and when the pleasant incarceration is expired, he finds no difficulty in shipping anew at an marvellous day. The brazen colossus at Rhodes is improved rate of wages. It is no wonder that we read, not more outdone by the Victoria Bridge, than is as a corollary from all this, that • American captains Wonderful Walker' by the modern phenomenon, 'a will not have anything to do with the modern Englislı Lancashire incumbent? merchant-seaman if they can help it. They hunt out
Within the last two years, a great newspaper had the quiet Belgian, and orderly Dane or Norwegian.'
All this, we repeat, is very alarming, even if we roundly charged the English clergy with gross neglimake every possible deduction on the score of that gence and laxity in carrying out the objects of their exaggeration men are frequently betrayed into when mission among the people. We are not going to advocating a theory. An evil, however, brought about introduce here any discussion as to the justice of this in the course of a few years is not irremediable. charge: all we shall say is, that it evoked a reply There is good stuff in the seaman to work upon yet; from a correspondent, who signed himself as above, and we would point to his conduct in the Crimea and giving a report of his work within the year then past; in India as evidence of his value even on shore. It and that the same Incumbent has again sent in his is for this reason we lend our aid to draw attention to compte rendu at the close of 1857-on which document the heavy charge made against him, that it may lead I propose to offer a few observations. to investigation and reform.
Altogether apart from the special calling of the Mr Walker advises a general return to the appren- writer, this letter of the incumbent is a highly ticeship system ; and not only that, but the establish- instructive study to professional young men of every ment in every naval port of a training-ship for boys sort. The first lesson which is taught by the fact By this means, we should have abundance of well- that such a vast amount of work may be done by one trained orderly seamen in readiness for any emergency, man in a certain time, is, that the mainspring of such instead of having 'to man our Baltic fleet with 'long- successful exertion must be regularity, and a systeshore riffraff, the spawn of unsuccessful gold-diggers, matic division and employment of time. The second tempered by a few good and orderly seamen from the is, that monotony of labour must be avoided; for a Coast-guard, torn from domestic homes and ties. On change of occupation will often afford recreation as board ship he would have the officers repress by every resting and effectual as idleness itself. means in their power the filthy and blasphemous "I am still the incumbent of a new parish in language which is the vernacular of the sea, and like a large town; and attached to my own church, which wise endeavour to get the men to wear cleaner skins is one of forty within the borough limits, there and clothes ; since nothing brutalises the mind more is a population of 8500.' 'I reside a mile and a than dirty skins and dirty language. Fresh water quarter from my church and schools. During the should be provided, when possible, for ablution and year, I was absent on business connected with public clothes-washing. Divine service should be performed objects, 18 days; was unwell-including a fortnight's every Sunday, when the weather permits. By means detention from an accident-26; was kept in the of the American plan of deck-houses, the crew should house by bad weather, 4; and took 29 holidays. This be emancipated from the dark dungeon of the forecastle. leaves 288 to be accounted for, of which I was in the Great ingenuity is displayed in making berths for parish on duty, on 168 separate days, 249 times.' emigrants when a government commands it. Why I have made 1036 visits to the people in their should the owner not command the like conveniences houses, independent of calls on the sick, and others of for the crews of his ships--the winners of his fortune?' an incidental kind. I have preached 121 sermons, of In fine, the captains themselves should be informed which 21 were in other churches-namely, 3 for that it is mean and dishonest to give the ruffians and schools and charities, 3 for religious societies, and 15 bullies of the ship, when the crew are paid off-which in exchange or aid.' they generally do, either from easiness of character Such is the summary of work done on those 288 or fear of revenge—a V. G. (very good) certificate. days, including the 52 Sabbaths, which must have Without this certificate, no merchant-captain would demanded no small share of mental as well as bodily employ them ; but the registrar might give our vigour, no less than a very systematic method of repudiated man a hint that the Regenerator frigate, proceeding. One would feel disposed to say that little Captain Cure'em, would enter his name on her books, or no more than this could have been done in the and no questions asked. He would then learn to time, and that all relaxation in the enjoyment of crack his biscuit, and live like a good seaman--or society, or application to reading, except so far as taste the
This suggestion might be carried connected with sermon-producing, must have been out to-morrow, and would work silently and with altogether impracticable. But our incumbent is no less certain success.'
a wonder in these respects than in the others. We are informed in a subsequent paragraph, that'he partook
of the hospitality of friends on 165 separate days;' A LANCASHIRE INCUMBENT.
and in this very sensible and necessary relaxation, we It is an old saying, and a true one, that no one knows may probably find, even on physiological grounds, the what he can do till he tries. I am quite sure that secret of his extraordinary endurance. A man requires powers, of vast capability if called into action, are his play as well as a boy. The overtaxed mind must suffered to lie dormant, either because their possessor circumstances it is absolutely necessary to mental and
be relieved as well as the wearied body; and in certain may not be aware of their existence, or of his own bodily health that we should be drawn out of ourselves, ability to use them with effect. I remember to have and forced to relax our grasp upon anxious and somewhere met with an account of a clergyman, in depressing thoughts and cares, in a way which only the English lake district, who was called 'Wonderful cheerful society can effect. The body may indeed Robert Walker, from the astonishing quantity of rest in the easy-chair or the comfortable bed, but the work he contrived to get through in a given period. mind will not do so. This quiet and repose are only He was the doctor, the accountant, the schoolmaster, more favourable to the indulgence of the prevalent as well as the minister of his parish. He was also a
and absorbing idea of the time, and in cheerful, inno
cent society alone lies the remedy for overwork and mechanic-of-all-work; and his pew in church was lined
anxiety. with cloth spun and woven, I believe, by his own If the reader imagines that we have got to the end hands. But this ancient wonder is, like many others, of our incumbent's labours, with the (probably) 3000 quite superseded by some occurring in our to 4000 house-to-house visits mentioned above, and
all the other details which accompany them, he is hear: 'I have occupied myself at intervals with greatly mistaken.
mechanical duties, which may be described as amateur Within a year or two, a sum of over L.10,000 has book binding.' been raised for schools and other parochial purposes, There, reader, is a man for you! I know of nothing and all the heavy and complicated machinery con- to compare with him, either on sea or land, but one nected with this branch of duty has been set agoing. wliom I had thought the “inimitable' Dr Livingstone. This alone would have seemed enough for one man's It is true that this latter personage, with the true work, taking men in general as our standard; but modesty of greatness, says that he is but a man. I there is still more to be told of the labours of 1857. can only reply, that to be a man after the fashion of
• During the year,' again writes our author, • I have the heroic doctor and our Lancashire incumbent, is been honorary secretary to four religious societies, and to be one in no ordinary sense of the term. This to a fifth wliose operations terminate with the year. paper may fall under the observation of more than Of two of these, the duties were merely nominal, but one before whom a professional career, no matter of in two others they required very great attention. what sort, is just opening out, and whose success I am chairman of one permanent committee, and must depend mainly upon bis courage, activity, treasurer of two; and during the year, I attended 221 integrity of heart and purpose, and self-reliance. Let meetings. Now, keeping in mind the occupations such a one read over at his leisure, again and again, already specified, I would direct attention to the the details given above; let him observe how much diligence which could still find time for attending may be done by determining that it shall be done, and the meetings of these societies, and managing their by the force of an indomitable will; let him underaffairs and finances. Many industrious men might stand the value of time well laid out and carefully have found even this last department of labour quite divided ; and although he may very naturally despair as much as they could manage ; but taken in a of equalling the very extraordinary achievements of cumulative sense, along with what had gone before, this striking exemplar, he will attain all the more we feel quite astounded; and are disposed at length for studying and aiming at a really high standard of to say with uplifted hands and eyes : 'Ohe jam satis !! excellence.
No such thing! Full as the list may appear to It must be allowed that a clergyman's life admits of unpractised eyes, there are in the capabilities of this a variation in employment which cannot be obtained man, some portions still unoccupied, a corner or two in other professions. The example is, therefore, chiefly into which some small odds and ends' of employ- valuable to the clerical brethren of the incumbent, ment may still be packed. Listen once more: “The who can, like him, vary the modus operandi at pleasure, avoidance of meetings, especially in the evenings, has provided that within a certain time a required result increased my time for intellectual pursuits. I have be produced. read about ninety volumes on various subjects, exclu. The principle, however, which may be educed from sive of pamphlets, reviews, &c. I have also written a consideration of this remarkable case is one of the five magazine articles, three short papers for learned utmost value, and of universal application. As such, I societies, twelve articles of a more fugitive character, heartily commend it to the careful study and conscienon literature, science, and education; and an elaborate tious imitation of my younger readers, whose characters paper of instructions for my teachers on the subjects and professional habits may still be in a great measure of school-organisation and discipline. I have made unformed, and who may be on that account within twenty-one speeches, and delivered nine public lec- reach of its salutary influence. If we cannot do all tures, besides editing a pamphlet of about ninety we would, let us determine to do all we can. pages in extent, and, with some assistance, an important volume of 300 pages. But the most tedious intellectual operation was the construction of two
D'ABORD DU MER. ethnological maps of a kind wholly new, and from materials which are common and accessible in every county in the kingdom. Each of them required a
Along the shore, along the shore minute analysis of about 20,000 facts, yet any of
I see the wavelets meeting, the numerous details indicated may be tested in an
But thee I see-ah, nevermore, instanti'
For all my wild heart's beating. This paragraph shews that an active mind may be
The little wavelets come and go; lodged in an active body, and that local and corporeal. mobility of a very unusual kind may be associated
The sea of life ebbs to and fro, with mental activity no less remarkable.
Advancing and retreating : But, reader, we have yet more to tell; one more
But from the shore, the steadfast shore, short extract will bring us to the end of this tot, et
The sea is parted never : tanta, negotia.
And mine I hold thee evermore You will say that, in whatever way we are to
For ever and for ever. account for the performance within the year, and even within 288 days of it, of so much physical and intel
Along the shore, along the shore lectual labour, along with the 165 separate days on
I hear the waves resounding, which the claims of social relaxation were attended to,
But thou wilt cross them nevermoro this would, at the least, entail a necessity for a very
For all my wild heart's bounding. snail-like power of staying at home. Again, I say, no
The moon comes out above the tide, such thing. You would further suppose that epistolary
And quiets all the waters wide correspondence, which, in a small way, so many of us
Her pathway bright surrounding: find it hard enough to get through from day to day,
As on the shore, the dreary shore, could find no place in these herculean labours. Listen,
I walk with vain endeavour ; then, once more: ‘My correspondence has extended
I have thy love's light evermore, to 1200 letters. I have visited Wales three times;
For ever and for ever. Ireland, twice; the Isle of Man, once; and London and Oxford, once!'
Now, with all this, should you have supposed that Printed and Published by W. & R. CHANBEBS, 47 Paternoster there was any room for mechanical occupations within
Row, Londos, and 339 High Street, EDINBURGH. Also sold by
WILLIAM ROBERTSON, 23 Upper Sackville Street, DUBLIN, and al doors ? Allow me one more last word,' and you shall Booksellers,
FROM A FRENCH SONG.