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convey letters between Napoleon, in the isFRANCE.—The Paris papers of the 28th land of Elba, and his friends in France, December contain a report of the trial of but the authenticity of this letter was disGeneral Savary, Duke of Rovigo, who was credited by witnesses. Savary proved, by in 1816 condemned to death before the first the testimony of several persons, his unwilCouncil of War, for contempt of Court, in lingness to accept of the place offered to not making his appearance. The original him by Napoleon, and that he never fulfil. charges against this officer werc, first, for led the duties annexed to it until the 25th having betrayed the king, in accepting any of March. It was stated by M. Dupin, place under Bonaparte before the 23d of the advocate for the prisoner, that after the March ; whereas he had on the 20th been battle of Waterloo, Savary followed the nominated to fill the office of Inspector-Ge- fortunes of Bonaparte, and embarked with neral of the Gendarmerie; and second, for him on board the Bellerophon, but being having, by secret manæuvres, I by means arrested as a prisoner of state, he was conof criminal intelligence, facilitated the re- veyed to Malta. After a considerable lapse turn of Bonaparte to France. A letter of time, he was resolved to proceed to Papurporting to be written by Savary, and ris, to purge his contempt, and in his dan. bearing his signature, was read, to prove gerous journey from Hamburgh to Paris, his having appointed a Doctor Renault to he was escorted by a young English officer,

whose conduct in this respect was warmly of August. General Barnes, who has been eulogized by M. Dupin, and compared to appointed to succeed Governor Brownrigg that of Sir Robert Wilson, Captain Hut in the Governorship of that island, arrived chinson, and Mr Bruce, when they mag. at Columbo the end of July; The natives Danimously saved the life of Lavalette. were turning their attention to the cultiva. The Council of War, atter a short delibera. tion of the island, and there seemed to be tion, acquitted the Duke de Rovigo of the no prospect of the tranquillity of the colony two charges, and immediately ordered that being disturbed. he should be set at liberty.

New South Wales.- A letter from A circular has been addressed by the Sydney, dated July 23, 1819, speaks in Minister of War, the Marquis de Latour very high terms of the increasing prospeMaubourg, to all the Generals of Division rity of the colony, and from which we exand Colonels, stating that he has received tract the following passages :—" The nainformation of seditious addresses having tives continue very harmless ; the Goverbeen disseminated among the troops in gar- nor has established a school for the native rison, for the purpose of seducing them children, which succeeds well, though sevefrom their duty.

ral of their parents are averse to bring their SPAIN.- Extract of a letter from Ma- children to receive the benefits of education, drid.-—" The terrific proceedings of the in- lest it should be intended as a means of enquisition still go on. Under the false pre- slaving them afterwards ; at least so they text of freemasons and schismatic and li. endeavour in their uncouth manner to make bertine philosophers, enlightened men who you understand. The children are every have rendered the most important services Christmas regaled with pudding and beef, in defence of their country's freedom, are and rewarded according to their improveDow immured in the dungeons of that tri ment in writing, reading, drawing, &c. bunal. The Count de Montijo, a grandce, These aborigines are a strange people; there and late captain-general of Grenada, has is yet but little known of their customs ; been sent from his military prison to con- they certainly believe in a good and evil finement in the inquisition of Santiago de spirit, of which latter they are most terribly Galicia, one of the worst in Spain, and his fearful. You would be surprised at the brother, the Count de Teva, has also been hardihood with which they bear the most conseyed away, it is supposed, for a similar dreadful blows; when any one of them purpose. It was the latter who spread so has committed murder, or any other great much enthusiasm in the country at the time offence, he is sentenced to stand punishof our glorious revolution. Senor Mariav, ment; this is performed by the culprit, fur. ex-president of the Cortes, Don Luis de nished cnly with a shield, standing in the Avila, Manuel Calderon, Miguel Dandeya, centre of a piece of ground, and before a Dr Cecilia, and several others, are confined certain number of his tribe, who are to in the inquisition of Grenada, and great throw so many clubs, or I should rather apprehensions are entertained for their safe. say spears, at him, which if he can ward off,

so as to escape with life, he is pardoned. The last accounts from Cadiz state that The natives also begin now to have a little the yellow fever had entirely disappeared. more sense of decency, and feel the proITALY.-Intelligence froin Naples states, priety of clothing. A light-house has just that during the night of the 15th Novem- been finished, and is considered a mastera i ber, a tremendous tempest was experienced piece of its kind ; it is 353 feet from the there, to which succeeded a terrific erup- sea, and the light is discoverable at a distion of Mount Vesuvius, which continued tance of eight leagues. Three churches to vomit torrents of lava throughout the are to be built ; the design of one to be following day ; but happily its direction erected at Sydney is to be forwarded to does not give cause of aların to the adja. England; it is to be in the Gothic style. cent country.

A gentleman here is building a magnificent GERMANY.–From all parts of this em- house, containing a banqueting room, 36 pire, afflicting accounts have been received feet in length, having a double row of pil. of mischief done by the inundations oc; lars of the Grecian order; and I assure casioned by the melting of the snow, and you our town begins to wear a very rethe heavy falls of rain, which they have spectable appearance.” recently experienced. Twice in 24 hours the Necker rose 15 feet in height, and the

AFRICA. Rhine 8 feet. The mails between Munich CAPE OF Good Hope.Extract of a and Augsburgh have been stopped ; and letter dated Cape Town, Oct. 16, 1819. the courier from Frankfort to Nuremberg - Advices have been received from had not arrived for two days.

Graham's Town, stating, that Lieutenant

Colonel Willshire, with the force under ASIA.

his command, crossed the Keiskamma on CEYLON.-Letters from this island have the 10th ult. ; and having passed the Buf. been received to the recent date of the 3d falo River on the 14th, had driven the Caf.


fres beyond the Kay. The result of the claration which the Minister of the United last movement has been, the capture of States had been ordered to present, when 30,000 head of cattle, the destruction of he should deliver the ratification by his several of the enemy, and the clearing of Government: and it is further alleged, the country embraced by the line of opera- that this (the American) Government had tions from the hostile Caffres. Hinsa lost recently tolerated or protected an expedition no time in communicating with the Lieu- from the United States to the province of tenant-Colonel, and the 23d ultimo had Texas." been fixed for an interview between them. The declaration is explained by the PreAs information had reached Graham's sident to refer to certain grants of land in Town of the return of Lieutenant-Colonel the Floridas ; with respect to which it was Willshire to the Banks of the Gwanga, thought proper to declare, that though all there can be no doubt that the arrange- grants made by the Spanish Government ment concluded with Hinsa at the intend. before the Treaty, should be held valid : ed interview had been satisfactory. It is all made subsequently should be deemed also known, that the chief Congo had sur void. rendered to a party under the command of The expedition to Texas is stated to furMajor Fraser and Captain Somerset; thus, nish as little pretext, since it was notoriously of the three principal Caffre leaders, two undertaken against the wishes of the are in captivity; and although the third, American Government. The Message then "TSambie, has succeeded in making his procecds to call the non-ratification - a escape to the niountains, he is so complete- new and very serious injury," addiug, that, ly a fugitive, so totally abandoned by his “ by this proceeding, Spain has formed a followers, and so rednced, as well in real relation between the two countries, which strength as in influence, that his mere ex. will justify any measures on the part of the istence becomes a matter of second iry im. United States, which a strong sense of inportance."

jury, and a proper regard for the rights and

interests of the nation, may dictate.” And AMERICA.

in conclusion, “ From a full view of these UNITED STATES.-On the 6th Decem- circumstances, it is submitted to the conber the Congress of the United States as- sideration of Congress, whether it will not sembled, and on the following day the Pre- be proper for the United States to carry the sident's message was delivered in the usual conditions of this Treaty into effect, in the forms. It commences by announcing the same manner as if it had been ratified by forward state of the public works ; proceeds Spain-claiming on their part all its adto lament the ravages of disease in some of vantages, and yielding to Spain all those the provinces, the commercial distresses of secured to her.” the Union, and the deficient returns of the As Spain, however, has proposed to send late harvest; adding, however, as topics of a Minister to explain, it is suggested that consolation under each of these afflictions no immediate measures of hostility should respectively, that the pestilence had disap. be adopted, and that any law passed should peared; that the country was rapidly re be but contingent. It is also proposed covering from its commercial embarrass- that additional laws should be adopted, to ments; and that the agricultural produce enforce still further a neutrality on the of the year, though unequal to that of other part of all American subjects in the con. seasons, was still abundantly adequate to test between Spain and her colonies. The the supply of the States, and would even President ends this topic by congratulating leave a considerable surplus for exporta. Congress upon the circumstance that France tion.

and Great Britain are favourable to the raThe President next adverts to the sub- titication of the Florida Treaty ; and that ject of the Florida Treaty ; and, after dis- the Emperor Alexander is believed to encussing at length the mutual claims and tertain similar sentiments. rights of the two countries, and, of course, The message then regrets, that the com. conclucling in the inference, that the States mercial arrangements with Great Britain, are fully entitled to the cession of the pro- relative to the West India and Canadian vinces in question, the President states the Trade, which have been so long under nedelay of the ratification to have been ac- gotiation, are not yet satisfactorily conclud. counted for by Spain, at first by a pretend. ed; and suggests, that new prohibitory ed necessity for explanation on certain laws will probably be necessary to enforce points ; and, after the American Minister them. Adding, however, that nothing is at Madrid had declared himself authorised likely to disturb the perfectly amicable and prepared to furnish any explanation disposition now subsisting between the required" It was alleged by the Minis- countries. The President also states, that ter of Spain, that this (the American) Go. a friendly Sovereign has been named by vernment had attempted to alter one of the the American government, as an umpire principal articles of the Treaty, by a de- to adjust the existing commercial differen


ces. The remaining part of the message casionally acting in the other three, is the relates to the Financial concerns of the famous General Guadaloupe Victoria, and States, which are not in a very tourish- his second in command, Don Jose Vergara, ing condition.

who, with their little army, have long BRITISH AMERICA.—Halifax papers to braved the efforts of the Spaniards. Their the 5th Deceinber inform us, the Karl of parties being nearly all mounted, and comDalhousie had received his appointment to posed of the hardy and enduring natives, be Governor General of his Majesty's do they keep their enemies in continual motion, minions in North America, in the room of harass and cut off their detachments, fol. the late Duke of Richmond. Lieutenant. lowing up a perfect guerilla system, for General Sir James Kempt succeeds the whicii habitually, as well as from the naEarl of Dalhousie as Governor of Nova ture of their country, they are so well suit. Scotia.

ed. By this means, having their secret Advices from Halifax, of the 18th Nov. and sworn friends every where, they keep state, that on the Ilth of that moath, the up a line of communication from the northNaval Hospital in that town was consumed crn coast of Vera Cruz to the Pacific, in an by fire, owing to the carelessness of' o!.e of extent of more than 209 leagues. General the nurses, who unhappilv fell a vietiin to Victoria occupies a territory in which are the flames. Fortunately there was but one the mines of i'a huca, Moran, Real de patient in the hospital, and he escape. Monte, and Potosi, the latter called so The loss is estimated at 48,003 dollars. after the rich mineral ridge of that name

WEST INDIES.-Letters from Jamaica, belonging to the provinces of Buenos dated 230 October, state, that the sickness Ayres. Guadalope Victoria is a younger with which that island had been visited brother of the Marquis of the same name, Fas more severe than any experienced and belongs to one of the richest families during the last twenty years. Its effucts in Mexico. He is active and zealous, and among the troops had been very great, the personal dangers he has frequently run both in officers and privates. Nineteen of are beyond beliet. the former, exclusive of their wives and Several of the chiefs, who, in consequence families

, are represented as having become of the critical situation in which they were sacrifices to its violence. In the family of placed, had availed themselves of the royal ad officer belonging to the 50th regiment, pardon, have again taken up arms, and aconsisting of nine individuals, seven have mong them is i'ena. Some few of the Offi. dial! The loss in non-commissioned and cers who followed the unfortunate Mina were rank and file is said to amount to 500 men. scattered among the guerilla parties. We Very fortunately, the rainy season had must, however, confess that, notwithstandcommenced, by which the atmosphere was ing the spirit of hostility to Spain, and a greatly cooled, and the most sanguine ex. determination to be free, still prevails in a pectations were entertained of the island considerable portion of New Spain, and being again speedily restored to its former will be kept alive by the activity of deter. state of health.

mined partizans, it cannot for the present STATE OF Mexico.-By advices re. lead to any result approaching the down. ceived by the circuitous route of Cape fall of Spanish power in that important Horn, it appears that the cause of Mexican region, owing to a variety of rcasons, aindependence is far from being in that mong which is the want of arms and eledesperate state in which the official accounts ments of war. The Spaniards have always from the Viceroy, for the last two years, possessed the points of maritiine communi25 published in the Madrid Gazette, repre- cation, hence have they been able amply to sent it to be. In Mexico, the clergy have supply themselves, while the Patriots have always been foremost in the revolution, had no other weapons than those they and frequently commanded divisions, and could wrest from their enemy on the field We now hear of Father Torres with 3000 of battle. Thus will the emancipation of men, and the rich cacique, Bautista, under Mexico be the last part of that grand work, bim, with 2000 more.

The Patriot Go- fast operating in Spanish Columbia. The Feroment, it appears, resides in the moun revolution there cannot assume any decided tainous parts of what is called La Tierra feature till the governments of the other Calicute, on the coast of the Pacific, be- sections have completed their libours, or treen Valladolid and New Galicia, where till it suits the policy of the United States the mountains are inaccessible to the Spa- to improve and avail themselves of that poniards, and well fortified. The Patriots pular feeling which the agents of Spain have their partizans in every part of the have been unable to extinguish, either with kingdom, and enjoy a complete ascendancy the bayonet, axe, or insincere pledges of in the provinces of Guanaxoato, Queretaro, royal pardon. and the northern parts of those of Mexico, NEW GRANADA.-Letters which have La Puebla, and Vera Cruz. In the two been received from Angostura, dated 14th first are three brothers of the name of October, mention, that, with the exception Ortiz, with considerable divisions, and oc- of Carthagena, which is besieged, the whole

of New Granada is in the power of the in- New Granada, to the westward of the Guif dependent troops. The royal forces hav. of Maracaibo. The place was gained ing been concentrated for the protection of though with the loss of nearly one-third of Lima, the whole country had been deprived the troops, and lost after a very few days, of its garrisons, and there were therefore 'when hardly one of them escaped the edge no troops left to oppose the progress of the of the sword. The Commander-in-Chief invading force.

remained on board his ship until after the Another Disgraceful Failure by M'Gre first action ended, and betook himself again gor.-By accounts from Jamaica, it ap to sea before the second began, Diever har. pears that the adventurer M'Gregor has ing seen blood drawn, nor heard a shot in another expedition failed no less dis. fired throughout the whole expedition. gracefully than he did formerly at Porto. Eight cfficers, including Colonel Norcott, bello. With 200 men, the remnant of abandoned their unworthy leader at Rio de more than 1200 English soldiers, who had la Hache, and published the statement of mostly perished through hunger or disease, these occurrences as a protest against the M'Gregor sailed from Aux Cayes on the conduct of M Gregor, and an exposure of 1st October, for Rio de la Hiache, a town of his character and pretensions to the world.


PRESERVATION OF THE PEACE.On have also undergone considerable modifica. the 30th December, the Newspapers tion. The amount of the security which Stamp Duties bill, and the Blasphemous it was first proposed to exact from printers, and Seditious Libels bill, the two last of or publishers, was originally L. 500—the the measures proposed by ministers for the printer himselt giving security to this expreservation of the tranquillity of the coun tent, and finding other two securities for a try, having passed after lengthened discus. like sum. This sum of L. 500 is now in sions, received the royal assent, and both be reduced to L. 300, and in London and houses adjourned to the 15th of February. its vicinity, and in the country, the sum of

In the course of the debates to which L. 200 is only to be required. The act is these measures gave rise, in the House of contined to such periodical works as are Lords, the Duke of Atholl, and the Lord published within successive periods of 26 Chancellor, severally communicated on the days, so that all montily and quarterly pub27th the gratifying intormation, that eve lications will be freed from its operation. ry part of the country which had been late A special clause in the bill also exempts ly agitated, was rapidly returning to a state “all Parliamentary forms, acts of State, and of tranquillity that promised to be perma Orders in Council ; papers ordered to be nent. This happy change in the temper printed by either House of Parliament; of the disturbed districts, the noble speak- books used in schools, and works of piety ; ers attributed to the powers with which the weekly accounts ; state of the markets ; new laws have armed the magistracy, and reports of the arrival and sailing of merchant the manifestation of loyalty which recent vessels, and generally all ship papers." circumstances have called forth in every BREACH OF PRIVILEGE.-On the 13th, district of the three kindoms ;-a combi- the House of Commons ordered John nation of moral and physical energy more Cam Hobhouse, Esq. to be committed to than sufficient to appal the boldest treason. Newgate, for a breach of its privileges.

The two last mentioned bills were warm. The offence was contained in a pamphlet, ly opposed by several members in the House written by Mr Hobhouse, in which he disof Commons and in consequence of this respectfully advised the Commons to be and of petitions from the booksellers in put out by the ears, and the keys of the London, Edinburgh, and other places, Honourable House to be thrown into the pointing out the hazards to which they Thames. Mr Hobhouse was taken into would be exposed in carrying on their trade, custody next day by the Deputy Serjeantprovided the Libel bill should pass into a at-Arms, under the following circumstanlaw in its then form, Lord Castlereagh, to ces:- He was, with his friend Mr Michael meet the views of the pet.tioners, propos. Bruce, at No. 1, Now Street, Spring ed that the punishment of banishment Gardens, about six o'clock in the evening, should be substituted for that of transpor when a messenger of the House of Com. tation, where a second offence was com mons, acting as Deputy Serjeant-at-Arms, mitted ; and that if the convicted party made his appearance, and produced the returned from banishment, he should then Speaker's warrant as his authority for takonly be liable to the punishment of trans- ing Mr Hobhouse in to custody. Mr Hobportation.

house said he considered the warrant to be The provisions of the stamp duties bill illegal; and the tribunal which had con

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