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Vesuvius.-About the end of last July, M. de Gimbernat, a Spanish gentleman, taking occasion from some interruptions, was enabled to explore the crater of Vesuvius. No sooner had a lava just vomited by the volcano cooled, than the traveller, who is one of the Spanish literati in physics, &c. proceeded upon it, till he came near a new pit or orifice just opened, with a tremendous noise and explosion. The bottom seemed to be agitated with a hurricane; a great number of small peaks or conical elevations were formed within the new aperture. From it issued torrents of sulphureous vapours, and also masses of lava, so that M. de Gimbernat was not able long to maintain his dangerous position. The thick soles of his shoes were entirely burnt through by the first layer of lava, which retained thirty-five degrees of heat.

renaica, and other countries almost inaccessible to isolated travellers or small parties, by joining himself to a little army of the Pacha of Tripoli. His narrative, in the form of letters, together with a collection of plants gathered in his travels, have been forwarded to Dr Viviant, professor of natural history and botany in the University of Genoa, who has charge of the publication. The work will shortly appear at Genoa, with three plates descriptive of the geography, antiquities and other interesting objects of Africa.

Travels in Africa.-Doctor Della Cella had lately an opportunity of traversing, in Africa, the regions of the Pentapolis, Cy.

Cataracts.-M. the Baron de Zach, in his periodical Journal, at Genoa, remarks on the cataract of Riukan-Fossen, previously known, but only lately made public and described, that it is inferior to a waterfall in the Pyrenees, at a place known by the name of Le Cirque de Marboré, which, from the measurements of Messrs Vidal and Reboul, is of 1256 feet; whereas the Norwegian cataract does not exceed 800 feet.

Switzerland.-Mount Rosa.-In the month of August 1819, M. the curate of Gressoney, with a few others, scaled the ascent of Mount Rosa, having previously supplied themselves with instruments proper for making observations. The height of its summit was determined at 2320 toises above the level of the sea. The great platform of Mount Rosa forms an immense glacier, and the party have given it the name of the Sea of Ice. It is crested with a number of needles or sharp-pointed peaks, the chief of which are to the number of twenty. The one which these travellers ascended was not the most elevated, and they were not a little surprised to discover other mountains of an extraordinary height rising above this elevation.

Russia. The under Librarian Gneditsch at St Petersburg has lately made a translation of Homer into Russian Hexameters. Since the year 1814, Plutarch's Lives, Aulus Gellius, and Cornelius Nepos, have also been translated into the Russian language.

It is stated in a German Journal, published at Leipsic, that the Emperor of Russia has prohibited the introduction of all Carlile's publications into the Russian domis nions.

New Expeditions.-M. the Count de Ro, manzow is projecting, at his own charges, two new expeditions, one of which is to set out from Tehouktches, so as to pass over the solid ice, from Asia to America, to the north of Behring's Strait, at the point where Cook and Kotzebue were stopped. The other is intended to ascend one of the rivers which disembogue on the western coast, in Russian America, in order to penetrate into the unknown tracts that lie between Icy Cape and the River Mackenzie.

Northern Languages.-M. the Professor Rask, of Copenhagen, author of a Memoir

dents.

on the origin of the Northern Languages, ed for the accommodation of the stu-
recently crowned by the Academy of Co-
penhagen, is at this time traversing Asiatic
Russia, to make inquiries respecting the
languages of its various inhabitants, and
their connection with the Sclavonian and
German. He intends afterwards to pro-
ceed by Mount Caucasus and Persia, into
India, beyond the Ganges. The term of
his travelling tour to be three years.

Africa Soup from a species of Curabus. -There is now in Senegal, and along a great part of the coast of Africa, a species of carabus, which the negroes can reduce to a composition that has all the qualities of soap. M. Geoffroy de Villeneuve has lately transmitted a quantity of this to Paris, with the following note appended: "Being in the village of Postudal, a few leagues from Senegal, employed in collecting insects, and inviting the negroes to procure me supplies, one of them presented me with a pot containing many thousands of a small insect of the carab genus. They were ready dried, and the number shewed that they had been collected for some particular purpose. On inquiry I learned that this insect entered into the composition of the soap used in the country; the same negro also shewed me a ball of this soap, which was of a blackish colour, but had all the properties of our com:non soap, and I learned, in the sequel, that these insects are converted to the same purpose, all along the coast of Senegal. This carab is black, but the edges or borders of the corslet, and also the elytres, are of a reddish colour; the feet and the antennæ of a pale colour."

Another Institution, of a similar nature, has also been founded at Adrianople, by Baron G. Savellarios and other opulent individuals.

United States.The soil of the lands on the Missouri, and in the territory of Alabama, is very highly spoken of in the American Journals. The population on the Arkhansas, and towards the sources of the Red River, is augmenting in a ratio scarce. ly to be paralleled. The soil is so fertile and well adapted for every species of culture, that ten thousand emigrants have already removed thither, and it is expected that vast numbers out of the other States will follow their example. Ere long, their boats and lighters will be seen coming down the river, with their products of to bacco, cotton, &c.

The newly founded town of Detroit, in the United States, contains a population, exclusive of the garrison, of 1110 indivi duals, of whom 596 are men, and 444 women; there are also 70 free men of colour. The houses are in number 142; the pub. lic buildings and store houses or stalls, 131; 2 Catholic priests, 1 Protestant; 12 attorneys, 3 physicians, 5 teachers of the languages, 170 students, and 174 mechanics. The value of their exportations, in 1818, was 69,330 piastres; and their importa tions, 15,611 piastres.

It

German Literature.-A society has been
lately formed at New York, for the pur-
pose of cultivating German literature.
is designated as the Teutonic Lyceum, and
the members have already secured a capi-
tal collection of the best works in German,
as the substratum of a library, which will
be constantly augmented with the newest
and most valuable productions. At the
head of this society is the Pastor Schaeffer,
and they have among their corresponding
members, some of the first literary names
in Europe.

Modern Greece. The island of Chios is at present the most remarkable of the Greek Islands, on account of its cultivation of literature. It possesses an extensive school or academy, a printing office, and a library consisting of 30,000 volumes. Bayrhofer, a native of Frankfort, the proprietor of the printing establishment, has lately printed, on a single sheet, an account of the academy, under the following title: σε Σύντομος Εκθεσις τε οργανισμό της

New South Wales.—Mr Macquarrie, Governor of New South Wales, has erected a light-house, with rotatory wheels to the

εν Χιῳ δημοσιο σχολης και της διδασ-lamp, on the most elevated point of land

καλικής μεθοδε.-Εν Χιῳ, εν τη τυπο reapia I. A. T. Baugopegs TUTOY. Αυγεστε 1819.”

A statue of Adamantius Coray, the principal founder of the library, a great encourager of modern Greek literature, has been executed by Canova, and is intended to be put in the library. The number of students at the College of Chios in the year 1818 amounted to 1000.

bounding the southern coast of Port Jack-
son. The Sydney Gazette of June 1818
announces the light as being 76 feet above
the base of the tower or building, which
base is 277 feet above the level of the sea,
giving a total height of 353 feet. A report
is subjoined from Captain Watson, detail-
ing the utility of this construction. "Af-
ter observing it, for the first time, on Tues-
day last, at 3 in the morning, I found that
we were in a W.S.W. direction from it, at
the distance of eleven leagues, or 38 miles.
The light was so brilliant, that one might
have mistaken the distance for 12 miles or
4 leagues. It appears to be a certain guide
for vessels, and at a considerable distance
looks like a luminous star."

In the city of Haivali, opposite to the north-eastern point of Metellino, a Greek College, calculated for the admission of 200 students, from all parts of Greece, has also been established, and a large building of twenty-two apartments has been erect-.

H

WORKS PREPARING FOR PUBLICATION.

LONDON.

THE Prophecy of Dante, a Poem by Lord Byron, is printing.

In a few days will be published, Rhymes on the Road, by a Travelling Member of the Poco-Curante Society, extracted from his Journal, by Thomas Brown the Younger, author of the "Fudge Family," &c.

A Narrative of the Operations and recent Discoveries within the Pyramids, Temples, Tombs, and Excavations, in Egypt and Nubia; and of a Journey to the Coast of the Red Sea, in search of the ancient Berenice, and another to the Oasis of Jupiter Ammon, is announced by G. Belzoni, accompanied by Plates, Plans, Views, &c. of the newly discovered places.

Travels in Syria and Mount Sinai; consisting of, I. A Journey from Aleppo to Damascus. 2. A Tour in the District of Mount Libanus and Antilibanus. 3. A Tour in the Hauran. 4. A second Tour in the Hauran. 5. A Journey from Damascus, through Arabia-Petræa and the Desert El Ty, to Cairo. 6. A Tour in the Peninsula of Mount Sinai; will speedily be published, by the late John Lewis Burckhardt.

Shortly will be published, a Series of Engravings from Drawings made upon the spot, by John Dennis, Esq. in Savoy, Switzerland, and on the Rhine. They will be accompanied with descriptive letter-press.

There is nearly ready for publication, in one quarto volume, A General History of the House of Guelph, from the earliest period in which the name appears upon record to the Accession of George the First to the Throne. It has been compiled from authentic and official documents preserved in the Archives, and in the Royal Libraries of Hanover and Brunswick, and to which access has been procured. The whole of the documents have been arranged by Dr Halliday, Domestic Physician to the Duke of Clarence.

Mr John Luccock is preparing for publication, Notes on Rio de Janeiro, and the southern parts of Brazil, taken during a residence of ten years in various parts of that country; describing its agriculture, commerce, and mines, with anecdotes illustrative of the character, manners, and customs of the inhabitants.

An Account of a Tour in Normandy, undertaken chiefly for the purpose of investigating the Architectural Antiquities of the Duchy, with observations on the country and its inhabitants; in a series of letters to the Rev. J. Langton, A. M. of Chesterfield, in Suffolk, by Dawson Turner, Esq. F. R. S. &c. is nearly ready for publica.

tion, in 2 vols. royal 8vo, illustrated with numerous engravings.

Italy and its Inhabitants, in the years 1816 and 1817, with a view of the manners, customs, theatres, literature and the fine arts, with some notice of its various dialects, by James A. Galiffe, of Geneva, will soon be published in London.

A translation from the original Chinese of the Narrative of a Chinese Embassy from the Emperor of China, Kang Hy, to the Khan of Tourgouth Tartars, seated on the Banks of the Volga, in the years 1712, 1713, and 1714, by the Chinese Ambassa dor, and published by the Emperor's authority, at Pekin, by Sir George Thomas Staunton, Bart. LL.D. F. R. S. accompa nied by an appendix of miscellaneous translations from the same language.

A work on Medical Jurisprudence is in a state of preparation, by Dr J. Gordon Smith, lecturer on that subject. It will be ready for publication in the ensuing autumn, and is particularly intended for the use of counsel in the examination of medical witnesses in questions requiring their evidence.

Principles of Education, Intellectual, Moral, and Physical, are preparing, by the Rev. Lant Carpenter, LL.D.

Mr Keates, the author of Endymion, will publish a new volume of Poems early in June.

A new edition of Mr Henry Neele's Poems is printing.

Practical Observations on the Symptoms, Discrimination, and Treatment of some of the most common Diseases of the lower intestines and anus, by John Howship, Member of the Royal College of Surgeons in London, &c. &c.; author of Practical Observations in Surgery and Morbid Ana tomy.

Mr S. Rogers, of Risca, announces an Elementary Treatise on Iron-making, with hints for its improvement; wherein the feasibility of making good iron from all kinds of ores, and with every species of fuel, is elucidated upon scientific principles.

Dr Paris is preparing a Biographical Memoir of the late Arthur Young, Esq. in which he will be assisted by original documents, presented to him with that view.

The Rev. William Tooke has in the press, Lucian of Samosata, from the Greek, with the comments and illustrations of Wieland and others, in two quarto volumes.

The Rev. I. R. Fishlake, Fellow of Wad. Coll. Oxford, is preparing a Greek and English Lexicon, founded on the Greek and German Dictionary of Schneider.

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Sacred Leisure, a collection of Poems, by the Rev. Francis Hodgson, A. M. are in the press.

Mr James Savage is preparing for the press, a new edition of the late Dr Toulmin's History of Taunton, to be published in one volume, octavo. This edition will contain all the additions which the Rev. author had collected previously to his death, and the history will be brought down to the present time by Mr Savage.

Dr A. P. Wilson Philip has in the press, a new edition of his Treatise on Symptomatic Fevers, which, with the new edition of his Treatise on Simple and Eruptive Fevers just published, will comprehend all fevers, and all diseases attended with fe

ver.

A second edition is nearly ready for publication of Dialogues and Letters illustrative of the purity and consistency of the Doctrine of the Established Church; with an enlarged appendix, containing remarks on those laws that more immediately affect religion and morality.

A third edition of the Poems of John Clare, the Northamptonshire Peasant, will be published in a few days.

Mr Hunt, as a means of relieving him

self from the tedium of imprisonment, announces the History of his Life, which, for the purpose of obtaining an increased number of readers, he intends to publish in cheap monthly parts.

A series of new Latin Exercises, by Mr N. Howard, are in the press.

LONDON.

BIBLIOGRAPHY.

PART III. of a General Catalogue of Old Books for the year 1820; by Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, and Brown. 2s. Catalogue of a Collection of Books,

Mr Leigh Hunt, author of Rimini, will speedily publish," Amyntas," a Tale of the Woods, from Italian of Torquato Tasso, with an Essay on the Pastoral Poetry of Italy. This work will be embellished with a highly finished Portrait of Tasso, engraved by Worthington, and a few Wood Cuts by Mr Branston.

In the course of a few weeks will be published, in one volume 8vo, Cambrian Sketches; comprising Letters from North Wales in 1818; Memorandum of a Visit to Merionethshire in 1819; an Essay on the History and Character of the Welsh, during the 14th and 15th centuries; and several Anecdotes and Sketches illustrative of Welsh History and Manners.

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MONTHLY LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

The second volume of Mr Hogg's Jacobite Relics is in the press.

To be published in November, 1820, by subscription, a Plain Account of the recently discovered System or Cycle of the Weather. The book will contain upwards of 120 pages close print, 8vo, in boards, with elegant engraved figures of the Cycles of the Winds, and several Tables, from which are derived the prognostics of each year and season of that part of the Cycle of the Weather not yet observed, by which all may know the entire machinery of the Weather. The price to Subscribers will be at the moderate rate of Six Shillings, and to Non-subscribers, at Seven Shillings a copy.

Scarce Tracts, &c.; by J. Taylor, Part I. 1s. 6d.

Catalogue of a valuable Collection of Books in various Languages, and Literature, selling by John Lepard. 8vo. Is. 6d.

Catalogue of Foreign Music, for 1819; sold by Boosey and Co. 2s.

BIOGRAPHY.

Memoirs of Mrs Joanna Turner. 4s. Georgiana; or, Anecdotes of King George III. with a Selection of Poetical Effusions on his Character, and on that of the Duke of Kent; by J. Cobbin. 2s. 6d.

Memoirs of the late R. L. Edgeworth, with portraits and plates. 2 vols. 8vo. L. 1, 10s.

The Life of John Wesley, and the Rise and Progress of Methodism; by R. Southey. 2 vol. 8vo. L. 1, 8s.

The Life, Studies, and Works of Benjamin West; by John Galt.

Relics of Royalty; or, Anecdotes of George the Third; by Jos. Taylor. 5s.

CHRONOLOGY.

Chronology of Public Events and remarkable Occurrences within the last 50 years. 15s.

CLASSICS.

The Classical Journal, No. XLI. 6s. The Comedies of Aristophanes, translated by T. Mitchell. 15s.

Juvenal et Persius; containing Ruperti's and Konig's Text, with Delphin Notes, without the Ordo. 8s. bound.

Buenos Ayres, and Monte Video. phant 4to, 12s. Atlas 4to, L. 1, ls.

DRAMA.

Catherine de Medicis, a Tragedy, in 5

Part I. of a Picturesque Tour of the English Lakes, illustrated by four coloured views, and 24 pages of letter-press. Demy 4to, 68. Elephant 4to, 10s. 6d.

acts.

The Cenci, a Tragedy, in 5 acts; by P. B. Shelly. 8vo. 4s. 6d.

Gonzalo, the Traitor, a Tragedy; by Thomas Roscoe. 2s. 6d.

El Teatro Espanol. No. 16. 4s.

A New Series of twenty-one Plates to illustrate Lord Byron's Works; by Charles Heath. 4to, L. 3, 3s.; 8vo. L. 2, 2s.; and f. cap. 8vo. I.. 1, 10s.

No. XVI. of the Annals of the Fine Arts. 6s.

Kenilworth Illustrated, with Designs by Westall. Part I. med. 4to. 10s. 6d. sewed.

EDUCATION.

Extracts on Education, from the most 2 vols. 18mo. 7s. 6d. popular writers. boards.

An Italian and English Grammar, from Virgini's Italian and French Grammar; by M. Gincheny. 12mo. 5s. 6d. boards.

GEOGRAPHY.

A New and Comprehensive System of Modern Geography, Mathematical, Physical, Political, and Commercial; with coloured maps and plates; by T. Myers. 7s.

A Key to the above, and to the Italian and French, by the same.

4s.

Rural Employments; or a Peep into Village Concerns; by Mary Elliott. 2s. Davenport sur la Pronunciation Angloise. 12mo. 4s. boards.

Ele

HISTORY.

Historical Documents and Reflections. on the Government of Holland; by Louis Buonaparte. 3 vols. L. 1, 16s. boards.

The third volume of a Summary of the History of the English Church; by J. Grant. 8vo. 12s. boards.

The History of the Anglo-Saxons; by Sharon Turner. 3 vols. 1. 2, 8s.

Mitchell. 6s. boards.
Astronomy; by
A Key to Bland's Algebraical Problems;
by J. Darby. 8s. boards.

An Essay on the Nature and Genius of the German Language; by Dr Boileau. 8vo.

Letters on History. Part II. 5s. 6d. A History of the West Indies; by the late Rev. Thomas Coke. 3 vols. with maps and plates. L. 1, 4s.

LAW.

Eight Familiar Lectures on Astronomy, with plates; by Wm. Philips. 6s. 6d.

FINE ARTS.

Hale's Common Law. Royal 8vo. L. 1, 10s.

Vol. State Trials; by J. Howell. XXVII. L. 1, 11s. 6d. Vesey's Reports in Chancery, Vol. XIX. 7s. 6d.

Reports of Cases of Controverted Elections in the sixth Parliament of the United Kingdom; by U. Corbett and E. R. Daniell. 9s.

Hughes's Views in Cambria, Part II. Londina Illustrata: Graphic and Historic Memorials of Monasteries, Churches, Chapels, &c. in the cities and suburbs of London and Westminster; by R. Wilkinson. Elephant 4to, L. 12, sheets. Atlas, L. 15, 15s.

Part I. of Picturesque Illustrations of

Reports of Cases in the House of Lords upon Appeals of Writs of Error, in 1819; by D. Bleigh. Vol. I. Part I. 8s.

MEDICINE.

Remarks on the Cow Pox; by J. Malden. 1s. 6d.

A Sketch of the Causes, Extent, &c. of the Contagious Fever epidemic in Ireland in the years 1817-1819, with the System of Management adopted for its Suppression; by Dr Will. Hasty.

Practical Observations on Diseases of the Rectum; by John Howship. 8vo. 8s. 6d. boards.

Vol. II. of the First Lines of the Practice of Surgery; by Samuel Cooper. 8vo. 15s. boards.

Medical Notes on Climate; by - Clarke. 8vo. 7s. boards.

men.

Medical Hints for the Use of Clergy-
2s. 6d.
An Inquiry into Certain Errors relative

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